Intel IT OpenStack Journey - OpenStack Fall 2012 Summit.pdf

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  • 1. Intel IT’s OpenStack JourneyDas Kamhout, Principal Engineer, Intel IT Cloud LeadTwitter - @dkamhoutEmail - das@intel.com
  • 2. AgendaOur Cloud JourneyIntel IT Hybrid Open Cloud – Goals and RealitySummary http://preview.tinyurl.com/IntelITOpenCloud2 Copyright © 2012, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
  • 3. Intel IT Vital Statistics6,400 IT employees – 54 global sites91,500 Intel employees† – 164 sites, 62 countries67 Data Centers – ~75,000 servers>138,000 Devices – >109K PCs (80%+ mobile) – >38,000 Handhelds (60% BYO)Source: Information provided by Intel IT as of Jan 2012. † does not include wholly owned subsidiaries that Intel IT does not directly support3 Copyright © 2012, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
  • 4. ODCA and Intel IT Cloud Maturity Model Simple SaaS Simple SaaS Complex SaaS End Hybrid SaaS (e.g. exp reports) (e.g. exp reports) (e.g. B2B) User Cloud Aware Apps Cloud Aware Cloud Aware Legacy Apps Apps App Apps Legacy Apps Dev Legacy Apps Legacy Federated, Interoperable, Complex and Open Cloud App Compute IaaS Private PaaS Hybrid PaaS Owner Simple Compute Simple IaaS Compute IaaS 4 IT Compute, Compute, Full Storage, Hybrid IaaS Storage, Private IaaS Ops and Network and NetworkConsumers Minimal Industry Early Industry Open Industry Industry Industry Solutions Solutions Materializes Normalizing Normalized? 2010 Intel® 2011 Intel 2012 Intel 2013 Intel 2014 Intel Cloud 1.0 Cloud 1.5 Cloud 2.0 Cloud 2.5 Cloud 3.0 In 2013 Hybrid applications will be the norm enabling low latency, lowest cost, improved security and seamless data sharing between services for end-user productivity.1 Intel IT future state goals – subject to change – asof June 20124 Copyright © 2012, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
  • 5. Intel® IT Cloud Strategic Direction Deliver the necessary changes in how we expose applications/data to improve end user productivity Drive the transformation to a large-scale automated Hybrid Cloud infrastructure Accelerate the transformation of the Enterprise IT industry to Cloud5 Copyright © 2012, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
  • 6. Intel’s Cloud Journey Today Tomorrow Large Limited Hybrid Cloud Private Cloud Public Cloud• 73% Virtualized (Traditional IT) • Land Applications in Minutes• 80% of New Services in the Cloud • Open Cloud for Bursting• Under 1 Hour to Deploy Infrastructure Capacity• Small number of SaaS apps in usage • SaaS for non-differentiated apps6 Copyright © 2012, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
  • 7. AgendaOur Cloud JourneyIntel IT Hybrid Open Cloud – Goals and RealitySummary7 Copyright © 2012, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
  • 8. Key ConceptsAbstract users from underlying Cloud providersSupport multiple cloud providers, both private and public OpenStack and non-OpenStack is the realityCommon identity and entitlement services for reuse acrossinterfacesOpen Source first, minimize proprietary API lock-inMinimize internal technical debt, utilize the community to scaleStay pragmatic, as we scale – not always 100% greenfield8 Copyright © 2012, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
  • 9. Intel IT Cloud Future End User ApplicationsApp Services Location Context Recommendation IdentityApp PlatformServices Analytics Messaging Data WebInfrastructureServices Storage Compute NetworkPhysical Intel® Atom™ Intel® Xeon® Intel® Xeon® Phi™Infrastructure9 Reusable Services empowering our end users Copyright © 2012, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
  • 10. Intel® IT Open Cloud IaaS Platform Solution Stack Release Consumers Cadence Interfaces GUI API 3 (Graphical User Interface) (Application Programming Interface) Months Manageability Monitoring Intel Contributions Open-Source Foundation Service As a 3 Watcher Decider Actor Collector Months (tbd) Contributors (e.g. Nagios*) (internal) (e.g. Puppet*) Cloud Operating Intel Contributions Open-Source (OpenStack*) Environment Infrastructure As a Service Dashboard 6 (Horizon) Months Compute OS Images Block Storage Object Storage Network (Nova) (Glance) (Nova Volume) (Swift) (Quantum) Producers Infrastructure Physical 12-18 Compute Storage Network Months10 Copyright © 2012, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
  • 11. Function Intel IT Open Cloud (Private)Compute OpenStack* - Nova ComputeObject Storage OpenStack* - SwiftBlock Storage Gap – Cinder as target (reuse existing HW, and support new)Load Balancers Using HW LB APIs – Direct integration with OpenStack* futureNetworking Nova Network Now – move to Quantum with GrizzlyAuto Scaling Gap – Missing APIs (exploring HEAT. Ceilometer)Monitoring Nagios* - Missing APIs (exploring HEAT, Ceilometer)Configuration Puppet* - Missing APIs (exploring HEAT)Backup and Recovery Snapshot to Object StorageNoSQL Database Cassandra*, MongoDB* – Gap on APIs (exploring options)Relational DB *SQL – Gap on APIs (exploring options)Images Glance – Intel IT images, end user images laterMap Reduce – Analytics Hadoop* with APIs but without orchestrationDNS Missing APIs 11 Copyright © 2012, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
