Velocity 2011 Chef OpenStack Workshop
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Velocity 2011 Chef OpenStack Workshop

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The Deploying OpenStack with Chef section of the OpenStack Workshop from Velocity 2011

The Deploying OpenStack with Chef section of the OpenStack Workshop from Velocity 2011

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Transcript

  • 1. Deploying OpenStack with Opscode Chef matt@opscode.com www.opscode.com
  • 2. Who am I?• Matt Ray • Senior Technical Evangelist • Opscode, Inc. • Twitter/GitHub/Launchpad/IRC: mattray
  • 3. Deploying OpenStack is not simple.
  • 4. Chef makes it easier.
  • 5. Infrastructure as Code
  • 6. Enable the reconstruction of the business fromnothing but a source coderepository, an application data backup, and bare metal resources.
  • 7. ConfigurationManagement
  • 8. System Integration http://www.flickr.com/photos/opalsson/3773629074/
  • 9. The Chef Framework• Reasonability• Flexibility• Library & Primitives• TIMTOWTDI
  • 10. The Chef Tool(s)• ohai• chef-client• knife• shef
  • 11. The Chef API• Client/Server• RESTful API w/ JSON• Search Service• Derivative Services
  • 12. The Chef Community• Apache License, Version 2.0• 360+ Individual contributors• 70+ Corporate contributors • Dell, Rackspace,VMware, RightScale, Heroku, and many more• 240+ cookbooks• http://community.opscode.com
  • 13. openstack-cookbooks Resources
  • 14. github.com/mattray/openstack-cookbooks• Chef repository • cookbooks • roles • data bags• stable branches• issues
  • 15. Chef Nodes• Each system you manage is called a node.• The chef-client runs on nodes.• The ohai discovery agent runs on nodes.• Nodes have a run list.• Searchable
  • 16. Chef Resources package "haproxy" do action :install end• Have a type.• template "/etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg" do Have a name. source "haproxy.cfg.erb"• Have parameters. owner "root" group "root"• Take action to put the resource mode 0644 notifies :restart, "service[haproxy]" in the declared state. end• Can send notifications to other service "haproxy" do resources. supports :restart => true action [:enable, :start]• Take action through Providers end
  • 17. Chef Recipes extra_packages = case node[:platform] when "ubuntu","debian" %w{ ruby1.8 ruby1.8-dev• Ordered list of Resources rdoc1.8 ri1.8• Idempotent execution } libopenssl-ruby• Ruby end extra_packages.each do |pkg| package pkg do action :install end end
  • 18. Chef Cookbooks• Cookbooks are packages for Recipes • Recipes • Assets (files/templates) • Attributes • Metadata• Distributable and managed as Source• community.opscode.com
  • 19. OpenStack Cookbooks• Included • glance • nova • swift• Installed • apache2 • apt • mysql • openssl • rabbitmq
  • 20. Chef Roles• Roles describe the node.• Roles have run lists.• Roles have attributes.• Roles may contain other roles.• Searchable.• Webserver, database, Hadoop-worker, etc.
  • 21. OpenStack Roles• nova-single-machine• nova-db• nova-rabbitmq-server• glance-single-machine• nova-multi-controller• nova-multi-compute
  • 22. Chef Data Bags• Data bags store arbitrary data• JSON• Searchable
  • 23. OpenStack Data Bagsknife data bag create openstackknife data bag from file openstack defaults.jsonknife data bag from file openstack glance.jsonknife data bag from file openstack images.jsonknife data bag show openstack imagesid: imagesimages: http://uec-images.ubuntu.com/lucid/current/ubuntu-10.04-server-uec-amd64.tar.gz: arch: x86_64 distro: Ubuntu image: lucid-server-uec-amd64.img kernel: lucid-server-uec-amd64-vmlinuz-virtual version: 10.04
  • 24. Deploying OpenStack• Scaling changes how we deploy!• Single machine works• Controller + N Computes work(ed)• Nova and/or Swift installations• Configurations will be supported, shared & documented
  • 25. Spiceweasel• yaml/json for describing infrastructure• generates knife commands• shareable "best practices"• infrastructure.yml included• bit.ly/spcwsl
  • 26. Testing OpenStack• bare-metal to OpenStack • ~15 minutes • pxe_dust cookbook• 2 networks • admin • public
  • 27. knife openstack
  • 28. knife openstack$ gem install knife-openstack$ knife openstack** OPENSTACK COMMANDS **knife openstack server list (options)knife openstack flavor list (options)knife openstack server create (options)knife openstack server delete SERVER [SERVER] (options)knife openstack image list (options)
  • 29. knife.rbknife[:openstack_access_key_id] = "MeMpLexdnjmXeXGMx:admin"knife[:openstack_secret_access_key] = "nFjXAKl5G6VaXE3bVuwi"knife[:openstack_api_endpoint] = "http://192.168.11.9:8773/services/Cloud"
  • 30. knife openstack server create -S mykey -x ubuntu-I ami-4b0ff834 -f m1.tiny -r role[webserver]
  • 31. How did we get here? git clone git://github.com/mattray/openstack-cookbooks.git
  • 32. Origins• Forked from Anso Labs• Bootstrapped originally by Opscode• Chef Solo/Vagrant installs for Developers • http://github.com/ansolabs/openstack-cookbooks
  • 33. Crowbar• OpenStack installer from Dell• Dell is releasing this under the Apache 2 license• Extension of the Chef server• Developed by Dell, Rackspace & Opscode• http://github.com/dellcloudedge
  • 34. Whats Next? http://www.flickr.com/photos/felixmorgner/4347750467/
  • 35. Nova Roadmap• Improve Glance integration• Network Types • Flat, FlatDHCP, VLANs• Multiple Hypervisors • Xen, LXC, Hyper-V• Databases • PostgreSQL, Drizzle
  • 36. Swift Roadmap• Multiple Implementations Available• Dell • http://github.com/dellcloudedge/openstack-swift• Voxel • http://www.voxel.net/blog/2011/05/openstack-swift-chef- and-spiceweasel-part-1-0 • http://github.com/voxeldotnet/openstack-swift-chef
  • 37. Dashboard
  • 38. OpenStack Roadmap• Diablo release• RHEL 6 & Fedora• Windows
  • 39. Get Involved!• http://github.com/mattray/openstack- cookbooks/tree/cactus• http://wiki.opscode.com/display/chef/ Deploying+OpenStack+with+Chef• irc.freenode.net #chef #openstack• Twitter/GitHub/Launchpad/IRC:mattray• matt@openstack.org/matt@opscode.com
  • 40. Questions? http://www.flickr.com/photos/mrchippy/443960682/
  • 41. Thanks! http://www.opscode.com