Open Education and the Future - TEDxNYED

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Talk delivered at TEDxNYED about the role of new media and technology in the future of education, and the relationship between openness and education.

Talk delivered at TEDxNYED about the role of new media and technology in the future of education, and the relationship between openness and education.

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  • CC By-SA Photo from http://www.flickr.com/photos/majorvols/2772682741/
  • Public domain photo from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:T_Jefferson_by_Charles_Willson_Peale_1791_2.jpg
  • CC By Photo from http://www.flickr.com/photos/bogdansuditu/2892806613/
  • CC By Photo by David Wiley
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Transcript

  • 1. Open Education and the Future
    David Wiley, PhD
    Brigham Young University
    David O. McKay School of Education
    Instructional Psychology and Technology
  • 2. Openness… In Education?
    Let’s begin by defining terms
  • 3. Open, adj.
    Describes educational artifacts
  • 4. Open Textbooks
    Open Educational Resources
    Open Courseware
  • 5. Open, adj.
    Teaching materials freely shared with permissions to engage in the “4R” activities
  • 6. The 4Rs
    Reuse
    Redistribute
    Revise
    Remix
  • 7. While Nouns Differ…
    The operationalizing actions are the same
  • 8. Open, adj.
    Generous, sharing, giving
  • 9. Your Inner Two-year Old
    Overcoming the impulse to scream
    “Mine!”
  • 10. Law and Policy “Enable” Us
    To shout “Mine!” ever more loudly,
    convulse ever more uncontrollably,
    and hit each other with ever larger toys
  • 11. Society’s Siren Song
    “Be selfish. Sue each other. It’s legal. It’s ok.”
  • 12. Education Is Not Immune
    This kind of thinking is accepted
  • 13. Role of Openness in Education?
    A terrible, insidious question
  • 14. Openness is the only means of doing education
  • 15. If There Is No Sharing…
    There is no education
  • 16. Education, n.
    A relationship of sharing
  • 17. Successful Educators
    Share most thoroughly
    with the most students
  • 18. Effect of New Media / Tech?
    Incredible opportunities for openness / education / sharing
  • 19. Expertise Is Nonrivalrous
    Can be given without being given away
  • 20. “He who receives ideas from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine receives light without darkening me.”
    Thomas Jefferson
  • 21. Teachers Would Be Like Bees!
    They could only teach once
  • 22. Expressions Are Different
    To give a book you must give it away
  • 23. Expressions Are Different
    To give a book you must give it away
  • 24. Expressions Are Different
    n’t
    ^
    Digital expressions are nonrivalrous
  • 25. E.g., Online Book
    We can all read simultaneously
  • 26. An Indescribable Advance
    The first time in human history
  • 27. Expertise and Its Expressions
    Give without giving away
  • 28. Unprecedented Capacity
    We can share as never before
  • 29. Unprecedented Capacity
    We can educate as never before
  • 30. (Education Involves More)
    (It turns out the Internet is pretty good
    at facilitating these other things as well.)
  • 31. Sharing the Stage
    Technology always plays opposite it’s nemesis, policy
  • 32. 15th Century
    Perhaps the greatest technological advance ever
  • 33.
  • 34. 15th Century
    Also the most draconian restrictions on information dissemination ever
  • 35. The Bible
    Huge demand for vernacular editions, but illegal (and expensive)
  • 36. Instead of Obliging…
    Ramped up production of “indulgences” and stricter laws against vernacular editions
  • 37. “Whosoever reads the Scriptures in the mother tongue, shall forfeit land, cattle, life, and goods from their heirs forever, and so be condemned for heretics to God, enemies to the crown, and most arrant traitors to the land.”
    English Law, 15th Century
  • 38. Collision
    Powerful new technology,
    huge demand,
    outdated thinking reinforced by law
  • 39. The Reformation
    Powerful new technology,
    huge demand,
    outdated thinking reinforced by law
  • 40. Alas
    Our day isn’t that different
  • 41. Course Management Systems
    Technology used against its own potential made to conceal and withhold
  • 42. 2008 Professor in Southern US
    Claimed (C) of his class lectures, declared student notes derivative works, and asserted control over their use
  • 43. Makes Me Wonder…
    Can they ever become professors?
    Can they ever be employed?
  • 44. Soaring Demand for Education
    120M in higher education worldwide
    150M more projected to enter
  • 45. In India Alone, That’s…
    2400 new universities in the next 25 years
    One new university every two weeks
  • 46. Collision
    Powerful new media and technology,
    ravenous demand,
    outdated thinking reinforced by law
  • 47. Sounds Familiar
    Education is on the edge of its own Reformation
  • 48. Openness
  • 49. Blessed With New Media / Tech
    To be more open?
    To preserve the status quo?
  • 50. Role of New Media / Tech
    Increase our capacity to be open
  • 51. More Open We Are
    The better education will be
  • 52. Thank You
    http://davidwiley.org/
    @opencontent