Transcript of "Innovation Strategy in the Danube macroregion Renata Anna Jaksa"
Renata Anna Jaksa: Innova/on Strategy in the Danube macroregion European Network of Living Labs (ENoLL) – Launch Event for the 5th wave of Living Labs 16 May 2011 5/b Királyhágó Str. 1126 Budapest, HungaryTel: +36 1 248-1160, +36 1 248-1161; www.icegec.hFax: +36 1 319-0628 u
ICEG European Center § ICEG European Center: an independent research ins/tute based in Budapest, Hungary, founded by Dr Pál Gáspár in 2001. § Main research areas include: R&D and innova/on, informa/on society, knowledge based economy § Main clients: DG JRC, DG INFSO, DG ENTR § Unique capaci/es: a very stable expert/ins/tu/onal partnership in the Eastern EU member states – > capable of covering the whole region as coordinator or subcordinator in EU27+ research exercises 5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 BudapestHUNGARY www.icegec.hTel: +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
The presenta@on will focus at: Original plan: innova/on, service innova/on... But instead focus shi5ed towards: Is the Danube only a cover word for this strategy, or does the Danube oﬀer enough challenges for innova@on in this macro-‐region? -‐ The Danube Strategy and the role of innova/on -‐ Speciﬁc aspects of the Danube Strategy An ongoing research exercise in the framework of the EU2020: DG ENTR, InnoGrips: Global Review of Innova/on Policies , 2009-‐2012 by empirica, (DE) and ICEG European Center (HU) Two recent research projects on inland waterways, especially regarding the Danube 5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 BudapestHUNGARY www.icegec.hTel: +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
The Danube Strategy and the role of innova@on in it: European Union Strategy for Danube Region -‐ Accepted on 13 April, 2011 -‐ Key challenges iden@ﬁed by the Strategy: -‐ Mobility -‐ Energy -‐ Environment -‐ Risks (natural and industrial) -‐ Socio-‐economic (poverty, insuﬃcient level of educa/on) -‐ Security, serious and organised crime -‐ Is lack of innova@on listed? NO. -‐ Can any of these challenges be met without (local) innova@on? NO. -‐ Innova@on is listed in the Strategy as one thema@c area to develop, but indeed: -‐ Innova@on is a key enabling factor laying behind the solu@ons to any of these challenges. 5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 BudapestHUNGARY www.icegec.hTel: +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
The Danube Strategy thema@c focus: The Danube itself How important the Danube is in the Danube strategy? Because of being interlinked with so many socio-‐economic developments, Danube does oﬀer a large set of challenges for future innova@ve solu@ons. The Danube, as a river, faces mul@ple challenges: Danube as a natural ecosystem that requires on the one hand: • INNOVATIVE solu/ons to protect its wildlife and biological value (by: environment-‐ friendly agricultural, industrial, trade ac/vi/es around it) • and the Danube as a cultural en/ty, needing the protec/on of cultural heritage (by protec/ng its tradi/onal seelements, minori/es, languages, customs, etc while at the same /me allowing for informa/on society and knowledge based economy to support these goals) 5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 Budapest HUNGARY www.icegec.hTel: +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
The Danube Strategy thema@c focus: The Danube itself On the other hand: Danube as Europe s key inland waterway (2415 km) (together with the Rhine-‐Main waterways 3504 km) which needs to increase its capacity for waterway transport (freight, most importantly) by innova/ve solu/ons regarding the navigability for ships. Waterway transport is the most eco-‐friendly transporta/on way in terms of emissions (17% compared to railway+road emissions per ton-‐kilometre) (-‐> issues of Energy in the Danube Strategy), New European strategy (Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area) targeted: by 2030, 30% of road freight transport over 300 km should be put on water or railways 5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 Budapest HUNGARY www.icegec.hTel: +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
The Danube Strategy thema@c focus: The Danube itself Percentage of inland waterways freight transport in all freight transport in Europe (Eurostat) – s/ll higher for EU15 8 7 6 5 EU27 4 EU25 3 EU15 2 1 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 BudapestHUNGARY www.icegec.hTel: +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
The Danube Strategy thema@c focus: The Danube itself If we want to address these contradictory challenges (in order to save the environment while adding to economic development), innova@ve solu@ons must be ﬁnd that resolve the contradic@on. Selected key areas for innova/on that address natural and economic challenges*: -‐ Protec/on of wildlife and ecosystem while ensuring navigability (tradi/onal solu/ons would be: sweeping the riverbed, building dams). Ques/on: are there any other, innova/ve technological solu/ons? -‐ Innova/ve ships and waterways transport means -‐ Innova/ve ICT solu/ons to enhance navigablity, taking into account meteorology, accidents, and to achieve a beeer trackability of shipments -‐ Innova/ve solu/ons for trimodal transport: currently the infrastructure is fragmented and expensive -‐ Innova/ove solu/ons for ports – handling of liquid and hazardous materials, etc. -‐ Clustering economic ac/vi/es that may need waterway transport 5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 BudapestHUNGARY +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 www.icegec.hTel: u
