Renata	  Anna	  Jaksa:	  	                            Innova/on	  Strategy	  in	  the	  Danube	  macroregion	             ...
ICEG	  European	  Center	     	     § ICEG	  European	  Center:	  	  an	  independent	  research	  ins/tute	  based	  in	...
The	  presenta@on	  will	  focus	  at:	  	      Original	  plan:	  innova/on,	  service	  innova/on...	      But	  instead...
The	  Danube	  Strategy	  and	  the	  role	  of	  innova@on	  in	  it:	  	  	      European	  Union	  Strategy	  for	  Dan...
The	  Danube	  Strategy	  	  thema@c	  focus:	  	  The	  Danube	  itself	  	      How	   important	   the	   Danube	   is	...
The	  Danube	  Strategy	  	  thema@c	  focus:	  	  The	  Danube	  itself	  	       	       On	  the	  other	  hand:	  	   ...
The	  Danube	  Strategy	  	  thema@c	  focus:	  	  The	  Danube	  itself	  	     Percentage	   of	   inland	   waterways	 ...
The	  Danube	  Strategy	  	  thema@c	  focus:	  	  The	  Danube	  itself	  	       If	  we	  want	  to	  address	  these	 ...
The	  Danube	  Strategy	  	  thema@c	  focus:	  	  The	  Danube	  itself	  	      *:	  What	  are	  those	  economic	  cha...
The	  Danube	  Strategy	  	  thema@c	  focus:	  	  The	  Danube	  itself	  	        	        The	  above	  challenges	  ca...
An	  important	  geographical	  aspect	  of	  the	  Danube	  strategy:	  	      The	  Danube	  Strategy	  involves:	  	   ...
Innova@on	  in	  Europe:	  	  EU	  27+	  picture	     Propor/on	  of	  innova/ve	  enterprises,	  2008	  (%of	  all	  ente...
Innova@on	  ac@vity	  of	  these	  countries	      Total	  innova/on	  expenditure,	  1000	  eur	      Eurostat	   Communi...
Crucial	  points	  to	  realise	  the	  Danube	  Strategy:	  	     § 	  What	  are	  the	  main	  	  ecological-­‐natural...
                                                   	                                                    	                 ...
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Innovation Strategy in the Danube macroregion Renata Anna Jaksa

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ENoLL event, Budapest May 16th, 2011.

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Innovation Strategy in the Danube macroregion Renata Anna Jaksa

  1. 1. Renata  Anna  Jaksa:     Innova/on  Strategy  in  the  Danube  macroregion   European  Network  of  Living  Labs  (ENoLL)  –    Launch  Event  for  the  5th  wave  of  Living  Labs      16  May  2011  5/b Királyhágó Str. 1126 Budapest, HungaryTel: +36 1 248-1160, +36 1 248-1161; www.icegec.hFax: +36 1 319-0628 u
  2. 2. ICEG  European  Center     § ICEG  European  Center:    an  independent  research  ins/tute  based  in  Budapest,   Hungary,  founded  by  Dr  Pál  Gáspár  in  2001.       § Main  research  areas  include:    R&D  and  innova/on,  informa/on  society,   knowledge  based  economy   § Main  clients:  DG  JRC,  DG  INFSO,  DG  ENTR   § Unique  capaci/es:  a    very  stable  expert/ins/tu/onal  partnership  in  the  Eastern   EU  member  states  –  >  capable  of  covering  the  whole  region  as  coordinator  or   subcordinator  in  EU27+  research  exercises  5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 BudapestHUNGARY www.icegec.hTel: +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
  3. 3. The  presenta@on  will  focus  at:     Original  plan:  innova/on,  service  innova/on...   But  instead  focus  shi5ed  towards:  Is  the  Danube  only  a  cover  word  for  this  strategy,  or   does  the  Danube  offer  enough  challenges  for  innova@on  in  this  macro-­‐region?     -­‐  The  Danube  Strategy  and  the  role  of  innova/on   -­‐  Specific  aspects  of  the  Danube  Strategy   An   ongoing   research   exercise   in   the   framework   of   the   EU2020:     DG   ENTR,   InnoGrips:   Global   Review   of     Innova/on     Policies   ,   2009-­‐2012   by   empirica,   (DE)   and   ICEG   European  Center  (HU)   Two  recent  research  projects  on  inland  waterways,  especially  regarding  the  Danube  5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 BudapestHUNGARY www.icegec.hTel: +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
  4. 4. The  Danube  Strategy  and  the  role  of  innova@on  in  it:       European  Union  Strategy  for  Danube  Region  -­‐  Accepted  on  13  April,  2011   -­‐  Key  challenges  iden@fied  by  the  Strategy:     -­‐  Mobility   -­‐  Energy     -­‐  Environment   -­‐  Risks  (natural  and  industrial)   -­‐  Socio-­‐economic  (poverty,    insufficient  level  of  educa/on)   -­‐  Security,  serious  and  organised  crime   -­‐  Is  lack  of  innova@on  listed?  NO.     -­‐  Can  any  of  these  challenges  be  met  without  (local)  innova@on?  NO.     -­‐  Innova@on  is  listed  in  the  Strategy  as  one  thema@c  area  to  develop,  but  indeed:   -­‐  Innova@on   is   a   key   enabling   factor   laying   behind   the   solu@ons   to   any   of   these   challenges.    5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 BudapestHUNGARY www.icegec.hTel: +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
