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Open Design @ Tec Guadalajara - Mexico - 23/08/2011
 

Open Design @ Tec Guadalajara - Mexico - 23/08/2011

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    Open Design @ Tec Guadalajara - Mexico - 23/08/2011 Open Design @ Tec Guadalajara - Mexico - 23/08/2011 Presentation Transcript

    • Open DesignNew collaborative way of designingMassimo Menichinelli---------------------------------------------------------------------------August 23rd 2011Tecnológico de Monterrey, Campus Guadalajarahttp://www.itesm.edu/Presentation available on:http://www.slideshare.net/openp2pdesign
    • 01.Open Source:Mass collaboration everywhere
    • What is Open Source (Software)? A generic definitionA (software) project published with a license that facilitatesits access + modifying + sharing in a collaborative way.A (software) project developed collaboratively by acommunity, based not on hierarchy but on reputation.
    • Why Open Source in Software?From Source Code (human readable) to Binary Code(machine readable).
    • Open Source Softwares (just few examples)
    • Open Source Software is something bigRed Hatfrst open source company expected to break through the$1bn mark in 2011.Source: http://www.channelregister.co.uk/2011/03/24/redhat_q4_f2011_numbers/Cost of developing LinuxThe Linux Foundation (LF) (2008): $10.8 billion to build theLinux community distribution Fedora 9 in today’s dollarswith today’s software development costs.$1.4 billion to develop the Linux kernel alone.Source: http://www.linuxfoundation.org/sites/main/fles/publications/estimatinglinux.html
    • Open Source Everywhere... Open Drinks (marketing)Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OpenCola_(drink) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_Beerhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/16038409@N02/2327138220/in/photostream
    • Open Source Everywhere... Open Movies + VideogamesDone with and for Blender (Open Source 3D modeling software)Source: http://www.elephantsdream.org/ http://www.bigbuckbunny.org/ http://www.sintel.org/
    • Open Source Everywhere... Open HardwareSource: http://www.arduino.cc
    • Open Source Everywhere... DesignFirst open and collaborative design process (2000-2007)Source: http://www.thinkcycle.org (now closed) http://web.media.mit.edu/~nitin/thesis/
    • 02.Open Design: a closer look
    • What is Open Design? A generic definitiona project published with a license that facilitates its sharingand that can be “compiled” or “manufactured” locally* sharing* collaboration* open licenses* code --> artifactOpen Design refers to every kind of design projects that canbe shared in a digital format over a network… but lets focus on Product Design!
    • Ronen Kadushin (the first open product designer)Source: http://www.ronen-kadushin.com/Open_Design.asp
    • OpenMoko: a completely open productThe frst product sold (2007-2009) with:* Open Source Software* Open Hardware* Open DesignSource: http://wiki.openmoko.org/wiki/Main_Page
    • OpenMoko: a completely open productThe frst product sold (2007-2009) with:* Open Source Software* Open Hardware* Open DesignSource: http://wiki.openmoko.org/wiki/Main_Page
    • OpenMoko: product hackingIt was even sold with atoolkit for product hacking!Source: http://wiki.openmoko.org/wiki/Main_Page
    • BugLabsA more successful example (approaching $ 1.000.000 in revenue in 2010, est.)Source: http://www.buglabs.net/
    • Sketch Chair: Open Design as codeSource: http://www.sketchchair.cc/
    • Sketch Chair: Open Design as codeSource: http://www.sketchchair.cc/
    • Fabbing in a common place: FabLabFabLabs: a place for studying how information and matterinteract and doing it in an open source and collaborativeway --> user-driven innovation + DIY + collaborationSource: http://www.flickr.com/photos/protospace/5199454304/
    • Fabbing at home: Makerbot (and others)Makerbot, RepRap, ...: open source 3D printing you can buyor build at home --> distributed manufacturing + DIYSource: http://www.flickr.com/photos/retrocactus/5875140581/in/pool-1024769@N20/http://www.flickr.com/photos/micahdowty/5288805084/in/pool-1024769@N20/
    • Fabbing service + marketplace: Shapeways, Ponoko, ...Shapeways, Ponoko, ...: online services for 3D printing / 2Dlaser cutting in diferent materials. You can receive yourproduct at home or sell it online in your own store--> distributed manufacturing + DIYSource:http://www.shapeways.comhttp://www.ponoko.com
    • The current status of Open Design: going mainstreamSource:http://craphound.com/makers/download/http://www.wired.com/magazine/2010/01/f_newrevolution/
    • The current status of Open Design: going mainstreamSource:http://opendesignnow.org/http://www.droog.com/projects/events/design-for-download/http://www.droog.com/blog/category/design-for-download-2/
    • The current status of Open Design: and the process?* single persons or small groups design a project and then just publish it online* lack of new tools, processes, systems that enable designers and users in developing open design projects--> where is the collaboration?--> where are the open processes?
    • … the experience of a user of Open Source softwareSource: http://sourceforge.net/
