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How to build a FabLab @ OuiShare Fest 2013


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  • 1. How to build a FabLabMassimo Menichinelliopenp2pdesign.orgDesign for Open Systems, Processes, Projects, Places.
  • 2. Digital Fabrication andFabLabs
  • 3. Bits + Atoms: two different directionsFrom atoms to bits From bits to atoms{{
  • 4. Source: Lab: from MIT + Neil Gershenfeld
  • 5. Source: Computer attached to machines
  • 6. Source: Machines that replicate machines
  • 7. Source: Materials with embedded code
  • 8. Source: Materials with embedded program
  • 9. Source: IDEO is working on this
  • 10. Source: Digital Fabrication
  • 11. Source: a global community / network
  • 12. Fab9: the global meeting in 2013Source:
  • 13. * A space about bits and atoms* Part of a network* A local and global community* A set of tools* A set of knowledge* A set of processes* A service* Not a franchising* A business* A concept currently under developmentSource: Fab Lab is ...
  • 14. Source: experience of digital craftsman
  • 15. Source: only prototypes, also complete products
  • 16. Source: http://www.sourcemap.comSupply chain and sustainability
  • 17. “We fnd this previously unmeasured type of household sectorinnovation to be quite large: 6.2% of UK consumers - 2.9million individuals - have engaged in consumer productinnovation during the prior 3 years. In aggregate, consumers’annual product development expenditures are 2.3 times largerthan the annual consumer product R&D expenditures of allfrms in the UK combined. “Eric A. Von Hippel, Jeroen De Jong, Steven FlowersComparing Business and Household Sector Innovation in ConsumerProducts: Findings from a Representative Study in the UKSource: innovate – a lot!
  • 18. Source: Source from the practice
  • 19. Examples of FabLabs
  • 20. Source: Lab Amsterdam (Netherlands)
  • 21. Source: Fab Lab (Utrecht, Netherlands)
  • 22. Source: Fab Lab
  • 23. Source: Lab Afghanistan (Jalalabad, Afghanistan)
  • 24. Sourc: Barcelona (Spain)
  • 25. Source: (big) FabLab for architecture
  • 26. Source: FabLab Barcelona
  • 27. Source: FabCity
  • 28. FabLabs developmentIve worked in
  • 29. Source: FabLab (Helsinki, Finland)
  • 30. Source: FabLab (Helsinki, Finland)
  • 31. Source:: FabLab (Helsinki, Finland)
  • 32. Source: FabLab (Helsinki, Finland)
  • 33. Source: Picture: Alessandro RizziFabLab Reggio Emilia (Italy)
  • 34. MuSe Fablab (Trento, Italy)
  • 35. Picture: Alessandro GadottiMuSe (Trento, Italy)
  • 36. MuSe Fablab (Trento, Italy)
  • 37. Best practices forstarting a FabLab
  • 38. Add yourself here:Soruce:
  • 39. Send your details here:Source:
  • 40. A FabLab should:* provide public access to the fablab* subscribe the fab charter* share the same set of tools and processes* partecipate in the global network fo fablabsSource: for being a Fab Lab
  • 41. * What is a fablab? Fab labs are a global network of local labs, enabling invention by providing access forindividuals to tools for digital fabrication.•* Whats in a fablab? Fab labs share an evolving inventory of core capabilities to make (almost) anything,allowing people and projects to be shared•* What does the fab lab network provide? Operational, educational, technical, fnancial, and logisticalassistance beyond whats available within one lab.* Who can use a fab lab? Fab labs are available as a community resource, ofering open access for individuals aswell as scheduled access for programs.* What are a fab lab users responsibilities?* safety: knowing how to work without hurting people or machines•* operations: assisting with maintaining the lab* knowledge: contributing to documentation and instruction* Who owns fab lab inventions? Designs and processes developed in fab labs can be protected and soldhowever an inventor chooses, but should remain available for individuals to use and learn from.* How can businesses use a fab lab? Commercial activities can be prototyped and incubated in a fab lab, butthey must not conflict with other uses, they should grow beyond rather than within the lab, and they areexpected to beneft the inventors, labs, and networks that contribute to their successAugust 14, 2012Source: Charter
  • 42. Source: Lab logo: no trademark
  • 43. * Start from the local conditions* Think about the community and get it involved* Develop the service, the business model and thenthe business plan* Beware of the hidden costs!* Plan enough time for the development of the lab* Balance the team and the resources* Choose carefully the tools* It’s not over yet when you buy the machines* Be part of the network and learn from others* Test the machines and the processes beforeopeningSource: things to do...
  • 44. (Very) small lab* 25 m2* 50.000 €* 1 personMedium lab* 75 m2* 100.000 €* 2 peopleBig lab* > 120 m2* 200.000 €* 3 peopleScales...
  • 45. Source: official list of tools
  • 46. Laser cutter(Small) CNCMilling machine3Dprinting(Big) CNCMilling machineDigitalsewing /embroideryVinyl cutter 3D ScannerElectronics(custom PCBs,Arduino)Most common technologies in a FabLab
  • 47. Laser cutter(Small) CNCMilling machine3Dprinting(Big) CNCMilling machineDigitalsewing /embroideryVinyl cutter 3D ScannerElectronics(custom PCBs,Arduino)Basic technologies in a FabLab
  • 48. Source: service design toolkit
  • 49. Source: user-centered design
  • 50. Source: user-centered design
  • 51. Source: Network: structure
  • 52. Source: Network: structure
  • 53. Source: Model Canvas: sketch
  • 54. Source: Map: flows
  • 55. Thank you!