Openness and the  Future of Education David Wiley, PhD Department of Instructional Psychology & Technology Brigham Young U...
 
Openness… In Education? Let’s begin by defining terms
Open,  adj . Describes educational artifacts
Open Textbooks Open Educational Resources Open Courseware (Open Source Software)
Open,  adj . Teaching materials freely shared with permissions to engage in the “4R” activities
The 4Rs Reuse – copy verbatim Redistribute – share with others Revise – adapt and improve Remix – combine with others
Communicate 4Rs Permissions <ul><li>Since this overrides default copyright, you must use a copyright license </li></ul>
Offers easy to use 4R’s licenses
 
2009 2007 2008 2006 2005 2004 2003 CC Licensed Items Online (Millions) 50 100 150 200 250
While Nouns Differ… The operationalizing actions are the same
Open,  adj . Generous, sharing, giving
Your Inner Two-year Old Overcoming the impulse to scream “ Mine!”
Law and Policy “Enable” Us To shout “Mine!” ever more loudly, convulse ever more uncontrollably, and hit each other with e...
Society’s Siren Song “ Be selfish. Sue your neighbor.  It’s legal. It’s ok.”
Education Is Not Immune This kind of thinking is accepted
Role of Openness in Education? A terrible, insidious question
Openness is the only means  of doing education
If There Is No Sharing… There is no education
Education,  n . A relationship of sharing
Successful Educators Share most thoroughly  with the most students
Expertise Is Nonrivalrous Can be given without being given away
“ He who receives ideas from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine r...
Teachers Would Be Like Bees! They could only teach once
Expressions Are Different To give a book you must give it away
Expressions Are Different To give a book you must give it away
Expressions Are  Different Digital expressions are nonrivalrous n’t ^
E.g., Online Book We can all read simultaneously
An Indescribable Advance The first time in human history
Expertise and Its Expressions Give without giving away
Unprecedented Capacity We can share as never before
Unprecedented Capacity We can  educate  as never before
(Education Involves More) (It turns out the Internet is pretty good at facilitating these other things as well.)
Sharing the Stage Technology always plays opposite  it’s nemesis, policy
15 th  Century Perhaps the greatest technological advance ever
 
15 th  Century Also the most draconian restrictions on information dissemination ever
The Bible Huge demand for vernacular editions, but illegal (and expensive)
Instead of Obliging… Ramped up production of “indulgences” and stricter laws against vernacular editions
“ Whosoever  reads  the Scriptures in the mother tongue, shall forfeit land, cattle, life, and goods from their heirs fore...
Collision Powerful new technology, huge demand, outdated thinking reinforced by law
The Reformation Powerful new technology, huge demand, outdated thinking reinforced by law
Alas Our day isn’t that different
Learning Management Systems Technology used against its own potential made to conceal and withhold
 
 
“ Lids Down, Please!” Faculty refuse to compete for attention
2008 Professor in Southern US Claimed (C) of his class lectures, declared student notes derivative works, and asserted con...
Makes Me Wonder… Can they ever become professors? Can they ever be employed?
Soaring Demand for Education 120M in post-secondary education worldwide 150M  more  projected to enter
In India Alone, They Need… 2400 new universities in the next 25 years One new university every two weeks
Collision Powerful new media and technology, ravenous demand, outdated thinking reinforced by policy
Sound Familiar? Education is on the edge of its own Reformation
Will We Reform Internally? Or will factions and sects have to split off?
What Does Reform Look Like? We only need to look at society around us…
Analog    Digital Music, Phones, TV, Newspapers, Movies, Journals, Communications, Intelligence, Defense
Tethered    Mobile Phones, Internet Access, Employment
Isolated    Connected People, Content, Systems
Generic    Personal Cars, Computers, Mobile Phones
Consuming    Creating Radio / Podcasting, Newspapers / Blogs  Movies / Vodcasting
Closed    Open Software (OSs, Applications),  Content (Blogs, Wikis)
Then vs Now Analog  Digital Tethered  Mobile Isolated  Connected Generic  Personal Consumption  Creating Closed  Open
Education vs Everyday Analog  Digital Tethered  Mobile Isolated  Connected Generic  Personal Consumption  Creating Cl...
“ Daily Divide” Is a Huge Threat And the wider the disconnect,  the less relevant higher education feels
What About E-learning?
What About E-learning? Very innovative in 1995!
Characteristics of E-learning Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consuming or ...
Connecting You can’t connect to something if you don’t have access to it
Personalizing You can’t adapt or localize something if you don’t have permission
Creating You won’t be creative if there’s no outlet for your work
How Can We Be More Open? Some examples…
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
How Can We Be More Open? Some examples… on a budget
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
More Open We Are The better education will be
Not a Technology Problem Not only do the technologies we need exist, they’re free and open!
This Is a Policy Problem Higher education is behaving like  the recording and movie industries
Policy To Defend Tradition Rather than to facilitate innovation
You  Must Engage in Policy Reform Ignoring a problem is not a strategy
“ It is not necessary to change. Survival is not mandatory.” W. E. Deming
Don’t Open Up to Avoid Doomsday… Because of what might happen if you don’t
Be More Open for Your Students To fulfill your sacred trust as a teacher
Role of New Media / Tech Increase our capacity to be open
Thank You! [email_address] http://davidwiley.org/
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Openness and the Future of Education

