Digital Fabrication & Fab LabsMassimo Menichinelli------------------------------------------------------------------------...
Cosa é la Digital Fabrication (o   Fabbing) ed un Fab Lab?
Fab Lab: MIT + Neil Gershenfeld                 http://cba.mit.edu/   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neil_Gershenfeld
Bit + atomi = informazione + materia       http://fablab.waag.org/node/3847
01. Computer collegati a macchinehttp://www.google.com/patents?id=rRpqAAAAEBAJ&printsec=drawing&zoom=4#v=onepage&q&f=false
02. Macchine che creano macchine          http://www.reprap.org/
03. Materiali con codice incorporato         http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/LEGO
04. Materiali con programma incorporato          http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ribosoma
Anche IDEO ci sta pensando!http://www.fastcompany.com/biomimicry/training-bacteria-to-grow-consumer-goods
Ma nel 2011 ci sono:                  Fresa CNC       Plotter taglio   Scanner 3DTaglio laser                  (da tavolo)...
“Democratizzazione” del Fabbing      http://www.origo3dprinting.com/
Ed il Fabbing diventa famosohttp://www.wired.com/magazine/2010/01/ff_newrevolution/                  http://econ.st/tnr97E
Fabbing + spazio + collaborazione = Fab Lab      http://www.flickr.com/photos/protospace/5199454304/
Caratteristiche di un Fab LabUn Fab Lab, per essere tale, deve:* garantire laccesso pubblico al fab lab* sottoscrivere la ...
Fab Charter* Mission: fab labs are a global network of local labs, enabling invention by providing access for individuals ...
Fab Charter (Amsterdam, Olanda)     http://fablab.waag.org/archive/fabcharter
Fabn : la riunione annuale       http://fab7.pe/
Fab Academyhttp://fabacademy.org/
The International Fab Lab Association       http://fablabinternational.blogspot.com/
Fab Lab Amsterdam (Olanda)              http://fablab.waag.org/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/37873897@N06/4973326149/
Mini Fab Lab (Utrecht, Olanda)http://web.me.com/bartbakker/saguaro/Mini_FabLab.html
Mobile Fab Labhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mobile_fab_lab
Fab Lab Afghanistan (Jalalabad, Afghanistan)                http://www.fablab.af/
Fing: Fab Lab Squared (Parigi, Francia)            http://fablabsquared.org/
FabLab Barcelona (Spagna)      http://fablabbcn.org/
Un Fab Lab per larchitettura       http://www.iaac.net/
Un Fab Lab per larchitettura     http://www.fablabhouse.com/
Linfluenza del contesto sul Fab Lab     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casa_Batlló
Green FabLab Barcelona    http://greenfablab.org/
Il futuro: Barcelona FabCity“Toni Vives [...], Head of the Department the Urban Habitat in the Ofce of the Mayor ofBarcelo...
… ed un centro di DIY / riparazioni      http://reparatmillorquenou.blogspot.com/                 http://bit.ly/uK5ZhH
Fab Lab e Brand: no trademark (per ora)       http://fab.cba.mit.edu/about/logos/index.html
Fab Lab e Brand: una possibile strategia?   http://www.flickr.com/photos/journal-du-design/3895643669/
Absolut Lab (Madrid, Spagna)http://www.franciscosegarra.com/absolut-lab-proyecto-interiorismo/
Absolut Lab (Madrid, Spagna)
Ma esistono solo i Fab Lab?
Ponoko (Nuova Zelanda)     http://www.ponoko.com
Shapeways (Olanda)  http://www.shapeways.com
Hackerspace / Makerspacehttp://hackerspaces.org/wiki/List_of_Hacker_Spaces
Sewing Caféhttp://www.thesewingcafe.co.uk/
Techshophttp://techshop.ws/
100k Garages (USA)http://www.100kgarages.com/fabbers/map
Seoul (Corea del Sud)
Living Labs (USA, Europa)    http://www.openlivinglabs.eu/
A cosa serve un Fab Lab?
Uno spazio per il DIYFoto: Scott Beale / Laughing Squid http://laughingsquid.com http://www.flickr.com/photos/laughingsqui...
