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The Republic Of South Korea
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The Republic Of South Korea

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An overview of South Korea. It's history and economy. Definitely useful for anyone wanting a quick understanding with some good leads to other sources. Written for a presentation for a position with a …

An overview of South Korea. It's history and economy. Definitely useful for anyone wanting a quick understanding with some good leads to other sources. Written for a presentation for a position with a travel company.

More in: Travel , Education
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  • 1. The Republic of South Korea A short introduction to Dae-han-min-guk
  • 2. What we’re going to quickly cover
    • Orientation
    • Key Facts
    • A brief history
    • Around the World
    • People
    • Places to go
    • Education
    • Foreign Populations
    • Media
    • Future
  • 3. Introduction
    • Deeply emotional country , with strong traditions
    • The 20th Century: Japanese occupation , the Korean War in 1950 and the division of the peninsula.
    • In the 1960’s created miraculous economic growth to become a global economic power .
    • Rapid change has had an impact, It's people are driven, patriotic and industrious .
    • Embraced the modern age and technology, yet they retain a strong sense of national collectivism, family and nurturing their traditional roots.
    • Modernity and globalization have created a new youth culture
    • The potential threat of invasion from the North continues to be a key driver
    • Korea was known as the ‘Hermit Kingdom’
  • 4. 1. Orientation
    • Where is South Korea?
    • South East of Beijing, across the Yellow Sea
    • Neighbouring countries, China, Russia, Japan and North Korea
    • Time zone GMT+9 hours
    • South of the 38th parallel
  • 5. 1.1 Orientation
    • South Korea’s Major Cities
    • Seoul (Capital)
      • Population: 10.4 million
      • Main seat of Government and commerce
      • Produces 21% of GDP
    • Incheon
      • Population: 2.6 million
      • Heavy industry, major shipping port and international airport
    • Daegu
      • Population: 2.5 million
      • Textiles industry, arts hub, government administrative centre.
    • Pusan
      • Population: 3.8 million
      • Heavy industry, major shipping port
  • 6. 1.2 Orientation
    • Urban Density & Land
    • Important factors in Korea’s make-up.
    • 70% of the Korean peninsula is mountainous. Mountain range stretches down the entire east coast.
    • 81.5% of the national population live in urban areas (2005) following migration from country areas since 1970’s. Cities have high density populations.
    • 52.5% of all housing were apartments in 2005
    • Most of national population live around the Seoul to Pusan corridor.
    • Land is very expensive
    • 16.5% of land is arable
  • 7. 2. Key Facts
    • South Korea has been a democracy since 1987
    • 17 th President, Lee Myung-bak, elected on December 2007
    • Currency: ‘Won’
    • GDP: $969.9 billion
      • Per capita: $20,045
    • Total national population: 48 Million people (2007)
    • Annual Tourism figures , visitors to South Korea:
      • 1961: 11,109
      • 2006: 6,155,000 (worth US $14 million) ( KTO )
        • (In comparison Japan had 8,300,000 visitors in 2007)
    • Korea has a strong cyber culture as one of the most ‘wired’ countries in the world.
  • 8. 2.1 Key Facts
    • Climate
    • Koreans pride themselves in having ‘Four Seasons ’
    • Summer is extremely humid (80-90%) with monsoon-type rains , 22 – 30 degrees
    • Winter is cold and dry with temperatures dropping to minus 10 degrees centigrade
    • Best times of year for outdoor activities are Spring and Autumn.
  • 9. 3. Brief History
    • Korea founded in 2333 BC
    • 7th Century until the 20th Century, Korea was a single independent country.
    • Birth of Korean language during reign of King Sejong (1418-1450)
    • Korea became a protectorate of imperial Japan in 1905
    • In 1910 Japan annexed Korea
    • Korea regained independence following Japan’s surrender. Division of peninsula.
    • The Korean War broke out between 1950-53 .
    • An armistice was signed in 1953.
    • 1960’s General Park Chung-hee restores some political freedom and proclaims Third Republic. Major programme of industrial development begins.
    • 1993, first civilian president following 32 years of military rule.
