Open P2P Design presentation - TAIK 02.05.2011
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Open P2P Design presentation - TAIK 02.05.2011



Presentation at the Industrial and Strategic Design Department

Presentation at the Industrial and Strategic Design Department
Aalto University - School of Art and Design



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    Open P2P Design presentation - TAIK 02.05.2011 Open P2P Design presentation - TAIK 02.05.2011 Presentation Transcript

    • Open P2P DesignMetadesign for Open, Collaborative and ComplexProjectsMassimo Menichinelli---------------------------------------------------------------------------May 2nd 2011Industrial and Strategic Design DepartmentAalto University – School of Art and Design
    • 01.Where it started...
    • Where do and Open P2P Design comefrom?* March 2005, Milan (Polytechnic)* a young student started his master degree thesis in industrial design (actually it became service design soon)* Design researchers were studying Design+Locality: * Spark! Design and Locality (Europe) * Me.Design (Italy)> How can we design projects for a locality and its community?--> How can we enable the participation of a community in the design process?
    • Free Software/Open Source and P2P were just breaking intoother disciplines...* Open Source Everywhere* Open Publishing* Open Content* Open Biotechnology* Open Source Religion* Open Cola / Open Beer* Open Design* (...and more coming later, like Open Money...) Fre Software, Open Source and P2P as promising way to organise communities
    • Why Open / P2P forms are promising?* Open Source is based on Communities* Communities are Complex Systems* Bazaar style enables parallel projects, then evolution, self- organization and emergence* Complex Systems can solve Complex ProblemsComplex Open P2P communities could:--> solve complex problems--> design complex projects--> design complex collaborative activities Ko Kuwabara “Linux: A Bazaar at the Edge of Chaos”
    • Designing Open Collaborative projects: Thinkcycle (now closed) Source: http://www.thinkcycle.orgThis is... OpenDesign!
    • Facilitating a P2P system: Open Health by RED (British DesignCouncil) Source: is... P2PService Design!
    • April 2006, Master Degree Thesis:Reti Collaborative.Il design per una auto-organizzazioneOpen Peer-to-Peer(Collaborative Networks.Design for an Open Peer-to-Peerself-organization)Tutor: Ezio ManziniPolitecnico di Milano, Faculty of DesignYou can download it here:
    • Theres also a short (and updated)version in English (and Spanish andItalian) too!openp2pdesign.org_1.1
    • Open P2P Design--> an open source Metadesign> A Strategic Design project for researching and communicating the methodology and developing projects
    • What is Its not a startup (yet) but an open source community under development. International (English language) with projects in Italy, Spain, Finland, South Korea, Singapore …So far: Next:1 master degree thesis Books1 paper + 1 book Events7 workshops Open source softwares1 keynote speech Workshops1 commissioned report A larger network
    • Make Magazine as Metadesign and Strategic Design example * Make Magazine * Maker Faire * “Makers” Book (not Cory Doctorows one!) * Make: television * Make Controller Kit * Craft Magazine --> Tools, Knowledge, and Systems for DIY --> Metadesign projects ofered within a whole Strategic Design projectJust an example ofwhat it could be... on asmaller scale maybe :-)
    • 02.Open P2P Design: enabling OpenSystems
    • Why Open P2P Design?* mass-collaboration/crowdsourcing/distributed creativity force a change in the role of designers* its about mass collaboration-based or community-based activities (and Open Design is just an example)* communities generate innovations as the outcome of collaborative activities--> designers become enablers / facilitators of distributed creativity, and can work on innovation even outside traditional design projects
    • Why a methodology and not a tool, like a wiki?* a methodology is a set of tools, roles, processes* open everything: the jump from software is not clear yet* open only in some cases, not always because is cool* software, tools have embedded values and processes* what works for software may not work for other projects--> more research on the tools and processes is needed--> a methodology is a more systemic approach--> if you understand the process you can adapt it
    • What is Open P2P Design? Open Design (design of an open project) + P2P Design (design of a peer-to-peer system) = the co-design of Open P2P social systemsA promising way to designwith/for a Community andits Locality