  5. 5. The  Danube  Strategy    thema@c  focus:    The  Danube  itself     How   important   the   Danube   is   in   the   Danube   strategy?   Because   of   being   interlinked   with   so   many   socio-­‐economic   developments,   Danube   does   offer   a   large   set   of   challenges  for  future  innova@ve  solu@ons.       The  Danube,  as  a  river,    faces  mul@ple  challenges:       Danube  as  a  natural  ecosystem  that  requires  on  the  one  hand:       •  INNOVATIVE  solu/ons  to  protect  its  wildlife  and  biological  value  (by:  environment-­‐ friendly  agricultural,  industrial,  trade  ac/vi/es  around  it)         •  and  the  Danube  as  a  cultural  en/ty,  needing  the  protec/on  of  cultural  heritage  (by   protec/ng   its   tradi/onal   seelements,   minori/es,   languages,   customs,   etc   while   at   the   same   /me   allowing   for   informa/on   society   and   knowledge   based   economy   to   support  these  goals)  5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 Budapest  HUNGARY www.icegec.hTel:    +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
  6. 6. The  Danube  Strategy    thema@c  focus:    The  Danube  itself       On  the  other  hand:       Danube   as   Europe s   key   inland   waterway   (2415   km)   (together   with   the   Rhine-­‐Main   waterways   3504   km)   which   needs   to   increase   its   capacity   for   waterway   transport   (freight,   most   importantly)   by   innova/ve   solu/ons   regarding   the   navigability   for   ships.       Waterway   transport   is   the   most   eco-­‐friendly   transporta/on   way   in   terms   of   emissions   (17%  compared  to  railway+road  emissions  per  ton-­‐kilometre)    (-­‐>  issues  of  Energy  in   the  Danube  Strategy),       New   European   strategy   (Roadmap   to   a   Single   European   Transport   Area)   targeted:   by   2030,  30%  of  road  freight  transport  over  300  km  should  be  put  on  water  or  railways      5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 Budapest  HUNGARY www.icegec.hTel:    +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
  7. 7. The  Danube  Strategy    thema@c  focus:    The  Danube  itself     Percentage   of   inland   waterways   freight   transport   in   all   freight   transport   in   Europe   (Eurostat)  –  s/ll  higher  for  EU15       8   7   6   5   EU27   4   EU25   3   EU15   2   1   0   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009  5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 BudapestHUNGARY www.icegec.hTel: +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
  8. 8. The  Danube  Strategy    thema@c  focus:    The  Danube  itself     If  we  want  to  address  these  contradictory  challenges  (in  order  to  save  the  environment   while   adding   to   economic   development),   innova@ve   solu@ons   must   be   find   that   resolve  the  contradic@on.     Selected  key  areas  for  innova/on  that  address  natural  and  economic  challenges*:     -­‐  Protec/on   of   wildlife   and   ecosystem   while   ensuring   navigability   (tradi/onal   solu/ons   would   be:   sweeping   the   riverbed,   building   dams).   Ques/on:   are   there   any   other,  innova/ve  technological  solu/ons?     -­‐  Innova/ve  ships  and  waterways  transport  means   -­‐  Innova/ve   ICT   solu/ons   to   enhance   navigablity,   taking   into   account   meteorology,   accidents,  and  to  achieve  a  beeer  trackability  of  shipments   -­‐  Innova/ve   solu/ons   for   trimodal   transport:   currently   the   infrastructure   is   fragmented  and  expensive     -­‐  Innova/ove  solu/ons  for  ports  –  handling  of  liquid  and  hazardous  materials,  etc.     -­‐  Clustering  economic  ac/vi/es  that  may  need  waterway  transport      5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 BudapestHUNGARY    +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 www.icegec.hTel: u
  9. 9. The  Danube  Strategy    thema@c  focus:    The  Danube  itself     *:  What  are  those  economic  challenges?  To  name  a  few:       •  Regional  demand  for  inland  waterways  transport,  clustering   •  Just-­‐in-­‐/me  logis/cs   •  Lack  of  capital  –  smaller  quan//es  of  supplies  ordered   •  Foreseen  changes  in  export/import  demand  for  agricultural  goods   •  Shioing   market   division   due   to   economic   recession   (road   transport   moved   into   market  areas  tradi/onally  covered  by  waterway/railway  transport)   •  Poten/al  to  increase  the  share  of  higher  value  added  services  in  waterway  transport   (currently:  dominated  by  bulk  goods)          5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 BudapestHUNGARY www.icegec.hTel: +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