Modificare prodotti esistenti    http://www.ikeahackers.net/
Design o Architettura Generativa       http://www.n-e-r-v-o-u-s.com/
Mass Customization  http://nikeid.nike.com/nikeid/
Concorsi di (Open) Design   http://unlimiteddesigncontest.org/
Sviluppare prodotti e servizi (open)      http://wiki.openmoko.org/wiki/Main_Page
Open: Hardware, Software, Design         http://www.buglabs.net/
BugLabs + Fordhttp://www.buglabs.net/ford-buglabs
Open Design: (quasi) giá un successo       http://craphound.com/makers/download/
Open Design: (quasi) giá un successo                 http://opendesignnow.org/ http://www.droog.com/projects/events/design...
Open Design: (quasi) giá un successo      http://www.instructables.com/community/Instructables-Joins-Autodesk/http://techc...
Open Design: (quasi) giá un successo           http://www.123dapp.com/
Perché aprire un Fab Lab?
I designer si possono autoprodurrehttp://www.kickstarter.com/projects/1104350651/tiktok-lunatik-multi-touch-watch-kits
Sostenibilitá e rilocalizzazione        http://www.sourcemap.com
Il tipico processo (chiuso) di sviluppo  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Microsoft_Windows
Ed uno Open!!!http://futurist.se/gldt/
Open Hardware: un mercato in crescita           $11.000.000           $10.000.000                                         ...
SparkFun“In 2010, SparkFun had revenues of about $18.4MM. As of April of 2011, we havearound 120 employees, up from 87 a y...
Ed Etsy per lartigianato / DIY         http://www.etsy.com/
Etsy                 Utentu: +8 milioni                                                                                   ...
Il mercato del FabbingIl settore della stampa 3D é cresciuto del 24.1% nel 2011.    Previsioni: $3.1 miliardi (2016) $5.2 ...
Fabbing + designers = $$$ + Open Designhttp://www.freedomofcreation.com/home/3d-systems-acquires-freedom-of-creation
Fabbing + utenti = $$$ + Open Designhttp://blog.3dsystems.com/2011/05/3d-systems-partners-with-alibre.html                ...
Gli utenti innovano – e tanto!“We fnd this previously unmeasured type of household sectorinnovation to be quite large: 6.2...
Quanto costa un Fab Lab?* $50.000 secondo lMIT* $20.000 in Ghana* $12,500 - $5000 con attrezzature open source / hardware*...
Modelli di business per un Fab Lab* Facilitatore: lancio di nuovi Lab e servizi di supporto* Educatore: un sistema globale...
Che succede in Italia?(a parte Arduino e Fab Lab Italia)
Vectorealism (Milano)  http://www.vectorealism.com/
Openwear (Milano, Europa)     http://www.openwear.org/
WeFab (Milano) http://www.wefab.it/
Plug and Wear (Firenze)   http://www.plugandwear.com/
D-Shape / Dinitech (Londra - Pisa)   http://www.d-shape.com/ - http://www.dinitech.it/
Frankenstein Garage (Milano)   http://www.frankensteingarage.it
Blomming (Milano)   http://blomming.com/
Co-de-iThttp://www.co-de-it.com/
PoliMi Physical Computing       http://131.175.137.62/
Che cosa cé ancora da fare  (soprattutto in Italia)?
Iniziative possibili* organizzare Fab Lab* sviluppare e diffondere una cultura del Fabbing, del Co-design, del Computing e...
Qualche domanda o commento?
Grazie!Massimo Menichinelli-------------------------------------------------------------------info@openp2pdesign.orgopenp2...
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FabCamp Torino - 29/10/2011

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FabCamp Torino - 29/10/2011

  1. 1. Digital Fabrication & Fab LabsMassimo Menichinelli---------------------------------------------------------------------------FabCamp Torino29 Ottobre 2011FabLab Italia - Stazione Futuro – Officine Grandi RiparazioniTorinoPresentazione online su:http://www.slideshare.net/openp2pdesign
  2. 2. Cosa é la Digital Fabrication (o Fabbing) ed un Fab Lab?
