GUADALUPE MOUNTAINS                      NATIONAL PARK: THE ANCIENT                          SEASHORE OF TEXAS            ...
WHERE?     Figure 1: Location of Guadalupe Mountains National Park: Google Maps. Web. maps.google.com. 7 Aug. 2011.Wednesd...
WHERE?        Figure 2: Location of Guadalupe Mountains National Park: Google Maps. Web. maps.google.com. 7 Aug. 2011.Wedn...
WHERE?       Figure 3: Location of Guadalupe Mountains National Park: Google Maps. Web. maps.google.com. 7 Aug. 2011.Wedne...
Figure 4: Harris A., Tuttle E. and Tuttle S., 2004, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas.: Geology of National Parks S...
Facts                    September 30, 1972                    Trans-Pecos Region & Guadalupe                    Mountain ...
Weather & Living Things                    Desert climate & Texas weather                    Mountain lions               ...
Vegetation      Figure 7: eight.circle, IMG_5479. Web. http://www.flickr.com/photos/      Figure 8: ®iverland, Guadalupe Mo...
Texas Madrone              Figure 9: Wasowski, Sally and Andy, Arbutus xalapensis. Web.   Figure 10: Wasowski, Sally and A...
Pines                           Figure 11: coppernate, Fallen Tree. Web. http://www.flickr.com/photos/coppernate/2565935729...
Points of Interest                              Guadalupe Peak                              McKittrick Canyon             ...
Figure 12: Harris A., Tuttle E. and Tuttle S., 2004, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas.: Geology of National Parks ...
History                   10,000 years ago - Early hunters                   1500 - Mescalero Apache                   185...
History            Figure 13: National Park Service, Pictographs. Web. http://www.nps.gov/gumo/            historyculture/...
The Geologic Process                 Ancient reef complex                      All parts of reef                 Inland se...
Ancient Reef Exposed                           Figure 17: Harris A., Tuttle E. and Tuttle S., 2004, Guadalupe Mountains Na...
The Beginning                  Delaware Basin                                                 Ancient Life                ...
Delaware Basin             Figure 18: Harris A., Tuttle E. and Tuttle S., 2004, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas.:...
Layering & Development                   Depositional Layers in basin                                                     ...
Figure 20: Harris A., Tuttle E. and Tuttle S., 2004, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas.: Geology of National Parks ...
El Capitan                           Figure 21: Paul & Kelly, El Capitan Peak. Web. http://www.flickr.com/photos/paulkelly/...
McKittrick Canyon               Figure 22: LastGreatRoadTrip, McKittrick Canyon. Web. http://               www.flickr.com/...
Pine Springs                           Figure 24: R. Pahre, Pine Spring Canyon and Hunter Peak. Web. http://www.flickr.com/...
Gypsum Sand Dunes                   Unique conditions                         Playa Lakes                         Gypsum d...
So What?                              Snapshot of the Permian                              Rare formations                ...
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  1. 1. GUADALUPE MOUNTAINS NATIONAL PARK: THE ANCIENT SEASHORE OF TEXAS James Austin Brookhaven College Historical Geology August 10, 2011Wednesday, August 10, 11
  2. 2. WHERE? Figure 1: Location of Guadalupe Mountains National Park: Google Maps. Web. maps.google.com. 7 Aug. 2011.Wednesday, August 10, 11
  3. 3. WHERE? Figure 2: Location of Guadalupe Mountains National Park: Google Maps. Web. maps.google.com. 7 Aug. 2011.Wednesday, August 10, 11
  4. 4. WHERE? Figure 3: Location of Guadalupe Mountains National Park: Google Maps. Web. maps.google.com. 7 Aug. 2011.Wednesday, August 10, 11
