European Network of Living Labs (ENoLL) European smart ci9es and smart city projects in user empowered innova9on ecosystems: CitySDK project, Helsinki and Amsterdam cases Ana Garcia European Network of Living Labs (ENoLL) “Smart City: Las oportunidades en la Internet del futuro” Seville, Nov 6th 2012
What is ENoLL? European Network of Living Labs, Brussels based international non-profit organisaton, facilitates the cooperation and the exploitation of sy n erg ie s betwee n i ts 30 0+ m embers worldwide.W i t h i n E N o L L , t h e w h o le eaninnovation cycle i.e end-users, E urop with ndSMEs, coorporations, citizens, ed ic i e s a ly L i n k s s i o n p o l s p e c i alpublic sector, NGOs, academia i e Co m m ve s and itala n d t h e w i d e r re s e ar c h t i in Dig p e i n i t i a ze d value E u r ocommunities form a ni recog d a f o r Citie , s,d e d i cat e d n e t w o r k o f n t Age gh S m ar n De sig ,thematically organised Living u e t, (t h r o I n t e r n n, CultureLabs. F u t u r e nno vatio …) Soci al I ern ance, , eGo v Health
The European Network of Living Labs Real-‐life test and experimenta9on Public-‐Private-‐People Partnerships (PPPP) environments for user-‐driven open innova9on 320 Living Labs 5
What is a Living Lab A Living Lab is a real-‐life test a n d e x p e r i m e n t a 9 o n environment where users and producers co-‐create innova9ons. Living Labs have been characterised by the European Commission as Public-‐Private-‐People Partnerships (PPPP) for co-‐crea9on, prototyping, valida9on and tes9ng of new technologies, services, products, etc, in real-‐life contexts.
Inputs from FIREBALL Fireball project (www.ﬁreball4smartci9es.eu) a CA of the FP7 for ICT (2010-‐2012). Bring together the FIRE/Future Internet community, Living Lab and urban development.
Some ﬁndings from FIREBALL “How European ci.es are currently developing strategies towards becoming smarter ci.es and the lessons we can draw for the future. These strategies are also based on a new understanding of innova.on, grounded in the concept of Open innova:on ecosystems, global innova:on chains and on ci:zen’s empowerment for shaping innova:on and urban development. These new ways of innova:on are characterised 1) high level of ci:zen involvement in co-‐crea:ng internet-‐based applica:ons and services and 2) emergence of new forms of collabora.on (e.g. PPPs)”* “Open innova:on and ci:zen’s engagement aim to bridge the gap between the R&D of ICT and actually experimen.ng and using Internet-‐based applica.ons in ci.es. These applica:ons and services are intended to bring societal and economic beneﬁts in areas such as healthcare, independent living, enterprising and SMEs, par:cipa:ve government, energy eﬃciency, environment and quality of life.”* *All inputs come from the FIREBALL whitepaper: h_p://www.ﬁreball4smartci9es.eu/
Some ﬁndings from FIREBALL (2) “Smart ci:es need to develop strategies and migra.on paths regarding how they will make use of available internet infrastructures, testbed facili.es, applica.ons and know-‐how, and how they will develop PPP for their access, use and exploita:on. A par:cular point of aOen:on is how those assets can be made openly accessible for both users and developers in order to s:mulate experimenta:on and innova:on in becoming part of the innova:on ecosystem of ci:es.” “Three important gaps are outlined, which ci:es have to overcome namely: 1. Digital skills gap: that concerns to the ability of ci:zens and companies to master web-‐technologies and oﬀer solu:ons over the net 2. The crea.vity gap: that separates web technologies and applica:ons 3. The entrepreneurship gap: that takes place between digital applica:ons and innova:ve services” *All inputs come from the FIREBALL whitepaper: h_p://www.ﬁreball4smartci9es.eu