  3. 3. Fab Lab: MIT + Neil Gershenfeld http://cba.mit.edu/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neil_Gershenfeld
  4. 4. Bit + atomi = informazione + materia http://fablab.waag.org/node/3847
  5. 5. 01. Computer collegati a macchinehttp://www.google.com/patents?id=rRpqAAAAEBAJ&printsec=drawing&zoom=4#v=onepage&q&f=false
  6. 6. 02. Macchine che creano macchine http://www.reprap.org/
  7. 7. 03. Materiali con codice incorporato http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/LEGO
  8. 8. 04. Materiali con programma incorporato http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ribosoma
  9. 9. Anche IDEO ci sta pensando!http://www.fastcompany.com/biomimicry/training-bacteria-to-grow-consumer-goods
  10. 10. Ma nel 2011 ci sono: Fresa CNC Plotter taglio Scanner 3DTaglio laser (da tavolo) vinile Macchina Stampa Fresa CNC Arduino cucito e 3D (grande) ricamo digitale
  11. 11. “Democratizzazione” del Fabbing http://www.origo3dprinting.com/
  12. 12. Ed il Fabbing diventa famosohttp://www.wired.com/magazine/2010/01/ff_newrevolution/ http://econ.st/tnr97E
  13. 13. Fabbing + spazio + collaborazione = Fab Lab http://www.flickr.com/photos/protospace/5199454304/
  14. 14. Caratteristiche di un Fab LabUn Fab Lab, per essere tale, deve:* garantire laccesso pubblico al fab lab* sottoscrivere la fab lab charter* condividere lo stesso tipo di strumenti e processi* partecipare nella rete globale dei fab lab http://wiki.fablab.is/w/index.php?title=ConditionsForFabLabLabel
  15. 15. Fab Charter* Mission: fab labs are a global network of local labs, enabling invention by providing access for individuals to tools for digital fabrication.* Access: you can use the fab lab to make almost anything (that doesnt hurt anyone); you must learn to do it yourself, and you must share use of the lab with other uses and users* Education: training in the fab lab is based on doing projects and learning from peers; youre expected to contribute to documentation and instruction* Responsibility: youre responsible for: * safety: knowing how to work without hurting people or machines * cleaning up: leaving the lab cleaner than you found it * operations: assisting with maintaining, repairing, and reporting on tools, supplies, and incidents* Secrecy: designs and processes developed in fab labs must remain available for individual use although intellectual property can be protected however you choose* Business: commercial activities can be incubated in fab labs but they must not conflict with open access, they should grow beyond rather than within the lab, and they are expected to beneft the inventors, labs, and networks that contribute to their success.August 30, 2007 http://fab.cba.mit.edu/about/charter/
  16. 16. Fab Charter (Amsterdam, Olanda) http://fablab.waag.org/archive/fabcharter
  17. 17. Fabn : la riunione annuale http://fab7.pe/
  18. 18. Fab Academyhttp://fabacademy.org/
  19. 19. The International Fab Lab Association http://fablabinternational.blogspot.com/
  20. 20. Fab Lab Amsterdam (Olanda) http://fablab.waag.org/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/37873897@N06/4973326149/
  21. 21. Mini Fab Lab (Utrecht, Olanda)http://web.me.com/bartbakker/saguaro/Mini_FabLab.html
  22. 22. Mobile Fab Labhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mobile_fab_lab
  23. 23. Fab Lab Afghanistan (Jalalabad, Afghanistan) http://www.fablab.af/
  24. 24. Fing: Fab Lab Squared (Parigi, Francia) http://fablabsquared.org/
  25. 25. FabLab Barcelona (Spagna) http://fablabbcn.org/
  26. 26. Un Fab Lab per larchitettura http://www.iaac.net/
  27. 27. Un Fab Lab per larchitettura http://www.fablabhouse.com/
  28. 28. Linfluenza del contesto sul Fab Lab http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casa_Batlló
  29. 29. Green FabLab Barcelona http://greenfablab.org/
  30. 30. Il futuro: Barcelona FabCity“Toni Vives [...], Head of the Department the Urban Habitat in the Ofce of the Mayor ofBarcelona and member of the IAAC Board of Directors, presented the city’s plan tobecome a “Fab City” with multiple Fab Labs in neighborhoods around Barcelona.” http://www.iaacblog.com/blog/2011/iaac-at-fab-7-in-lima-peru/
  31. 31. … ed un centro di DIY / riparazioni http://reparatmillorquenou.blogspot.com/ http://bit.ly/uK5ZhH
  32. 32. Fab Lab e Brand: no trademark (per ora) http://fab.cba.mit.edu/about/logos/index.html
  33. 33. Fab Lab e Brand: una possibile strategia? http://www.flickr.com/photos/journal-du-design/3895643669/
  34. 34. Absolut Lab (Madrid, Spagna)http://www.franciscosegarra.com/absolut-lab-proyecto-interiorismo/
  35. 35. Absolut Lab (Madrid, Spagna)
  36. 36. Ma esistono solo i Fab Lab?
