Massimo.menichinelli fab labtorino.22.02.2014

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Massimo.menichinelli fab labtorino.22.02.2014

  1. 1. Come costruire un FabLab Massimo Menichinelli openp2pdesign.org Design for Open Systems, Processes, Projects, Places.
  2. 2. Digital Fabrication e FabLabs
  3. 3. { { Dagli atomi ai bit Dai bit agli atomi Atomi e bit: due direzioni
  4. 4. Fab Lab: CBA MIT + Neil Gershenfeld Fonte: http://cba.mit.edu/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neil_Gershenfeld
  5. 5. 01. Computer attaccati a macchine Fonte: http://www.google.com/patents?id=rRpqAAAAEBAJ&printsec=drawing&zoom=4#v=onepage&q&f=false
  6. 6. 02. Macchine che costruiscono macchine Fonte: http://www.reprap.org/
  7. 7. 03. Materiali con un codice inscritto Fonte: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/LEGO
  8. 8. 04. Materiali con un programma inscritto Fonte: http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ribosoma
  9. 9. Anche IDEO ci sta lavorando su Fonte: http://www.fastcompany.com/biomimicry/training-bacteria-to-grow-consumer-goods
  10. 10. Democratizzazione della Digital Fabrication Fonte: http://www.fickr.com/photos/protospace/5512892072/
  11. 11. FabLab: una comunitá / rete globale Fonte: http://wiki.fablab.is/wiki/Portal:Labs
  12. 12. Fab10: il meeting annuale 2014 Source: http://fab10.org/
  13. 13. * A space about bits and atoms * Part of a network * A local and global community * A set of tools * A set of knowledge * A set of processes * A service * Not a franchising * A business * A concept currently under development Un Fab Lab é ... Fonte: http://www.openp2pdesign.org/2013/spaces/what-is-a-fablab/
  14. 14. Apprendimento & collaborazione Fonte: http://www.fickr.com/photos/aaltofablab/8740909114/in/set-72157633484032773
  15. 15. FabAcademy Fonte: http://www.fabacademy.org/
  16. 16. Artigianato digitale Fonte: http://www.fickr.com/photos/aaltofablab/7243041170/in/photostream
  17. 17. Non solo prototipi Fonte: http://fablab.waag.org/project/3d-bass-guitar
  18. 18. Supply chain e sostenibilitá Fonte: http://www.sourcemap.com
  19. 19. “We fnd this previously unmeasured type of household sector innovation to be quite large: 6.2% of UK consumers - 2.9 million individuals - have engaged in consumer product innovation during the prior 3 years. In aggregate, consumers’ annual product development expenditures are 2.3 times larger than the annual consumer product R&D expenditures of all frms in the UK combined. “ Eric A. Von Hippel, Jeroen De Jong, Steven Flowers Comparing Business and Household Sector Innovation in Consumer Products: Findings from a Representative Study in the UK Gli utenti innovano... Fonte: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1683503
  20. 20. Open Source, dalla pratica... Fonte: http://www.fickr.com/photos/massimo_menichinelli/7325704122/in/photostream
  21. 21. Esempi di FabLab
  22. 22. Fab Lab Amsterdam (Olanda) Fonte: http://www.fickr.com/photos/37873897@N06/4973326149/
  23. 23. Fab Lab Amsterdam (Olanda) Fonte: http://waag.org/nl/diensten/fablab-amsterdam
  24. 24. Fab Lab Amsterdam (Olanda) Fonte: http://waag.org/nl/diensten/fablab-amsterdam
  25. 25. Mini Fab Lab (Utrecht, Olanda) Fonte: http://web.me.com/bartbakker/saguaro/Mini_FabLab.html
  26. 26. Mobile Fab Lab Fonte: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mobile_fab_lab
  27. 27. Fab Lab Afghanistan (Jalalabad, Afghanistan) Fonte: http://www.fablab.af/
  28. 28. FabLab Barcelona (Spagna) Fonte: http://www.fickr.com/photos/massimo_menichinelli/6766260627/in/set-72157629041599151/
  29. 29. FabLab Barcelona (Spagna) Fonte: http://www.fablabbcn.org/machines/
  30. 30. FabLab Barcelona (Spagna) Fonte: http://www.dyvikdesign.com/site/research/fablab/arriving-at-fablab-barcelona.html
  31. 31. FabLab Barcelona (Spagna) Fonte: http://www.dyvikdesign.com/site/research/fablab/arriving-at-fablab-barcelona.html
