Open P2P Design @ DMY Berlin 2011 - MakerLab

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Open P2P Design brings open source and peer-to-peer dynamics inside a community-centered design process, in order to have real co-design projects with people and their communities. We can use Open P2P Design for co-designing Open Design processes or commercial or public services with open and peer-to-peer dynamics, starting from communities and involving them inside the design process. We can also use it for analyzing an existing business and opening to collaboration some of its activities, or design new ones in order to start a collaboration with a community of users.

http://dmy-berlin.com/en/festival/2011-2/makerlab/

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Open P2P Design @ DMY Berlin 2011 - MakerLab

  1. 1. Open P2P DesignCo-design of Open (Design) ProcessesMassimo Menichinelli---------------------------------------------------------------------------June 04-05 2011DMY Berlin - MakerLabhttp://dmy-berlin.com/en/festival/2011-2/makerlab/Presentation available on:http://www.slideshare.net/openp2pdesign
  2. 2. 01.Open Design: Open Projects
  3. 3. What is Open Design? A generic definitiona project published with a license that facilitates its sharingand that can be “compiled” or “manufactured” locally* sharing* collaboration* open licenses* code --> artifactOpen Design refers to every kind of design projects that canbe shared in a digital format over a network
  4. 4. GentiumABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzÈÉÊËĒĔĖĘĚȄȨȆḔḖḘḚḜẸẺẼỀẾỂỄỆèéêěèéêëēĕėęěȅȩȇḕḕḗḗḙḛḝẹẻẽềếểễềếểễo̊őo̍o̖o̗o̘o̙o̜o̹o̝o̞o̟o̠ọo̤o̥o̦o̧ǫo̩o̪o̫o̬o̭o̮o̯o̰o̱o̼ȏo̒o̓“‹«.:?!©*¶§&/(‖)[¦]{|}€†‡@®™¿¡;,»›”¤¢$£€¥₡₢₣₤#01234567891⁄41⁄23⁄4%₦₧₨₭₮₯The first open source font (2001) by Victor Gaultney, with a specific license:SIL Open Font License (OFL) http://scripts.sil.org/Source: http://scripts.sil.org/cms/scripts/page.php?site_id=nrsi&item_id=Gentium
  5. 5. OpenMoko: a completely open productThe first product sold (2007-2009) with:* Open Source Software* Open Hardware* Open DesignSource: http://wiki.openmoko.org/wiki/Main_Page
  6. 6. OpenMoko: a completely open productThe first product sold (2007-2009) with:* Open Source Software* Open Hardware* Open DesignSource: http://wiki.openmoko.org/wiki/Main_Page
  7. 7. OpenMoko: product hackingIt was even sold with atoolkit for product hacking!Source: http://wiki.openmoko.org/wiki/Main_Page
  8. 8. OpenMokos failure“OpenMoko found that the cost of producing 3G smartphones wasprohibitively high for independent device makers and it was simplynot possible to do without using proprietary firmware.”“The mobile industry is increasingly embracing open source, [...]but the motivation is faster and cheaper development, not userempowerment.”--> An Open project cant go alone without:* building a collaborative system with other players (even “not open” ones)* decide to open only when its the best optionSource: http://arstechnica.com (http://bit.ly/3LyLh6)
  9. 9. BugLabsA more successful example (approaching $ 1.000.000 in revenue in 2010, est.)Source: http://www.buglabs.net/
  10. 10. Sketch Chair: Open Design as codeSource: http://www.sketchchair.cc/
  11. 11. Sketch Chair: Open Design as codeSource: http://www.sketchchair.cc/
  12. 12. Elephants Dream: an Open MovieDone with and for Blender (Open Source 3D modeling software)Source: http://www.elephantsdream.org/
  13. 13. The current status of Open Design* single persons or small groups design a project and then just publish it online* lack of new tools, processes, systems that enable designers and users in developing open design projects--> where is the collaboration?--> where are the open processes?
  14. 14. The current status of Open DesignFrom: torvalds@klaava.Helsinki.FI (Linus Benedict Torvalds)Newsgroups: comp.os.minixSubject: What would you like to see most in minix?Summary: small poll for my new operating systemMessage-ID:Date: 25 Aug 91 20:57:08 GMTOrganization: University of HelsinkiHello everybody out there using minix -Im doing a (free) operating system (just a hobby, wont be big andprofessional like gnu) for 386(486) AT clones. This has been brewingsince april, and is starting to get ready. Id like any feedback onthings people like/dislike in minix, as my OS resembles it somewhat(same physical layout of the file-system (due to practical reasons)among other things).Ive currently ported bash(1.08) and gcc(1.40), and things seem to work.This implies that Ill get something practical within a few months, andId like to know what features most people would want. Any suggestionsare welcome, but I wont promise Ill implement them :-) Linus (torvalds@kruuna.helsinki.fi)Source: http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~awb/linux.history.html
