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Fifth Class - The Simple Present Tense
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Fifth Class - The Simple Present Tense

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  • 1. Basic Level English Course September 4 th , 2010 The Simple Present Tense
  • 2.
    • To talk about routines, or true statements in general, using the Simple Present tense.
    • Hablar de rutinas, o afirmaciones verdaderas en general, usando el tiempo Presente Simple
  • 3.
    • PERSONAL PRONOUNS
    • SIMPLE PRESENT VERBS
    • I
    • You
    • He
    • She
    • It
    • We
    • You
    • They
    • do/have/walk/watch
    • do/have/walk/watch
    • does / has /walk s /watch es
    • does / has /walk s /watch es
    • does / has /walk s /watch es
    • do/have/walk/watch
    • do/have/walk/watch
    • do/have/walk/watch
  • 4.
    • IT’S USED TO TALK ABOUT TRUE STATEMENTS IN GENERAL
    • IT’S USED TO TALK ABOUT THINGS THAT HAPPEN EVERY DAY OR AS A ROUTINE
    • I have a car.
    • The sun rises in the East.
    • The sun sets in the West
    • Denice and I go to work by bus.
    • I get up at 5:00 AM every day.
    • Denice goes to the gym on Mondays and Wednesdays.
  • 5. S = /S/ Ta ke – Take s wal k – walk s Spea k – Speak s ---------- Voiceless final consonants: No vibration in vocal chords Pronounce the plural /S/ S = /Z/ Li ve – Live s G o – Go es Carr y – Carr i es Rea d - Read s ---------- Voiced final consonant : Vowel sounds (a,e,i,o,u): Vibration in vocal chords Pronounce the plural /Z/ S = /IZ/ Watch – Watch es Use – Use s Close – Clos es ---------- Sibilant final sounds (s,z,sh,ch,x…sounds): Pronounce an extra syllable Pronounce the plural /IZ/ Irregular Pronunciation Do – Does Say – Says Have – Has ---------- Some verbs have irregular pronunciation
  • 6.  
  • 7.
    • Grammar Notes:
    • doesn’t = does not/ don’t = do not
    • BASE FORM = SIMPLE FORM of the Verb
    • For negative sentences and questions in the Simple Present Tense, the auxiliary verbs DO/DOES play the 3 rd Person Singular function, and the MAIN VERBS remain in their BASE FORMS
    • For questions (YES/NO or WH-Questions), there is SUBJECT/VERB inversion. This time the auxiliary verbs DO/DOES are placed first, and the SUBJECT (Roger/You) follows them. The MAIN VERBS follow the SUBJECT (Roger/You). They remain in the BASE FORM (†)
    • Notas Gramaticales:
    • doesn’t = does not/ don’t = do not
    • FORMA BASE = FORMA SIMPLE del verbo
    • Para oraciones negativas y preguntas en el Presente Simple, los auxiliares DO/DOES hacen la función de la 3 ra Persona Singular, y los VERBOS PRINCIPALES permanecen en su FORMA BASE
    • Para preguntas (YES/NO or WH-Questions), hay una inversión de SUJETO/VERBO. Esta vez, los verbos auxiliares DO/DOES se colocan primero, y el SUJETO (Roger/You) los siguen. Los VERBOS PRINCIPALES siguen a los SUJETOS (Roger/You). Estos permanecen en su FORMA BASE (†)
    Examples/Ejemplos
  • 8.
    • Affirmative Sentences:
      • Roger work s at night
      • You study on weekdays
    • Negative Sentences:
      • Roger doesn’t work in the morning (†)
      • You don’t study on weekends (†)
    • Yes/No Questions & Short Answers:
      • Does Roger work every day? (†)
        • Yes, he does /No, he doesn’t
      • Do you study at the university? (†)
        • Yes, I do /No, I don’t
    • WH -Questions (Information Questions):
      • What does Roger do at night? (†)
      • He works at night
      • What do you study on weekdays? (†)
      • I study Medicine at San Marcos
    Examples/Ejemplos
  • 9.
    • Conversation/
    • Conversación
    Roger: Let’s go to the movies on Saturday? Sylvester: Ok, but not too late . I get up early on weekdays, I work all day, and sleep late . I have to take it easy…You know... Roger: What time do you go to bed on Saturday? Sylverster: At nine o’ clock Roger: Oh, that’s early . I go to bed at midnight. Sylvester: Do you have dinner late ? Roger: Yeah, I do, but let’s go to an early movie in the afternoon (… let’s say “The Expendables…”), have dinner at Chili’s at six o’ clock, and we go home early . Sylvester: Yeah… Let’s do that…!!! Note : early = Temprano late = Tarde let’s + VERB = Vamos a + VERBO you know… = Tu sabes… too = muy/también
  • 10.
    • Conversation
    • Conversación
    You: Let’s go to…on… Your friend: Ok, but… You: What time do you…?