  32. 32. FabLab Barcelona (Spagna) Fonte: http://www.fablabbcn.org/2011/06/fab-academy-2011-fnal-presentations/
  33. 33. Un (grande) FabLab per l'architettura Fonte: http://www.fickr.com/photos/massimo_menichinelli/6675540071/in/set-72157628815390223
  34. 34. Green FabLab Barcelona Fonte: http://greenfablab.org/
  35. 35. Barcelona FabCity Fonte: http://www.iaacblog.com/blog/2011/iaac-at-fab-7-in-lima-peru/
  36. 36. FabLabs al cui sviluppo ho lavorato
  37. 37. Aalto FabLab (Helsinki, Finlandia) Fonte: http://www.fickr.com/photos/aaltofablab/8112009542/in/photostream
  38. 38. Aalto FabLab (Helsinki, Finlandia) Fonte: http://www.fickr.com/photos/aaltofablab/8112001335/in/photostream
  39. 39. Aalto FabLab (Helsinki, Finlandia) Fonte: http://www.fickr.com/photos/aaltofablab/9913335626/in/set-72157635833952295
  40. 40. Aalto FabLab (Helsinki, Finlandia) Fonte: http://www.fickr.com/photos/aaltofablab/10834465235/in/set-72157637625089793
  41. 41. Aalto FabLab (Helsinki, Finlandia) Fonte: http://www.fickr.com/photos/aaltofablab/8002667488/in/set-72157631572499156
  42. 42. Aalto FabLab (Helsinki, Finlandia) Fonte: http://www.fickr.com/photos/aaltofablab/8005660900/in/photostream
  43. 43. Aalto FabLab (Helsinki, Finlandia) Fonte: http://www.fickr.com/photos/aaltofablab/7241749322/in/photostream
  44. 44. Muse Fablab (Trento)
  45. 45. Muse (Trento) Foto: Alessandro Gadotti
  46. 46. Muse Fablab (Trento)
  47. 47. Muse Fablab (Trento)
  48. 48. Muse Fablab (Trento)
  49. 49. La rete dei FabLab e le sue piattaforme
  50. 50. List curata dal CBA Fonte: http://fab.cba.mit.edu/about/labs/
  51. 51. Lista sul wiki del Fablab.is Fonte: http://wiki.fablab.is/wiki/Portal:Labs
  52. 52. A FabLab should: * provide public access to the fablab * subscribe the fab charter * share the same set of tools and processes * partecipate in the global network fo fablabs Condizioni per essere un FabLab Fonte: http://wiki.fablab.is/wiki/ConditionsForFabLabLabel
  53. 53. * What is a fablab? Fab labs are a global network of local labs, enabling invention by providing access for individuals to tools for digital fabrication. • • * What's in a fablab? Fab labs share an evolving inventory of core capabilities to make (almost) anything, allowing people and projects to be shared * What does the fab lab network provide? Operational, educational, technical, fnancial, and logistical assistance beyond what's available within one lab. * Who can use a fab lab? Fab labs are available as a community resource, ofering open access for individuals as well as scheduled access for programs. * What are a fab lab user's responsibilities? * safety: knowing how to work without hurting people or machines • * operations: assisting with maintaining the lab * knowledge: contributing to documentation and instruction * Who owns fab lab inventions? Designs and processes developed in fab labs can be protected and sold however an inventor chooses, but should remain available for individuals to use and learn from. * How can businesses use a fab lab? Commercial activities can be prototyped and incubated in a fab lab, but they must not confict with other uses, they should grow beyond rather than within the lab, and they are expected to beneft the inventors, labs, and networks that contribute to their success August 14, 2012 Fab Charter Source: http://fab.cba.mit.edu/about/charter/
  54. 54. Condizioni per essere un FabLab: valutazioni Fonte: http://wiki.fablab.is/wiki/Fab_Lab_conformity_rating
  55. 55. Also note, that the label is "Fab Lab" (or Fablab or FabLab) and that you are not entitled to use anything like "MIT Fab Lab" etc. However, you can always say that your Fab Lab is modeled after the MIT concept or anything along these lines. NON é MIT Fonte: http://wiki.fablab.is/wiki/ConditionsForFabLabLabel
  56. 56. Non MIT: Fab Foundation Fonte: http://www.fabfoundation.org/
  57. 57. International FabLab Association Fonte: http://www.fablabinternational.org/
  58. 58. Fablabs.io Fonte: http://fablabs.io/
