Partner Webcast – Oracle Exadata X3 Database In-Memory Machine - Next-Generation Technologies Update - 20 Dec 2012
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Partner Webcast – Oracle Exadata X3 Database In-Memory Machine - Next-Generation Technologies Update - 20 Dec 2012

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Oracle’s next-generation database machine, Oracle Exadata X3, combines massive memory and low-cost disks to deliver even faster performance and greater storage capabilities at the lowest cost, ...

Oracle’s next-generation database machine, Oracle Exadata X3, combines massive memory and low-cost disks to deliver even faster performance and greater storage capabilities at the lowest cost, making it the ideal database platform for the varied and unpredictable workloads of cloud computing.
Oracle Exadata is available in multiple configurations including a low-cost eighth-rack configuration, so you can start small and grow at your own pace.


Find out more at https://blogs.oracle.com/imc/entry/partner_webcast_oracle_exadata_x3.

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Partner Webcast – Oracle Exadata X3 Database In-Memory Machine - Next-Generation Technologies Update - 20 Dec 2012 Partner Webcast – Oracle Exadata X3 Database In-Memory Machine - Next-Generation Technologies Update - 20 Dec 2012 Presentation Transcript

  • “This slide format serves to call attention to a quote from a prominent customer, executive, or thought leader in regards to a particular topic.”  Name  Title, Company Name CUSTOMER LOGOblogs.oracle.com/IMC 1 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • 2 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Exadata X3Database In-Memory MachineNext-Generation Technologies UpdateSezgi GEÇER,IMC ConsultantOracle Partner Hub - Turkey3 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Program Agenda  Exadata Evolution  Exadata Unique Next Generation Technologies  Exadata X3 Database In-Memory Machine Updates – Hardware Updates – Software Updates  Exadata Migration4 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Exadata - One Machine | Many Workloads DATA WAREHOUSING OLTP MIXED WORKLOADS DATABASE CONSOLIDATION DATABASE CLOUD Oracle’s strategic platform for ALL Database workloads5 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • A Complete, Integrated, Optimized Platform 100% Supported by Oracle Scale-Out Database Servers  High Volume 2 or 8 socket servers  Oracle Database 11g, RAC, ASM, EM12c  Compatible with all 11g databases, app’s, tools Scale-Out Intelligent Storage Servers  High Volume 2-socket storage servers  Exadata Storage Server Software InfiniBand Network  Unified internal connectivity ( 40 Gb/sec )6 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Highly Engineered and Standardized Less Risk, Better Results  Hundreds of engineer years spent optimizing and hardening the system end-to-end – Frees I/T talent to focus on business needs  Standard platform improves support experience  Runs all existing Oracle Database workloads7 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Exadata Evolution X3 “Database In-Memory Machine” 2012 2010 X3 2009 2008 Massive Flash Warehouse OLTP & VLDB Scale-Up Smart Storage Flash 80-core SMPs All I/Os to FlashInfiniBand Scale-Out Columnar Database On Disk Database In-Memory 8 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Program Agenda  Exadata Evolution  Exadata Unique Next Generation Technologies  Exadata X3 Database In-Memory Machine Updates – Hardware Updates – Software Updates  Exadata Migration9 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Exadata Innovations • Intelligent storage • Hybrid Columnar Compression – Scale-out InfiniBand storage – 10x compression for warehouses – Smart Scan query offload – 15x compression for archives uncompressed + + + Data remains compressed compress• Smart PCI Flash Cache for scans and in Flash primary DB – Accelerates random I/O up to 30x – Triples data scan rate Benefits Cascade to Copies standby dev test backup10 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Exadata