Some ﬁndings from FIREBALL (3) “Recommenda:on in the paper: ci:es have to explore various business models and iden:fy the ones suitable for each type of service. Living Lab methodologies, social experiments, crowdsourcing, and open city plaTorms for crea:ng and promo:ng applica:ons and services may oﬀer good solu:ons to this end and mobilize crea:ve skills of the en:re popula:on of the city.” “Ci.es provide many opportuni.es of aJrac.ve explora.on and valida.on environments. There is s:ll a gap between Future Internet research and ci:zens’ expecta:ons.” *All inputs come from the FIREBALL whitepaper: h_p://www.ﬁreball4smartci9es.eu
CitySDK Development toolkit for the city services 12
SDK for Pan-‐European City • Service development toolkit for the ci9es: – Open and interoperable digital service interfaces – Processes, guidelines and usability standards. • “App Store” for the City à Cross-‐city transfer of Smart City Applica9ons 14
CitySDK Ecosystem Public deliveryInfrastructures; App Stores urban displays Engaged SME Developers’ new Services exploiting the City SDK ecosystem, or open source pilot apps Project Pilots Demonstrators, open source CitySDK Ecosystem CitySDK components The image cannot be displayed. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the ﬁle Unified Open City Interfaces through Pilots as CitySDK components Cities’ prior platforms, services, interfaces, open data 15
Why CitySDK? 1. Developing new services and scaling them to wider audiences becomes easier: à More eﬃcient use of innova9on capacity à More opportuni9es for developers à Be_er services faster 2. Helping to manage the constant technological change 16
CitySDK Developers • Created and developed with and for the developers • Lightweight, modular, no new pladorms • On-‐going process, not top down and outdated For • Ci9es’ in-‐house service developers • Commercial service developers • SMEs • Large corpora9ons • 3rd sector & hack9vists • Research organisa9ons 17
CitySDK in “The economist” “CITIES ARE TURNING INTO VAST DATA FACTORIES” The Economist ar9cle makes the case that it is not just about new infrastructure but about data itself and how ci9zens and businesses can both generate and use the city data to create new services
Public deliveryInfrastructures; App Stores urban displays Engaged SME Developers’ new Services exploiting the City SDK ecosystem, or open source pilot apps CitySDK Pilots Smart Smart Smart Participation Mobility Tourism CitySDK Ecosystem FixMyStreet Personal Travel Personal Tour Assistant Guide Unified Open City Interfaces through Pilots as CitySDK components Cities’ prior platforms, services, interfaces, open data 20
Smart Par9cipa9on • Bringing the Citys issue repor9ng and feedback channels closer to the residents • Providing ci9es with more accurate feedback and avoiding unnecessary feedback • Making development of issue repor9ng and feedback channels easier • Inspired by Open311 and FixMyStreet 22
Smart Par9cipa9on – Lead Pilot in Helsinki When you spot an issue; fallen street sign Do: 1. Report the issue via: a. Sanoma Publishers’ web portal Omakaupunki.fi b. SMS c. E-mail à Direct issue reporting to the right department within the city Don’t spend time looking through the Citys official portal to find the official form for reporting such an issue. 23
Smart Mobility – Lead Pilot in Amsterdam Intelligent social traveling People as informa:on agents The Personal Travel Assistant makes you a social traveler and helps you • To make your experience help others • To bring structure in your traveling chaos • To connect with fellow travellers • To make your experience enhance public service Aggrega:ng of messages adapted to your journey to separate the relevant from the irrelevant informa:on 24 Lauri Vanhala: Helsinki Public Transport Visualized: www.youtube.com/watch?v=qGllzWt0acU
Smart Tourism – Lead Pilot in Lisbon Personal Travel guide – real 9me informa9on for tourists and travellers • Unifying access to loca9on-‐ and 9me-‐based tourism-‐related data, and subsequent service genera9on. • U9lizing innova9ve, user-‐centric/Internet of Things technologies e.g.: – Augmented Reality – NFC/RFID – Public Urban Displays, and – Geo-‐loca9on 25
