FabCamp Torino - 29/10/2011

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  • 1. Digital Fabrication & Fab LabsMassimo Menichinelli---------------------------------------------------------------------------FabCamp Torino29 Ottobre 2011FabLab Italia - Stazione Futuro – Officine Grandi RiparazioniTorinoPresentazione online su:http://www.slideshare.net/openp2pdesign
  • 2. Cosa é la Digital Fabrication (o Fabbing) ed un Fab Lab?
  • 3. Fab Lab: MIT + Neil Gershenfeld http://cba.mit.edu/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neil_Gershenfeld
  • 4. Bit + atomi = informazione + materia http://fablab.waag.org/node/3847
  • 5. 01. Computer collegati a macchinehttp://www.google.com/patents?id=rRpqAAAAEBAJ&printsec=drawing&zoom=4#v=onepage&q&f=false
  • 6. 02. Macchine che creano macchine http://www.reprap.org/
  • 7. 03. Materiali con codice incorporato http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/LEGO
  • 8. 04. Materiali con programma incorporato http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ribosoma
  • 9. Anche IDEO ci sta pensando!http://www.fastcompany.com/biomimicry/training-bacteria-to-grow-consumer-goods
  • 10. Ma nel 2011 ci sono: Fresa CNC Plotter taglio Scanner 3DTaglio laser (da tavolo) vinile Macchina Stampa Fresa CNC Arduino cucito e 3D (grande) ricamo digitale
  • 11. “Democratizzazione” del Fabbing http://www.origo3dprinting.com/
  • 12. Ed il Fabbing diventa famosohttp://www.wired.com/magazine/2010/01/ff_newrevolution/ http://econ.st/tnr97E
  • 13. Fabbing + spazio + collaborazione = Fab Lab http://www.flickr.com/photos/protospace/5199454304/
  • 14. Caratteristiche di un Fab LabUn Fab Lab, per essere tale, deve:* garantire laccesso pubblico al fab lab* sottoscrivere la fab lab charter* condividere lo stesso tipo di strumenti e processi* partecipare nella rete globale dei fab lab http://wiki.fablab.is/w/index.php?title=ConditionsForFabLabLabel
  • 15. Fab Charter* Mission: fab labs are a global network of local labs, enabling invention by providing access for individuals to tools for digital fabrication.* Access: you can use the fab lab to make almost anything (that doesnt hurt anyone); you must learn to do it yourself, and you must share use of the lab with other uses and users* Education: training in the fab lab is based on doing projects and learning from peers; youre expected to contribute to documentation and instruction* Responsibility: youre responsible for: * safety: knowing how to work without hurting people or machines * cleaning up: leaving the lab cleaner than you found it * operations: assisting with maintaining, repairing, and reporting on tools, supplies, and incidents* Secrecy: designs and processes developed in fab labs must remain available for individual use although intellectual property can be protected however you choose* Business: commercial activities can be incubated in fab labs but they must not conflict with open access, they should grow beyond rather than within the lab, and they are expected to beneft the inventors, labs, and networks that contribute to their success.August 30, 2007 http://fab.cba.mit.edu/about/charter/
  • 16. Fab Charter (Amsterdam, Olanda) http://fablab.waag.org/archive/fabcharter
  • 17. Fabn : la riunione annuale http://fab7.pe/
  • 18. Fab Academyhttp://fabacademy.org/
  • 19. The International Fab Lab Association http://fablabinternational.blogspot.com/
  • 20. Fab Lab Amsterdam (Olanda) http://fablab.waag.org/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/37873897@N06/4973326149/
  • 21. Mini Fab Lab (Utrecht, Olanda)http://web.me.com/bartbakker/saguaro/Mini_FabLab.html
  • 22. Mobile Fab Labhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mobile_fab_lab
  • 23. Fab Lab Afghanistan (Jalalabad, Afghanistan) http://www.fablab.af/
  • 24. Fing: Fab Lab Squared (Parigi, Francia) http://fablabsquared.org/
  • 25. FabLab Barcelona (Spagna) http://fablabbcn.org/
  • 26. Un Fab Lab per larchitettura http://www.iaac.net/
  • 27. Un Fab Lab per larchitettura http://www.fablabhouse.com/
  • 28. Linfluenza del contesto sul Fab Lab http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Casa_Batlló
  • 29. Green FabLab Barcelona http://greenfablab.org/
  • 30. Il futuro: Barcelona FabCity“Toni Vives [...], Head of the Department the Urban Habitat in the Ofce of the Mayor ofBarcelona and member of the IAAC Board of Directors, presented the city’s plan tobecome a “Fab City” with multiple Fab Labs in neighborhoods around Barcelona.” http://www.iaacblog.com/blog/2011/iaac-at-fab-7-in-lima-peru/
  • 31. … ed un centro di DIY / riparazioni http://reparatmillorquenou.blogspot.com/ http://bit.ly/uK5ZhH
  • 32. Fab Lab e Brand: no trademark (per ora) http://fab.cba.mit.edu/about/logos/index.html
  • 33. Fab Lab e Brand: una possibile strategia? http://www.flickr.com/photos/journal-du-design/3895643669/
  • 34. Absolut Lab (Madrid, Spagna)http://www.franciscosegarra.com/absolut-lab-proyecto-interiorismo/
  • 35. Absolut Lab (Madrid, Spagna)
  • 36. Ma esistono solo i Fab Lab?