  15. 15. … the experience of a user of Open Source softwareSource: http://sourceforge.net/
  16. 16. … the big picture of Open Source software: the processSource: http://vis.cs.ucdavis.edu/~ogawa/codeswarm/
  17. 17. … so Open Source communities are much more! Open Source --> Communities --> --> Complex Systems --> Complex Problems--> collective intelligence--> solve complex problems--> design complex projectsSee: Ko Kuwabara “Linux: A Bazaar at the Edge of Chaos”http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue5_3/kuwabara/index.html
  18. 18. Innovation in a closed processSource: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Microsoft_Windows
  19. 19. In Open Source!Source: http://futurist.se/gldt/
  20. 20. A more systemic definition of Open DesignA collaborative distributed system of design &manufacturing* sharing* collaboration* open licenses* open / distributed projects with commons based peer production governance* open and distributed manufacturing technologiesA system of agents that:* use* design* manufacture* market* distribute* manage the end-of-life* ...
  21. 21. What can we do for Open Design projects? Metadesign Metadesign is the design of the design tools, processes and systems * research and share design knowledge * design and share design tools * design and share design processes * facilitate design & manufacturing & end-of-life systems * facilitate the distributed creativityFor designers For communities For users For enterprises
  22. 22. Sourcemap: open source metadesign examplesharing supply chains + open source + APISource: http://www.sourcemap.org/
  23. 23. How do we design such Metadesign projects? --> Open P2P DesignHow do we research, develop and ofer them in a Strategic Design project? --> openp2pdesign.org
  24. 24. 03.Open P2P Design:metadesign of open and p2psystems
  25. 25. Open P2P Design and openp2pdesign.org come from...* March 2005, Milan (Polytechnic)* a master degree thesis in industrial + service design* Design researchers were studying Design+Locality: * Spark! Design and Locality (Europe) http://www2.uiah.fi/virtu/spark/index.html * Me.Design (Italy) http://www.sistemadesignitalia.it/sdi/ricerche/medesign/index.php--> How can we design for a locality and its community?--> How can we enable the participation of a community in the design process?
  26. 26. Open Source Everywhere...“Software is just the beginning … open source is doing formass innovation what the assembly line did for massproduction. Get ready for the era when collaboration replacesthe corporation.”Thomas Goetz, Wired November 2003http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/11.11/opensource.html Open Source and P2P as promising way to organise communities
  27. 27. Open Source Everywhere... Open Drinks (marketing) Open Source and P2P as promising way to organise communitiesSource: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OpenCola_(drink) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_Beerhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/16038409@N02/2327138220/in/photostream
  28. 28. Open Source Everywhere... Open Biotechnology Open Source and P2P as promising way to organise communitiesSource:http://www.cambia.org/
  29. 29. Open Source Everywhere... Open Money Open Source and P2P as promising way to organise communitiesSource: http://www.bitcoin.org/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bitcoin
  30. 30. Designing Open Collaborative projects: ThinkcycleFirst open and collaborative design process (2000-2007)Source: http://www.thinkcycle.org (now closed) http://web.media.mit.edu/~nitin/thesis/
  31. 31. P2P Service Design: Open Health (RED - Design Council)First p2p public services by design (2004-2006)Source: http://www.designcouncil.info/mt/RED/ (now inactive) http://www.participle.net/
  32. 32. April 2006, Master Degree ThesisReti Collaborative.Il design per una auto-organizzazioneOpen Peer-to-Peer(Collaborative Networks.Design for an Open Peer-to-Peerself-organization)Tutor: Ezio ManziniPolitecnico di Milano, Faculty of DesignYou can download it here:http://www.openp2pdesign.org/source
  33. 33. September 2008, a shorter bookTheres also a short (and updated) versionin English (and Spanish and Italian) too!openp2pdesign.org_1.1http://www.issuu.com/openp2pdesignhttp://www.scribd.com/openp2pdesignhttp://stores.lulu.com/openp2pdesign