  5. 5. Figure 4: Harris A., Tuttle E. and Tuttle S., 2004, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas.: Geology of National Parks Sixth Edition: Dubuque, Iowa, Kendall/Hunt Publishing, p. 234. Print.Wednesday, August 10, 11
  6. 6. Facts September 30, 1972 Trans-Pecos Region & Guadalupe Mountain Range 135 square miles Guadalupe Peak - 8,479 feet 192,210 visitors in 2010 Source: Harris A., Tuttle E and Tuttle S., 2004, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas.: Geology of National Parks Sixth Edition: Dubuque, Iowa, Kendall/Hunt Publishing, p. 233. Print. Figure 5: Karpovich, John F., Photo of El Capitan. Web. Source: National Park Public Use Statistics Office, 2011, Guadalupe Mountains NP Annual Park http://www.cs.virginia.edu/~jfk3w/travel/ Visitation (All Years): National Park Service, U.S. Department of The Interior. Web. http:// gmnp_el_capitan1.html 9 Aug. 2011. www.nature.nps.gov/stats/park.cfm?parkid=306 7 Aug. 2011.Wednesday, August 10, 11
  7. 7. Weather & Living Things Desert climate & Texas weather Mountain lions Variety of life Deciduous desert plants Texas Madrone - Naked Indian Figure 6: Hoy, Lee, Mountain Lion. Web. http://www.flickr.com/photos/leehoy/ 5741999057/sizes/m/in/photostream 8 Aug. 2011. Modified by James Austin. Up to 150 pounds, 8.5 feet Pines Source: Harris A., Tuttle E and Tuttle S., 2004, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas.: Feed on nearly any mammal Geology of National Parks Sixth Edition: Dubuque, Iowa, Kendall/Hunt Publishing, p. 233. Print. Source: Reader’s Digest, 1985, Our National Parks: Pleasantville, New York/Montreal, The Dangerous? Reader’s Digest Association, Inc. p. 157. Print. Source: Texas Parks Wildlife Division, 2008, Mountain Lions in Texas. Web. http:// Source: Dunn, Jerry Camillo Jr., Gordon, Alice, and White, Mel, 1990, Texas and the Arkansas www.tpwd.state.tx.us/publications/pwdpubs/media/pwd_br_w7000_0232.pdf 8 Aug. 2011 River valley: New York New York, Worman Publishing, p. 294. Print.Wednesday, August 10, 11
  8. 8. Vegetation Figure 7: eight.circle, IMG_5479. Web. http://www.flickr.com/photos/ Figure 8: ®iverland, Guadalupe Mountains. Web. http://www.flickr.com/photos/riverland/ 34997441@N03/3247158013/sizes/z/in/set-72157613273276704/ 8 Aug. 2011. 1028759508/ 8 Aug. 2011.Wednesday, August 10, 11
  9. 9. Texas Madrone Figure 9: Wasowski, Sally and Andy, Arbutus xalapensis. Web. Figure 10: Wasowski, Sally and Andy, Arbutus xalapensis. Web. http://www.wildflower.org/gallery/result.php?id_image=21352 http://www.wildflower.org/gallery/result.php?id_image=21354 8 Aug. 2011. 8 Aug. 2011.Wednesday, August 10, 11
  10. 10. Pines Figure 11: coppernate, Fallen Tree. Web. http://www.flickr.com/photos/coppernate/2565935729/sizes/l/in/photostream/ 8 Aug. 2011.Wednesday, August 10, 11
  11. 11. Points of Interest Guadalupe Peak McKittrick Canyon Pine Springs El Capitan Gypsum Sand DunesWednesday, August 10, 11
  12. 12. Figure 12: Harris A., Tuttle E. and Tuttle S., 2004, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas.: Geology of National Parks Sixth Edition: Dubuque, Iowa, Kendall/ Hunt Publishing, p. 234. Print.Wednesday, August 10, 11
  13. 13. History 10,000 years ago - Early hunters 1500 - Mescalero Apache 1858 - John Butterfield & The Pinery 1860’s - Felix McKittrick and ranching 1920’s - Judge J.C. Hunter 1930’s - Wallace Pratt Source: Thybony, Scott., 1992, America’s Hidden Treasures: Exploring Our Little-Know National Parks - Source: Reader’s Digest, 1985, Our National Parks: Pleasantville, New Source: National Park Service, People. Web. http://www.nps.gov/ Guadalupe Mountains Desert Panorama: Willard, Ohio, York/Montreal, The Reader’s Digest Association, Inc. p. 157. Print. gumo/historyculture/people.htm 9 Aug. 2011. National Geographic Society p. 124-125. Print.Wednesday, August 10, 11
