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IDAS Workshop: 02 What Is Open P2P Design

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My presentation for the second day at the Open P2P Design workshop organized with Roger Pitiot at IDAS in Seoul. …

My presentation for the second day at the Open P2P Design workshop organized with Roger Pitiot at IDAS in Seoul.

http://www.workshop.colab-design.org/

Published in: Design, Technology

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  • 1. Open P2P Design Enabling Design 2.0 through Open Processes, Systems, Tools and Projects Massimo Menichinelli Roger Pitiot Day 02: Introduction to November 20th-23rd 2009 Open P2P Design: IDAS, Seoul Platform, Tools and http://www.workshop.colab-design.org/ Process http://openp2pdesign.org
  • 2. 01. What is Open P2P Design?
  • 3. Where do openp2pdesign.org and Open P2P Design come from? * March 2005 * a young student started his master degree thesis in industrial design (actually it became service design soon) * Design researchers were studying Design+Locality: * Spark! Design and Locality (Europe) http://www2.uiah.fi/virtu/spark/index.html * Me.Design (Italy) http://www.sistemadesignitalia.it/sdi/ricerche/medesign/index.php --> How can we design projects for a locality and its community? --> How can we enable the participation of a community in the design process?
  • 4. Designing Open Collaborative projects: Thinkcycle http://www.thinkcycle.org (now closed) http://web.media.mit.edu/~nitin/thesis/ Source: http://www.thinkcycle.org This is... Open Design!
  • 5. Facilitating a P2P system: Open Health by RED (British Design Council) http://www.designcouncil.info/mt/RED/ Source: http://www.designcouncil.info/mt/RED/ This is... P2P Service Design!
  • 6. April 2006, Master Degree Thesis: Reti Collaborative. Il design per una auto-organizzazione Open Peer-to-Peer (Collaborative Networks. Design for an Open Peer-to-Peer self-organization) Tutor: Ezio Manzini Politecnico di Milano, Faculty of Design You can download it here: http://www.scribd.com/openp2pdesign
  • 7. What is Open P2P Design? Open Design (design of an open project) + P2P Design (design of a peer-to-peer system) = the co-design of Open P2P social systems A promising way to design with/for a Community and its Locality
  • 8. Open Design is: --> Design and Open a design project (product, graphic, web, interaction ) for a community Open P2P Design: --> Co-Design and Enabling of a Collaborative Activity with/for a community We use Open and P2P processes to co-design Open and P2P organizational forms
  • 9. A Collaborative Activity is: * an activity * done through collaboration * not a product! But rather a service * it can be anything, from writing an encyclopedia to making beer to Design! Open Design is a Collaborative Activity!
  • 10. Where should we use Open P2P Design? * works well where there are active participants * within an organization (community, enterprise, public institution), for its own processes --> Open Innovation, Enterprise 2.0, Open Government, … * when an organization (community, enterprise, public institution) enables another one --> Open Marketplaces, Open Innovation, Enterprise 2.0, Open Government, … * for community-based services / businesses * for Open Design projects
  • 11. Why Open P2P Design? * mass-collaboration/crowdsourcing/distributed creativity force a change in the role of designers --> designers become enablers of distributed creativity
  • 12. Why Open P2P Design? * it's about mass collaboration-based or community-based activities (and Open Design is an example) --> designers can find a role even outside design projects
  • 13. Why Open P2P Design? * communities generate innovations as the outcome of collaborative activities --> a designer becomes an enabler of innovation and change
  • 14. What does Open P2P Design do? an open design process + a collaborative activity self-organized by a community But we are going to use it in an easier way: * we already know the design activity * we don't really need to co-design it * but we can organize it anyway We won't use for Co-design It's easier! :-) but for Metadesign
  • 15. What we design with Open P2P Design? * not the community itself and its complexity (social network) * but first the platform (artifacts, rules, roles): all the elements that once shared enable then the emergence of a: * collaborative activity (and then the emergence and self- organization of the community)
  • 16. First the platform, then the collaborative activity The platform is: * dynamic and shared in the social network * what we can easily design before actually co-designing * necessary in the design process, where it's developed further
  • 17. 02. What is the Source code of Open P2P Design?
  • 18. Where does Open P2P Design come from? Open Source Software + Activity Theory + Service Design (+ Activity Theory) + Action Planning + Social Network Analysis + ...
  • 19. What is the Source Code of Open P2P Design? ( Community Activity Analysis + Social Network Analysis + ) Open Design Activity Analysis + Participation Matrix + System Map + Offering Map + Motivation Matrix + Blueprint + Storyboard + ...
  • 20. What we are going to do today? Participation Matrix + Community Analysis redesign + System Map + Motivation Matrix +
  • 21. 01. What about the process of Open P2P Design? * analysis of the existing community, activity and platform * concept design of a collaborative activity * distribution/sharing/discussion of the concept * parallel and iterative co-design of the collaborative activity and building of the platform * self-organization --> shaped by knowledge, reputation and participation
  • 22. 01. What about the process of Open P2P Design?
  • 23. 02. Let's describe briefly the Open Design activity, starting from the Community Analysis! Some questions about it: * subject (the community) * object (of the activity) * rules * roles (division of labour) * artefacts (material, immaterial, cognitive) * larger community (with which interacts) * participation: * top-down * bottom-up * marketplace * reputation levels In order to understand how the open design activity will work
  • 24. 03. System Map http://www.mepss.nl/index.php?p=tool&l4=W21 The System Map is very useful to visualize and design interactions and flows between people. Its elements are: * material flows * information flows * financial flows * roles * border of the system For designing interactions as flows
  • 25. 03. System Map
  • 26. 04. Offering Map http://www.mepss.nl/index.php?p=tool&l4=W23 http://www.servicedesigntools.org/tools/38 The map that shows the whole structure of the Open Design Activity: * Activity * Actions * Operations In order to visualize the design activity
  • 27. 04. Offering Map
  • 28. 05. Motivation Matrix http://www.servicedesigntools.org/tools/20 The Motivation Matrix is useful for analysing and visualizing motivations and the interactions between the roles of the Open Design activity In order to understand interactions as motivations Source: http://www.sustainable-everyday.net/lolacases/
  • 29. 05. Motivation Matrix
  • 30. 06. Blueprint of the Open Design activity http://www.servicedesigntools.org/tools/35 The Blueprint is useful to visualize and design processes and details of the Open Design activity only if we have a place where participants actually meet to do it. It's useful when it's happening within an organization (Enterprise, Public Administration, ...) * actions of the roles inside and outside * users, front office, back office, support processes * time In order to design interactions in time
  • 31. 06. Blueprint of the Open Design activity
  • 32. 07. Storyboard http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Storyboard http://www.servicedesigntools.org/tools/13 Storyboards are graphic organizers such as a series of illustrations or images displayed in sequence for the purpose of pre-visualizing a motion picture, animation, motion graphic or interactive media sequence, including website interactivity. In order to visualize the interactions as a story
  • 33. 07. Storyboard Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ninga/473316247/
  • 34. What we are going to do today? Participation Matrix + Community Analysis redesign + System Map + Motivation Matrix +
  • 35. Any questions or comments?
  • 36. Thank you! Massimo Menichinelli Follow and join us! info@openp2pdesign.org openp2pdesign.org twitter.com/openp2pdesign stores.lulu.com/openp2pdesign