  • 37. Ponoko (Nuova Zelanda) http://www.ponoko.com
  • 38. Shapeways (Olanda) http://www.shapeways.com
  • 39. Hackerspace / Makerspacehttp://hackerspaces.org/wiki/List_of_Hacker_Spaces
  • 40. Sewing Caféhttp://www.thesewingcafe.co.uk/
  • 41. Techshophttp://techshop.ws/
  • 42. 100k Garages (USA)http://www.100kgarages.com/fabbers/map
  • 43. Seoul (Corea del Sud)
  • 44. Living Labs (USA, Europa) http://www.openlivinglabs.eu/
  • 45. A cosa serve un Fab Lab?
  • 46. Uno spazio per il DIYFoto: Scott Beale / Laughing Squid http://laughingsquid.com http://www.flickr.com/photos/laughingsquid/133324021/
  • 47. Modificare prodotti esistenti http://www.ikeahackers.net/
  • 48. Design o Architettura Generativa http://www.n-e-r-v-o-u-s.com/
  • 49. Mass Customization http://nikeid.nike.com/nikeid/
  • 50. Concorsi di (Open) Design http://unlimiteddesigncontest.org/
  • 51. Sviluppare prodotti e servizi (open) http://wiki.openmoko.org/wiki/Main_Page
  • 52. Open: Hardware, Software, Design http://www.buglabs.net/
  • 53. BugLabs + Fordhttp://www.buglabs.net/ford-buglabs
  • 54. Open Design: (quasi) giá un successo http://craphound.com/makers/download/
  • 55. Open Design: (quasi) giá un successo http://opendesignnow.org/ http://www.droog.com/projects/events/design-for-download/ http://www.droog.com/blog/category/design-for-download-2/
  • 56. Open Design: (quasi) giá un successo http://www.instructables.com/community/Instructables-Joins-Autodesk/http://techcrunch.com/2011/08/01/autodesk-acquires-diy-community-instructables/
  • 57. Open Design: (quasi) giá un successo http://www.123dapp.com/
  • 58. Perché aprire un Fab Lab?
