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EU Russia Innovation Forum 2011 …

EU Russia Innovation Forum 2011
May 24, 2011

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  • 1. The Vision of Revolution 2020 24.5.2011 From Closed Systems to Open Data and Information Harri Luuppala, Owner Open Invest Oy V 1.2 (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki KamppuriAll trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 2. My relevant background● Born 1958, Vammala, Finland● Last 20y Tieto Corp. ● Telecom, Banking, Insurance, Media, Manufacturing ● Biz in Nordics, Baltics, UK, US, China, Portugal,... ● Founder of Mobile Phone SW RD Biz incl. Outsourcing biz (Nokia, Nokia Siemens Networks)● Before Tieto ● Instrumentarium ● Valmet / Metso (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki Kamppuri All trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 3. From Closed Systems to Open Data and Information Open Data &Playground Vision 2020 InformationDemand Supply All technology is available.A Brief Some But are weHistory Stories ready? (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki Kamppuri All trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 4. Part 1 Playground (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki KamppuriAll trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 5. You need to understand my reasonings – so be patient!● Markets with Asymmetric Information● Information Theory● From Open Source to Open Data● Disruptive Ideas and Ability to Vision● We need a solution for Asymmetric Information!● WEB 2.0 is coming – are you ready? (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki Kamppuri All trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 6. Markets with Asymmetric Information● Akerlof, Spence, Stigliz, Nobel Prize 2001● Realistic assumtion of Asymmetric Information (AI): Agents on one side of the market have much better information than those on the other side. ● Akerlof: ”lemons paper” = study of used car markets Sociology, Social antropology … → Economic Theory of AI ● Spence: – Market Signaling i.e education is signaling of productivity on labor markets – New theory of Industrial Organisation ● Stiglitz: – Insurance company as the uninformed party gets information through screening of customers i.e. risk classes (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki Kamppuri All trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 7. Information TheoryChannel theoryMaximum mutual information/Channel capacity:Coding theory, two aspects namely: Data compression (or, source coding) Error correction (or, channel coding) (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki Kamppuri All trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 8. Distruptive Ideas 1. The World first major competition won by a voluntary SMS campain started by Finnish youths! Won for Finns enabled by the SMS campaign 2. Huffington Post guessed in Jan 2011 and NOW WE KNOW, there is a TREND! The Revolution enabled by Facebook 3. Vision 2020 Solution for Asymmetric Infor- mation by Open DataMay 9, 2005, as a commentary outlet and alternative to news websites like the Drudge Report.[3] On February 7, 2011, AOL acquired The Huffington Post for US$315 millionmaking Arianna Huffington editor-in-chief of The Huffington Post Media Group (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki Kamppuri All trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 9. We need a solution for Asymmetric Information!Huffington Post May 22, 2011 (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki Kamppuri All trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 10. Web 2.0 is coming – are you ready? Tommi Mikkonen, Antero Taivalsaari (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki Kamppuri All trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 11. Finnish Road to Open IT A Brief History● Finnish Goverment decided 1989 to use only Open Systems. Project (1987-1989) was called T-90 or Toimisto-90 ● At that time Denmark and Sweden did similar decisions. The standard was a guide for buyers: – Buy Unix and later on Posix compatible (i.e. OS/2) for Servers... – Relational Databases (Oracle got a strong position in Finland) – Open Standards for documents/data ● ISO 8859/1 character set preferred● Government and Industry moved to Unix based servers 1986-2006. ● Peak was 1993-2000 – the depression 1993 and Euro+Y2K before 2000 pushed organisations to Unix (and OS/2) based Open Systems ● Today trend is to Linux based systems (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki Kamppuri All trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 12. Part 2Open Data and Information (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki KamppuriAll trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 13. From Open Source to Open Data● Open Source ● SW: Kermit → LibreOffice● Open Systems ● OS: Unix → Linux (Unix = many unixes)● Open Standards ● DeJure (OSI, IEEE, Oasis,...) – ISO i.e. OSI, IEEE i.e. Posix, Oasis i.e. ODF ● DeFacto (Linux, ...) – Finnish Linus Torvalds had no money to buy IEEE Posix std → he used instead Open Solaris (Sun) as the base for Linux● Open Interfaces (API, M2M, A2A, HCI,..) ● Data Catalog, Interface(s), Metadata, Version and Lifecycle mgmt● Open Data (vs Closed Data) ● Public or Private (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki Kamppuri All trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 14. Open Data● Open science data ● No common agreed definition ● The International Council of Scientific Unions (now the International Council for Science) established several World Data Centers to – minimize the risk of data loss and – to maximize data accessibility, – further recommending in 1955 that data be made available in machine-readable form● Creators of data often do not consider the need to state the conditions of ownership, licensing and re-use. ● However the lack of a license makes it difficult to determine the status of a data set and may restrict the use of data offered in an Open spirit. ● Because of this uncertainty it is also possible for public or private organizations such as IEEE to aggregate said data, protect it with copyright and then resell it. --> OPEN ≠ FREE (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki Kamppuri All trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 