    • … the big picture of Open Source software: the processSource:http://www.michaelogawa.com/research/storylines/http://vis.cs.ucdavis.edu/~ogawa/codeswarm/
    • Innovation in a closed processSource: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Microsoft_Windows
    • In Open Source!Source: http://futurist.se/gldt/
    • What can we do for Open Design projects? Metadesign Metadesign is the design of the design tools, processes and systems * research and share design knowledge * design and share design tools * design and share design processes * facilitate design & manufacturing & end-of-life systems * facilitate the distributed creativityFor designers For communities For users For enterprises
    • 03.Open P2P Design:metadesign of open and p2psystems
    • April 2006, Master Degree ThesisReti Collaborative.Il design per una auto-organizzazioneOpen Peer-to-Peer(Collaborative Networks.Design for an Open Peer-to-Peerself-organization)Tutor: Ezio ManziniPolitecnico di Milano, Faculty of DesignYou can download it here:http://www.openp2pdesign.org/source
    • September 2008, a shorter bookTheres also a short (and updated) versionin English (and Spanish and Italian) too!openp2pdesign.org_1.1http://www.issuu.com/openp2pdesignhttp://www.scribd.com/openp2pdesignhttp://stores.lulu.com/openp2pdesign
    • And a simple toolkit...The Open P2P Design methodology hasbeen resumed in a toolkit, developedthrough 3 events.Download it here:http://www.issuu.com/openp2pdesignhttp://www.scribd.com/openp2pdesignhttp://www.openp2pdesign.org/source
    • Where should we use Open P2P Design?* for community-based projects / businesses* for projects that are distributed in a territory / locality* for complex projects* for participatory processes* for open processes and projects--> Design / visualize how the open process works: --> participation is easier --> we can modify it if there are any problems
    • Why Open P2P Design?* mass-collaboration/crowdsourcing --> change in the role of designers* being subjected to mass collaboration --> designing it--> designers can be enablers / facilitators of distributed creativity--> designers still have more knowledge and expertise, just now they are part of collaborative networks--> designers could even adopt open strategies--> design --> user-centered design --> co-design
    • Why Open P2P Design?* mass-collaboration/crowdsourcing --> change in the role of designers* being subjected to mass collaboration --> designing it--> designers can be enablers / facilitators of distributed creativity--> designers still have more knowledge and expertise, just now they are part of collaborative networks--> designers could even adopt open strategies--> design --> user-centered design --> co-design
    • What does Open P2P Design design? }Activity Theory +Service Design (+ Activity Theory) + ActivityAction Planning (Urbanism) +Social Network Analysis +...--> with an Open Source Software development process
    • Metadesign with Open P2P Design ? } Analysis + Concept design + Design process: Prototyping + a set of activities, Manufacturing + with their own Distribution + tools, roles, rules Support + End of life + ...
    • What about the source code for Open P2P Design?Participation matrix + } Process DesignActivity analysis +Social Network Analysis + } Community analysis }Storyboard +System map +Service blueprint + Activity DesignMotivation matrix +Activity description +…Design project + } Open Design
    • Open P2P Design Process (Participation Matrix)
    • 04.Open P2P Design:An example
    • Open P2P Design Workshop, Singapore, NTUWith Roger Pitiot25-27 November 2009, NTU UniversitySingapore Design Festivalhttp://www.openp2pdesign.org/projects/past-projects/open-p2p-design-workshop-seoul-singapore-2009/
    • 01. Community Analysis
    • 02. Participation Matrix “First version of the Participation Matrix, we do everything by ourselves” “Second version, now the students manufacture and manage the product, we just help them distributing it”
    • 03. Open Design Activity
    • 04. System Map rev. 20 “Feedback from students and survey results from customers, now available to read by concept designers.”
    • 04. System Map rev.21 “everyone gets paid now!”
    • 05. Open Design Activity Poster
    • 05.Where to find these metadesignresources?openp2pdesign.org
    • What is openp2pdesign.org?Its not a startup (yet) but an open source community underdevelopment.International (English language) with projects in Italy, Spain,Germany, Finland, South Korea, Singapore so far… So far: Next: 1 master degree thesis Research at Media Lab - Aalto 1 paper + 1 book Books 7 workshops Events / workshops 1 keynote speech Open source softwares / tools 1 commissioned report A larger network
    • Make Magazine: Strategic Design for Metadesign* Make Magazine* Maker Faire* “Makers” Book (not Doctorows one!)* Make: television* Make Controller Kit* Craft Magazine Just an example of what it could be... on a smaller scale maybe :-)Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/pmtorrone/27722795/
    • Any question or comment?
    • Thank you!Massimo Menichinelli-------------------------------------------------------------------info@openp2pdesign.orgopenp2pdesign.orgtwitter.com/openp2pdesign