Intelligent Storage Grid • Data Intensive processing runs in Exadata Storage Grid • Filter rows and columns as data streams from disks (168 Intel Cores) • Example: How much product X sold last quarter • Exadata Storage Reads 10TB from disk • Exadata Storage Filters rows by Product & Date • Sends 100GB of matching data to DB Servers • Scale-out storage parallelizes execution and removes bottlenecks11 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Simple Query Example Oracle DB Grid Exadata Storage Optimizer Chooses GridWhat were Partitions & Indexes my sales to Accessyesterday? Select sum (sales) • Scan compressed blocks in where Date=‘24-Sept’ partitions / indexes • Retrieve sales amounts for Sept 24 • 10 TB scanned • 1 GB returned to servers 12 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Exadata Storage Index Transparent I/O Elimination with No OverheadTable Index • Exadata Storage Indexes maintain summaryA B C D information about table data in memory • Store MIN and MAX values of columns 1 Min B = 1 • Typically one index entry for every MB of disk 3 Max B =5 5 • Eliminates disk I/Os if MIN and MAX can never match “where” clause of a query 5 Min B = 3 8 Max B =8 • Completely automatic and transparent 3 Select * from Table where B<2 - Only first set of rows can match 13 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Exadata Hybrid Columnar Compression Highest Capacity, Lowest Cost • Data is organized and compressed by column • Dramatically better compression • Speed Optimized Query Mode for Data Warehousing Query • 10X compression typical • Runs faster because of Exadata offload! • Space Optimized Archival Mode for infrequently accessed dataFaster and Simpler • 15X to 50X compression typicalBackup, DR, Caching,Reorg, Clone Benefits Multiply 14 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Exadata I/O Resource Management Mixed Workloads and Multi-Database Environment • Ensure different databases are allocated the Database A Database B correct relative amount of I/O bandwidth • Database A: 33% I/O resources • Database B: 67% I/O resources • Ensure different users and tasks within a InfiniBand Switch/Network database are allocated the correct relative amount of I/O bandwidthExadata Cell Exadata Cell Exadata Cell • Database A: • Reporting: 60% of I/O resources • ETL: 40% of I/O resources • Database B: • Interactive: 30% of I/O resources • Batch: 70% of I/O resources 15 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • 1000’s of Deployments at Leading Companies 50% Data Warehouses, 50% OLTP / Mixed Workloads  Petabyte Warehouses  E-business Suite, PeopleSoft, Siebel, JDE, SAP  Regulatory Reporting  Online Financial Trading  E-Commerce Sites  Consolidation of 100’s of Databases16 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Garmin: OLTP Consolidation Faster 99.95% Data CenterBenefits Month End Reports Uptime 4x Growth Cost Savings“Consolidation on Exadata reduced costs and Up to 11X eliminated critical performance bottlenecks in our Manufacturing and Planning systems” - Ed Link, Vice-President IT, GarminObjectives Pre-Exadata Exadata V2 Exadata V2 12 Prod Servers DB Consolidation Dev/Test/Local Standby• Support 400% growth in customer facing applications• Eliminate bottlenecks in Manufacturing and Planning 2012 Data Guard• Consolidate to reduce costs • Oracle E-Business Suite High-CapacitySolution • Advanced Supply-Chain Exadata Storage• 2012: Consolidate 12 servers Planning Servers onto two Half-rack Exadata • Hyperion Reporting • 5 Prod • Archived • Tape backup V2 systems • Garmin Connect custom app Databases Data 17 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Turkcell: DW and DB Consolidation Faster Storage Reduced Data CenterBenefits Reports Savings Admin Cost Savings 10X 900 TB 20% 80% Less Power“In a word, Oracle Exadata is fantastic. Almost no 30 m2 Less Space report takes more than 10 minutes to run, versus hours before. It sounds unreal, but it’s real.” - Power User, Finance Department, Turkcell 27 min to 3 min (avg for 50k rpts) 1,000 TB to 100 TBObjectives