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  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/burningkarma/2913030442/
  • Massive hyperlinking; 300,000 person communities of interest; etc.
  • Massive hyperlinking; 300,000 person communities of interest; etc.
  • CC By-SA Photo from http://www.flickr.com/photos/majorvols/2772682741/
  • Public domain photo from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:T_Jefferson_by_Charles_Willson_Peale_1791_2.jpg
  • CC By Photo from http://www.flickr.com/photos/bogdansuditu/2892806613/
  • CC By Photo by David Wiley
  • CC By-NC-SA Photo from http://www.flickr.com/photos/nelsray/3760100376/in/photostream/
  • CC By NC SA Photo from http://www.flickr.com/photos/troymccluresf/3544183807/
  • Image courtesy of Jon Mott
  • Image courtesy of Jon Mott
  • Massive hyperlinking; 300,000 person communities of interest; etc.
  • Podcasting, blogs, independent films
  • Stock and weather data
  • Classroom experience versus using Google and online groups
  • Classroom experience versus using Google and online groups
  • No. We’re not talking about just putting more classes on the internet.
  • You can’t connect to / with things you can’t access. You can’t custom pull modules into an instructional experience when you don’t have access to the modules. And students certainly can’t participate when there is no mechanism for contribution of materials or a way to find and tutor one another.
  • You can’t connect to / with things you can’t access. You can’t custom pull modules into an instructional experience when you don’t have access to the modules. And students certainly can’t participate when there is no mechanism for contribution of materials or a way to find and tutor one another.
  • You can’t connect to / with things you can’t access. You can’t custom pull modules into an instructional experience when you don’t have access to the modules. And students certainly can’t participate when there is no mechanism for contribution of materials or a way to find and tutor one another.
  • You can’t connect to / with things you can’t access. You can’t custom pull modules into an instructional experience when you don’t have access to the modules. And students certainly can’t participate when there is no mechanism for contribution of materials or a way to find and tutor one another.
  • You can’t connect to / with things you can’t access. You can’t custom pull modules into an instructional experience when you don’t have access to the modules. And students certainly can’t participate when there is no mechanism for contribution of materials or a way to find and tutor one another.
  • Not just experiences that take four, six, or eight years

Openness and the Future of Education Openness and the Future of Education Presentation Transcript

  • Openness and the Future of Education David Wiley, PhD Department of Instructional Psychology & Technology Brigham Young University
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  • Openness… In Education? Let’s begin by defining terms
  • Open, adj . Describes educational artifacts
  • Open Textbooks Open Educational Resources Open Courseware (Open Source Software)
  • Open, adj . Teaching materials freely shared with permissions to engage in the “4R” activities
  • The 4Rs Reuse – copy verbatim Redistribute – share with others Revise – adapt and improve Remix – combine with others
  • Communicate 4Rs Permissions
    • Since this overrides default copyright, you must use a copyright license
  • Offers easy to use 4R’s licenses
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  • 2009 2007 2008 2006 2005 2004 2003 CC Licensed Items Online (Millions) 50 100 150 200 250
  • While Nouns Differ… The operationalizing actions are the same
  • Open, adj . Generous, sharing, giving
  • Your Inner Two-year Old Overcoming the impulse to scream “ Mine!”
  • Law and Policy “Enable” Us To shout “Mine!” ever more loudly, convulse ever more uncontrollably, and hit each other with ever larger toys
  • Society’s Siren Song “ Be selfish. Sue your neighbor. It’s legal. It’s ok.”
  • Education Is Not Immune This kind of thinking is accepted
  • Role of Openness in Education? A terrible, insidious question
  • Openness is the only means of doing education
  • If There Is No Sharing… There is no education
  • Education, n . A relationship of sharing
  • Successful Educators Share most thoroughly with the most students
  • Expertise Is Nonrivalrous Can be given without being given away
  • “ He who receives ideas from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine receives light without darkening me.” Thomas Jefferson
  • Teachers Would Be Like Bees! They could only teach once
  • Expressions Are Different To give a book you must give it away
  • Expressions Are Different To give a book you must give it away
  • Expressions Are Different Digital expressions are nonrivalrous n’t ^
  • E.g., Online Book We can all read simultaneously
  • An Indescribable Advance The first time in human history
  • Expertise and Its Expressions Give without giving away
  • Unprecedented Capacity We can share as never before
  • Unprecedented Capacity We can educate as never before
  • (Education Involves More) (It turns out the Internet is pretty good at facilitating these other things as well.)
