Open Education


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  • As paper became more affordable, dictations became the common form in early universities, and students hand wrote their own copies of texts.
  • CC By-NC-SA Photo from
  • With the “lecture text” we get wide margins, so that faculty can now dictate their annotations to students. Though universities temporarily ban dictations, students demand them and they continue.
  • And this is still our primary mode of instruction, 3000 years later.
  • Allan Collins talked about customization, learner control, production – technology enables these, but the law does not allow them.
  • CC By-SA Photo from
  • What ’s your university’s IP policy with regard to sharing curriculum materials or research products?
  • Public domain photo from
  • CC By Photo by David Wiley
  • Open Education

    1. 1. Open Education David Wiley, PhD Department of Instructional Psychology & Technology Brigham Young University
    2. 5.
    3. 6. If the Book Didn’t Change Education Can the internet? Can openness?
    4. 8. Openness… In Education? Let ’s begin by defining terms
    5. 9. Open, adj . Describes educational artifacts
    6. 10. Open Textbooks Open Educational Resources Open Courseware (Open Source Software)
    7. 11. Open, adj . Teaching materials freely shared with permissions to engage in the “4R” activities
    8. 12. The 4Rs Reuse – copy verbatim Redistribute – share with others Revise – adapt and improve Remix – combine with others
    9. 13. Communicate 4Rs Permissions <ul><li>Since this overrides default copyright, you must use a copyright license </li></ul>
    10. 14. Offers easy to use 4R ’s licenses
    11. 19. While Nouns Differ… The operationalizing actions are the same
    12. 20. Open, adj . Generous, sharing, giving
    13. 21. Open, adj . Providing (1) access and (2) local control
    14. 22. Your Inner Two-year Old Overcoming the impulse to scream “ Mine!”
    15. 23. Law and Policy “Enable” Us To shout “Mine!” ever more loudly, convulse ever more uncontrollably, and hit each other with ever larger toys
    16. 24. Society’ s Siren Song “ Be selfish. Keep it to yourself. It’s legal. It’s ok.”
    17. 25. Education Is Not Immune This kind of thinking is accepted
    18. 26. Role of Openness in Education? A terrible, insidious question
    19. 27. Openness is the only means of doing education.
    20. 28. If There Is No Sharing There is no education
    21. 29. Successful Educators Share most thoroughly with the most students
    22. 30. Expertise Is Nonrivalrous Can be given without being given away
    23. 31. “ He who receives ideas from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine receives light without darkening me.” Thomas Jefferson
    24. 32. Expressions Are Different To give a book you must give it away
    25. 33. Expressions Are Different To give a book you must give it away
    26. 34. Expressions Are Different Digital expressions are nonrivalrous n ’t ^
    27. 35. E.g., Online Book We can all read simultaneously
    28. 36. An Indescribable Advance The first time in human history
    29. 37. Expertise and Its Expressions Give without giving away
    30. 38. Unprecedented Capacity We can share as never before
    31. 39. Unprecedented Capacity We can educate as never before
    32. 40. Stewardship For which we are accountable
    33. 41. Open Educational Resources Open Course Ware Open Courses Open Textbooks
    34. 42. Repository Examples
    35. 46. OpenCourseWare Examples
    36. 51. Open Courses Examples
    37. 55. Open Textbook Examples
    38. 58. Expanded Funding
    39. 59. Department of Labor <ul><li>$2 Billion for high-demand one or two year programs </li></ul>
    40. 61. Accreditation <ul><li>Get credit for what you know </li></ul>
    41. 63. University of the People
    42. 64. OER University
    43. 65. Mozilla Badge Lab
    44. 66. Extension and Land-Grants <ul><li>Increasing reach and access </li></ul>
    45. 67. Adopting Open Textbooks <ul><li>Improving affordability </li></ul><ul><li>improves access </li></ul>
    46. 69. Buy One, Get One <ul><li>The public that funded work </li></ul><ul><li>deserves access to the work </li></ul>
    47. 70. “ Classroom Exhaust” <ul><li>The by-products of classroom teaching, </li></ul><ul><li>like syllabi, lecture notes, slides, </li></ul><ul><li>assignments and quizzes </li></ul>
    48. 72. We Want to Increase Access <ul><li>Openness and online materials </li></ul><ul><li>give us incredible opportunities </li></ul>
    49. 73. What Would Morrill 3.0 Be? <ul><li>It would definitely reimagine access in </li></ul><ul><li>the context of new tools and </li></ul><ul><li>new capabilities </li></ul>
    50. 74. “ Can XYZ Change Education?” <ul><li>As Smokey the Bear said, </li></ul><ul><li>“ Only You Can.” </li></ul>
    51. 75. Thank You [email_address] @opencontent