Pre-Exadata Exadata V2 2 Exadata X2-2 Original V2 Data Warehouse Data Warehouse Prod Prod/DR/Dev• Speed up BI• Lean, green data center Hitachi• Prepare for big data growth USP-V EMC DMX-4 5 Racks 2010 2011 Backup Restore 5 RacksSolution • 250 TB • 25 TB • 4 Prod, 2 Test• 2010: Replace 11 racks with • 2 Prod Databases Raw Data Compressed Databases 1 full-rack Exadata V2 for DW • 600 TB Raw / 60 TB • 400 TB Raw/• 2011: Add 2 full-rack Exadata Compressed 40 TB Compressed X2-2s for DB consolidation • 16-node RAC Cluster • 2 RAC Clusters 18 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Program Agenda  Exadata Evolution  Exadata Unique Next Generation Technologies  Exadata X3 Database In-Memory Machine Updates – Hardware Updates – Software Updates  Exadata Migration19 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Exadata X3 “Database In-Memory Machine”  X3 mass memory hierarchy delivers extreme2 or 4 TB performance – Automatically moves all active data from disk to memory DRAM Hottest Data  DRAM memory expanded to 2 or 4 TB for hottest data – 4 to 40 TB of compressed user data????22 TB PCI FLASH  Flash memory expanded 4X to 22 TB per rack Active Data – 40 to 200 TB of compressed user data – ALL active data – 1.5 Million SQL random read I/Os per second for OLTP 500 TB  Comparable to 15,000 disk drives in 150 array frames DISK – 100 GB/sec SQL data scan rate for reporting and warehouses Cold Data  Comparable to 1,000 disk drives in 10 array frames 20 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Exadata X3-2 Database Server Update New Intel 8-core E5 “SandyBridge” CPUs, more memory, 10GbE Database X4170 M2 (current) Sun Server X3-2 (new) Improvement ServerEffective Dec 11, 2012, we start shipping new X3-2 orders with the increased memory to 1.5X CPU CPU 6-core X5675 8-core E5-2690 1.3X in the databaseservers. We will ship X3-2 databasemid-bin) with 256GB of memory installed by default instead of the (3.06 GHz servers (2.9 GHz top-bin) performanceprevious default of 128GB. This is the maximum amount of memory that is currently supported in the ExadataX3-2. There is no hardware price(up to 144GB) extra memory. to 256GB) Memory 96GB increase for the 128GB (up 1.3X normal 8 GB DIMMs 16 GB DIMMs 1.7X w/expansion Networking 4 x 1GbE copper 4 x 1 or 10 GbE copper 3X more 10GbE 2 x10GbE optical card 2 x 10GbE optical card PCIe Bus Gen 2.0 Gen 3.0 Future. Requires Gen 3 cards Notes: Xeon E5 (Sandy Bridge) internal architecture gives higher performance with lower clock speed Disk Controller, Disks, and InfiniBand are Unchanged Unlike X2, no performance penalty for memory expansion 21 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Exadata Storage Server Update 4X Flash Capacity Storage X4270 M2 (current) Sun Server X3-2L (new) Improvement Server Flash 384 GB (4 x 96GB) 1600 GB (4 x 400GB) 4X Disks 12 x 600GB or No Change No change 12 x 3TB CPU 6-core L5640 6-core E5-2630L Similar Performance (2.26 GHz) (2.0 GHz) Notes Kept Storage CPU at 6-core low power processor. Embedded storage CPU requires much less throughput than DB CPU. Disk Controller and InfiniBand card are unchanged. Internal memory increased from 24GB to 64GB for managing large flash. PCI 3.0 included in new servers but will not see benefit until cards redesigned for 3.0.22 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • X3 Upgrades  X2 or V2 systems can be expanded with X3 hardware X3-2 – A single Database Machine can have servers from Half to Full different generations Upgrade – Databases and Clusters can span across multiple generations of hardware  As always we don’t replace servers or components inside X2-2 the servers Qtr to Half – We expand by adding new servers Upgrade – Obsolete servers are removed V2  X3 hardware requires recent Exadata software release (>= Initial Quarter 11.2.3.2.0) since servers require new drivers, firmware, etc. Rack – X3 hardware does not require a Database, ASM, or Clusterware upgrade23 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Exadata X3-2 Storage Expansion Rack  Exadata Storage Expansion Rack has also been updated