  • Sharing the Stage Technology always plays opposite it’s nemesis, policy
  • 15 th Century Perhaps the greatest technological advance ever
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  • 15 th Century Also the most draconian restrictions on information dissemination ever
  • The Bible Huge demand for vernacular editions, but illegal (and expensive)
  • Instead of Obliging… Ramped up production of “indulgences” and stricter laws against vernacular editions
  • “ Whosoever reads the Scriptures in the mother tongue, shall forfeit land, cattle, life, and goods from their heirs forever, and so be condemned for heretics to God, enemies to the crown, and most arrant traitors to the land.” English Law, 15 th Century
  • Collision Powerful new technology, huge demand, outdated thinking reinforced by law
  • The Reformation Powerful new technology, huge demand, outdated thinking reinforced by law
  • Alas Our day isn’t that different
  • Learning Management Systems Technology used against its own potential made to conceal and withhold
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  • “ Lids Down, Please!” Faculty refuse to compete for attention
  • 2008 Professor in Southern US Claimed (C) of his class lectures, declared student notes derivative works, and asserted control over their use
  • Makes Me Wonder… Can they ever become professors? Can they ever be employed?
  • Soaring Demand for Education 120M in post-secondary education worldwide 150M more projected to enter
  • In India Alone, They Need… 2400 new universities in the next 25 years One new university every two weeks
  • Collision Powerful new media and technology, ravenous demand, outdated thinking reinforced by policy
  • Sound Familiar? Education is on the edge of its own Reformation
  • Will We Reform Internally? Or will factions and sects have to split off?
  • What Does Reform Look Like? We only need to look at society around us…
  • Analog  Digital Music, Phones, TV, Newspapers, Movies, Journals, Communications, Intelligence, Defense
  • Tethered  Mobile Phones, Internet Access, Employment
  • Isolated  Connected People, Content, Systems
  • Generic  Personal Cars, Computers, Mobile Phones
  • Consuming  Creating Radio / Podcasting, Newspapers / Blogs Movies / Vodcasting
  • Closed  Open Software (OSs, Applications), Content (Blogs, Wikis)
  • Then vs Now Analog  Digital Tethered  Mobile Isolated  Connected Generic  Personal Consumption  Creating Closed  Open
  • Education vs Everyday Analog  Digital Tethered  Mobile Isolated  Connected Generic  Personal Consumption  Creating Closed  Open
  • “ Daily Divide” Is a Huge Threat And the wider the disconnect, the less relevant higher education feels
  • What About E-learning?
  • What About E-learning? Very innovative in 1995!
  • Characteristics of E-learning Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consuming or Creating Closed or Open
  • Connecting You can’t connect to something if you don’t have access to it
  • Personalizing You can’t adapt or localize something if you don’t have permission
  • Creating You won’t be creative if there’s no outlet for your work
  • How Can We Be More Open? Some examples…
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  • How Can We Be More Open? Some examples… on a budget
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  • More Open We Are The better education will be
  • Not a Technology Problem Not only do the technologies we need exist, they’re free and open!
  • This Is a Policy Problem Higher education is behaving like the recording and movie industries
  • Policy To Defend Tradition Rather than to facilitate innovation
  • You Must Engage in Policy Reform Ignoring a problem is not a strategy
  • “ It is not necessary to change. Survival is not mandatory.” W. E. Deming
  • Don’t Open Up to Avoid Doomsday… Because of what might happen if you don’t
  • Be More Open for Your Students To fulfill your sacred trust as a teacher
  • Role of New Media / Tech Increase our capacity to be open
  • Thank You! [email_address] http://davidwiley.org/