The Danube Strategy thema@c focus: The Danube itself *: What are those economic challenges? To name a few: • Regional demand for inland waterways transport, clustering • Just-‐in-‐/me logis/cs • Lack of capital – smaller quan//es of supplies ordered • Foreseen changes in export/import demand for agricultural goods • Shioing market division due to economic recession (road transport moved into market areas tradi/onally covered by waterway/railway transport) • Poten/al to increase the share of higher value added services in waterway transport (currently: dominated by bulk goods) 5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 BudapestHUNGARY www.icegec.hTel: +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
The Danube Strategy thema@c focus: The Danube itself The above challenges call for innova/ve solu/ons in the following sectors/areas: -‐ Environment protec/on, -‐ Responsive/smart materials, -‐ Transport means and transport infrastructure, -‐ Logis/cs and supply-‐chains, -‐ ICT manufacturing (sensors, etc), -‐ ICT services, -‐ Financial services -‐ Educa/on, provision of capable workforce -‐ Business and innova/on friendly environment Ques@on: is Europe and are the relevant countries innova@ve enough in these sectors to ﬁnd the solu@ons? 5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 Budapest HUNGARY www.icegec.hTel: +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
An important geographical aspect of the Danube strategy: The Danube Strategy involves: 8 EU countries (Germany, Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Bulgaria and Romania) and 6 non-‐EU countries (Croa/a, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Ukraine and Moldova). -‐ Important to note, how the geographical coverage relate to the Danube but covers a larger area, historically, economically interlinked. -‐ Two aspects: Enlargement process of the EU + European Neighborhood Policy -‐ For Hungary, the Western Balkans and Ukraine has been key neighbouring areas, crucial for a.) historical-‐ cultural-‐social, b.) economic-‐ trade -‐ logis/cal etc. aspects. The Danube Strategy oﬀers a possibility, a chance to realise the long-‐awaited strengthening of those coopera/ons. 5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 BudapestHUNGARY www.icegec.hTel: +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
Innova@on in Europe: EU 27+ picture Propor/on of innova/ve enterprises, 2008 (%of all enterprises) Eurostat Community Innova/on Survey 2008 5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 BudapestHUNGARY www.icegec.hTel: +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
Innova@on ac@vity of these countries Total innova/on expenditure, 1000 eur Eurostat Community Innova/on Survey 2008 (Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Ukraine and Moldova not included)-‐ 120000000 100000000 80000000 60000000 40000000 20000000 0 Bulgaria Czech Germany Hungary Austria Romania Slovenia Slovakia Croa/a Republic (including former GDR from 1991) 5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 BudapestHUNGARY www.icegec.hTel: +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
Crucial points to realise the Danube Strategy: § What are the main ecological-‐natural values that must be preserved at any costs, and is there any room for compromises when it comes to realisa/on of economic advantages? § What is the maximum demand for inland waterways freight transport in Europe, and where are the shortcomings today in achieveing the realisa/on of that? (regional economic development , industry, agriculture) § What are the shortcomings in terms of human skills, development (languages, ICT, business aqtude, innova/ve capabili/es) in order to meet the challenges? § How can – and there comes a strong role for Networking Living Labs! – the role of par/cipa/ng countries other than Germany be increased in innova/on? § What are the exis/ng and missing na/onal policies and European policies to meet our goals? What are the best and worst prac/ces? Are there speciﬁc features related to the diﬀerent types of innova/on related to the sectors men/oned before? What kind of measures can be regarded as a support, or, on the contrary, as a burden for innova/on in these sectors? 5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 BudapestHUNGARY www.icegec.hTel: +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
Thank you for your aeen/on! Renata Anna Jaksa email@example.com 5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 BudapestHUNGARY www.icegec.hTel: +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
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