    • In June 2000, a historic first North-South summit took place between the South's President KIM Dae-jung and the North's leader KIM Jong Il.
  • 10. 4. Around the World
    • A. Recognisable Global Brands
    • The ‘chaebol’ represent Korea’s main family-controlled firms and powerhouse of the nation. E.g. Samsung, LG, Kia, Daewoo, Hyundai.
    • Korea’s major exports include automobiles, petrochemicals, electronics, shipbuilding, textiles and steel products.
  • 11. 4.1 Around the World
    • B: Major World Class Events
    • Asian Games 1986
    • Seoul Olympics 1988
    • Korea/Japan World Cup 2002
    • Pusan International Film Festival (annual event)
    • World Taekwondo Championships run by the World Taekwondo Federation’s HQ in Seoul
  • 12. 4.2 Around the World
    • C: Celebrity
    • Sports
    • Golf: Grace Park
    • Soccer: Park Ji-Sung (Manchester United)
    • TV/Movies
    • ‘ Korean Wave’, boom in filmmaking since 2000
    • More investment in movies and cinemas
    • International recognition and awards
      • E.g. Park Chan Wook, directed films such as lady Vengeance, JSA and Old Boy
      • Actress, Kim Yun-jin from LOST
    • For detailed site on Korean Film History visit
    • www.koreanfilm.org
  • 13. 5. People
    • Language: Korean - Hangul-mal.
      • Phonetic language and designed by King Sejong. Easier to read and write than other Asian languages because it has an alphabet.
    • Cuisine:
      • Poverty in the past has meant that Korean cuisine includes a lot of vegetables and fish. Meat was often only available for nobility but now regularly served in restaurants.
      • Typical Dishes:
        • Kimchi: Spicy cabbage served with most meals
        • Kalbi: Marinated beef, barbecued, eaten with side dishes and lettuce
        • Kimchi-jiggae: A beef/kimchi casserole with rice
        • Kim-bap: Similar to sushi rolls minus the fish
      • Drink:
        • Soju: Local lethal concoction similar to vodka.
        • Rice wines: milky and very potent
        • Beers
    • Eating out is a very social activity which requires certain etiquettes.
  • 14. 5.1 People & Culture
    • Family life
      • Families are very ‘close ’ in Korea (can be suffocating) and underpin everything.
      • Children live at home until married, unless move to a major city.
      • Parents invest a lot of money in education for children.
      • Respect for elders (Confucianism)
      • When married couples take traditional of homemaker and breadwinner.
      • Conservative society (youth culture changing)
      • Most families live in urban apartments.
    • Work ethic
      • All men must do national service for 2 years.
      • Corporate life is a mixture of militant style business and obeying elders in a Confucian-like way.
      • Very long work hours.
      • Heavy social drinking is expected with work colleagues
  • 15. 5.2 People & Culture
    • Convenience
      • High density of population means that shops are close by
      • Excellent and cheap public transport systems
      • Supermarkets and other shopping centres provide plenty of goods from Korea and abroad.
    • Leisure
      • Koreans love to eat out , be it having picnics on mountains or at one of many restaurants.
      • Hiking is a very common activity
      • Walking, cycling or skating in parks
      • Joining clubs (academies, sports etc.)
      • Shopping
      • Drinking with classmates or work colleagues *NB: Friends are only those the ‘same’ age as you.
      • Cinema’s, concerts etc.
  • 16. 5.3 People & Culture
    • Religion
      • Both Christianity and Buddhism are influenced by the ideologies of Korean Confucianism and Korean Shamanism
      • Buddhism 22.8%
      • Christianity 29.3%
      • None 46.5%
    • Festivals and Holidays
      • Chuseok: Families return home, often to their country homes and pay respect to their ancestors.