  14. 14. History Figure 13: National Park Service, Pictographs. Web. http://www.nps.gov/gumo/ historyculture/index.htm 8 Aug. 2011. Figure 14: Carey, Frank, The Pinery Station. Web. http://www.flickr.com/photos/dolor_ipsum/ 3828164572/sizes/l/in/photostream/ 8 Aug. 2011. Figure 15: M., Glen, Pratt Cabin Back. Web. http://www.flickr.com/ photos/glenmpics/3459511603/sizes/l/in/photostream/ 8 Aug. 2011.Wednesday, August 10, 11
  15. 15. The Geologic Process Ancient reef complex All parts of reef Inland sea Uplift Erosion Figure 16: King, Geoffrey, Over the Guadalupe Mountains. Web. http://www.flickr.com/photos/dogmycats/ 39404929/sizes/o/in/photostream/ 9 Aug. 2011.Wednesday, August 10, 11
  16. 16. Ancient Reef Exposed Figure 17: Harris A., Tuttle E. and Tuttle S., 2004, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas.: Geology of National Parks Sixth Edition: Dubuque, Iowa, Kendall/Hunt Publishing, p. 236. Print.Wednesday, August 10, 11
  17. 17. The Beginning Delaware Basin Ancient Life Inland sea Algae & Sponges Early Permian Brachiopods About 2000 feet of Coral limestones Skeletons Source: Harris A., Tuttle E and Tuttle S., 2004, Guadalupe Source: National Park Service, Geologic Formations. Web. http:// Mountains National Park, Texas.: Geology of National Parks Sixth www.nps.gov/gumo/naturescience/geologicformations.htm 9 Aug. 2011. Edition: Dubuque, Iowa, Kendall/Hunt Publishing, p. 233. Print.Wednesday, August 10, 11
  18. 18. Delaware Basin Figure 18: Harris A., Tuttle E. and Tuttle S., 2004, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas.: Geology of National Parks Sixth Edition: Dubuque, Iowa, Kendall/ Hunt Publishing, p. 237. Print.Wednesday, August 10, 11
  19. 19. Layering & Development Depositional Layers in basin Reef formation Figure 19: Harris A., Tuttle E. and Tuttle S., 2004, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas.: Geology of National Parks Sixth Edition: Dubuque, Iowa, Kendall/Hunt Publishing, p. 239. Print.Wednesday, August 10, 11
  20. 20. Figure 20: Harris A., Tuttle E. and Tuttle S., 2004, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas.: Geology of National Parks Sixth Edition: Dubuque, Iowa, Kendall/Hunt Publishing, p. 240. Print.Wednesday, August 10, 11
  21. 21. El Capitan Figure 21: Paul & Kelly, El Capitan Peak. Web. http://www.flickr.com/photos/paulkelly/3209873705/sizes/l/in/photostream/ 9 Aug. 2011.Wednesday, August 10, 11
  22. 22. McKittrick Canyon Figure 22: LastGreatRoadTrip, McKittrick Canyon. Web. http:// www.flickr.com/photos/lastgreatroadtrip/3570347273/sizes/l/in/ Figure 23: LastGreatRoadTrip, McKittrick Canyon, Webt. http:// photostream/ 9 Aug. 2011. www.flickr.com/photos/lastgreatroadtrip/3571157910/sizes/l/in/ photostream/ 9 Aug. 2011. Source: National Park Service, McKittrick Canyon. Web. http://www.nps.gov/gumo/planyourvisit/mckittrick.htm 8 Aug. 2011.Wednesday, August 10, 11
  23. 23. Pine Springs Figure 24: R. Pahre, Pine Spring Canyon and Hunter Peak. Web. http://www.flickr.com/photos/13467208@N02/5439525928/sizes/l/in/ photostream/ 9 Aug. 2011.Wednesday, August 10, 11
  24. 24. Gypsum Sand Dunes Unique conditions Playa Lakes Gypsum deposits High winds Acquired later Source: National Park Service, Salt Basin Dues. Web. http://www.nps.gov/gumo/planyourvisit/ dunes.htm 8 Aug. 2011. Figure 25: Henry, Charles, Standing In The Dunes. Web. http:// Source: Adam Harrington Narrating Documentary On The Saly Basin Dunes At Guadalupe www.flickr.com/photos/amarilloposters/5749059465/sizes/l/in/ National Park. Web Video. http://www.worldgamingexecutives.com/video/adam-harrington- photostream/ 8 Aug. 2011. narrating?xg_source=activity 9 Aug. 2011.Wednesday, August 10, 11
  25. 25. So What? Snapshot of the Permian Rare formations “The most beautiful spot in Texas” Source:Young, Donald, 2006, National Parks of America: New Line Books Limited, p. 93. Print.Wednesday, August 10, 11

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