  37. 37. Ponoko (Nuova Zelanda) http://www.ponoko.com
  38. 38. Shapeways (Olanda) http://www.shapeways.com
  39. 39. Hackerspace / Makerspacehttp://hackerspaces.org/wiki/List_of_Hacker_Spaces
  40. 40. Sewing Caféhttp://www.thesewingcafe.co.uk/
  41. 41. Techshophttp://techshop.ws/
  42. 42. 100k Garages (USA)http://www.100kgarages.com/fabbers/map
  43. 43. Seoul (Corea del Sud)
  44. 44. Living Labs (USA, Europa) http://www.openlivinglabs.eu/
  45. 45. A cosa serve un Fab Lab?
  46. 46. Uno spazio per il DIYFoto: Scott Beale / Laughing Squid http://laughingsquid.com http://www.flickr.com/photos/laughingsquid/133324021/
  47. 47. Modificare prodotti esistenti http://www.ikeahackers.net/
  48. 48. Design o Architettura Generativa http://www.n-e-r-v-o-u-s.com/
  49. 49. Mass Customization http://nikeid.nike.com/nikeid/
  50. 50. Concorsi di (Open) Design http://unlimiteddesigncontest.org/
  51. 51. Sviluppare prodotti e servizi (open) http://wiki.openmoko.org/wiki/Main_Page
  52. 52. Open: Hardware, Software, Design http://www.buglabs.net/
  53. 53. BugLabs + Fordhttp://www.buglabs.net/ford-buglabs
  54. 54. Open Design: (quasi) giá un successo http://craphound.com/makers/download/
  55. 55. Open Design: (quasi) giá un successo http://opendesignnow.org/ http://www.droog.com/projects/events/design-for-download/ http://www.droog.com/blog/category/design-for-download-2/
  56. 56. Open Design: (quasi) giá un successo http://www.instructables.com/community/Instructables-Joins-Autodesk/http://techcrunch.com/2011/08/01/autodesk-acquires-diy-community-instructables/
  57. 57. Open Design: (quasi) giá un successo http://www.123dapp.com/
  58. 58. Perché aprire un Fab Lab?
  59. 59. I designer si possono autoprodurrehttp://www.kickstarter.com/projects/1104350651/tiktok-lunatik-multi-touch-watch-kits
  60. 60. Sostenibilitá e rilocalizzazione http://www.sourcemap.com
  61. 61. Il tipico processo (chiuso) di sviluppo http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Microsoft_Windows
  62. 62. Ed uno Open!!!http://futurist.se/gldt/
  63. 63. Open Hardware: un mercato in crescita $11.000.000 $10.000.000 2009: $9.000.000 * 13 compagnie sopra $ 1 m. $8.000.000 * totale: $ 50 m. * $ 1 miliardo entro il 2015 $7.000.000 $6.000.000Revenues $5.000.000 $4.000.000 $3.000.000 $2.000.000 $1.000.000 $0 s o d it are s i os y n t rb o La b e mb e uin rkfu fru ron rS h tud idw e Ada Ard Chu Bug Sp a Mak D e dS Liqu Mak DIY e See http://blog.makezine.com/archive/2010/05/million-dollar-baby-businesses-de.html
  64. 64. SparkFun“In 2010, SparkFun had revenues of about $18.4MM. As of April of 2011, we havearound 120 employees, up from 87 a year ago.”“We hope to grow by 50% this year (2011) to around $28MM in sales. We expectto be in the 30-50MM range in the next 3-5.” http://www.sparkfun.com/news/599
  65. 65. Ed Etsy per lartigianato / DIY http://www.etsy.com/
  66. 66. Etsy Utentu: +8 milioni Negozi attivi: +800,000 Prodotti 8.5 milioni $350.000.000 $300.000.000 $250.000.000Total $ sold (Gross Merchandise Sales) $200.000.000 $150.000.000 $100.000.000 $50.000.000 $0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 (March) http://www.etsy.com/press/kit/
