Open Education and the Future<br />David Wiley, PhD<br />Brigham Young University<br />David O. McKay School of Education<...
Openness… In Education?<br />Let’s begin by defining terms<br />
Open, adj.<br />Describes educational artifacts<br />
Open Textbooks<br />Open Educational Resources<br />Open Courseware<br />
Open, adj.<br />Teaching materials freely shared with permissions to engage in the “4R” activities<br />
The 4Rs<br />Reuse<br />Redistribute<br />Revise<br />Remix<br />
While Nouns Differ…<br />The operationalizing actions are the same<br />
Open, adj.<br />Generous, sharing, giving<br />
Your Inner Two-year Old<br />Overcoming the impulse to scream<br />“Mine!”<br />
Law and Policy “Enable” Us<br />To shout “Mine!” ever more loudly,<br />convulse ever more uncontrollably,<br />and hit ea...
Society’s Siren Song<br />“Be selfish. Sue each other. It’s legal. It’s ok.”<br />
Education Is Not Immune<br />This kind of thinking is accepted<br />
Role of Openness in Education?<br />A terrible, insidious question<br />
Openness is the only means of doing education<br />
If There Is No Sharing…<br />There is no education<br />
Education, n.<br />A relationship of sharing<br />
Successful Educators<br />Share most thoroughly <br />with the most students<br />
Effect of New Media / Tech?<br />Incredible opportunities for openness / education / sharing<br />
Expertise Is Nonrivalrous<br />Can be given without being given away<br />
“He who receives ideas from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine re...
Teachers Would Be Like Bees!<br />They could only teach once<br />
Expressions Are Different<br />To give a book you must give it away<br />
Expressions Are Different<br />To give a book you must give it away<br />
Expressions Are   Different<br />n’t<br />^<br />Digital expressions are nonrivalrous<br />
E.g., Online Book<br />We can all read simultaneously<br />
An Indescribable Advance<br />The first time in human history<br />
Expertise and Its Expressions<br />Give without giving away<br />
Unprecedented Capacity<br />We can share as never before<br />
Unprecedented Capacity<br />We can educate as never before<br />
(Education Involves More)<br />(It turns out the Internet is pretty good<br />at facilitating these other things as well.)...
Sharing the Stage<br />Technology always plays opposite it’s nemesis, policy<br />
15th Century<br />Perhaps the greatest technological advance ever<br />
15th Century<br />Also the most draconian restrictions on information dissemination ever<br />
The Bible<br />Huge demand for vernacular editions, but illegal (and expensive)<br />
Instead of Obliging…<br />Ramped up production of “indulgences” and stricter laws against vernacular editions<br />
“Whosoever reads the Scriptures in the mother tongue, shall forfeit land, cattle, life, and goods from their heirs forever...
Collision<br />Powerful new technology,<br />huge demand,<br />outdated thinking reinforced by law<br />
The Reformation<br />Powerful new technology,<br />huge demand,<br />outdated thinking reinforced by law<br />
Alas<br />Our day isn’t that different<br />
Course Management Systems<br />Technology used against its own potential made to conceal and withhold<br />
2008 Professor in Southern US<br />Claimed (C) of his class lectures, declared student notes derivative works, and asserte...
Makes Me Wonder…<br />Can they ever become professors?<br />Can they ever be employed?<br />
Soaring Demand for Education<br />120M in higher education worldwide<br />150M more projected to enter<br />
In India Alone, That’s…<br />2400 new universities in the next 25 years<br />One new university every two weeks<br />
Collision<br />Powerful new media and technology,<br />ravenous demand,<br />outdated thinking reinforced by law<br />
Sounds Familiar<br />Education is on the edge of its own Reformation<br />
Openness<br />
Blessed With New Media / Tech<br />To be more open?<br />To preserve the status quo?<br />
Role of New Media / Tech<br />Increase our capacity to be open<br />
More Open We Are<br />The better education will be<br />
Thank You<br />http://davidwiley.org/<br />@opencontent<br />
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Open Education and the Future - TEDxNYED

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Talk delivered at TEDxNYED about the role of new media and technology in the future of education, and the relationship between openness and education.

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  • Learning programs in the future can be emergent - as learner discovers one's interests and urges, learning programs can shape naturally out of these. Then, we will need appropriate assessments and credentials to recognise and transact info about such emergent learning. A vision for the future, whether of global education or a personal goal, begins with small actions, or atomic units of learning, which are put together to build bigger components like modules, projects and missions. The Untitled Universal Taxonomy of Learning could be a helpful framework for designing learning programs, assessments and credentials, which are undertaken towards objectives, goals and purpose, thus discovering meaning of life through learning: http://www.slideshare.net/alphabetasocio/the-untitled-universal-taxonomy-of-learning-first-draft
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  • This was my favorite presentation among the many inspiring talks at TEDxNYED. Thanks for sharing the slides. In case anyone would like to directly access the video for [just] this presentation, here's a direct link to it on YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rb0syrgsH6M&feature=related
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  • Even better the 2nd time I watched it. My favorite quote: 'Technology always plays opposite its nemesis, policy.'
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  • Edu Haiku
    Well said.
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  • THANK YOU, David, for your lucid and penetrating analysis and sharing of same. Was talking w/ my folks about your talk today and will be very happy to point them to this slidedeck. @University of Canberra (and interested others) Video of all the TEDxNYED talks should go up on the TEDx YouTube channel sometime within the next few weeks... watch http://tedxnyed.com or the channel site for deets.
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  • CC By-SA Photo from http://www.flickr.com/photos/majorvols/2772682741/
  • Public domain photo from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:T_Jefferson_by_Charles_Willson_Peale_1791_2.jpg
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  • Open Education and the Future - TEDxNYED