15. History of Public Open Data - a Finnish point of viewFI 1989 Open Systems (Unix, RDBMS,...)FI 1994 Collect data once only (STP)FI 2008 Somus (Social media R&D)FI 2009 eAMSUS 2009 Open GovernmentUK 2009 Digital BritainFI 2009 Public eServices & eAdministrationFI 2009 Apps for Democracy FinlandFI 2010 Public Open Data GuideFI 2011 The State owned Broadcasting Company YLE decided to Open Data (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki Kamppuri All trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 16. EU PSI Directive (2003) (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki KamppuriAll trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 17. Open Data in Finland: data.suomi.fi Public Open Data, Finland Data Catalog = All public open data is listed here Public Open Data – the guide published in Feb 2010 http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=102381085627 (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki KamppuriAll trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 18. Gov Open Data Unfortunately Gov pages only in Finnish (May 2011) (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki KamppuriAll trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 19. Apps for Democracy Finland Winner 2009 Brances and Leafs: Budget and Spending Roots: Income (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki KamppuriAll trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 20. Apps for Democracy Finland Prize (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki Kamppuri All trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 21. Finnish Government has a well defined architecture to serve● FI State Treasury: http://www.netra.fi All data could be availlable from the same service-point (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki Kamppuri All trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 22. Government Archive Standard: Sähke2Will lead from imitation of static paper document to a dynamic decision support system (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki Kamppuri All trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 23. Open Data - SUPRISE Case 1 - ClimategateClimate scientists and organisations pledged to restore public confidence in the researchprocess by improving data management and opening up access to data (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki Kamppuri All trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 24. Open Data - RESPONSIBILITY Case 2 – Finnish Hunters + FB Hunting card ––license to kill. Hunting card license to kill. Possible owner of aalegal gun. Possible owner of legal gun. Approval ApprovalOfficial test Official test + License to steal License to steal = ?Register of Hunting Cards Register of Hunting CardsThis issue (hunting card + fb) is raised by Ilkka Lehtinen / COSS (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki Kamppuri All trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 25. Open Data – EARLY BIRDCase 3 – Proposal Phase Proposal from Ministry of Transportation and Communication 2011 Availability and reusability of Public data Right to use and mainly free of charge Common Metadata and Data Catalog Networking and reward to open public data (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki KamppuriAll trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 26. KAMU (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki KamppuriAll trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 27. Vaalilupausarkisto (Promised by politicians) (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki KamppuriAll trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 28. Journey Planner (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki KamppuriAll trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 29. Tilannehuone Situation Room (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki KamppuriAll trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 30. Boost innovationsFrom single sheet to complex ideas (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki Kamppuri All trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 31. Boost innovationsFrom single sheet to complex ideas (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki Kamppuri All trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 32. Identified challanges for Government of Finland● External ● Demand from EU, cizisens and other learers of information society (UK, Sweden, US...) to Open Data ● Licenses/agreements to reuse data as Open Data● Internal ● Pricing models – high prices → low usage → few users → few innovations / benefits for society ● Uncompatible systems → unnecessary costs → higher prices and poor information i.e. Healtcare ● Missing definitions / agreements for ownership and copyrights of government data ● Missing open infrastructure of information i.e. Data Catalogs → diffuclt to find Data Sets ● Poor technical structure for reuse of data ● Missing culture/attitude/reward and target setting models to open data (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki Kamppuri All trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 33. Part 3 Vision 2020 (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki KamppuriAll trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 34. WEB 2020Tommi Mikkonen, Antero Taivalsaari (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki Kamppuri All trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 35. Idea of Pöyry (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki KamppuriAll trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 36. Mashup w/ Qt Tommi Mikkonen (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki KamppuriAll trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 37. Vision 2020 Open Data (c) 2011 Luuppala, KamppuriSolutions for Asymmetric Information! + Wisdom MashupOpenStreetMap.org = Signaling Innovations Screening Knowledge Data Catalog = Interface to RussiaMashup InformationData Catalog Maximum mutual Information/Metadata Channel capacity DataDatabase Location People Job (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki Kamppuri All trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners
  • 38. Thank you! (c) 2011 Harri Luuppala, Heikki KamppuriAll trademarks, images, and other referenced materials are the property of their respective owners