with X3 storage servers  Main benefit is much larger flash – 28.8 TB of flash per full rack – Disk capacity per rack remains 648 TB Raw  Can be connect to Exadata or SPARC SuperCluster as always  Can be connected to new or older generation database machines24 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • NEW Exadata X3-2 Eighth Rack Faster Than 2010 Quarter-Rack, 2008 Half-Rack  Lowest Cost Exadata ConfigurationLowest – Hardware List price $200K: 60% of Quarter Rack Cost – 16 Database Cores, 54 TB Disk, 2.4 TB PCI Flash – Highly Available configuration with all Exadata features  Brings Exadata Extreme Performance to smaller workloads, development, test, disaster recovery  Hardware Identical to Quarter-Rack – Half CPU Cores, Disks, and Flash Cards Disabled – Half the Database and Exadata Software Licenses  Upgrade to Quarter-Rack with software command25 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Complete Family of Database Machines Oracle Exadata X3-2 2, 4, and 8 database nodes Oracle Exadata X3-8 2 (80 core) database nodes 4 TB DRAM Eighth Quarter Half Full Multi-Rack26 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • New Exadata Software 11.2.3.2.0 Features work on all hardware generations27 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Exadata Smart Flash Cache Write-Back Cache Accelerates Write Performance 20X  New software caches write I/Os in flash memory1 Million 8K – Now all reads and writes of active data go to flash flash write IOPs from – 1 Million 8K flash write I/Os per second on an X3 rack  Comparable to 10,000 disks on 100 array frames SQL  20X more writes than previous Exadata version – New software also provides 10x write improvement on existing V2 and X2 systems  Cache is persistent and fully redundant – Also improves database availability by accelerating write intensive recovery28 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • PeopleSoft Batch Example Quarter Rack X3-2 Write IOPS 170,000  Peoplesoft Batch Workload Peak Write  X3-2 Quarter Rack IOPS  Writes often in the 60K to 80K IOPs range  Peak at 170K IOPS 50,000 IOPS  Would need more than 3 (limit on X2 full racks without Write- full rack) Back Flash Cache  IO bound job became CPU and application bound29 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Flash Cache Advantages over Flash Tiering  Teradata, EMC, Hitachi, IBM, etc. use flash tiering  Exadata Flash Cache adapts much faster to changing workload – Each I/O changes content of cache – If new data is created it can be instantly cached – With tiering, data is slowly migrated from disk based on historical statistics – Flash tiering caches yesterday’s hot data, not necessarily today’s  Exadata Cache has much finer granularity of flash contents – Caching at 64K chunks for flash cache, around 1MB for flash tiering – Caching is much more efficient at capturing hot data in flash while leaving cold data on disk. Multiplies the effective capacity of flash.  Exadata Cache doesn’t need to mirror data in flash – Can keep one mirror copy in flash to speed up reads while having the other mirror copy on disk  Flash cache can keep hot blocks cached forever – There is no need to ever de-stage them to disk. This is not a tiering advantage30 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Exadata Innovations with Exadata X3  Hybrid Columnar HOT Compression Smart Flash Cache Smart Smart Flash Logging Write-Back Flash Cache Flash WARM 10:1 Smart Scan COLD31 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Exadata X3 Details  Same Architecture as Exadata X2 FasterBigger  Same Price as Exadata X2 All X3 Database Machines 4X Larger Flash Memory 22 TB of Flash Memory per Rack 20X More Write Performance Exadata Smart Flash Write Caching 33% More Data Throughput 100 GB/sec running SQL 10% to 30% Lower Power Up to 3 Kilowatt Reduction per Rack X3-2 Database Servers 33% Faster Database CPUs 8-Core Xeon® SandyBridge E5-2690 75% More Memory 1 TB to 2 TB per Rack Full 10Gb10% to 20% LowerCenter Ethernet to Data Power 40X 10Gb ports per Rack32 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Program