Helsinki “Towards a smart city cluster build upon user empowered innova9on” The municipali9es use LLs for Universi9es, City owned economic development and development agencies societal ac9va9on in energy (Forum Virium Helsinki), issues, or sevice provision in companies and SMEs have health care of the elderly, established Living Labs. preven9ve care, or urban living. Companies as Nokia use LLs Cross-‐municipal collabora9on as user-‐centered hubs for in seong up an innova9on idea9on and product pladorm around open data development and na9onal aiming at smart services for research ins9tu9ons use ci9zens Living Labs as pladorms for innova9on. Helsinki city and Helsinki region. Model Provide plaIorms for of a Smart City: organizing compe99ons for innovaHon that are open to development of new innova9on applica9ons to all municipal and regional parHes with an interest in technologies within a encourage the development mul9-‐leveled of new mobile applica9ons developing new products and services u9lizing Open Data infrastructure and towards the creaHon of new business sectors. * inputs come from the FIREBALL whitepaper: h_p:// www.ﬁreball4smartci9es.eu
Helsinki (2) “All the smart city ac:vi:es in Helsinki boil down to community engagement, enabling the dialogue between the city, ci:zens and companies“ -‐ CitySDK -‐ Helsinki Region Infoshare: www.hri.ﬁ/en/ -‐ Aims to make regional informa9on quickly and easily accessible to all. The data may be used by ci9zens, businesses, universi9es, academies, research facili9es or municipal administra9on. -‐ The data on oﬀer is ready to be used freely at no cost. -‐ At the moment at www.hri.ﬁ there are almost 900 data catalogues opened so far. -‐ The project was started in 2009 ini9ated by Forum Virium, City of Helsinki Urban Facts and ci9es of Helsinki, Vantaa, Espoo and Kauniainen. In 2014 the ownership and maintaining of the HRI will be transfered from Forum Virium and Urban Facts to the municipali9es themselves. * Inputs from Forum Virium Helsinki
Helsinki (3) * Inputs from Forum Virium Helsinki
Helsinki (4) -‐ Apps4Finland: h_p://apps4ﬁnland.ﬁ/en/ -‐ Apps4Finland contest is organized for the 3rd 9me this year, with ever increasing amount of compe9ng apps, visualiza9ons, ideas and data openings. -‐ Also other organiza9ons in Helsinki have found the "virtues" of app contest, as Helsinki Region Transport Authority and Sanoma Publishing organiza9ons have also been arranging speciﬁc App contests. * Inputs from Forum Virium Helsinki
Helsinki (5) -‐ Helsinki Region Transport Authority: -‐ HRT opened its all interfaces on 2009 and today they have approximately 70 diﬀerent applica9ons and widgets developed by its developer community members. -‐ At the same 9me when opening the APIs HRT opened its own web-‐based Journey Planner which is currently one of the most popular web applica9ons in Finland. -‐ All other service development it let to the developer community, resul9ng in very heterogeneous variety of applica9ons serving with highly speciﬁed apps also the very narrow niche markets. -‐ One good example app is the Mobitransit (real-‐9me tracking of trams and buses in Helsinki) applica9on which is developed by a developer from Valencia, who has never visited Helsinki, but was able to access the HRT API through web. * Inputs from Forum Virium Helsinki
Amsterdam (2) (Source: Amsterdam Smart city / AIM*) Challenges/statements in Smart city development: Invo l veme It is nt of nd not o us gy a p aware nly a ers: te bo ut Stra adma n e ss Ro chang but also trans e and for ma t io n Business case
Connected Smart city network / http:/ etwork sn rtcitie / sma .eu
What is next? -‐ Future Internet, Ci9es and Living Labs à “City as a laboratory”* and more -‐ Collabora9on FI-‐PPP and Smart City projects -‐ FI-‐PPP phase 3 * Artur Serra, ENoLL board member
THANK YOU!!Ana Garcia European Projects European Network of Living Labs Ana.firstname.lastname@example.org @openlivinglabs email@example.com www.openlivinglabs.eu @citysdk firstname.lastname@example.org www.citysdk.eu @FI_PPP email@example.com www.fi-ppp.eu
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