Openness and the Disaggregated Future of Higher Education
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Openness and the Disaggregated Future of Higher Education






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Openness and the Disaggregated Future of Higher Education Openness and the Disaggregated Future of Higher Education Presentation Transcript

  • Openness and the Disaggregated Future of Education David Wiley, PhD Department of Instructional Psychology & Technology Brigham Young University
  • This Is Your 11:20 Wake-up Call Your institution will be irrelevant by 2020
  • “ The World is Changed” Galadriel, Lord of the Rings
  • It’s Actually Worse (or Better) The World is Changing
  • Analog  Digital Music, Phones, TV, Newspapers, Movies, Journals, Communications, Intelligence, Defense
  • Tethered  Mobile Phones, Internet Access, Employment
  • Isolated  Connected People, Content, Systems
  • Generic  Personal Cars, Computers, Mobile Phones
  • Consuming  Creating Radio / Podcasting, Newspapers / Blogs Movies / Vodcasting
  • Closed  Open Software (OSs, Applications), Data (Weather, GIS), Content (Blogs, Wikis)
  • Then vs Now Analog  Digital Tethered  Mobile Isolated  Connected Generic  Personal Consumption  Creating Closed  Open
  • Education vs Everyday Analog  Digital Tethered  Mobile Isolated  Connected Generic  Personal Consumption  Creating Closed  Open
  • “ Daily Divide” Is a Huge Threat And the wider the disconnect, the bigger the threat to higher education
  • But Wait! We’re Education! Our historic monopoly is (gratefully) being challenged on almost every front
  • Why Do Students Come? Content, Support Services Social Life, Degrees
  • Content OpenCourseWares, Wikipedia, Public Library of Science,, Google Scholar, Flat World Knowledge, etc.
  • Support Services ChaCha, Yahoo! Answers, RateMyProfessor, Email, Instant Messaging, Twitter, etc.
  • Social Life Facebook, MySpace, MMOG, iPhone location-aware apps, etc.
  • Degrees MCSE, RHCE, CCNA
  • The Monopoly Is Being Busted Everything we provide is now offered by someone else
  • When Institutions Specialize They usually provide better quality at a better price
  • Higher Ed, On the Other Hand 76% increase in cost over 10 years How’s our quality?
  • Industries Failing Everywhere Banks, Insurance, Automobiles Higher Education?
  • A Bail Out for Higher Ed? Utah 4% cut, Pennsylvania 5 % cut, Massachusetts 5 % cut, Virginia 7 % cut
  • No Monopoly and No Bail Out How can we innovate to stay relevant?
  • What About E-learning?
  • What About E-learning? Quite innovative in 1995!
  • Characteristics of E-learning Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consuming or Creating Closed or Open
  • We’ve Only Changed the Channel Our pedagogy and philosophy are as just as they’ve always been
  • The Polo Parable A story about our move to online teaching and learning
  • Photo by e.dward
  • Photo by Christopher Henning
  • We’re Swimming on Horseback And rather proud of ourselves, I must say
  • Online is a Different Place The goals of teaching are the same, but the culture and rules in that space are only sort of the same
  • We’re Celebrating the Mass in Latin And our students are expecting charismatic worship with guitars, drums, and “Amen!”s
  • It’s About Respect Its about valuing culture and designing for it just as we would if teaching in Bangalore, Beijing, or Barcelona
  • Some Say Learning Has Changed Digital natives or millennials have brains that function differently
  • It’s About ATIs In the “aptitude by treatment interaction” literature, the only individual difference that matters is prior knowledge
  • Openness is the Cornerstone Openness underpins everything interesting happening online and is “what they know”
  • Why Make Such a Claim? Let’s ask Alexa what the 50 most popular sites on the web are…
  • Sites Where Anyone Can: Share a video, share a photo, share a blog post, share their personal info, share their ratings, share their files, share their expertise
  • Characteristics of E-learning Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consumption or Creating Closed or Open
  • Connecting You can’t connect to something if you don’t have access to it
  • Personalizing You can’t adapt or localize something if you don’t have the rights to modify it
  • Creating You won’t be creative if there’s no outlet for your work
  • How Might We Open Things? Higher Ed needs to figure this out
  • Materials Intended for Teachers Teachers only account for 15% of users
  • Lecture Notes Courses Around $15k per course
  • Video-based Courses Around $30k per course
  • “ Open 1.0” Hundreds of universities around the globe sharing over 6,000 courses (Will you show up on Google?)
  • Surely There Are Other Ways? Sharing some experiments
  • Connecting and Openness Sharing some experiments
  • Personalizing and Openness Sharing some experiments
  • Creating and Openness Sharing some experiments
  • Being Even More Open Sharing some experiments
  • Character Classes
    • Bard (Master of the lore, history, and politics of the field, know what's “out there”)
    • Artisan (Has materials production skills in all the necessary Web 1.0 and 2.0 tools like HTML, video sharing, podcasting)
    • Monk (Master of copyright and licensing arcana and defender of the university brand)
    • Merchant (Deals with short- and long-term sustainability issues)
  • Education Will Eventually Be Open And involve connecting, personalizing, and creating - just like everything else does
  • Will Higher Education Be Open? Can your school find the institutional will to change?
  • Institutional Disaggregation MIT OpenCourseWare, Western Governors University
  • Value of Integration? As compared to “specialized pieces loosely joined”
  • Not a Technology Problem Look around the Internet – not only do the technologies we need exist, they’re open source
  • This Is a Policy Problem Higher education is behaving like the recording and movie industries
  • Policy To Defend Tradition Rather than innovating
  • You Must Engage in Policy Reform Ignoring the growing problem is not a strategy
  • “ It is not necessary to change. Survival is not mandatory.” W. E. Deming
  • “ You never change things by fighting the existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the existing model obsolete.” Buckminster Fuller
  • Student Learning May Suffer The market will likely meet students’ increasingly unmet needs
  • Your Employment Will Suffer When your institution collapses as Googlers find better alternatives
  • “ The last temptation is the greatest treason, To do the right deed for the wrong reason.” Archbishop Thomas Beckett (T. S. Eliot)
  • Innovate for the Students To fulfill your sacred trust as a teacher
  • Thank You! [email_address]