  34. 34. Where should we use Open P2P Design?* for community-centered projects* for community-based services / businesses* for projects that are distributed in a territory / locality* for complex projects* for participatory processes* for open processes and projectsIn Open Design, Open Innovation, Open Business, OpenGovernment...
  35. 35. Why Open P2P Design?* mass-collaboration/crowdsourcing --> change in the role of designers* being subjected to mass collaboration --> designing it* communities generate innovations --> more opportunities for designers--> designers can be enablers / facilitators of distributed creativity--> designers still have more knowledge and expertise, just now they are part of collaborative networks--> designers could even adopt open strategies
  36. 36. What does Open P2P Design design? }Activity Theory +Service Design (+ Activity Theory) + ActivityAction Planning (Urbanism) +Social Network Analysis +...--> Open Source Software development process + P2P dynamics
  37. 37. Metadesign with Open P2P Design ? } Analysis + Concept design + Design process: Prototyping + a set of activities, Manufacturing + with their own Distribution + tools, roles, rules Support + End of life + ...
  38. 38. What about the source code for Open P2P Design?Participation matrix + } Process DesignActivity analysis +Social Network Analysis + } Community analysis }Storyboard +System map +Service blueprint + Activity DesignMotivation matrix +Activity description +…Design project + } Open Design
  39. 39. Open P2P Design Process (Participation Matrix)
  40. 40. A toolkit for Open Processes in the MakerLab!Pass by and bring your project to see howits processes can be opened!Download it here:http://www.issuu.com/openp2pdesignhttp://www.scribd.com/openp2pdesignhttp://www.openp2pdesign.org/source
  41. 41. What is openp2pdesign.org?Its not a startup (yet) but an open source community underdevelopment.International (English language) with presence in Italy,Spain, Finland, South Korea, Singapore so far… So far: Next: 1 master degree thesis Research at Media Lab - Aalto 1 paper + 1 book Books 7 workshops Events / workshops 1 keynote speech Open source softwares 1 commissioned report A larger network
  42. 42. Make Magazine: Strategic Design for Metadesign* Make Magazine* Maker Faire* “Makers” Book (not Doctorows one!)* Make: television* Make Controller Kit* Craft Magazine Just an example of what it could be... on a smaller scale maybe :-)Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/pmtorrone/27722795/
  43. 43. 04.Open P2P Design:An example
  44. 44. Open P2P Design Workshop, Singapore, NTUWith Roger Pitiot25-27 November 2009, NTU UniversitySingapore Design Festivalhttp://www.openp2pdesign.org/projects/past-projects/open-p2p-design-workshop-seoul-singapore-2009/
  45. 45. 01. Community Analysis
  46. 46. 02. Participation Matrix “First version of the Participation Matrix, we do everything by ourselves” “Second version, now the students manufacture and manage the product, we just help them distributing it”
  47. 47. 03. Open Design Activity
  48. 48. 04. System Map rev. 20 “Feedback from students and survey results from customers, now available to read by concept designers.”
  49. 49. 04. System Map rev.21 “everyone gets paid now!”
  50. 50. 05. Open Design Activity Poster
  51. 51. 05.Research and other futureprojects
  52. 52. Current ResearchDoctoral Candidate in the Media Lab – Aalto University – TAIK (Helsinki)"A digital open source design methodology for enablingcomplex distributed systems with open, collaborative and p2pdynamics"--> Further researching and testing the methodology (tools, processes, roles)with participatory action research* software analogy with design (code, open source, coding)* complexity of open and p2p systems (analysis + simulation)* design and complexity* information and design* visualization of collaboration and communities* democratization of process design tools
  53. 53. September 2011: Pixelversity workshop (Helsinki)* Open lectures (16/23 Sept.): Open Design + Open Business (more in depth)* Workshops (27/24 Sept.): how to organize an Open Design community* + special guests!!Source: http://www.pixelache.ac/helsinki/pixelversity/
  54. 54. The future of openp2pdesign.orghttp://meta.openp2pdesign.org/* Moving to Drupal and co-redesign with Open P2P Design process--> open community for open, collaborative, complex projects You can co-design it* mapping existing resources (tools, places, ...) and then participate* develop books / workshop / projects in it! :-)* ...
  55. 55. Any question or comment?
  56. 56. Thank you!Massimo Menichinelli-------------------------------------------------------------------info@openp2pdesign.orgopenp2pdesign.orgtwitter.com/openp2pdesign

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