    1. 1. Open Education and the Future<br />David Wiley, PhD<br />Brigham Young University<br />David O. McKay School of Education<br />Instructional Psychology and Technology<br />
    2. 2. Openness… In Education?<br />Let’s begin by defining terms<br />
    3. 3. Open, adj.<br />Describes educational artifacts<br />
    4. 4. Open Textbooks<br />Open Educational Resources<br />Open Courseware<br />
    5. 5. Open, adj.<br />Teaching materials freely shared with permissions to engage in the “4R” activities<br />
    6. 6. The 4Rs<br />Reuse<br />Redistribute<br />Revise<br />Remix<br />
    7. 7. While Nouns Differ…<br />The operationalizing actions are the same<br />
    8. 8. Open, adj.<br />Generous, sharing, giving<br />
    9. 9. Your Inner Two-year Old<br />Overcoming the impulse to scream<br />“Mine!”<br />
    10. 10. Law and Policy “Enable” Us<br />To shout “Mine!” ever more loudly,<br />convulse ever more uncontrollably,<br />and hit each other with ever larger toys<br />
    11. 11. Society’s Siren Song<br />“Be selfish. Sue each other. It’s legal. It’s ok.”<br />
    12. 12. Education Is Not Immune<br />This kind of thinking is accepted<br />
    13. 13. Role of Openness in Education?<br />A terrible, insidious question<br />
    14. 14. Openness is the only means of doing education<br />
    15. 15. If There Is No Sharing…<br />There is no education<br />
    16. 16. Education, n.<br />A relationship of sharing<br />
    17. 17. Successful Educators<br />Share most thoroughly <br />with the most students<br />
    18. 18. Effect of New Media / Tech?<br />Incredible opportunities for openness / education / sharing<br />
    19. 19. Expertise Is Nonrivalrous<br />Can be given without being given away<br />
    20. 20. “He who receives ideas from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine receives light without darkening me.”<br />Thomas Jefferson<br />
    21. 21. Teachers Would Be Like Bees!<br />They could only teach once<br />
    22. 22. Expressions Are Different<br />To give a book you must give it away<br />
    23. 23. Expressions Are Different<br />To give a book you must give it away<br />
    24. 24. Expressions Are Different<br />n’t<br />^<br />Digital expressions are nonrivalrous<br />
    25. 25. E.g., Online Book<br />We can all read simultaneously<br />
    26. 26. An Indescribable Advance<br />The first time in human history<br />
    27. 27. Expertise and Its Expressions<br />Give without giving away<br />
    28. 28. Unprecedented Capacity<br />We can share as never before<br />
    29. 29. Unprecedented Capacity<br />We can educate as never before<br />
    30. 30. (Education Involves More)<br />(It turns out the Internet is pretty good<br />at facilitating these other things as well.)<br />
    31. 31. Sharing the Stage<br />Technology always plays opposite it’s nemesis, policy<br />
    32. 32. 15th Century<br />Perhaps the greatest technological advance ever<br />
    33. 33.
    34. 34. 15th Century<br />Also the most draconian restrictions on information dissemination ever<br />
    35. 35. The Bible<br />Huge demand for vernacular editions, but illegal (and expensive)<br />
    36. 36. Instead of Obliging…<br />Ramped up production of “indulgences” and stricter laws against vernacular editions<br />
    37. 37. “Whosoever reads the Scriptures in the mother tongue, shall forfeit land, cattle, life, and goods from their heirs forever, and so be condemned for heretics to God, enemies to the crown, and most arrant traitors to the land.”<br />English Law, 15th Century<br />
    38. 38. Collision<br />Powerful new technology,<br />huge demand,<br />outdated thinking reinforced by law<br />
    39. 39. The Reformation<br />Powerful new technology,<br />huge demand,<br />outdated thinking reinforced by law<br />
    40. 40. Alas<br />Our day isn’t that different<br />
    41. 41. Course Management Systems<br />Technology used against its own potential made to conceal and withhold<br />
    42. 42. 2008 Professor in Southern US<br />Claimed (C) of his class lectures, declared student notes derivative works, and asserted control over their use<br />
    43. 43. Makes Me Wonder…<br />Can they ever become professors?<br />Can they ever be employed?<br />
    44. 44. Soaring Demand for Education<br />120M in higher education worldwide<br />150M more projected to enter<br />
    45. 45. In India Alone, That’s…<br />2400 new universities in the next 25 years<br />One new university every two weeks<br />
    46. 46. Collision<br />Powerful new media and technology,<br />ravenous demand,<br />outdated thinking reinforced by law<br />
    47. 47. Sounds Familiar<br />Education is on the edge of its own Reformation<br />
    48. 48. Openness<br />
    49. 49. Blessed With New Media / Tech<br />To be more open?<br />To preserve the status quo?<br />
    50. 50. Role of New Media / Tech<br />Increase our capacity to be open<br />
    51. 51. More Open We Are<br />The better education will be<br />
    52. 52. Thank You<br />http://davidwiley.org/<br />@opencontent<br />
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