  • 17. 6. Places to go
    • Temples
      • Usually in national parks or on mountains
    • Palaces
      • In downtown Seoul
    • Mountains
      • Lots of mountains in national parks all over the country to climb,
    • Islands
    • Historical cities
      • Namely Kyong-ju and Suwon
    • Art Galleries, Concerts, Theatres, Cinema
      • Insa-dong, lively arts scene
    • Designer Restaurants (in Seoul)
    • Clubbing Areas:
      • Seoul: Hongdae, Shincheon, Gangnam, Itaewon, Chung-Dahm, He Hwa
    • Technology Markets
      • Yongsan in Seoul is particularly famous
    • Shopping Centres
    • DMZ
      • Tours are available to the demilitarized zone
  • 18. 6.1 Places to go
    • Key Tourism Organizations
    • Korea.net
      • Gateway to Korea, with directory of services
      • http:// www.korea.net
    • Korea Tourism Organization
      • Guide to all key areas of Korean life
      • http://english.visitkorea.or.kr
    • Local Government sites
      • Seoul Metropolitan Government
      • http://english.seoul.go.kr
  • 19. 7. Education
    • School children are often sent to ‘out of school’ academies. Students spend most weeknights attending these and doing large amounts of homework.
    • Koreans spend $15.3bn a year on private English lessons SERI 2006
    • English (ESL) education market represents 1.9% GDP
    • To get a good job, it is expected that students study English abroad.
    • Qualifications are seen to be more important than ‘experience’.
      • Elementary
      • Middle School
      • High School
      • University (Require a reasonable level of English to be accepted)
      • Study Abroad (500,000 students go abroad each year to study)
    • Famous Korean Universities
    • Seoul National University
    • Yonsei University
    • Ewha Women's University
    • Hongik University
    • Inha University
    • Sogang University
    • Korea University
  • 20. 7.1 Education
    • Teaching English
    • New graduates from the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Ireland and United Kingdom come to teach ESL in Korea to pay off loans as part of a gap year , or part of a world trip.
    • Qualified and experienced ESL teachers are employed by Universities and organizations supporting the ESL market.
    • Main employment can be found at:
    • Elementary and Middle Schools (Government run)
    • Franchised Academies, CDI, Jung Chul, Wonderland, Pa
    • Independent Academies
    • Colleges/ Universities (2-3 months paid holiday a year)
    • English Villages
    • Conditions
    • Employment conditions vary widely .
    • Many recruiters are ‘cowboys ’. www.daveseslcafe.com
    • Salary: Usually between 1.8 to 2.3 Million Won £1100
    • Accommodation: Provided (single furnished apartment)
    • Flights: Return ticket
    • Insurance: Health
    • Holidays: 10 days a year (rarely negotiable)
  • 21. 8. Foreign Populations
    • Foreigners in Korea
    • The foreign community is diverse and growing
    • Represents 190 different nations
    • 1 million foreigners in 2007 , this is 18 times more than 1990 which was only 49,500
    • Approximately 200,000 illegal migrant workers
    • Foreign communities are fragmented and activities reported mostly in local newspapers in English.
    • Online media mostly serves to connect foreigners and more clubs have begun as a result in recent times.
    • Ministry of Justice say the number of expatriates will go up by an average of 10 percent annually - 9.1 million by 2050
    • Most of the resident foreigners are of Asian origin
    • Majority of ‘Western’ foreigners are either ‘teachers’ or US military . A minority are in international business.
    • Koreans Abroad
    • Emigration from Korea started in 1904
    • By 1988 there were 2 million Koreans living abroad , mostly in North America and Japan.
  • 22. 9. Media
    • Newspapers
    • The Chosun Ilbo
    • Hankook Ilbo
    • Magazines
    • Seoul Selection A monthly leisure & culture magazine.
    • The Groove Foreign published local magazine
    • JoongAng Daily .
    • Television
    • Korean Broadcasting System
    • MBC
    • English language newspapers
    • Korea Herald
    • Korea Times
    • Search Engines
    • Naver www.naver.com
    • Daum www.daum.net
    • Organizations Abroad
    • The Korea Society
    • Social Media
    • Cyworld
  • 23. 10. Future
    • South Korea is likely to follow a similar path to Japan , with cost of living becoming more expensive and becoming more open to international business.
    • Korea isn’t ‘that’ foreign friendly now, but it is aiming to create the next international city of the future
    • New Songdo City
    • http://www.songdo.com