What do we need to
make the Internet of
Things really happen?
Opher Etzion
Head – Technological Empowerment
Institute (in ...
OUTLINE
“Internet of Things” – what is it, what are the
difficulties in making it “Internet”?
What can be done about it? I...
The Internet of everything for situation awareness
None of the
authorized drivers
location is near
the car’s location
thef...
Anatomy of situation awareness system
Becoming aware of an event and then doing something about it.
Derive
Mechanisms
Sing...
Does the “Internet of everything” really exhibit the benefits of the
Internet?
The success of the Internet is attributed t...
For situational awareness….
we are not even in the SQL era
Event
Patterns
Listing 1.1 Example of the MonitorScript event p...
“There is no Internet of Things yet”
While people typically are event-driven we tend to
think about computerized systems in request
driven way
Searching the we...
Difficulties in the way that most people would
approach it The event-driven vs.
request-driven nature
Effectiveness and
Ef...
The vision for Internet of Things
Shift governance from the programmer to the knowledge worker or customer
Governance occu...
The basic requirements of event modeling
4. Automatic
translation to
code in regular
or specific
engine
language
3. Free o...
Eliminating noise from the model
Current models are close to the
implementation models – and from pure
logic view contain ...
The Technological Empowerment Institute in a
nutshell
Empowerment of people:
empowerment of wellness and quality
of life o...
The means – three legs
The multi-disciplinary research leg:
world class excellence center around smart systems –
with rese...
Example of some target applications
Assistance for elderly or disabled people in independent living by
situational awarene...
OUR DRIVING FORCE IS TO
HELP
EVERYBODY REALIZE THE
POWER OF EVENTS TO
CREATE A BETTER WORLD
For more details:
opher.etzion...
The Internet of Things and some introduction to the Technological Empowerment Institute
The Internet of Things and some introduction to the Technological Empowerment Institute
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The Internet of Things and some introduction to the Technological Empowerment Institute

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  • BVH: should the second example say “None of the authorized drivers for this car is in the car.” (Doesn’t all/not imply that some may be in it, but that this doesn’t count?)
  • BVH: pre-SQL was procedural, which included loops (e.g., Get Next within Parent until GE status code), Go To, structured programming to avoid Go Tos, difficult to understand, even more difficult to manage change over time
  • BVH: so our brains are smarter than our computer systems, imagine that! 
  • BVH: I like the idea of “eliminating noise” Are all of these things noise: bring data, query, enrichment, inclusion in events, and other noise”What do we mean by “noise” – is it implementation details that are not necessary to consider when creating an implementation-independent representation?
  • The Internet of Things and some introduction to the Technological Empowerment Institute

    1. 1. What do we need to make the Internet of Things really happen? Opher Etzion Head – Technological Empowerment Institute (in establishment phases) opher.etzion@gmail.com
    2. 2. OUTLINE “Internet of Things” – what is it, what are the difficulties in making it “Internet”? What can be done about it? Introducing TEM How does the “Technological Empowerment Institute” get into the picture?
    3. 3. The Internet of everything for situation awareness None of the authorized drivers location is near the car’s location theft is concluded Whom to notify; whether to activate stopper Use a built-in car stopper to slow the intruder and dispatch the security company A person enters a car and the car starts moving; the person does not look like one of the authorized drivers Such applications become possible since everything is connected
    4. 4. Anatomy of situation awareness system Becoming aware of an event and then doing something about it. Derive Mechanisms Single Event Multiple Events Ancillary Info May need multiple iterations May require addition reference / state information Something we want to react to A Situation Detect Mechanism Feedback Events Decide Mechanism Do Mechanism Event of Interest Order Should be indicating Entity State Change Should be indicating Decisions Derived Event Trigger sensors Actuators 4
    5. 5. Does the “Internet of everything” really exhibit the benefits of the Internet? The success of the Internet is attributed to its relative simplicity  to connect  to create content  to search Imagine that any search in the Internet would have been done using SQL queries… How pervasive do you think the Internet would have been?
    6. 6. For situational awareness…. we are not even in the SQL era Event Patterns Listing 1.1 Example of the MonitorScript event programming language from Apama if isAuto then { DeliveryBid db; on DeliveryBid(store=dr.store):db within(ASSIGNMENT_TIME){ #1 assignmentTimer.quit(); route Assignment(dr.requestId, #2 dr.store, db.driver, dr.addresseeLocationPointX, dr.addresseeLocationPointY, db.committedPickUpTime, dr.requiredDeliveryTime); watchForPickUp(dr, db.driver, db.committedPickUpTime); watchForDelivery(dr, db.driver); } } Most of the event-based programming today is still ad- hoc and hand-coded; existing languages are rather low level
    7. 7. “There is no Internet of Things yet”
    8. 8. While people typically are event-driven we tend to think about computerized systems in request driven way Searching the web, database queries, use of web services, use of mobile applications
    9. 9. Difficulties in the way that most people would approach it The event-driven vs. request-driven nature Effectiveness and Efficiency issues The temporal oriented behavior The hidden state handling
    10. 10. The vision for Internet of Things Shift governance from the programmer to the knowledge worker or customer Governance occurs through development and maintenance of program code Governance occurs through development and maintenance of event models TODAY TOMORROW CODE LEVEL
    11. 11. The basic requirements of event modeling 4. Automatic translation to code in regular or specific engine language 3. Free of implementation assumptions 1. Rigorous verifiable structure 2. Represented as a collection of tables
    12. 12. Eliminating noise from the model Current models are close to the implementation models – and from pure logic view contain “noise”. Bringing data from current state Query Enrichment Inclusion in events Examples: Determine what food-type the container carries Fetch the temperature regulations for a specific food type Other noise : workarounds
    13. 13. The Technological Empowerment Institute in a nutshell Empowerment of people: empowerment of wellness and quality of life of people within developing areas, such as: elderly people. Empowerment of business: typical for developing areas such as agriculture, food industry, and small manufactures. Empowerment of opportunities: Empowerment of R&D and education in developing areas by creating R&D partnerships and enhance education systems in various levels. Smart sensor-based system for situation awareness is the means to empower.
    14. 14. The means – three legs The multi-disciplinary research leg: world class excellence center around smart systems – with researchers cover the technology aspect, the human aspect, and the different domains aspect The implementation leg: Partnership between academic institutes that will carry out students' projects, the high-tech industry that will contribute platforms and products, domain experts, and potential customers The education leg: employ dedicated curriculum of courses in the undergraduate level, focused graduate program, second chance education for degree holders, and education for the community. It will aid to establish similar programs in developing areas.
    15. 15. Example of some target applications Assistance for elderly or disabled people in independent living by situational awareness that may alert them (e.g. to take medications), alert their families, or alert healthcare staff. A family or caretaker will be able to personalize the alerts to an individual patient. Monitoring of vibrations, strokes, container openings or cold chain maintenance to improve quality of deliveries over the supply chain Control of humidity and temperature levels in alfalfa, hay, straw, etc. to prevent fungus and other microbial contaminants Monitoring of water quality and leaks
    16. 16. OUR DRIVING FORCE IS TO HELP EVERYBODY REALIZE THE POWER OF EVENTS TO CREATE A BETTER WORLD For more details: opher.etzion@gmail.com

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