  67. 67. Il mercato del FabbingIl settore della stampa 3D é cresciuto del 24.1% nel 2011. Previsioni: $3.1 miliardi (2016) $5.2 miliardi (2020). (Wohlers Associates, 2011) Business sostenibile Business non ancora sostenibile--> $10 Milioni da VC --> $5 Milioni da VC
  68. 68. Fabbing + designers = $$$ + Open Designhttp://www.freedomofcreation.com/home/3d-systems-acquires-freedom-of-creation
  69. 69. Fabbing + utenti = $$$ + Open Designhttp://blog.3dsystems.com/2011/05/3d-systems-partners-with-alibre.html http://www.alibre.com/
  70. 70. Gli utenti innovano – e tanto!“We fnd this previously unmeasured type of household sectorinnovation to be quite large: 6.2% of UK consumers - 2.9 millionindividuals - have engaged in consumer product innovation during theprior 3 years. In aggregate, consumers’ annual product developmentexpenditures are 2.3 times larger than the annual consumer productR&D expenditures of all frms in the UK combined. “Eric A. Von Hippel, Jeroen De Jong, Steven FlowersComparing Business and Household Sector Innovation in Consumer Products:Findings from a Representative Study in the UKhttp://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1683503
  71. 71. Quanto costa un Fab Lab?* $50.000 secondo lMIT* $20.000 in Ghana* $12,500 - $5000 con attrezzature open source / hardware* 3000 € per la versione da cameraAttenzione a fare un buon business model + business plan!Che cosa si offre:* accesso ad uno spazio con attrezzature* servizi legati allinnovazione e commercializzazione www.openp2pdesign.org/2011/fabbing/business-models-for-fab-labs/
  72. 72. Modelli di business per un Fab Lab* Facilitatore: lancio di nuovi Lab e servizi di supporto* Educatore: un sistema globale e distribuito di programmi educativi (Fab Academy + apprendimento peer-to-peer)* Incubatore: provvede linfrastruttura e le conoscenze per sviluppare un business locale* La Rete: replica e diffonde un business nato localmente in tutti i nodi della rete dei Fab Lab www.openp2pdesign.org/2011/fabbing/business-models-for-fab-labs/
  73. 73. Che succede in Italia?(a parte Arduino e Fab Lab Italia)
  74. 74. Vectorealism (Milano) http://www.vectorealism.com/
  75. 75. Openwear (Milano, Europa) http://www.openwear.org/
  76. 76. WeFab (Milano) http://www.wefab.it/
  77. 77. Plug and Wear (Firenze) http://www.plugandwear.com/
  78. 78. D-Shape / Dinitech (Londra - Pisa) http://www.d-shape.com/ - http://www.dinitech.it/
  79. 79. Frankenstein Garage (Milano) http://www.frankensteingarage.it
  80. 80. Blomming (Milano) http://blomming.com/
  81. 81. Co-de-iThttp://www.co-de-it.com/
  82. 82. PoliMi Physical Computing http://131.175.137.62/
  83. 83. Che cosa cé ancora da fare (soprattutto in Italia)?
  84. 84. Iniziative possibili* organizzare Fab Lab* sviluppare e diffondere una cultura del Fabbing, del Co-design, del Computing e dell Open* costruire reti con le imprese e le istituzioni esistenti* fare ricerca: * sostenibilitá (ambientale, sociale, economica) * strumenti e processi, per il fabbing e la collaborazione * impatto del fabbing / collaborazione nelle cittá e territori
  85. 85. Qualche domanda o commento?
  86. 86. Grazie!Massimo Menichinelli-------------------------------------------------------------------info@openp2pdesign.orgopenp2pdesign.orgtwitter.com/openp2pdesign
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