Openness and the Future              David WileyInstructional Psychology & Technology       Brigham Young University
Download These Slideshttp://slideshare.net/opencontent/
ContextThe societal superstructure is changing
Analog        Digital Music, Phones, TV, Newspapers,Movies, Journals, Communications,      Intelligence, Defense
Tethered       MobilePhones, Internet Access,     Employment
Isolated     Connected People, Content, Systems
Generic       PersonalCars, Computers, Mobile Phones
Consuming          CreatingRadio / Podcasting, Newspapers / Blogs          Movies / Vodcasting
Closed        OpenSoftware (OSs, Applications),   Content (Blogs, Wikis)
Then vs Now     Analog    Digital   Tethered    Mobile    Isolated   Connected    Generic    PersonalConsumption    Creati...
Education vs Everyday     Analog    Digital   Tethered    Mobile    Isolated   Connected    Generic    PersonalConsumption...
Characteristics of E-learning      Analog   or   Digital     Tethered or    Mobile     Isolated or    Connected     Generi...
DecimationCalifornia State University system – 33%  University of New Hampshire – 50%      Double digit cuts everywhere
Exploding DemandFrom 120M to 250M+ in next 15 years
Nonrivalrous Media  New opportunities
Free Copy, Distribute, Edit Technology enables us to share  and educate as never before
Except We Can’t© forbids copying, distributing, and editing
© Cancels the Possibilities Of digital media and the internet
Internet                 CopyrightEnables                   Forbids           What to do?
Use copyright to enforce sharing
The 4Rs    Reuse – copy verbatimRedistribute – share with others    Revise – adapt and edit Remix – combine with others
Over 400 Million Items450,000,000400,000,000350,000,000300,000,000250,000,000200,000,000150,000,000100,000,000 50,000,000 ...
The “Open” in OER, OCW, &c.            (1) Free       (2) 4R permission
Internet                 OEREnables                 Allows    Sharing and educating at      unprecedented scale
OER = Content Infrastructure  Platform for education innovation
Informal Learning    Open, standards-based way toissue, manage, and display credentials          for ANY learning
Transcript 2.0Fixes many problems with    current transcripts
OBI = Credential Infrastructure   Platform for education innovation
Open Education InfrastructureDemocratizes innovation opportunities
OER        Badges               Issue             Manage Learn              DisplayAnything            Credentials
OER        Badges               Issue             Manage Learn              DisplayAnything            Credentials
Mind the Gap!HUGE demand over the next 10 years  Entrepreneurs are on their way
Anywhere, Free      If I can learn anywhere for free,and show my credentials anywhere for free…
Assess Anywhere, Free?  What does this look like?
1. Ubiquitous Assessment    “Assessment as Status Update”(Tweets, product and book reviews, etc.)
Ubiquitous Assessment What kind of infrastructure    does this require?
Ubiquitous AssessmentNo one is working on this infrastructure
2. Leveraging Big, Messy Data10s of 1000s of tiny data points per person           spread across a year          User-gene...
Leveraging Big, Messy Data   What kind of psychometrics  are needed to deal with this?
3. From Summative to Formative     The majority will be formative        At scale does formative        function as summat...
From Summative to Formative   How will the role of high stakes       assessments evolve?
4. Scaling Constructed Response We can’t condemn next-gen assessment           to selected response
Scaling Constructed Response        “Gamify grading”
Google’s ESP Game   A symmetric verification game(Verbosity is an asymmetric example)
For Example, In Education•   Rubrics•   Multi-person Review•   Inter-rater Reliability Component•   Sanity Sampling
Future Assessment?   Analog   or   Digital Tethered or     Mobile  Isolated or    Connected  Generic   or   PersonalConsum...
Key Trends   Ubiquitous assessmentFrom summative to formative Leveraging big, messy dataScaling constructed response
Expand Our Thinking  Beyond traditional educationBeyond traditional psychometrics Beyond traditional assessment
Thank Youhttp://davidwiley.org/
Openness and the Future of Assessment
Openness and the Future of Assessment
Openness and the Future of Assessment
Openness and the Future of Assessment
Openness and the Future of Assessment
Openness and the Future of Assessment
Openness and the Future of Assessment
Openness and the Future of Assessment
Openness and the Future of Assessment
Openness and the Future of Assessment
Openness and the Future of Assessment
Openness and the Future of Assessment
Openness and the Future of Assessment
Openness and the Future of Assessment
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  • CC licensedphoto http://www.flickr.com/photos/62693815@N03/6277209256/
  • http://google.com/
  • Selection of winners in the DML Competition. These logos are obviously not licensed under a Creative Commons license.
