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Open P2P Design presentation - TAIK 02.05.2011

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Presentation at the Industrial and Strategic Design Department …

Presentation at the Industrial and Strategic Design Department
Aalto University - School of Art and Design
02.05.2011
Helsinki

Published in Design , Technology , News & Politics
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  • 1. Open P2P DesignMetadesign for Open, Collaborative and ComplexProjectsMassimo Menichinelli---------------------------------------------------------------------------May 2nd 2011Industrial and Strategic Design DepartmentAalto University – School of Art and Design
  • 2. 01.Where it started...
  • 3. Where do openp2pdesign.org and Open P2P Design comefrom?* March 2005, Milan (Polytechnic)* a young student started his master degree thesis in industrial design (actually it became service design soon)* Design researchers were studying Design+Locality: * Spark! Design and Locality (Europe) http://www2.uiah.fi/virtu/spark/index.html * Me.Design (Italy) http://www.sistemadesignitalia.it/sdi/ricerche/medesign/index.php--> How can we design projects for a locality and its community?--> How can we enable the participation of a community in the design process?
  • 4. Free Software/Open Source and P2P were just breaking intoother disciplines...* Open Source Everywhere http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/11.11/opensource.html* Open Publishing* Open Content* Open Biotechnology* Open Source Religion* Open Cola / Open Beer* Open Design* (...and more coming later, like Open Money...) Fre Software, Open Source and P2P as promising way to organise communities
  • 5. Why Open / P2P forms are promising?* Open Source is based on Communities* Communities are Complex Systems* Bazaar style enables parallel projects, then evolution, self- organization and emergence* Complex Systems can solve Complex ProblemsComplex Open P2P communities could:--> solve complex problems--> design complex projects--> design complex collaborative activities Ko Kuwabara “Linux: A Bazaar at the Edge of Chaos” http://firstmonday.org
  • 6. Designing Open Collaborative projects: Thinkcyclehttp://www.thinkcycle.org (now closed)http://web.media.mit.edu/~nitin/thesis/ Source: http://www.thinkcycle.orgThis is... OpenDesign!
  • 7. Facilitating a P2P system: Open Health by RED (British DesignCouncil)http://www.designcouncil.info/mt/RED/ Source: http://www.designcouncil.info/mt/RED/This is... P2PService Design!
  • 8. April 2006, Master Degree Thesis:Reti Collaborative.Il design per una auto-organizzazioneOpen Peer-to-Peer(Collaborative Networks.Design for an Open Peer-to-Peerself-organization)Tutor: Ezio ManziniPolitecnico di Milano, Faculty of DesignYou can download it here:http://www.openp2pdesign.org/source
  • 9. Theres also a short (and updated)version in English (and Spanish andItalian) too!openp2pdesign.org_1.1http://www.issuu.com/openp2pdesignhttp://www.scribd.com/openp2pdesignhttp://stores.lulu.com/openp2pdesign
  • 10. Open P2P Design--> an open source Metadesign methodologyopenp2pdesign.org--> A Strategic Design project for researching and communicating the methodology and developing projects
  • 11. What is openp2pdesign.org? Its not a startup (yet) but an open source community under development. International (English language) with projects in Italy, Spain, Finland, South Korea, Singapore …So far: Next:1 master degree thesis Books1 paper + 1 book Events7 workshops Open source softwares1 keynote speech Workshops1 commissioned report A larger network
  • 12. Make Magazine as Metadesign and Strategic Design example * Make Magazine * Maker Faire * “Makers” Book (not Cory Doctorows one!) * Make: television * Make Controller Kit * Craft Magazine --> Tools, Knowledge, and Systems for DIY --> Metadesign projects ofered within a whole Strategic Design projectJust an example ofwhat it could be... on asmaller scale maybe :-)
  • 13. 02.Open P2P Design: enabling OpenSystems
  • 14. Why Open P2P Design?* mass-collaboration/crowdsourcing/distributed creativity force a change in the role of designers* its about mass collaboration-based or community-based activities (and Open Design is just an example)* communities generate innovations as the outcome of collaborative activities--> designers become enablers / facilitators of distributed creativity, and can work on innovation even outside traditional design projects
  • 15. Why a methodology and not a tool, like a wiki?* a methodology is a set of tools, roles, processes* open everything: the jump from software is not clear yet* open only in some cases, not always because is cool* software, tools have embedded values and processes* what works for software may not work for other projects--> more research on the tools and processes is needed--> a methodology is a more systemic approach--> if you understand the process you can adapt it
  • 16. What is Open P2P Design? Open Design (design of an open project) + P2P Design (design of a peer-to-peer system) = the co-design of Open P2P social systemsA promising way to designwith/for a Community andits Locality