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  • Hello David! Great presentation. If I may add, learning programs in the future can be emergent - as learner discovers one's interests and urges, learning programs can shape naturally out of these. Then, we will need appropriate assessments and credentials to recognise and transact info about such emergent learning. A vision for the future, whether of global education or a personal goal, begins with small actions, or atomic units of learning, which are put together to build bigger components like modules, projects, missions and life. The Untitled Universal Taxonomy of Learning could be a helpful framework for designing learning programs, assessments and credentials, which are undertaken towards objectives, goals and purpose, thus recognising all learning as well as helping one discover (or rather create) the meaning of life through learning: http://www.slideshare.net/alphabetasocio/the-untitled-universal-taxonomy-of-learning-first-draft
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  • well, everythinh was in March 2010 .

    Many things happened now .

    The biggest news this year is MOOCs.

    see www.savecolleges.blogspot.com
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  • open resources
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  • Excelente esquema de David Wiley
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  • Fantastic presentation -- fluid and powerful arguments.
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  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/burningkarma/2913030442/
  • Massive hyperlinking; 300,000 person communities of interest; etc.
  • Massive hyperlinking; 300,000 person communities of interest; etc.
  • CC By-SA Photo from http://www.flickr.com/photos/majorvols/2772682741/
  • Public domain photo from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:T_Jefferson_by_Charles_Willson_Peale_1791_2.jpg
  • CC By Photo from http://www.flickr.com/photos/bogdansuditu/2892806613/
  • CC By Photo by David Wiley
  • CC By-NC-SA Photo from http://www.flickr.com/photos/nelsray/3760100376/in/photostream/
  • CC By NC SA Photo from http://www.flickr.com/photos/troymccluresf/3544183807/
  • Image courtesy of Jon Mott
  • Image courtesy of Jon Mott
  • Massive hyperlinking; 300,000 person communities of interest; etc.
  • Podcasting, blogs, independent films
  • Stock and weather data
  • Classroom experience versus using Google and online groups
  • Classroom experience versus using Google and online groups
  • No. We’re not talking about just putting more classes on the internet.
  • You can’t connect to / with things you can’t access. You can’t custom pull modules into an instructional experience when you don’t have access to the modules. And students certainly can’t participate when there is no mechanism for contribution of materials or a way to find and tutor one another.
  • You can’t connect to / with things you can’t access. You can’t custom pull modules into an instructional experience when you don’t have access to the modules. And students certainly can’t participate when there is no mechanism for contribution of materials or a way to find and tutor one another.
  • You can’t connect to / with things you can’t access. You can’t custom pull modules into an instructional experience when you don’t have access to the modules. And students certainly can’t participate when there is no mechanism for contribution of materials or a way to find and tutor one another.
  • You can’t connect to / with things you can’t access. You can’t custom pull modules into an instructional experience when you don’t have access to the modules. And students certainly can’t participate when there is no mechanism for contribution of materials or a way to find and tutor one another.
  • You can’t connect to / with things you can’t access. You can’t custom pull modules into an instructional experience when you don’t have access to the modules. And students certainly can’t participate when there is no mechanism for contribution of materials or a way to find and tutor one another.
  • Not just experiences that take four, six, or eight years
  • Openness and the Future of Education