  • 59. I designer si possono autoprodurrehttp://www.kickstarter.com/projects/1104350651/tiktok-lunatik-multi-touch-watch-kits
  • 60. Sostenibilitá e rilocalizzazione http://www.sourcemap.com
  • 61. Il tipico processo (chiuso) di sviluppo http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Microsoft_Windows
  • 62. Ed uno Open!!!http://futurist.se/gldt/
  • 63. Open Hardware: un mercato in crescita $11.000.000 $10.000.000 2009: $9.000.000 * 13 compagnie sopra $ 1 m. $8.000.000 * totale: $ 50 m. * $ 1 miliardo entro il 2015 $7.000.000 $6.000.000Revenues $5.000.000 $4.000.000 $3.000.000 $2.000.000 $1.000.000 $0 s o d it are s i os y n t rb o La b e mb e uin rkfu fru ron rS h tud idw e Ada Ard Chu Bug Sp a Mak D e dS Liqu Mak DIY e See http://blog.makezine.com/archive/2010/05/million-dollar-baby-businesses-de.html
  • 64. SparkFun“In 2010, SparkFun had revenues of about $18.4MM. As of April of 2011, we havearound 120 employees, up from 87 a year ago.”“We hope to grow by 50% this year (2011) to around $28MM in sales. We expectto be in the 30-50MM range in the next 3-5.” http://www.sparkfun.com/news/599
  • 65. Ed Etsy per lartigianato / DIY http://www.etsy.com/
  • 66. Etsy Utentu: +8 milioni Negozi attivi: +800,000 Prodotti 8.5 milioni $350.000.000 $300.000.000 $250.000.000Total $ sold (Gross Merchandise Sales) $200.000.000 $150.000.000 $100.000.000 $50.000.000 $0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 (March) http://www.etsy.com/press/kit/
  • 67. Il mercato del FabbingIl settore della stampa 3D é cresciuto del 24.1% nel 2011. Previsioni: $3.1 miliardi (2016) $5.2 miliardi (2020). (Wohlers Associates, 2011) Business sostenibile Business non ancora sostenibile--> $10 Milioni da VC --> $5 Milioni da VC
  • 68. Fabbing + designers = $$$ + Open Designhttp://www.freedomofcreation.com/home/3d-systems-acquires-freedom-of-creation
  • 69. Fabbing + utenti = $$$ + Open Designhttp://blog.3dsystems.com/2011/05/3d-systems-partners-with-alibre.html http://www.alibre.com/
  • 70. Gli utenti innovano – e tanto!“We fnd this previously unmeasured type of household sectorinnovation to be quite large: 6.2% of UK consumers - 2.9 millionindividuals - have engaged in consumer product innovation during theprior 3 years. In aggregate, consumers’ annual product developmentexpenditures are 2.3 times larger than the annual consumer productR&D expenditures of all frms in the UK combined. “Eric A. Von Hippel, Jeroen De Jong, Steven FlowersComparing Business and Household Sector Innovation in Consumer Products:Findings from a Representative Study in the UKhttp://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1683503
  • 71. Quanto costa un Fab Lab?* $50.000 secondo lMIT* $20.000 in Ghana* $12,500 - $5000 con attrezzature open source / hardware* 3000 € per la versione da cameraAttenzione a fare un buon business model + business plan!Che cosa si offre:* accesso ad uno spazio con attrezzature* servizi legati allinnovazione e commercializzazione www.openp2pdesign.org/2011/fabbing/business-models-for-fab-labs/
  • 72. Modelli di business per un Fab Lab* Facilitatore: lancio di nuovi Lab e servizi di supporto* Educatore: un sistema globale e distribuito di programmi educativi (Fab Academy + apprendimento peer-to-peer)* Incubatore: provvede linfrastruttura e le conoscenze per sviluppare un business locale* La Rete: replica e diffonde un business nato localmente in tutti i nodi della rete dei Fab Lab www.openp2pdesign.org/2011/fabbing/business-models-for-fab-labs/
  • 73. Che succede in Italia?(a parte Arduino e Fab Lab Italia)
  • 74. Vectorealism (Milano) http://www.vectorealism.com/
  • 75. Openwear (Milano, Europa) http://www.openwear.org/
  • 76. WeFab (Milano) http://www.wefab.it/
  • 77. Plug and Wear (Firenze) http://www.plugandwear.com/
  • 78. D-Shape / Dinitech (Londra - Pisa) http://www.d-shape.com/ - http://www.dinitech.it/
  • 79. Frankenstein Garage (Milano) http://www.frankensteingarage.it
  • 80. Blomming (Milano) http://blomming.com/
  • 81. Co-de-iThttp://www.co-de-it.com/
  • 82. PoliMi Physical Computing http://131.175.137.62/
  • 83. Che cosa cé ancora da fare (soprattutto in Italia)?
  • 84. Iniziative possibili* organizzare Fab Lab* sviluppare e diffondere una cultura del Fabbing, del Co-design, del Computing e dell Open* costruire reti con le imprese e le istituzioni esistenti* fare ricerca: * sostenibilitá (ambientale, sociale, economica) * strumenti e processi, per il fabbing e la collaborazione * impatto del fabbing / collaborazione nelle cittá e territori
  • 85. Qualche domanda o commento?
  • 86. Grazie!Massimo Menichinelli-------------------------------------------------------------------info@openp2pdesign.orgopenp2pdesign.orgtwitter.com/openp2pdesign