What Open Source and Open Data Mean for Tomorrow's Transportation Agencies

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Keynote address given by The Open Planning Project's Nick Grossman at the NYS DOT 511/ITS Regional Workshop, Oct 1, 2009.

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What Open Source and Open Data Mean for Tomorrow's Transportation Agencies

  1. 1. What open source and open data mean for tomorrow's transportation agencies Nick Grossman, The Open Planning Project NYSDOT 511 / ITS Regional Workshop, 10/1/09
  2. 2. Open
  3. 3. Better stuff. Less money.
  4. 4. Who we are TOPP is a nonprofit civic technology organization OpenGeo TOPP Labs Livable Streets Open source GIS Civic web Urban policy tools & services applications media & advocacy
  5. 5. What we do, exactly We create software, build open source communities, and advocate for smarter, more livable cities
  6. 6. Some clients and users • Portland TriMet • MassGIS: Central GIS Agency of Massachusetts • Landgate: State of Western Australia • IGN France and Spain: National Mapping Agencies • New York City and San Francisco • Finnish Ministry of Agriculture • Dutch Ministry of Water and Transportation
  7. 7. 1. Open Source
  8. 8. Open source is a new way of developing software. • It’s about collaboration • It’s free to use — no license fees • It produces better software
  9. 9. A tiny example
  10. 10. Getting a little bigger
  11. 11. Filling in the gaps
  12. 12. Inclusive process
  13. 13. Inclusive process One Bus Away
  14. 14. Mutual benefit, collaborative funding
  15. 15. Mutual benefit, collaborative funding
  16. 16. Product development Existing Code tools contributions Roadmap Features Funding
  17. 17. Towards an open transit suite System map Developer center Trip planner Data management AVL System planning Modeling Analysis ...
  18. 18. But wait... it’s harder than that
  19. 19. But wait... it’s harder than that “GeoServer Enterprise offered us the flexible and comprehensive support we were looking for: expertise and knowledge transfer from core developers; feature development that's incorporated into the source code; unlimited priority bug fixes; and fast and reliable technical support” — Bibiana McHugh IT Manager for GIS, TriMet
  20. 20. 2. Open Data
  21. 21. You don’t have to build it all
  22. 22. Core services Apps Agency
  23. 23. Core services Apps Data APIs Platform Agency
  24. 24. Core services Value added at no cost App Apps App App Data APIs Platform Agency
  25. 25. Concerns • Data accuracy • Liability • Trademarks and copyrights • Equity • Security
  26. 26. GPS
  27. 27. IRS eFile
  28. 28. Data.gov
  29. 29. Wikipedia 2-way: Hopstop, Ride The City
  30. 30. The beginning of a platform for transit Google Transit Feed Specification (GTFS)
  31. 31. The industry is catching on
  32. 32. The industry is catching on “Sharing our investment in technology will help to create innovative tools more quickly and in a broader range than what the agency will be able to provide on its own.”
  33. 33. The industry is catching on “Sharing our investment in technology will help to create innovative tools more quickly and in a broader range than what the agency will be able to provide on its own.” “The bottom line is to provide the best experience for customers by enabling those who can create new and varied applications with the means to do so.”
  34. 34. The industry is catching on “Sharing our investment in technology will help to create innovative tools more quickly and in a broader range than what the agency will be able to provide on its own.” “The bottom line is to provide the best experience for customers by enabling those who can create new and varied applications with the means to do so.” — Richard L Rodriguez President, Chicago Transit Authority, 9/9/09 http://www.transitchicago.com/news/default.aspx?Month=&Year=&Category=2&ArticleId=2450
  35. 35. Over 100 transit-related iPhone apps
  36. 36. Open data = good press
  37. 37. So, how do you get there?
  38. 38. Idea 1: Rethink the order of operations (Hat tip to Chris Dempsey from Mass EOT for helping to articulate this idea)
  39. 39. Idea 1: Rethink the order of operations Then: 1. Build end-to-end infrastructure... 2. ... including consumer services 3. Open up data (as an afterthought) (Hat tip to Chris Dempsey from Mass EOT for helping to articulate this idea)
  40. 40. Idea 1: Rethink the order of operations Then: Now: 1. Build end-to-end 1. Build internal infrastructure... infrastructure 2. ... including 2. Open up data consumer services 3. Build core services 3. Open up data + see what arrives (as an afterthought) from third parties (Hat tip to Chris Dempsey from Mass EOT for helping to articulate this idea)
  41. 41. Idea 2: Make it easy
  42. 42. Idea 3: Engage developers early on
  43. 43. Bringing it back home http://nytransitdata.org
  44. 44. Open: Better stuff. Less money.
  45. 45. Keep in touch! • The Open Planning Project: http://openplans.org • Nick Grossman: nickyg@openplans.org @nickgrossman on twitter • OpenTripPlanner: http://opentripplanner.org • This presentation: http://slideshare.net/openplans

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