  • CC BY photo from http://www.flickr.com/photos/dazzied/424506521/
  • Openness and the Future of Assessment

    1. 1. Openness and the Future David WileyInstructional Psychology & Technology Brigham Young University
    2. 2. Download These Slideshttp://slideshare.net/opencontent/
    3. 3. ContextThe societal superstructure is changing
    4. 4. Analog Digital Music, Phones, TV, Newspapers,Movies, Journals, Communications, Intelligence, Defense
    5. 5. Tethered MobilePhones, Internet Access, Employment
    6. 6. Isolated Connected People, Content, Systems
    7. 7. Generic PersonalCars, Computers, Mobile Phones
    8. 8. Consuming CreatingRadio / Podcasting, Newspapers / Blogs Movies / Vodcasting
    9. 9. Closed OpenSoftware (OSs, Applications), Content (Blogs, Wikis)
    10. 10. Then vs Now Analog Digital Tethered Mobile Isolated Connected Generic PersonalConsumption Creating Closed Open
    11. 11. Education vs Everyday Analog Digital Tethered Mobile Isolated Connected Generic PersonalConsumption Creating Closed Open
    12. 12. Characteristics of E-learning Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consuming or Creating Closed or Open
    13. 13. DecimationCalifornia State University system – 33% University of New Hampshire – 50% Double digit cuts everywhere
    14. 14. Exploding DemandFrom 120M to 250M+ in next 15 years
    15. 15. Nonrivalrous Media New opportunities
    16. 16. Free Copy, Distribute, Edit Technology enables us to share and educate as never before
    17. 17. Except We Can’t© forbids copying, distributing, and editing
    18. 18. © Cancels the Possibilities Of digital media and the internet
    19. 19. Internet CopyrightEnables Forbids What to do?
    20. 20. Use copyright to enforce sharing
    21. 21. The 4Rs Reuse – copy verbatimRedistribute – share with others Revise – adapt and edit Remix – combine with others
    22. 22. Over 400 Million Items450,000,000400,000,000350,000,000300,000,000250,000,000200,000,000150,000,000100,000,000 50,000,000 0
    23. 23. The “Open” in OER, OCW, &c. (1) Free (2) 4R permission
    24. 24. Internet OEREnables Allows Sharing and educating at unprecedented scale
    25. 25. OER = Content Infrastructure Platform for education innovation
    26. 26. Informal Learning Open, standards-based way toissue, manage, and display credentials for ANY learning
    27. 27. Transcript 2.0Fixes many problems with current transcripts
    28. 28. OBI = Credential Infrastructure Platform for education innovation
    29. 29. Open Education InfrastructureDemocratizes innovation opportunities
    30. 30. OER Badges Issue Manage Learn DisplayAnything Credentials
    31. 31. OER Badges Issue Manage Learn DisplayAnything Credentials
    32. 32. Mind the Gap!HUGE demand over the next 10 years Entrepreneurs are on their way
    33. 33. Anywhere, Free If I can learn anywhere for free,and show my credentials anywhere for free…
    34. 34. Assess Anywhere, Free? What does this look like?
    35. 35. 1. Ubiquitous Assessment “Assessment as Status Update”(Tweets, product and book reviews, etc.)
    36. 36. Ubiquitous Assessment What kind of infrastructure does this require?
    37. 37. Ubiquitous AssessmentNo one is working on this infrastructure
    38. 38. 2. Leveraging Big, Messy Data10s of 1000s of tiny data points per person spread across a year User-generated items
    39. 39. Leveraging Big, Messy Data What kind of psychometrics are needed to deal with this?
    40. 40. 3. From Summative to Formative The majority will be formative At scale does formative function as summative?
    41. 41. From Summative to Formative How will the role of high stakes assessments evolve?
    42. 42. 4. Scaling Constructed Response We can’t condemn next-gen assessment to selected response
    43. 43. Scaling Constructed Response “Gamify grading”
    44. 44. Google’s ESP Game A symmetric verification game(Verbosity is an asymmetric example)
    45. 45. For Example, In Education• Rubrics• Multi-person Review• Inter-rater Reliability Component• Sanity Sampling
    46. 46. Future Assessment? Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Isolated or Connected Generic or PersonalConsuming or Creating Closed or Open
    47. 47. Key Trends Ubiquitous assessmentFrom summative to formative Leveraging big, messy dataScaling constructed response
    48. 48. Expand Our Thinking Beyond traditional educationBeyond traditional psychometrics Beyond traditional assessment
    49. 49. Thank Youhttp://davidwiley.org/
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