Open P2P DesignMetadesign for Open, Collaborative and ComplexProjectsMassimo Menichinelli---------------------------------------------------------------------------May 2nd 2011Industrial and Strategic Design DepartmentAalto University – School of Art and Design
Where do openp2pdesign.org and Open P2P Design comefrom?* March 2005, Milan (Polytechnic)* a young student started his master degree thesis in industrial design (actually it became service design soon)* Design researchers were studying Design+Locality: * Spark! Design and Locality (Europe) http://www2.uiah.fi/virtu/spark/index.html * Me.Design (Italy) http://www.sistemadesignitalia.it/sdi/ricerche/medesign/index.php--> How can we design projects for a locality and its community?--> How can we enable the participation of a community in the design process?
Free Software/Open Source and P2P were just breaking intoother disciplines...* Open Source Everywhere http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/11.11/opensource.html* Open Publishing* Open Content* Open Biotechnology* Open Source Religion* Open Cola / Open Beer* Open Design* (...and more coming later, like Open Money...) Fre Software, Open Source and P2P as promising way to organise communities
Why Open / P2P forms are promising?* Open Source is based on Communities* Communities are Complex Systems* Bazaar style enables parallel projects, then evolution, self- organization and emergence* Complex Systems can solve Complex ProblemsComplex Open P2P communities could:--> solve complex problems--> design complex projects--> design complex collaborative activities Ko Kuwabara “Linux: A Bazaar at the Edge of Chaos” http://firstmonday.org
Facilitating a P2P system: Open Health by RED (British DesignCouncil)http://www.designcouncil.info/mt/RED/ Source: http://www.designcouncil.info/mt/RED/This is... P2PService Design!
April 2006, Master Degree Thesis:Reti Collaborative.Il design per una auto-organizzazioneOpen Peer-to-Peer(Collaborative Networks.Design for an Open Peer-to-Peerself-organization)Tutor: Ezio ManziniPolitecnico di Milano, Faculty of DesignYou can download it here:http://www.openp2pdesign.org/source
Theres also a short (and updated)version in English (and Spanish andItalian) too!openp2pdesign.org_1.1http://www.issuu.com/openp2pdesignhttp://www.scribd.com/openp2pdesignhttp://stores.lulu.com/openp2pdesign
Open P2P Design--> an open source Metadesign methodologyopenp2pdesign.org--> A Strategic Design project for researching and communicating the methodology and developing projects
What is openp2pdesign.org? Its not a startup (yet) but an open source community under development. International (English language) with projects in Italy, Spain, Finland, South Korea, Singapore …So far: Next:1 master degree thesis Books1 paper + 1 book Events7 workshops Open source softwares1 keynote speech Workshops1 commissioned report A larger network
Make Magazine as Metadesign and Strategic Design example * Make Magazine * Maker Faire * “Makers” Book (not Cory Doctorows one!) * Make: television * Make Controller Kit * Craft Magazine --> Tools, Knowledge, and Systems for DIY --> Metadesign projects ofered within a whole Strategic Design projectJust an example ofwhat it could be... on asmaller scale maybe :-)
Why Open P2P Design?* mass-collaboration/crowdsourcing/distributed creativity force a change in the role of designers* its about mass collaboration-based or community-based activities (and Open Design is just an example)* communities generate innovations as the outcome of collaborative activities--> designers become enablers / facilitators of distributed creativity, and can work on innovation even outside traditional design projects
Why a methodology and not a tool, like a wiki?* a methodology is a set of tools, roles, processes* open everything: the jump from software is not clear yet* open only in some cases, not always because is cool* software, tools have embedded values and processes* what works for software may not work for other projects--> more research on the tools and processes is needed--> a methodology is a more systemic approach--> if you understand the process you can adapt it
What is Open P2P Design? Open Design (design of an open project) + P2P Design (design of a peer-to-peer system) = the co-design of Open P2P social systemsA promising way to designwith/for a Community andits Locality
What does Open P2P Design do? an open p2p design process + an open p2p collaborative activity self-organized by a community = an open metadesign / service design projectOpen P2P forms as adesign project and adesign tool
Conways Law + Complexity Theories* ..organizations which design systems ... are constrained to produce designs which are copies of the communication structures of these organizations. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conways_Law* complexity as a system property emerges fro the interaction of a given system with another Casti, J. L. On the System Complexity: Identifcation, Measurement, and Management", Ed. }. Casti and A Karlqvist, Complexity, Language, and Life: Mathematical Approaches, Sprinser-Verlag, 1986.-->(complex) open p2p processes design similar processes
Design an Open P2P activity* Open / P2P communities are about activities, not just files* an activity can be designed as a service design project--> open p2p (process and project) can be designed with service design--> metadesign: we design how to co-design an activity* we can make collaborative an existing activity (Open Business)* it can be a design activity itself (Open Design)* then Open P2P Design can be redesigned in the same way (its Open)* co-design: the community modify an activity and make it evolve Daniela Sangiorgi, Service Design + Activity Theory http://www.northumbria.ac.uk/static/5007/despdf/Daniela.pdf
A proposal of an Open P2P Design Process (Participation Matrix)
Where does Open P2P Design come from? Open Source Software development process + Activity Theory + Service Design (+ Activity Theory) + Action Planning + Social Network Analysis + ......and also the SourceCode comes fromthem!
Where could we use Open P2P Design?* within an organization (community, enterprise, public institution), for its own processes* when an organization (community, enterprise, public institution) enables another one* for community-based services / businesses* for projects for distributed systems, territories and cities--> Marketplaces, Open Innovation, Enterprise 2.0, Open Government, Open Design
02. Participation Matrix “First version of the Participation Matrix, we do everything by ourselves”“Second version, now the studentsmanufacture and manage theproduct, we just help themdistributing it”
Current researchDoctoral Candidate in the Media Lab – Aalto University - TAIK"A digital open source design methodology for enabling complexdistributed systems with open, collaborative and p2p dynamics"The hypothesis of this research is that a design methodology(developed as an open source software) can be more proper for co-designing distributed systems, visualizing and managing their natureof complex social and technological systems.--> Further researching and testing the methodology (tools, processes, roles) with participatory action research
Issues to study:* software analogy with design (code, open source, coding)* complexity of open and p2p systems (analysis + simulation) * social network analysis * agent based simulations* design and complexity* information and design* visualization of collaboration and communitiesSupervisor(s):* Ramon Sanguesa (Universidad Politecnica de Catalunya, Barcelona+ Columbia University, USA) http://es.linkedin.com/in/ramonsanguesa* ...
Context:* Design (product, service, ...) ?* Public Services (co-creation, open data, community-based ...) ?* Museums (services, exhibitions, goods, …) ?* Digital Fabrication / Fab Labs ?Needs:* scholarship!!!* context* communities* study plan* supervisors / evaluators*…
Other future projects beside research..* June 2011: Openwear.org event (Ljubljana, Slovenia): Open / DIY Business --> Open Source Fashion Design* June 2011: DMY Berlin (Berlin, Germany): Open P2P Design --> Lecture* June 2011: FabCamp (Turin, Italy): Fabbing and Distributed Manufacturing --> Conference + Strategic Projects workshop* September 2011: Pixelversity workshop (Helsinki, Finland): Open P2P Design --> co-design of a collaborative activity (Design? FabLab? ...)
Other future projects beside research..* new openp2pdesign.org: co-redesign with Open P2P Design process * and Drupal, probably --> open community for open, collaborative, complex projects* mapping existing resources * tools, methodologies, toolkits, publications ... * local resources (organization, places, services) … *…* books / workshop / projects You can co-design it and then participate in it! :-)