  59. 59. Fabber in Italia Fonte: https://www.facebook.com/groups/fabberintialia/
  60. 60. Make in Italy (Associazione) Fonte: http://www.makeinitaly.org/
  61. 61. Make in Italy (Associazione) Fonte: https://www.facebook.com/groups/sitofabber/
  62. 62. Make in Italy (Fondazione) Fonte: http://www.repubblica.it/economia/2014/02/15/news/via_alla_fondazione_make_in_italy_portiamo_la_creativit_nellera_digitale-78639244/?ref=search
  63. 63. Mailing list italiana Fonte: http://liste.fablabitalia.it/listinfo.cgi/fablabitalia-fablabitalia.it
  64. 64. Video Conferenza (globale): 18.85.8.48 Fonte: http://mcu.cba.mit.edu/conference_list.html
  65. 65. Video Conferenza (globale): istruzioni Fonte: http://wiki.fablab.is/wiki/Multipoint_Conference_Unit_(MCU)
  66. 66. Video Conferenza (globale): Jabber Fonte: https://www.ciscojabbervideo.com/home;jsessionid=2EB6AB44A0528F209AE8A27DDA92E008)
  67. 67. Video Conferenza (globale): Polycom Fonte: https://itunes.apple.com/it/app/polycom-realpresence-mobile/id465412616?mt=8)
  68. 68. La scala dei FabLab
  69. 69. Micro FabLab → 1k $ Mini FabLab → 10k $ Standard FabLab → 100k $ Mega FabLab → 1000k $ In macchinari e strumentazione. $ non é € ma... La scala in potenza di dieci...
  70. 70. Mini FabLab → 10k * 25 m2 * 50.000 € * 1 persona Standard FabLab → 100k * 75-200 m2 * 80.000 – 200.000 € * 2-3 persone fsse La scala in potenza di dieci...
  71. 71. Micro FabLab → 1k * 5 m2 * 5.000 € * 1 persona ... Mega FabLab → 1000k * > 300 m2 * 200.000 - ... € * 5-15 persone fsse Gli estremi della scala, da defnire...
  72. 72. * macchinari * strumentazione * mobili * computer * software * materiali * ristrutturazione spazio * aftto spazio * stipendi * consulenze * comunicazione * … gestione I costi
  73. 73. 1k FabLab: macchine ibride Fonte: http://www.fabtotum.com/
  74. 74. 1000k FabLab: come TechShop Fonte: http://www.fickr.com/photos/joi/4275586653/
  75. 75. Laser cutter 3D printing (Small) CNC Milling machine Digital sewing / embroidery Vinyl cutter (Big) CNC Milling machine 3D Scanner Electronics (custom PCBs, Arduino) Macchine / Strumentazioni piú comuni
  76. 76. (Small) CNC Milling machine Laser cutter 3D printing Digital sewing / embroidery Vinyl cutter (Big) CNC Milling machine 3D Scanner Electronics (custom PCBs, Arduino) Macchine/Strumentazione base
  77. 77. 100k FabLab: la lista Fonte: http://fab.cba.mit.edu/about/fab/inv.html
  78. 78. FabLab 2.0: Machines that make machines Fonte: http://mtm.cba.mit.edu/
  79. 79. FabModules: la interfaccia comune Fonte: http://kokompe.cba.mit.edu/
  80. 80. 10k FabLab: la discussione Fonte: https://www.facebook.com/groups/smallfablab/
  81. 81. 10k FabLab: la lista Fonte: https://www.facebook.com/groups/smallfablab/1423291301223406/ + http://www.minifablab.nl/?page_id=424&preview=true
  82. 82. Grassroot FabLab... Fonte: http://www.fablabamersfoort.nl/downloads/fablab-instructable.pdf
  83. 83. * Is the machine right for your activities? * Are the specifcations of the machine right for your space? * Is the machine part of the ofcial list? * Is the machine compatible with Fab Modules? * Is the machine easy to install? * Is the machine easy to run? * Is the machine cheap enough for you? * Is the machine popular enough? * Is the machine popular with the FabLabs you will be collaborating the most? * Will the machine arrive on time? Criteri per la scelta delle macchine Fonte: http://www.openp2pdesign.org/2013/spaces/how-to-build-a-fablab/
  84. 84. Consigli per sviluppare un FabLab
  85. 85. Fab Lab logo: (nessun) trademark Fonte: http://fab.cba.mit.edu/about/logos/index.html
  86. 86. * (Connect to local and regional networks) * Look for local resources * Look for the right people * Design activities, services and features * Design the business model * Prepare the space * Open the space * Further develop the space and machines * Connect to local and regional networks Un possibile processo Fonte: http://www.openp2pdesign.org/2013/spaces/how-to-build-a-fablab/