Agenda  Exadata Evolution  Exadata Unique Next Generation Technologies  Exadata X3 Database In-Memory Machine Updates – Hardware Updates – Software Updates  Exadata Migration33 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Migration Strategy – Database Machine and Exadata – Oracle 11g Release 2  Upgrade Guide  Upgrade Companion (MOS 785351.1) – Linux 64bit – Automatic Storage Management (ASM) – Real Application Clusters (RAC)34 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Migration Methods - Physical Migration METHOD REQUIREMENT Physical Standby Oracle 11.1 or later on Linux* • MOS 1055938.1 ARCHIVELOG and LOGGING • MOS 413484.1* Transportable Database Oracle 11.2 on any little endian • MAA on OTN Transportable Tablespaces Oracle 10.1 or later on any platform • MAA on OTN35 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Migration Methods - Logical Migration METHOD REQUIREMENT Logical Standby • MOS 737460.1 Oracle 11.1 or later on Linux • MOS 1055938.1 ARCHIVELOG and LOGGING • MOS 413484.1 Golden Gate Oracle 10.1 or later • MAA on OTN ARCHIVELOG and LOGGING Data Pump Oracle 10.1 or later • OTN CTAS / IAS Oracle36 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Oracle Exastack Program Logo Example Products Benefits Messaging • Oracle Database Ready • Press Release template with Oracle quote Runs Better on the Latest • Oracle WebLogic Ready • 50 Support SRs (app/tech) Oracle Products • Oracle Solaris Ready • Logo • Solution Brief • Oracle Linux Ready • OPN Solutions Catalog search • Oracle VM Ready Supports latest major release • Applied toward Platinum upgrade37 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Oracle Exastack Program Logo Example Products Benefits Messaging • High visibility with customers & Oracle sales Tested and Ready to Run on • Oracle Exadata Ready Latest Oracle Platform • Oracle Exalogic Ready • Exec quote for Press Release • Oracle SPARC SuperCluster Ready • Featured on OPN Solutions Catalog entry page • Logo • Datasheet Reference or Verify support & • Applied toward Platinum upgrade runs with Exadata/Exalogic Logo Example Products Benefits Messaging • Oracle Database Ready • Press Release template with Oracle quote Runs Better on the Latest • Oracle WebLogic Ready • 50 Support SRs (app/tech) Oracle Products • Oracle Solaris Ready • Logo • Solution Brief • Oracle Linux Ready • OPN Solutions Catalog search • Oracle VM Ready Supports latest major release • Applied toward Platinum upgrade38 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • Oracle Exastack Program Logo Example Products Benefits Messaging • Oracle Exadata Optimized • Access to Oracle Performance Experts • Oracle Exalogic Optimized • Optimization Labs Runs Best on Oracle • Oracle SuperCluster Optimized • Maximum visibility with customers & Oracle sales • Success Story with Performance Metrics • Exec quote for Press Release stating Performance Optimized to run faster and more Metrics reliably • Featured on OPN Solutions Catalog entry page • Applied toward Platinum or Diamond upgrade Logo Example Products Benefits Messaging • High visibility with customers & Oracle sales Tested and Ready to Run on • Oracle Exadata Ready Latest Oracle Platform • Oracle Exalogic Ready • Exec quote for Press Release • Oracle SPARC SuperCluster Ready • Featured on OPN Solutions Catalog entry page • Logo • Datasheet Reference or Verify support & • Applied toward Platinum upgrade runs with Exadata/Exalogic Logo Example Products Benefits Messaging • Oracle Database Ready • Press Release template with Oracle quote Runs Better on the Latest • Oracle WebLogic Ready • 50 Support SRs (app/tech) Oracle Products • Oracle Solaris Ready • Logo • Solution Brief • Oracle Linux Ready • OPN Solutions Catalog search • Oracle VM Ready Supports latest major release • Applied toward Platinum upgrade39 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • 40 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • 41 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
  • 42 Copyright © 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.