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Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
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Leadership in the Context of Open

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Keynote address for the AECT Summer Research Symposium

Keynote address for the AECT Summer Research Symposium

Published in: Education, Technology
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  • Public domain photo from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:T_Jefferson_by_Charles_Willson_Peale_1791_2.jpg
  • CC By Photo by David Wiley
  • CC licensedphoto http://www.flickr.com/photos/62693815@N03/6277209256/
  • http://measuringup2008.highereducation.org/commentary/callan.php
  • http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702303812904577295930047604846.html
  • http://www.urbanohio.com/forum2/index.php?topic=25321.0
  • Transcript

    • 1. www.lumenlearning.com Leadership in the Context of Open David Wiley, PhD
    • 2. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 3. www.lumenlearning.com Overview • Nice and Open • The Power of Open • On MOOCs (#fail) • Leadership and Openness
    • 4. www.lumenlearning.com Nice and Open Meanings matter
    • 5. www.lumenlearning.com “Nice” - late 13c. "foolish, stupid"
    • 6. www.lumenlearning.com “Nice” - late 20c. "kind, thoughtful"
    • 7. www.lumenlearning.com What If… Someone famous revived the old meaning?
    • 8. www.lumenlearning.com "Nice people are certain to fail my course." Which “nice”?
    • 9. www.lumenlearning.com “Open” – Early 70s ”no admission requirements"
    • 10. www.lumenlearning.com “Open” – Late 00s Evolved into a much more robust, nuanced, specific meaning
    • 11. www.lumenlearning.com Open Educational Resources? (1) Any kind of teaching materials – textbooks, syllabi, lesson plans, videos, readings, exams
    • 12. www.lumenlearning.com Open Educational Resources? (2) Free and unfettered access, and (3) Free permission to engage in the “4R activities”
    • 13. www.lumenlearning.com • Use a verbatim copyReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute The 4Rs
    • 14. www.lumenlearning.com What If… Someone famous revived the old meaning?
    • 15. www.lumenlearning.com “I’m teaching an open online course this fall.” Which “open”? (Thanks, MOOCs.)
    • 16. www.lumenlearning.com Genuine Confusion Open = free!
    • 17. www.lumenlearning.com Deliberate Misappropriation “Openwashing”
    • 18. www.lumenlearning.com Why Does It Matter? Open is extremely powerful Fauxpen is not
    • 19. www.lumenlearning.com Power of Openness in Education • Alignment with goals of education • Alignment with nature of knowledge • Alignment with technical capability of the net • Decreasing costs • Improving learning outcomes • Empowering faculty • Facilitating the unexpected
    • 20. www.lumenlearning.com Power of Openness in Education • Alignment with goals of education • Alignment with nature of knowledge • Alignment with technical capability of the net • Decreasing costs • Improving learning outcomes • Empowering faculty • Facilitating the unexpected
    • 21. www.lumenlearning.com Education is Sharing Faculty with students Students with teachers
    • 22. www.lumenlearning.com Faculty Share With Students Knowledge and skills Feedback and criticism Encouragement
    • 23. www.lumenlearning.com Students Share With Faculty Questions in Class Assignments Exams
    • 24. www.lumenlearning.com Successful Educators Share most compeltely with the most students
    • 25. www.lumenlearning.com 2008 Professor in Southern US Claimed (c) of his class lectures, declared student notes derivative works, and asserted control over their use
    • 26. www.lumenlearning.com “Demented with the mania of owning things” Walt Whitman
    • 27. www.lumenlearning.com If there is no sharing… there is no education.
    • 28. www.lumenlearning.com Interlude: A Riddle What can you give without giving it away?
    • 29. www.lumenlearning.com Knowledge is Nonrivalrous Can be given without being given away
    • 30. www.lumenlearning.com “He who receives ideas from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine receives light without darkening me.” Thomas Jefferson
    • 31. www.lumenlearning.com Physical Expressions Are Not To give a book you must give it away
    • 32. www.lumenlearning.com Expressions Are Different To give a book you must give it away
    • 33. www.lumenlearning.com When Expressions Are Digital They also become nonrivalrous
    • 34. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 35. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 36. www.lumenlearning.com Unprecedented Capacity We can share as never before
    • 37. www.lumenlearning.com Except We Can’t © regulates copying, adapting, and distributing those copies
    • 38. www.lumenlearning.com Internet Enables What to do? Copyright Forbids
    • 39. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 40. www.lumenlearning.com Use copyright to enforce sharing
    • 41. www.lumenlearning.com http://creativecommons.org/
    • 42. www.lumenlearning.com What are Open Educational Resources (OER)? (1) Any kind of teaching materials – textbooks, syllabi, lesson plans, videos, readings, exams
    • 43. www.lumenlearning.com What are Open Educational Resources (OER)? (2) Are free for anyone to access, and (3) Include free permission to engage in the 4R activities
    • 44. www.lumenlearning.com • Use a verbatim copyReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute The 4Rs
    • 45. www.lumenlearning.com Internet Enables OER Allows Leveraging the full technical capability of the internet
