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Gervais Tompkin, Gensler, at Opportunity Green 2009
 

Gervais Tompkin, Gensler, at Opportunity Green 2009

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Gervais Tompkin, Gensler, at Opportunity Green 2009

Gervais Tompkin, Gensler, at Opportunity Green 2009

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    Gervais Tompkin, Gensler, at Opportunity Green 2009 Gervais Tompkin, Gensler, at Opportunity Green 2009 Presentation Transcript

    • Open Source…
      The
    • Open Source
      The
      City
    • Open Source
      The
      Lifestyle
    • Open Source
      The
      Workstyle
    • Open Source
      The
      Office Space
    • Open Source
      The
      Building Use
    • Open Source
      The
      Pro forma
    • Open Source
      The
      City
      by Gervais Tompkin
    • A New Opportunity
      Floundering Cities
      3X CO2/HC
      Vibrant Cities
      1X CO2/HC
      Source: Gensler Research
    • A Multi-Generational Mix
    • Varied Design Heritages
      Veterans
      1930-1945
      Gen-X
      1965-1980
      BabyBoomers
      1946-1964
      Millennials
      1981-1997
    • Changing Demographic Profile
      1950
      2000
      2050
      Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics
    • Changing Demographic Profile
      1950
      2000
      2050
      Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics
    • Labor Shortfall and Talent War
      Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics
    • Labor Shortfall and Talent War
      Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics
    • Millennials
      Source: Monitor Group
    • Our Data
      How people think they use
      their space:
      WPI Survey
      • 50 Companies
      • 10 Industries
      • 26,000 Respondents
      How people actually use
      their space:
      Work Activity Observations
      • 18 Companies
      • 7 Industries
      • 420,000 Observation Data Points
      Source: Gensler Research
    • WPI
    • WPI
    • WPI
    • WPI
    • WPI
    • WPI: Typology of Modern Work
    • WPI: Typology of Modern Work
    • WPI: Typology of Modern Work
    • Work Activity Observations
      Walking ROUTES through the space every 30 min, gathering use DATA with hand held devices
      18 Companies
      7 Industries
      420,000 Observations
    • Reading an Observation Chart
      Unoccupied
      Temporarily Unoccupied
      Eating
      % of Observations
      Computer
      Average Space Utilization
      Phone
      Writing
      Informal Collaboration
      Formal Meeting
      Time
    • Observations: Private Offices
      38% Use
      42% Use
      41% Use
    • Observations: Workstations
      60% Use
      39% Use
      46% Use
    • Observations: Conference Rooms
      36% Use
      19% Use
      34% Use
    • Observations: All Spaces
      39% Use
      35% Use
      43% Use
    • Mobility: Open Sourcing the Office
    • Mobility: Open Sourcing the Office
    • Mobility: Open Sourcing the Office
    • Mobility: Open Sourcing the Office
    • HP Case Study
      Previous Thames Valley
      Total Net Usable Area - 451,304 sft
      $8,900 per person
      Total headcount = 2,845*
      Consolidated Bracknell
      Total Net Usable Area - 165,673 sf
      $5,400 per person
      Total headcount = 2,686*
      63% Area Reduction
    • HP Case Study
      49% Energy Reduction
    • HP Case Study
    • HP Case Study
    • HP Case Study
      17,633
      Number of employees expected to be newly mobile within 2 years
    • Intuit Case Study
      75%
      The probability that at least one meeting participant is virtual
      (even in meetings of 3)
    • Sun Microsystems Case Study
    • Mobility Cuts Carbon Emissions
    • Mobility Reduces CO2/HC
    • Mobility Reduces Cost
    • SF Development Case Study
      60Individuals
      45Organizations
      20Weeks
    • SF Development Case Study
      Credit: Shannon Loew
    • WPI: Typology of Modern Work
    • SF Development Case Study
    • SF Development Case Study
    • SF Development Case Study
    • SF Development Case Study
    • The Open Source City…
      :lifestyle shift
      working ‘9-5’
      Veterans
      Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/SanFran_downtown_panorama.jpg
    • The Open Source City…
      :lifestyle shift
      working ‘9-5’
      Veterans
      working ‘24/7’
      Boomers, Gen X and Millennials
      >>
      Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/SanFran_downtown_panorama.jpg
    • The Open Source City…
      :work style shift
      24%
      identify the office as a productive place to work
      Office as Primary Workplace
      Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/SanFran_downtown_panorama.jpg
    • The Open Source City…
      :work style shift
      62%
      identify ‘away from the office’ as a productive place to work
      24%
      identify the office as a productive place to work
      >>
      Office as Secondary Workplace
      Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/SanFran_downtown_panorama.jpg
    • The Open Source City…
      :officespace shift
      38%
      average office space utilization with 1:1 seating
      Status Quo: 230 SF per Person, assigned seating
      Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/SanFran_downtown_panorama.jpg
    • The Open Source City…
      :officespace shift
      38%
      average office space utilization with 1:1 seating
      80%
      average office space utilization with mobility & densification
      >>
      Mobility: 75 SF per person, shared seating
      Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/SanFran_downtown_panorama.jpg
    • The Open Source City…
      :foot traffic shift
      3 ½ hours
      downtown foot traffic limited to lunchtime peak
      Lunchtime Foot Traffic
      Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/SanFran_downtown_panorama.jpg
    • The Open Source City…
      :foot traffic shift
      3 ½ hours
      downtown foot traffic limited to lunchtime peak
      6 hours
      greater office density & flex work schedules increase foot traffic
      >>
      Extended Hours Foot Traffic
      Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/SanFran_downtown_panorama.jpg
    • The Open Source City…
      :pro forma shift
      25,000 s.f.
      average office building floor plate
      Single-Tenant, Multi-Floor Head Quarters Model
      Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/SanFran_downtown_panorama.jpg
    • The Open Source City…
      :pro forma shift
      <10,000 s.f.
      67% of new leases in 2008
      25,000 s.f.
      average office building floor plate
      >>
      Multi-Tenant Floor, Business Cluster Model
      Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/SanFran_downtown_panorama.jpg
    • The Open Source City…
      :GDP/Carbon shift
      110 metric tons
      carbon emissions per employee : on-site & status quo
      Higher Commute Energy Per HC
      Lower Operations Energy per SF
      Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/SanFran_downtown_panorama.jpg
    • The Open Source City…
      :GDP/Carbon shift
      110 metric tons/yr
      carbon emissions per employee : on-site & status quo
      30 metric tons/yr
      carbon emissions per employee : mobile & sustainable
      >>
      Lower Commute Energy Per HC
      Higher Operations Energy per SF
      Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/SanFran_downtown_panorama.jpg
    • Implications
      Individuals
      Companies
      Building Owners
      Policy Makers
      Increase Collaboration Discipline
      Socialize Virtual Distance
      Seed Social Computation
      Design for Network and Cluster
      Set your People Free
      Reduce RE Op Ex & do less at higher quality
      Manage CO2/HC
      Mixed use as the new amenity
      Cultivate Clusters as the HQ Replacement
      Human & Environmental Performance
      The Central Social District
      Total Operating Carbon/HC
      Changing Taxation Models
    • Thank You