    • What does Open P2P Design do? an open p2p design process + an open p2p collaborative activity self-organized by a community = an open metadesign / service design projectOpen P2P forms as adesign project and adesign tool
    • Conways Law + Complexity Theories* ..organizations which design systems ... are constrained to produce designs which are copies of the communication structures of these organizations.* complexity as a system property emerges fro the interaction of a given system with another Casti, J. L. On the System Complexity: Identifcation, Measurement, and Management", Ed. }. Casti and A Karlqvist, Complexity, Language, and Life: Mathematical Approaches, Sprinser-Verlag, 1986.-->(complex) open p2p processes design similar processes
    • Design an Open P2P activity* Open / P2P communities are about activities, not just files* an activity can be designed as a service design project--> open p2p (process and project) can be designed with service design--> metadesign: we design how to co-design an activity* we can make collaborative an existing activity (Open Business)* it can be a design activity itself (Open Design)* then Open P2P Design can be redesigned in the same way (its Open)* co-design: the community modify an activity and make it evolve Daniela Sangiorgi, Service Design + Activity Theory
    • A proposal of an Open P2P Design Process (Participation Matrix)
    • Where does Open P2P Design come from? Open Source Software development process + Activity Theory + Service Design (+ Activity Theory) + Action Planning + Social Network Analysis + ......and also the SourceCode comes fromthem!
    • Where could we use Open P2P Design?* within an organization (community, enterprise, public institution), for its own processes* when an organization (community, enterprise, public institution) enables another one* for community-based services / businesses* for projects for distributed systems, territories and cities--> Marketplaces, Open Innovation, Enterprise 2.0, Open Government, Open Design
    • 03.Open P2P Design:An example
    • Open P2P Design Workshop, SingaporeWith Roger Pitiot25-27 November 2009, NTU UniversitySingapore Design Festival
    • 01. Community Analysis
    • 02. Participation Matrix “First version of the Participation Matrix, we do everything by ourselves”“Second version, now the studentsmanufacture and manage theproduct, we just help themdistributing it”
    • 03. Open Design Activity
    • 04. System Map rev.18“Adding the Open Design SystemMap, the public relation role is at thecenter of manufacturing anddistribution”
    • 04. System Map rev.19“put in survey study into subcategory market”
    • 05. Open Design Activity Poster
    • 04.Research and other futureprojects
    • Current researchDoctoral Candidate in the Media Lab – Aalto University - TAIK"A digital open source design methodology for enabling complexdistributed systems with open, collaborative and p2p dynamics"The hypothesis of this research is that a design methodology(developed as an open source software) can be more proper for co-designing distributed systems, visualizing and managing their natureof complex social and technological systems.--> Further researching and testing the methodology (tools, processes, roles) with participatory action research
    • Issues to study:* software analogy with design (code, open source, coding)* complexity of open and p2p systems (analysis + simulation) * social network analysis * agent based simulations* design and complexity* information and design* visualization of collaboration and communitiesSupervisor(s):* Ramon Sanguesa (Universidad Politecnica de Catalunya, Barcelona+ Columbia University, USA)* ...
    • Context:* Design (product, service, ...) ?* Public Services (co-creation, open data, community-based ...) ?* Museums (services, exhibitions, goods, …) ?* Digital Fabrication / Fab Labs ?Needs:* scholarship!!!* context* communities* study plan* supervisors / evaluators*…
    • Other future projects beside research..* June 2011: event (Ljubljana, Slovenia): Open / DIY Business --> Open Source Fashion Design* June 2011: DMY Berlin (Berlin, Germany): Open P2P Design --> Lecture* June 2011: FabCamp (Turin, Italy): Fabbing and Distributed Manufacturing --> Conference + Strategic Projects workshop* September 2011: Pixelversity workshop (Helsinki, Finland): Open P2P Design --> co-design of a collaborative activity (Design? FabLab? ...)
    • Other future projects beside research..* new co-redesign with Open P2P Design process * and Drupal, probably --> open community for open, collaborative, complex projects* mapping existing resources * tools, methodologies, toolkits, publications ... * local resources (organization, places, services) … *…* books / workshop / projects You can co-design it and then participate in it! :-)
    • Thank you!Massimo