1                                12 May 2011                                Open Data Development CampOpen Data Opportunit...
2                                   12 May 2011                                   Open Data Development CampTNO connects p...
3                           12 May 2011                           Open Data Development CampTNO is active in.. Open Data  ...
4                               12 May 2011                               Open Data Development CampAgenda Learn     Inter...
5                     10                     12 May 2011                     Tijs van den Broek                     Open D...
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7                                  10                                  12 May 2011                                  Tijs v...
8                                  12 May 2011                                  Open Data Development CampOpen data strate...
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12                           12 May 2011                           Open Data Development CampAgenda Learn     Internationa...
13                                     12 May 2011                                     Open Data Development CampOpen Data...
14                     12 May 2011                     Open Data Development CampExamples in the Development Sector
15                           12 May 2011                           Open Data Development CampAgenda Learn     Internationa...
16                                   12 May 2011                                   Open Data Development CampIdentify your...
17                                          12 May 2011                                          Open Data Development Cam...
18                                    12 May 2011                                    Open Data Development CampOpportuniti...
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Open Data Opportunities in the Development Sector - Marijn Rijken - TNO

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Open Data Opportunities in the Development Sector - Marijn Rijken - TNO

  1. 1. 1 12 May 2011 Open Data Development CampOpen Data Opportunities in the DevelopmentSectorBas.Kotterink@tno.nl & Marijn.Rijken@tno.nlWorkshop at ODDC12 May 2011
  2. 2. 2 12 May 2011 Open Data Development CampTNO connects people and knowledge to create innovations that boost thesustainable competitiveness of industry and well-being of society.
  3. 3. 3 12 May 2011 Open Data Development CampTNO is active in.. Open Data Innovation for Development Policy Research Sustainable Energy & Climate Web science ICT Open Data Architecture Food & Agro Health
  4. 4. 4 12 May 2011 Open Data Development CampAgenda Learn International comparison of open data strategies (contact tijs.vandenbroek@tno.nl for more info) GetInspired Open Data Opportunities in the Development Sector Act Identify your own opportunities and develop a first strategic approach
  5. 5. 5 10 12 May 2011 Tijs van den Broek Open Data Development CampOpen data momentum in the Netherlands
  6. 6. 6 10 12 May 2011 Tijs van den Broek Open Data Development CampMany agencies, however, seem to hesitate...Ministry of interior asked TNO to study open data policies in six countries:US, UK, Australia, Denmark, Spain and Estonia (not enough evidence).Research questions: Strategy: what open data strategies are in place? Implementation: what instruments are in place to implement these strategies? Drivers and barriers: what drives or hampers the implementation of open data policies? Effects: what are the effects of open data policies? Advice: what can the Dutch government learn from these international experiences?
  7. 7. 7 10 12 May 2011 Tijs van den Broek Open Data Development CampOpen data strategies Public services and democracy are the most important goals
  8. 8. 8 12 May 2011 Open Data Development CampOpen data strategy: democracy The transparency of Open Data helps a society to build a democracy and execute their rights “…We will work together to ensure the public trust and establish a system of transparency, public participation, and collaboration. Openness will strengthen our democracy and promote efficiency and effectiviness in Government”
  9. 9. 9 10 12 May 2011 Tijs van den Broek Open Data Development CampOpen data implementation Policy instruments focused on: External change, e.g. stimulating Re-use of PSI Internal change, e.g. preparing governments to open up Countries showed a broad mix of policy instruments: Education & training: guidelines, awards, knowledge exchange Voluntary approaches: policy programmes, publication schedules, Economic instruments: hackdays, App contests, financing open data portals Legislation and control: PSI law, FoI law, standards, monitoring
  10. 10. 10 10 12 May 2011 Tijs van den Broek Open Data Development CampOpen data drivers & barriers# Top 10 drivers Top 10 barriers1 Strategies and experiences in front runner Closed government culture countries2 Political leadership Privacy legislation3 Regional initiatives Limited quality of data4 Citizen initiatives Limited user-friendliness/info overload5 Market initiatives. Lack of standardisation of open data policy.6 Emerging technologies. Security threats.7 European legislation. Existing charging models.8 Thought leaders Uncertain economic impact.9 Possibility of monitoring government Digital divide.10 Budgets cuts. Network overload.
  11. 11. 11 10 12 May 2011 Tijs van den Broek Open Data Development CampOpen data effects Economic, Efficient/Effective government, Democratic, Social Little empirical evidence! Too early? Evidence needed on micro level (i.e. case study) to determine effects Policy Sharing Practice Impact Significant progress measurement Progress Some key shortcomings
  12. 12. 12 12 May 2011 Open Data Development CampAgenda Learn International comparison of open data strategies GetInspired Open Data Opportunities in the Development Sector Act Identify your own opportunities and develop a first strategic approach
  13. 13. 13 12 May 2011 Open Data Development CampOpen Data to address challenges in thedevelopment sector Current challenges in development sector: cooperation including public-private partnerships harmonisation of programmes in the field participation & ownership in the South public support & transparency (public concerns on efficiency of spending, and effectiveness of programs), financing programs Open Data can help to address these challenges!
  14. 14. 14 12 May 2011 Open Data Development CampExamples in the Development Sector
  15. 15. 15 12 May 2011 Open Data Development CampAgenda Learn International comparison of open data strategies GetInspired Open Data Opportunities in the Development Sector Act Identify your own opportunities and develop a first strategic approach
  16. 16. 16 12 May 2011 Open Data Development CampIdentify your own opportunities and develop afirst strategic approach Indentify your own top 3 drivers and barriers Define your most promising opportunity for your own context To take home: consider the following steps in your approach 1. analyse: how open are you? 2. define your objective (do you really want it?) 3. form a multi-disciplinary team and consider partners 4. start in a vertical or horizontal
  17. 17. 17 12 May 2011 Open Data Development CampDrivers and Barriers mentioned by workshopparticipants (incomplete list) Drivers Barriers Show donors impact of work Large size of the organizations Creative re-use of data by others involved Political will at ministry of Foreign Awareness on benefits of open Affairs data at leaders and employees Transparency Privacy concerns and regulations Response and participation Security issues Currently there is lot’s of We are not really open yet momentum and will around open Cost data in society. Required technical know how Fear of too low data quality or outdated data.
  18. 18. 18 12 May 2011 Open Data Development CampOpportunities of open data identified byworkshop participants (incomplete list) To create awareness on environmental impact and charge the polluter Open data from Ugandan government to boost local entrepreneurship and increase government transparency and accountability Improve budgetary processes in developing countries and increase transparency towards donors Harmonization of fragmented interventions in the field (e.g. 600 NGO’s active in Kibera slum in Nairobi)

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