Open Design Communities - MAKlab Glasgow (UK) 16/09/2011

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  • 1. Open Design CommunitiesMassimo Menichinelli---------------------------------------------------------------------------September 16th 2011The Lighthouse, Glasgow (UK)http://www.maklab.co.uk/Presentation available on:http://www.slideshare.net/openp2pdesign
  • 2. What is Open Source (Software)? A generic definitionA (software) project published with a license that facilitatesits access + modifying + sharing in a collaborative way.A (software) project developed collaboratively by acommunity, based not on hierarchy but on reputation.
  • 3. Why Open Source in Software?Source Code (human readable) --> Binary Code (machine readable)Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/nyoin/3342043239/
  • 4. Why Open Source in Software?Source Code (human readable) --> Binary Code (machine readable)Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/exlibris/2997090116/
  • 5. Open Source Softwares (just few examples)
  • 6. Open Source Software is something bigRed Hatfrst open source company expected to break through the$1bn mark in 2011.Source: http://www.channelregister.co.uk/2011/03/24/redhat_q4_f2011_numbers/Cost of developing LinuxThe Linux Foundation (LF) (2008): $10.8 billion to build theLinux community distribution Fedora 9 in today’s dollarswith today’s software development costs.$1.4 billion to develop the Linux kernel alone.Source: http://www.linuxfoundation.org/sites/main/fles/publications/estimatinglinux.html
  • 7. Open Source Everywhere... DesignFirst open and collaborative design process (2000-2007)Source: http://www.thinkcycle.org (now closed) http://web.media.mit.edu/~nitin/thesis/
  • 8. What is Open Design? A generic definitiona project published with a license that facilitates its sharingand that can be “compiled” or “manufactured” locally.* sharing* collaboration* open licenses* code --> artifactOpen Design refers to every kind of design projects that canbe shared in a digital format over a network.
  • 9. Ronen Kadushin (the first open product designer)Source: http://www.ronen-kadushin.com/Open_Design.asp
  • 10. OpenMoko: a completely open productThe frst product sold (2007-2009) with:* Open Source Software* Open Hardware* Open DesignSource: http://wiki.openmoko.org/wiki/Main_Page
  • 11. OpenMoko: a completely open productThe frst product sold (2007-2009) with:* Open Source Software* Open Hardware* Open DesignSource: http://wiki.openmoko.org/wiki/Main_Page
  • 12. OpenMoko: product hackingIt was even sold with atoolkit for product hacking!Source: http://wiki.openmoko.org/wiki/Main_Page
  • 13. BugLabsA more successful example (approaching $ 1.000.000 in revenue in 2010, est.)Source: http://www.buglabs.net/
  • 14. BugLabs + FordSource: http://www.buglabs.net/ford-buglabs
  • 15. Sketch Chair: Open Design as codeSource: http://www.sketchchair.cc/
  • 16. Sketch Chair: Open Design as codeSource: http://www.sketchchair.cc/
  • 17. Fabbing at home: RepRap, Makerbot (and others)Makerbot, RepRap, ...: open source 3D printing you can buyor build at home --> distributed manufacturing + DIYSource: http://www.flickr.com/photos/retrocactus/5875140581/in/pool-1024769@N20/http://www.flickr.com/photos/micahdowty/5288805084/in/pool-1024769@N20/
  • 18. Fabbing service + marketplace: Shapeways, Ponoko, ...Shapeways, Ponoko, ...: online services for 3D printing / 2Dlaser cutting in diferent materials. You can receive yourproduct at home or sell it online in your own store--> distributed manufacturing + DIYSource:http://www.shapeways.comhttp://www.ponoko.com
  • 19. Fabbing in a common place: FabLabFabLabs: a place for studying how information and matterinteract and doing it in an open source and collaborativeway --> user-driven innovation + DIY + collaborationSource: http://www.flickr.com/photos/protospace/5199454304/
  • 20. The current status of Open Design: going mainstreamSource:http://craphound.com/makers/download/http://www.wired.com/magazine/2010/01/f_newrevolution/
  • 21. The current status of Open Design: going mainstreamSource:http://www.instructables.com/community/Instructables-Joins-Autodesk/http://techcrunch.com/2011/08/01/autodesk-acquires-diy-community-instructables/
  • 22. The current status of Open Design: going mainstreamSource: http://www.123dapp.com/
  • 23. The current status of Open Design: and the process?* single persons or small groups design a project and then just publish it online* lack of new tools, processes, systems that enable designers and users in developing open design projects--> where is the collaboration?--> where are the open processes?--> where are the communities?
  • 24. … the experience of a user of Open Source softwareSource: http://sourceforge.net/
  • 25. … the big picture of Open Source software: the processSource:http://www.michaelogawa.com/research/storylines/http://vis.cs.ucdavis.edu/~ogawa/codeswarm/
  • 26. Innovation in a closed processSource: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Microsoft_Windows
  • 27. In Open Source!Source: http://futurist.se/gldt/
  • 28. Whats needed for Open Design communities * fnancial sustainability for designers, makers, companies * environmental sustainability * new collaborative tools * new processes and systems (supply chain, end of life...) * knowledge, research * places + events * metadesign (design of the tools, processes, systems)For designers For communities For users For enterprises
  • 29. Any question or comment?
  • 30. Thank you!Massimo Menichinelli-------------------------------------------------------------------info@openp2pdesign.orgopenp2pdesign.orgtwitter.com/openp2pdesign