    1. 1. Openness and the Future of Education David Wiley, PhD Department of Instructional Psychology & Technology Brigham Young University
    2. 3. Openness… In Education? Let’s begin by defining terms
    3. 4. Open, adj . Describes educational artifacts
    4. 5. Open Textbooks Open Educational Resources Open Courseware (Open Source Software)
    5. 6. Open, adj . Teaching materials freely shared with permissions to engage in the “4R” activities
    6. 7. The 4Rs Reuse – copy verbatim Redistribute – share with others Revise – adapt and improve Remix – combine with others
    7. 8. Communicate 4Rs Permissions <ul><li>Since this overrides default copyright, you must use a copyright license </li></ul>
    8. 9. Offers easy to use 4R’s licenses
    9. 11. 2009 2007 2008 2006 2005 2004 2003 CC Licensed Items Online (Millions) 50 100 150 200 250
    10. 12. While Nouns Differ… The operationalizing actions are the same
    11. 13. Open, adj . Generous, sharing, giving
    12. 14. Your Inner Two-year Old Overcoming the impulse to scream “ Mine!”
    13. 15. Law and Policy “Enable” Us To shout “Mine!” ever more loudly, convulse ever more uncontrollably, and hit each other with ever larger toys
    14. 16. Society’s Siren Song “ Be selfish. Sue your neighbor. It’s legal. It’s ok.”
    15. 17. Education Is Not Immune This kind of thinking is accepted
    16. 18. Role of Openness in Education? A terrible, insidious question
    17. 19. Openness is the only means of doing education
    18. 20. If There Is No Sharing… There is no education
    19. 21. Education, n . A relationship of sharing
    20. 22. Successful Educators Share most thoroughly with the most students
    21. 23. Expertise Is Nonrivalrous Can be given without being given away
    22. 24. “ He who receives ideas from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine receives light without darkening me.” Thomas Jefferson
    23. 25. Teachers Would Be Like Bees! They could only teach once
    24. 26. Expressions Are Different To give a book you must give it away
    25. 27. Expressions Are Different To give a book you must give it away
    26. 28. Expressions Are Different Digital expressions are nonrivalrous n’t ^
    27. 29. E.g., Online Book We can all read simultaneously
    28. 30. An Indescribable Advance The first time in human history
    29. 31. Expertise and Its Expressions Give without giving away
    30. 32. Unprecedented Capacity We can share as never before
    31. 33. Unprecedented Capacity We can educate as never before
    32. 34. (Education Involves More) (It turns out the Internet is pretty good at facilitating these other things as well.)
    33. 35. Sharing the Stage Technology always plays opposite it’s nemesis, policy
    34. 36. 15 th Century Perhaps the greatest technological advance ever
    35. 38. 15 th Century Also the most draconian restrictions on information dissemination ever
    36. 39. The Bible Huge demand for vernacular editions, but illegal (and expensive)
    37. 40. Instead of Obliging… Ramped up production of “indulgences” and stricter laws against vernacular editions
    38. 41. “ Whosoever reads the Scriptures in the mother tongue, shall forfeit land, cattle, life, and goods from their heirs forever, and so be condemned for heretics to God, enemies to the crown, and most arrant traitors to the land.” English Law, 15 th Century
    39. 42. Collision Powerful new technology, huge demand, outdated thinking reinforced by law
    40. 43. The Reformation Powerful new technology, huge demand, outdated thinking reinforced by law
    41. 44. Alas Our day isn’t that different
    42. 45. Learning Management Systems Technology used against its own potential made to conceal and withhold
    43. 48. “ Lids Down, Please!” Faculty refuse to compete for attention
    44. 49. 2008 Professor in Southern US Claimed (C) of his class lectures, declared student notes derivative works, and asserted control over their use
    45. 50. Makes Me Wonder… Can they ever become professors? Can they ever be employed?
    46. 51. Soaring Demand for Education 120M in post-secondary education worldwide 150M more projected to enter
    47. 52. In India Alone, They Need… 2400 new universities in the next 25 years One new university every two weeks
    48. 53. Collision Powerful new media and technology, ravenous demand, outdated thinking reinforced by policy
    49. 54. Sound Familiar? Education is on the edge of its own Reformation
    50. 55. Will We Reform Internally? Or will factions and sects have to split off?
    51. 56. What Does Reform Look Like? We only need to look at society around us…
    52. 57. Analog  Digital Music, Phones, TV, Newspapers, Movies, Journals, Communications, Intelligence, Defense
    53. 58. Tethered  Mobile Phones, Internet Access, Employment
    54. 59. Isolated  Connected People, Content, Systems
    55. 60. Generic  Personal Cars, Computers, Mobile Phones
    56. 61. Consuming  Creating Radio / Podcasting, Newspapers / Blogs Movies / Vodcasting
    57. 62. Closed  Open Software (OSs, Applications), Content (Blogs, Wikis)
    58. 63. Then vs Now Analog  Digital Tethered  Mobile Isolated  Connected Generic  Personal Consumption  Creating Closed  Open
    59. 64. Education vs Everyday Analog  Digital Tethered  Mobile Isolated  Connected Generic  Personal Consumption  Creating Closed  Open
    60. 65. “ Daily Divide” Is a Huge Threat And the wider the disconnect, the less relevant higher education feels
    61. 66. What About E-learning?
    62. 67. What About E-learning? Very innovative in 1995!
    63. 68. Characteristics of E-learning Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consuming or Creating Closed or Open
    64. 69. Connecting You can’t connect to something if you don’t have access to it
    65. 70. Personalizing You can’t adapt or localize something if you don’t have permission
    66. 71. Creating You won’t be creative if there’s no outlet for your work
    67. 72. How Can We Be More Open? Some examples…
    68. 87. How Can We Be More Open? Some examples… on a budget
    69. 95. More Open We Are The better education will be
    70. 96. Not a Technology Problem Not only do the technologies we need exist, they’re free and open!
    71. 97. This Is a Policy Problem Higher education is behaving like the recording and movie industries
    72. 98. Policy To Defend Tradition Rather than to facilitate innovation
    73. 99. You Must Engage in Policy Reform Ignoring a problem is not a strategy
    74. 100. “ It is not necessary to change. Survival is not mandatory.” W. E. Deming
    75. 101. Don’t Open Up to Avoid Doomsday… Because of what might happen if you don’t
    76. 102. Be More Open for Your Students To fulfill your sacred trust as a teacher
    77. 103. Role of New Media / Tech Increase our capacity to be open
    78. 104. Thank You! [email_address] http://davidwiley.org/

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