    • 46. www.lumenlearning.com Power of Openness in Education • Alignment with goals of education • Alignment with nature of knowledge • Alignment with technical capability of the net • Decreasing costs • Improving learning outcomes • Empowering faculty • Facilitating the unexpected
    • 47. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 48. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 49. www.lumenlearning.com Tuition and Fees are Political What about textbook adoptions?
    • 50. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 51. www.lumenlearning.com Textbook Costs The lowest hanging fruit
    • 52. www.lumenlearning.com e.g., Developmental Math $180, MyMathLab, and a financial aid check
    • 53. www.lumenlearning.com Textbook Costs $1229 year ($3131 tuition) 60% sometimes skip 23% regularly skip
    • 54. www.lumenlearning.com Are They Really THAT Expensive? Provider Cost Netflix – 20,000 Movies $7.99 / month Hulu Plus – 45,000 TV Shows $7.99 / month Spotify – 15M Songs $9.99 / month Total $25.97 / month CourseSmart – 1 Biology Textbook $20.25 / month
    • 55. www.lumenlearning.com Kaleidoscope Open Course Initiative NGLC funding 8 community colleges / OA colleges
    • 56. www.lumenlearning.com Core Activity Defining and aggregating outcomes Finding and aligning OERs to outcomes Creating 100% OER textbook replacements
    • 57. www.lumenlearning.com X-Institutional Collaboration Goals Cover 10 GE courses and 4,000 students Drop required textbook cost by 50%
    • 58. www.lumenlearning.com Phase 1 Results Covered 11 GE courses and 9,000 students Dropped required textbook cost to $0 Increased success rate by 14% average
    • 59. www.lumenlearning.com Displacing Adoptions Make the required textbook cost $0
    • 60. www.lumenlearning.com Phase 2 Cover 35 GE courses 28 Institutional partners
    • 61. www.lumenlearning.com Open Course Frameworks Making OER Simple to Adopt
    • 62. www.lumenlearning.com Open Course Frameworks • Start from learning outcomes, • curated collections of OER, • openly licensed with detailed attribution, • organized in a way that looks and feels like an online course, • intended to be modified before use, • compatible with ImprovOER continuous quality improvement service.
    • 63. www.lumenlearning.com Open Course Frameworks Making OER Simple to Adopt
    • 64. www.lumenlearning.com Open Course Frameworks Making OER Simple to Adopt
    • 65. www.lumenlearning.com Open Course Frameworks Making OER Simple to Adopt
    • 66. www.lumenlearning.com Open Course Frameworks Making OER Simple to Adopt
    • 67. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 68. www.lumenlearning.com Textbook Zero Entire degree program based on OER Up to 40% off the cost to graduate First pilot opens Fall 2013 at Tidewater CC
    • 69. www.lumenlearning.com Power of Openness in Education • Alignment with goals of education • Alignment with nature of knowledge • Alignment with technical capability of the net • Decreasing costs • Improving learning outcomes • Empowering faculty • Facilitating the unexpected
    • 70. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 71. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 72. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 73. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 74. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 75. www.lumenlearning.com Wither MOOCs? How did we get off the rails?
    • 76. www.lumenlearning.com “OpenCourseWare” 2002
    • 77. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 78. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 79. www.lumenlearning.com OpenCourseWare Consortium
    • 80. www.lumenlearning.com Self-paced Open Online Courses 2002
    • 81. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 82. www.lumenlearning.com OER as Video + Practice 2006
    • 83. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 84. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 85. www.lumenlearning.com Open University Courses 2007
    • 86. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 87. www.lumenlearning.com MOOC 2008
    • 88. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 89. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 90. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 91. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 92. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 93. www.lumenlearning.com Most MOOCs are Fauxpen No admission requirements, but… Full copyright – No 4Rs Draconian TOS
    • 94. www.lumenlearning.com “You may not take any Online Course offered by Coursera or use any Statement of Accomplishment as part of any tuition-based or for- credit certification or program for any college, university, or other academic institution without the express written permission from Coursera.”
    • 95. www.lumenlearning.com Leadership Imagining and demonstrating what’s possible with OER and open approaches
    • 96. www.lumenlearning.com Making Education Affordable Axe 25% - 40% off the cost to graduate
    • 97. www.lumenlearning.com “Personalized Learning” Imagine if Netflix… Trapped in algorithm hell
    • 98. www.lumenlearning.com Personalized Learning Learning that’s interesting and relevant Faculty revise/remix for their class Students revise/remix for each other
    • 99. www.lumenlearning.com Killing “Disposable Assignments” http://pm4id.org/
    • 100. www.lumenlearning.com Data + OER Continuous improvement
    • 101. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 102. www.lumenlearning.com
    • 103. www.lumenlearning.com What Happens If We Don’t Lead? Someone else does c.f., MOOCs
    • 104. www.lumenlearning.com Discussion http://davidwiley.org/ @opencontent

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