  • 17. What does Open P2P Design do? an open p2p design process + an open p2p collaborative activity self-organized by a community = an open metadesign / service design projectOpen P2P forms as adesign project and adesign tool
  • 18. Conways Law + Complexity Theories* ..organizations which design systems ... are constrained to produce designs which are copies of the communication structures of these organizations. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conways_Law* complexity as a system property emerges fro the interaction of a given system with another Casti, J. L. On the System Complexity: Identifcation, Measurement, and Management", Ed. }. Casti and A Karlqvist, Complexity, Language, and Life: Mathematical Approaches, Sprinser-Verlag, 1986.-->(complex) open p2p processes design similar processes
  • 19. Design an Open P2P activity* Open / P2P communities are about activities, not just files* an activity can be designed as a service design project--> open p2p (process and project) can be designed with service design--> metadesign: we design how to co-design an activity* we can make collaborative an existing activity (Open Business)* it can be a design activity itself (Open Design)* then Open P2P Design can be redesigned in the same way (its Open)* co-design: the community modify an activity and make it evolve Daniela Sangiorgi, Service Design + Activity Theory http://www.northumbria.ac.uk/static/5007/despdf/Daniela.pdf
  • 20. A proposal of an Open P2P Design Process (Participation Matrix)
  • 21. Where does Open P2P Design come from? Open Source Software development process + Activity Theory + Service Design (+ Activity Theory) + Action Planning + Social Network Analysis + ......and also the SourceCode comes fromthem!
  • 22. Where could we use Open P2P Design?* within an organization (community, enterprise, public institution), for its own processes* when an organization (community, enterprise, public institution) enables another one* for community-based services / businesses* for projects for distributed systems, territories and cities--> Marketplaces, Open Innovation, Enterprise 2.0, Open Government, Open Design
  • 23. 03.Open P2P Design:An example
  • 24. Open P2P Design Workshop, SingaporeWith Roger Pitiot25-27 November 2009, NTU UniversitySingapore Design Festival
  • 25. 01. Community Analysis
  • 26. 02. Participation Matrix “First version of the Participation Matrix, we do everything by ourselves”“Second version, now the studentsmanufacture and manage theproduct, we just help themdistributing it”
  • 27. 03. Open Design Activity
  • 28. 04. System Map rev.18“Adding the Open Design SystemMap, the public relation role is at thecenter of manufacturing anddistribution”
  • 29. 04. System Map rev.19“put in survey study into subcategory market”
  • 30. 05. Open Design Activity Poster
  • 31. 04.Research and other futureprojects
  • 32. Current researchDoctoral Candidate in the Media Lab – Aalto University - TAIK"A digital open source design methodology for enabling complexdistributed systems with open, collaborative and p2p dynamics"The hypothesis of this research is that a design methodology(developed as an open source software) can be more proper for co-designing distributed systems, visualizing and managing their natureof complex social and technological systems.--> Further researching and testing the methodology (tools, processes, roles) with participatory action research
  • 33. Issues to study:* software analogy with design (code, open source, coding)* complexity of open and p2p systems (analysis + simulation) * social network analysis * agent based simulations* design and complexity* information and design* visualization of collaboration and communitiesSupervisor(s):* Ramon Sanguesa (Universidad Politecnica de Catalunya, Barcelona+ Columbia University, USA) http://es.linkedin.com/in/ramonsanguesa* ...
  • 34. Context:* Design (product, service, ...) ?* Public Services (co-creation, open data, community-based ...) ?* Museums (services, exhibitions, goods, …) ?* Digital Fabrication / Fab Labs ?Needs:* scholarship!!!* context* communities* study plan* supervisors / evaluators*…
  • 35. Other future projects beside research..* June 2011: Openwear.org event (Ljubljana, Slovenia): Open / DIY Business --> Open Source Fashion Design* June 2011: DMY Berlin (Berlin, Germany): Open P2P Design --> Lecture* June 2011: FabCamp (Turin, Italy): Fabbing and Distributed Manufacturing --> Conference + Strategic Projects workshop* September 2011: Pixelversity workshop (Helsinki, Finland): Open P2P Design --> co-design of a collaborative activity (Design? FabLab? ...)
  • 36. Other future projects beside research..* new openp2pdesign.org: co-redesign with Open P2P Design process * and Drupal, probably --> open community for open, collaborative, complex projects* mapping existing resources * tools, methodologies, toolkits, publications ... * local resources (organization, places, services) … *…* books / workshop / projects You can co-design it and then participate in it! :-)
  • 37. Thank you!Massimo Menichinelli-------------------------------------------------------------------info@openp2pdesign.orgopenp2pdesign.orgtwitter.com/openp2pdesign