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Estonian Space Policy in Global Space Community: New Space Nation is Emerging Estonia Finland Russia Alar Kolk & Madis Võõras IAC 2009, Daejeon
Estonia Finland Russia Estonian Success Indicators: World Index of Economic Freedom Rankings 2008: 12. Finland (16) Global Capital Hospitality: (7) World Competitiveness Scoreboard 2008: 23. France (24), UK (21) Internet usage by individuals: 68% Internet usage by enterprises of 10+ employees: 98% Schools having broadband connection: 100% Mobile Phone Subscriptions per 100 Inhabitants 2007: 149 e-elections, e-government, e-tax board, e-police: e-school NATO member, EU Member
Estonian Space HISTORY & PATH Estonia has long-standing experience in astronomy and space science. Estonian history of space science dates back to 19th century (first measurement of stellar parallax, Vega; the best refractor telescope of this time was built in Estonia in 1824). The corner of the Estonian cosmological research is the Tartu Observatory which was founded in 1812. This famous 9 inch refractor was the largest and the most modern refractor in the world in 1820s . F. G. W. Struve was the author of most famous works that have been done using Fraunhofer's refractor.
Estonian Space HISTORY & PATH Estonia actively participated in the Soviet space program but Estonia’s contribution was in no way confined to producing squeeze-tube food for the astronauts…
Estonian Space HISTORY & PATH Estonian scientists have designed sophisticated research equipment. The Tartu Observatory is the largest astronomical observatory in Estonia . 1812 2010
Estonian Space HISTORY & PATH Estonian scientists have designed sophisticated research equipment. The Tartu Observatory is the largest astronomical observatory in Estonia and acknowledged space research competence centre. 1802 2010 Structure of galaxies
Estonian Space TODAY & NEEDS Sat-parking Public Needs & Service Innovation. Development of New Industry Sector. Quality Research in Academia. Emerging Platforms like GMES & Galileo. Rising Public Awareness (e.g. Google, Mobile location). Enabling Technologies (GPS + ICT).
Estonian Space Policy Rationale Science Government: Services & applications Industry
Estonian Space VISION & FUTURE Visioon 2015 1 : «Space technology & applications improve the functionality of Estonian society and develop tomorrow’s economy. Estonia is a member of ESA by 2015. In the unique partnership Estonia will focus on activities enhancing our society needs and foster high technology development ». Radio Telescope produced by Vertex Estonia (50% General Dynamics).
Estonian Space Industry ESA PARTNERSHIP Estonia is the first of the countries that have recently joined the EU and signed a Cooperation Agreement with ESA (2007) . Estonia will become a European Cooperating State . ( 2009 , Nov) . The purpose of the first Agreement was to establish a legal framework for initial cooperation, change information and people in the areas of: Space research ; Earth observation ; Telecommunication ; Microgravity research ; Technology development ; Ground station & systems.
Estonian Space POLICY OBJECTIVES 3. Deliver world-class science by developing the local space activities and exploiting international expertise. 1. Develop the potential for economic wealth growth from space related activities by facilitating competitive business environment. 2. Deliver public services in partnership with institutions from the Government, private sector and academia to exploit the technologies and activities of space.
Estonian Space RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT Estonia has a good quality of basic and applied research in the following fields that are relevant for space applications: Remote sensing; Atmospheric research Astrophysics; Oceanography; Radiometry; Optical (including laser) instrumentation; Information technology . Regio Ltd. geo-information systems and positioning based services are available for 200 mil customers in LBS market.
Estonian Space FOCUS R&D 1 TOWARDS AN ESTONIAN SPACE POLICY & STRATEGY * Hyperspectral FLS LiDAR System, LDI Ltd.
The key areas of research and development in the Estonian space system 1 :
Satellite Communication, Navigation & Positioning
Space Science & Exploration
Estonian Space BUSINESS Science 1 TOWARDS AN ESTONIAN SPACE POLICY & STRATEGY Further R&D activities directed to be concentrated into five domains of Estonian public sector 1 : • Agriculture & Forestry; • Safety & Security; • Transport; • Tourism & Recreation; • Health & Environment. Estonian forests and sea monitoring system.
Estonian Space BUSINESS Science 1 TOWARDS AN ESTONIAN SPACE POLICY & STRATEGY Further R&D activities directed to be concentrated into five domains of Estonian public sector 1 : • Agriculture & Forestry; • Safety & Security; • Transport; • Tourism & Recreation; • Health & Environment.
International Cooperation Space Awarness and Learning Applied Research & Education Earth Observation Satellite Communication, Navigation and Positioning Estonian Space Program Estonian Space Board Space Office Enterprise Estonia Research Institutions: Tartu Observatory Space TAK University of Tartu Tallinn University of Technology, etc. Space Science & Exploration Estonian Space System & Governance
Awarness & Technology Demonstration Application Feasibility Applied Research & Development of Applications Innovation & Business Model Development GMES & Galileo Application and Business Model Demonstration Financed under Enterprise Estonia Innovation Awarness Program Basic Science European Space Agency (ESA) Project Portfolio Financed under PECS Charter 2010 – 2014: Methodology Development Phase; Application & Services Development Phase Private & Enterprise Estonia, Development Fund Project Portfolio Financed under Internationalisation Programs Financed by Key Agencies under Enterprise Estonia R&D Program Estonian Space Program & Institutions
Estonian Space Policy NEXT STEPS CONCLUSIONS Identification of Public Applications & Requirements; ESA- PECS program operationalisation (G-I-A); Sustainable research infrastructure; Exploitation & integration of GMES & Galileo resources; R ising public awareness by activation of third sector; Public policy agreement. The MSS 6000. Estonian Border Guard Aviation Group is a fully integrated system including remote sensing systems & high-speed satellite data link and direction finder.
Estonian Space Policy White Paper (2010 – 2020)
SPACE DOWNSTREAM SERVICES 2010 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE BOOSTING THE COMPETITIVENESS OF BUSINESS & SCIENCE: SATELLITE SERVICES IN MODERN SOCIETY 6-7 May 2010 Tallinn, Estonia