  10. 10. The  Danube  Strategy    thema@c  focus:    The  Danube  itself       The  above  challenges  call  for  innova/ve  solu/ons  in  the  following  sectors/areas:       -­‐  Environment  protec/on,     -­‐  Responsive/smart  materials,     -­‐  Transport  means  and  transport  infrastructure,     -­‐  Logis/cs  and  supply-­‐chains,     -­‐  ICT  manufacturing  (sensors,  etc),   -­‐  ICT  services,     -­‐  Financial  services   -­‐  Educa/on,  provision  of  capable  workforce   -­‐  Business  and  innova/on  friendly  environment   Ques@on:  is  Europe  and  are  the  relevant  countries  innova@ve  enough  in  these  sectors   to  find  the  solu@ons?      5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 Budapest  HUNGARY www.icegec.hTel:    +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
  11. 11. An  important  geographical  aspect  of  the  Danube  strategy:     The  Danube  Strategy  involves:     8   EU   countries   (Germany,   Austria,   Hungary,   Czech   Republic,   Slovak   Republic,   Slovenia,   Bulgaria  and  Romania)  and     6  non-­‐EU  countries  (Croa/a,  Serbia,  Bosnia  and  Herzegovina,  Montenegro,  Ukraine  and   Moldova).   -­‐  Important  to  note,  how  the  geographical  coverage  relate  to  the  Danube  but  covers   a  larger  area,  historically,  economically  interlinked.     -­‐  Two  aspects:  Enlargement  process  of  the  EU  +  European  Neighborhood  Policy   -­‐  For  Hungary,  the  Western  Balkans    and  Ukraine  has  been  key    neighbouring  areas,   crucial  for  a.)  historical-­‐  cultural-­‐social,  b.)  economic-­‐  trade  -­‐  logis/cal  etc.  aspects.     The   Danube   Strategy   offers   a   possibility,   a   chance   to   realise   the   long-­‐awaited   strengthening  of  those  coopera/ons.    5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 BudapestHUNGARY www.icegec.hTel: +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
  12. 12. Innova@on  in  Europe:    EU  27+  picture   Propor/on  of  innova/ve  enterprises,  2008  (%of  all  enterprises)     Eurostat  Community  Innova/on  Survey  2008    5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 BudapestHUNGARY www.icegec.hTel: +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
  13. 13. Innova@on  ac@vity  of  these  countries   Total  innova/on  expenditure,  1000  eur   Eurostat   Community   Innova/on   Survey   2008   (Serbia,   Bosnia   and   Herzegovina,   Montenegro,  Ukraine  and  Moldova  not  included)-­‐       120000000   100000000   80000000   60000000   40000000   20000000   0   Bulgaria   Czech   Germany   Hungary   Austria   Romania   Slovenia   Slovakia   Croa/a   Republic   (including     former   GDR  from   1991)  5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 BudapestHUNGARY www.icegec.hTel: +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
  14. 14. Crucial  points  to  realise  the  Danube  Strategy:     §   What  are  the  main    ecological-­‐natural  values  that  must  be  preserved  at  any  costs,  and  is  there  any   room  for  compromises  when  it  comes  to  realisa/on  of  economic  advantages?       § What  is  the  maximum  demand  for  inland  waterways  freight  transport  in  Europe,  and  where  are   the  shortcomings  today  in  achieveing  the  realisa/on  of  that?  (regional  economic  development  ,   industry,  agriculture)   § What  are  the  shortcomings  in  terms  of  human  skills,  development  (languages,  ICT,  business   aqtude,  innova/ve  capabili/es)  in  order  to  meet  the  challenges?     § How  can  –  and  there  comes  a  strong  role  for  Networking  Living  Labs!  –  the  role  of  par/cipa/ng   countries  other  than  Germany  be  increased  in  innova/on?     § What  are  the  exis/ng  and  missing  na/onal  policies  and  European  policies  to  meet  our  goals?    What   are  the  best  and  worst  prac/ces?  Are  there  specific  features  related  to  the  different  types  of   innova/on  related  to  the  sectors  men/oned  before?  What  kind  of  measures  can  be  regarded  as  a   support,  or,  on  the  contrary,  as  a  burden  for  innova/on  in  these  sectors?    5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 BudapestHUNGARY www.icegec.hTel: +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
  15. 15.         Thank  you  for  your  aeen/on!   Renata  Anna  Jaksa   rajaksa@icegec.hu      5/B Kiralyhago Street H -1126 BudapestHUNGARY www.icegec.hTel: +36 1 248-1160 Fax: +36 1 319-0628 u
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