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Puppet and OpenStack in the Real World Kavit Munshi Chief Technical Officer What is Aptira? What is OpenStack? The Problem Aptira + Puppet + OpenStack Why Puppet?
What is Aptira? Aptira is a technology services provider that delivers: − Managed services − Bespoke solutions − Rich media solutions for digital agencies − Cloud computing infrastructure and consulting
What is OpenStack? OpenStack is free, open source Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) project. − Cloud Computing (nova) − Object Store (swift) − Block Storage (cinder) − Network Virtualisation (quantum) − Authentication (keystone) − Image Catalog (glance)
What is OpenStack? Managed by the OpenStack Foundation − 5,600 individual members − 850 organisations − 87 countries − $10 million in funding − Independent home for OpenStack − Technical Committee, Board of Directors, User Committee
What is OpenStack? One of the fastest growing open source projects in the world − From 30,000 to 600,000 LOC in 2 years − <100 people attended first OpenStack summit − >1500 attended last two summits − Rate of feature innovation is staggering
The Problem We deploy and maintain OpenStack on premise for our IaaS customers. We sell our ability to deploy and maintain OpenStack on location for private cloud customers. But theres a catch. Heres what we show our customers:
The ProblemThis is what we showour non-tech team…and heres what I need
The Problem Add some more ancillary services (MySQL, RabbitMQ, Nagios, iptables). Then triple it! (development, testing, production) Multiply by the number of private cloud customers. Need a solution that lets me express configurations in OO style: − Reusable − Templateable − Inheritance Solution must scale to manage thousands of nodes
Puppet Puppet to the rescue! Puppet modules reusable, which makes each completed module a capability investment for the business. Native support for multiple environments and multiple sites. Couple with git (gitolite) for revision and environment management (http://puppetlabs.com/blog/git-workflow-and-puppet-environments/) Passenger plugin allows us to scale config management along with infrastructure to ensure performance. ~30 puppet modules written (we write our own) ~1,800 lines of puppet manifests Average ~50 lines of puppet per module
Puppet- Master-Agent architecture- On the puppetmaster, each puppet module is created as follows - /etc/puppet/modules/<module_name> - Global variables are defined in site.pp- The module has following components (each is a folder) - files (contains files needed for the module) - manifests (contains the init.pp file need to define the module) - templates (contains templates for the config files)- The agent connects and checks what modules are applicable to it and syncs config accordingly
Aptira + Puppet + OpenStack Aptira infrastructure capability − ~15,000 cores − 15TB RAM − 150TB HDD − ~1000 nodes Our puppet infrastructure allows us to utilise and deploy this capability on demand from customers. CapEx becomes much more dynamic and efficient. We can service demands for huge amounts of power without owning huge amounts of infrastructure. We scale our IaaS as a Service!
Aptira + Puppet + OpenStack Facter fact developed to determine hardware type (or Virtual Machine hypervisor) − Module to install and execute appropriate hardware management toolset (Dell OpenManage, HP ACU CLI, VMware Tools, etc) Augeas used to manage network interfaces (Debian style) We can also utilise public IaaS offerings, controlled by puppet. − Bootstrap geographic presence without investing in physical infrasctructure.
Why Puppet? Aptira evaluates and chooses what we feel is best of breed. − Self documenting − Explicit dependency management (versus Chef) − Enterprise version if required − Large community base − Tacit knowledge: staff have previous experience with puppet, many companies are using it.