  87. 87. * Identify a host agency to host and take ownership of the Fab Lab * Identify the right champion to lead this Fab Lab * Finalize partnership/ contractual agreements * Secure funding for this Fab Lab * Identify and prepare site * Procure, install and commission the Fab Lab * Train the trainers (technical and management) * Identify projects * Launch the Fab Lab Un altro possibile processo Fonte: http://www.fabfoundation.org/fab-labs/setting-up-a-fab-lab/
  88. 88. * Start from the local conditions * Think about the community and get it involved * Develop the service, the business model and then the business plan * Beware of the hidden costs! * Plan enough time for the development of the lab * Balance the team and the resources * Choose carefully the tools * It’s not over yet when you buy the machines * Be part of the network and learn from others * Test the machines and the processes before opening 10 cose da considerare... Fonte: http://www.openp2pdesign.org/2013/spaces/10-things-to-do-when-starting-a-fablab/
  89. 89. * The Enabler business model: launch new Labs or provide maintenance, supply chain or similar services for existing Labs. * The Education business model: a global distributed model of education through Fab Labs (with the Fab Academy) where global experts in particular topics can deliver training from local Fab Labs or even from universities/businesses via the Fab Lab video conferencing network. * The Incubator business model: provide infrastructure for entrepreneurs to turn their Fab Lab creations into sustainable businesses. The incubator provides back-ofce infrastructure, promotion & marketing, seed capital, the leverage of the Fab Lab network and other venture infrastructure to enable the entrepreneur to focus on her areas of expertise. * The Replicated / Network business model: provide a product, service or curriculum that operates by utilizing the infrastructure, staf and expertise of a local Fab Lab. Such opportunities can be replicated, sold by and executed at many (or all) local Labs, with sustainable revenue at each location. The leverage of all Labs in the network simultaneously promoting and delivering the business creates strength and reach for the brand. Business models... Fonte: http://wiki.fablab.is/wiki/Fab_Lab_Portal#Overall_Goals_within_the_Fab_ecosystem
  90. 90. * N essuna (il lab é parte di una istituzione) * A ssociazione * Srl * C ooperativa * ... Formalizzazione
  91. 91. Risorse...
  92. 92. * http://w w w .openp2pdesign.org/2013/spaces/w hat-is-a-fablab/ * http://w w w.openp2pdesign.org/2013/spaces/10-things-to-do-w hen-starting-a * http://w w w.openp2pdesign.org/2013/spaces/how -to-build-a-fablab/ * http://w w w.openp2pdesign.org/projects/report-business-m odels-for-open-hard fab-labs-diy-craft/business-m odels-for-fab-labs/ Mie rifessioni...
  93. 93. Fab Foundation Source: http://www.fabfoundation.org/fab-labs/setting-up-a-fab-lab/ideal-lab-layout/
  94. 94. Da evitare... Source: http://www.creaimpresa.it/aprire-fablab-3d-printing-store.php?bid=1625&gclid=CLLto7rt3bwCFcUSwwodDRUABg
  95. 95. Partire con un progetto di FabLab
  96. 96. Un toolkit di service design Fonte: https://github.com/openp2pdesign/ServiceDesignToolkit
  97. 97. Un toolkit di service design Fonte: http://www.servicedesigntoolkit.org/templates/
  98. 98. Personas: user-centered design Source: https://github.com/OpenP2PDesignOrg/ServiceDesignToolkit
  99. 99. Personas: user-centered design Source: https://github.com/OpenP2PDesignOrg/ServiceDesignToolkit
  100. 100. Activity Network: structure Source: https://github.com/OpenP2PDesignOrg/ServiceDesignToolkit
  101. 101. Activity Network: structure Source: https://github.com/OpenP2PDesignOrg/ServiceDesignToolkit
  102. 102. Business Model Canvas: sketch Source: https://github.com/OpenP2PDesignOrg/ServiceDesignToolkit
  103. 103. Grazie! info@openp2pdesign.org openp2pdesign.org @openp2pdesign

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