Openness and the Disaggregated Future of Higher Education

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  • Openness and the Disaggregated Future of Higher Education

    1. Openness and the Disaggregated Future of Education David Wiley, PhD Department of Instructional Psychology & Technology Brigham Young University
    2. This Is Your 11:20 Wake-up Call Your institution will be irrelevant by 2020
    3.  
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    5. “ The World is Changed” Galadriel, Lord of the Rings
    6. It’s Actually Worse (or Better) The World is Changing
    7. Analog  Digital Music, Phones, TV, Newspapers, Movies, Journals, Communications, Intelligence, Defense
    8. Tethered  Mobile Phones, Internet Access, Employment
    9. Isolated  Connected People, Content, Systems
    10. Generic  Personal Cars, Computers, Mobile Phones
    11. Consuming  Creating Radio / Podcasting, Newspapers / Blogs Movies / Vodcasting
    12. Closed  Open Software (OSs, Applications), Data (Weather, GIS), Content (Blogs, Wikis)
    13. Then vs Now Analog  Digital Tethered  Mobile Isolated  Connected Generic  Personal Consumption  Creating Closed  Open
    14. Education vs Everyday Analog  Digital Tethered  Mobile Isolated  Connected Generic  Personal Consumption  Creating Closed  Open
    15. “ Daily Divide” Is a Huge Threat And the wider the disconnect, the bigger the threat to higher education
    16. But Wait! We’re Education! Our historic monopoly is (gratefully) being challenged on almost every front
    17. Why Do Students Come? Content, Support Services Social Life, Degrees
    18. Content OpenCourseWares, Wikipedia, Public Library of Science, Arxiv.org, Google Scholar, Flat World Knowledge, etc.
    19. Support Services ChaCha, Yahoo! Answers, RateMyProfessor, Email, Instant Messaging, Twitter, etc.
    20. Social Life Facebook, MySpace, MMOG, iPhone location-aware apps, etc.
    21. Degrees MCSE, RHCE, CCNA
    22. The Monopoly Is Being Busted Everything we provide is now offered by someone else
    23. When Institutions Specialize They usually provide better quality at a better price
    24. Higher Ed, On the Other Hand 76% increase in cost over 10 years How’s our quality?
    25.  
    26. Industries Failing Everywhere Banks, Insurance, Automobiles Higher Education?
    27. A Bail Out for Higher Ed? Utah 4% cut, Pennsylvania 5 % cut, Massachusetts 5 % cut, Virginia 7 % cut
    28. No Monopoly and No Bail Out How can we innovate to stay relevant?
    29. What About E-learning?
    30. What About E-learning? Quite innovative in 1995!
    31. Characteristics of E-learning Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consuming or Creating Closed or Open
    32. We’ve Only Changed the Channel Our pedagogy and philosophy are as just as they’ve always been
    33. The Polo Parable A story about our move to online teaching and learning
    34. Photo by e.dward
    35. Photo by Christopher Henning
    36. We’re Swimming on Horseback And rather proud of ourselves, I must say
    37. Online is a Different Place The goals of teaching are the same, but the culture and rules in that space are only sort of the same
    38.  
    39. We’re Celebrating the Mass in Latin And our students are expecting charismatic worship with guitars, drums, and “Amen!”s
    40. It’s About Respect Its about valuing culture and designing for it just as we would if teaching in Bangalore, Beijing, or Barcelona
    41. Some Say Learning Has Changed Digital natives or millennials have brains that function differently
    42. It’s About ATIs In the “aptitude by treatment interaction” literature, the only individual difference that matters is prior knowledge
    43. Openness is the Cornerstone Openness underpins everything interesting happening online and is “what they know”
    44. Why Make Such a Claim? Let’s ask Alexa what the 50 most popular sites on the web are…
    45. Sites Where Anyone Can: Share a video, share a photo, share a blog post, share their personal info, share their ratings, share their files, share their expertise
    46. Characteristics of E-learning Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consumption or Creating Closed or Open
    47. Connecting You can’t connect to something if you don’t have access to it
    48. Personalizing You can’t adapt or localize something if you don’t have the rights to modify it
    49. Creating You won’t be creative if there’s no outlet for your work
    50. How Might We Open Things? Higher Ed needs to figure this out
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    53. Materials Intended for Teachers Teachers only account for 15% of users
    54. Lecture Notes Courses Around $15k per course
    55. Video-based Courses Around $30k per course
    56. “ Open 1.0” Hundreds of universities around the globe sharing over 6,000 courses (Will you show up on Google?)
    57. Surely There Are Other Ways? Sharing some experiments
    58. Connecting and Openness Sharing some experiments
    59.  
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    61. Personalizing and Openness Sharing some experiments
    62.  
    63. Creating and Openness Sharing some experiments
    64.  
    65.  
    66. Being Even More Open Sharing some experiments
    67.  
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    69. Character Classes <ul><li>Bard (Master of the lore, history, and politics of the field, know what's “out there”) </li></ul><ul><li>Artisan (Has materials production skills in all the necessary Web 1.0 and 2.0 tools like HTML, video sharing, podcasting) </li></ul><ul><li>Monk (Master of copyright and licensing arcana and defender of the university brand) </li></ul><ul><li>Merchant (Deals with short- and long-term sustainability issues) </li></ul>
    70. Education Will Eventually Be Open And involve connecting, personalizing, and creating - just like everything else does
    71. Will Higher Education Be Open? Can your school find the institutional will to change?
    72. Institutional Disaggregation MIT OpenCourseWare, Western Governors University
    73. Value of Integration? As compared to “specialized pieces loosely joined”
    74. Not a Technology Problem Look around the Internet – not only do the technologies we need exist, they’re open source
    75. This Is a Policy Problem Higher education is behaving like the recording and movie industries
    76. Policy To Defend Tradition Rather than innovating
    77. You Must Engage in Policy Reform Ignoring the growing problem is not a strategy
    78. “ It is not necessary to change. Survival is not mandatory.” W. E. Deming
    79.  
    80. “ You never change things by fighting the existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the existing model obsolete.” Buckminster Fuller
    81. Student Learning May Suffer The market will likely meet students’ increasingly unmet needs
    82. Your Employment Will Suffer When your institution collapses as Googlers find better alternatives
    83. “ The last temptation is the greatest treason, To do the right deed for the wrong reason.” Archbishop Thomas Beckett (T. S. Eliot)
    84. Innovate for the Students To fulfill your sacred trust as a teacher
    85. Thank You! [email_address] http://davidwiley.org/

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