  • 12. Intel IT Open Cloud – Details Now Key Technologies OPEN CLOUD HOSTING ENVIRONMENT • Cloud – OpenStack* Essex COMPUTE NODES • Monitoring – Nagios* Cloud Controller Services Hosting Services • Configuration – Puppet* • Volume Controller • Authentication • Hosts – Intel Xeon 5600 Blades • Network Controller Tenant x • DNS • Network – 10GBe • Scheduler • Automation • Storage – Scale out on 2U Tenant 2 • Databases • Security Services Tenant 1 Integration with Support Desk and • API other Ops capabilities STORAGE REMOTE DESKTOP INTEL DMZ/ENCLAVE NODES SERVICE ENVIRONMENT CENTRALIZED MONITORING NETWORK FABRIC AND MANAGEMENT • Patch Management Load Balancer Load Balancer • Package Repository INTERNET • Authentication • Monitoring ICC Firewalls Running cutting edge Web services, on a predominantly open source cloud.12 Copyright © 2012, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
  • 13. Intel IT Hybrid Cloud INTEL SITE B EXTERNAL PROVIDER INTEL SITE A POD POD POD POD POD POD POD POD POD GLB INTERNET Fully Meshed VPN Tunnels Focus Area Key Aspects Technical Active/Active App Design – Software Design for Failure Unified Monitoring/Manageability/Authentication IT Service broker handling cloud on-boarding internal and external Operational IT handling basic IaaS container levels externally, covering all IaaS internally Business Single contract with Intel IT funding and showback to BUs Liability/Indemnification at acceptable levels for associated risk13 Copyright © 2012, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
  • 14. Self Remediation Framework – for 99.99% DECIDER (Analysis and Event or Alert Correlation) Initiate Action WATCHER ACTOR (Nagios ) * (Puppet*) Monitor Capabilities to Watch Action Execution APP A APP B APP N VM VM VM VM CLOUD ORCHESTRATION SERVICES COMPUTE NODES STORAGE NODES NETWORK FABRIC Load Balancer Load Balancer14 Copyright © 2012, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
  • 15. Rules of Cloud Aware Apps Software Developer Changes http://www.opendatacenteralliance.org/docs/DevCloudCapApp.pdf Shift to stateless cloud services − Assume and design for failure at all layers Scale horizontally − Scaling up always has a break point, scaling horizontally ensures greater scalability (close to “infinite” if you remove app bottlenecks) Eventual consistency at the data layer Shift to DevOps or NoOps model − Set rules/automation for desired effects, utilize APIs, continue to assume failure − Never wait on IT, never wait on other software developers − IT Infrastructure team should seem invisible Implement true Web services for consumption15 Copyright © 2012, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
  • 16. Areas to Close for EnterpriseKeep VMs up for traditional/legacy apps:1. Shared Block Storage – for boot volumes, and data2. Live Migration for maintenance of hosts3. Restart of instances when host failsEnable a federated Hybrid cloud environment:1. End users interface allowing for seamless use across zones, regions, and across clouds2. Identity federated across instances and clouds3. Orchestration across global/multiple instancesHighly Available Infrastructure Services (cloud built as cloud)Secure, Auditable – Role Based Access, Regulatory Compliance, Audit Trails16 Larger List - http://tinyurl.com/ChipInForEnterprise Copyright © 2012, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
  • 17. AgendaOur Cloud JourneyIntel IT Hybrid Open Cloud – Goals and RealitySummary17 Copyright © 2012, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
  • 18. Wrap Up - SummaryOur Direction = Federated, Interoperable and Open Cloud • Strong success with our Enterprise Private Cloud • Open Cloud in production to handle cloud architected apps, enterprise apps up next • Hybrid now, later just call it Cloud • Lots of space and opportunity for us all to contribute • Seeking other large scale Enterprises paving the pathHowever, Enterprise IT will change massively in next 2-5 years18 Copyright © 2012, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
  • 19. Resources for You• Engage with ODCA Over 300 Global IT• Learn about usage models leaders representing over $100B in• Use the RFP Tool annual IT spend• www.opendatacenteralliance.org Learn more about IT@Intel best practices www.intel.com/it19 Copyright © 2012, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
  • 20. Backup
  • 21. Legal NoticesThis presentation is for informational purposes only. INTEL MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, IN THIS SUMMARY.Intel and the Intel logo are trademarks of Intel Corporation in the U.S. and/or other countries.* Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others.Copyright © 2012, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.22 Copyright © 2012, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.