What is positive psychology coaching? “A scientifically-rooted approach to helping clients increase well-being, enhance and apply strengths, improve performance and achieve valued goals” Kauffman, Boniwell & Silberman, 2009Positive psychology provides an evidence-based frameworkfor coaching…Coaching for positivity, strengths, optimism, resilience andtowards flourishing…
Positive Psychology Coaching for…Hedonic well-being Eudaimonic well-being‘Feel good’ ‘Function well’Happiness/Life Optimal functioning/satisfaction SuccessPositivity StrengthsPromote Well-being Improve PerformancePersonal development Professional developmentFit with life coaching Fit with executive coaching Flourish Flourish
The Positivity Ratio: Positive to Negative Emotions 3:1 = Flourishing 2:1 = Languishing Losada & Fredrickson, 2005
Coaching for PositivityAim: To increase positive emotions, helping the client to spiral upwards towards a state of flourishing. Tipping point is the Positivity Ratio – 3:1 positive to negative emotions. Frequency of positive emotion counts more than quality.The Science Bit• Positive emotions broaden our thinking and attention, enhancing creativity & productivity• Build 4 types of resources – psychological, intellectual, social, physical and resilience• Undo stress• PP coaching to overcome the negativity bias
Towards the Positivity Ratio• What’s going right in life?• Identify what you love to do and do it - playlist• Engage wholeheartedly with positive experiences• Accept the fleeting nature of positive emotions• Quantity rather than quality for the positivity ratio• Keep some balance and accept negative emotions
Three Good Things The Classic Positive Psychology Intervention… What is good in my life? What am I grateful for? What went well?
Gratitude• “A felt sense of wonder, thankfulness and appreciation for life.” (Emmons & Shelton, 2002).• Gratitude associated with increased positive emotions happiness, life satisfaction, optimism, hope, enthusiasm, energy, spirituality, forgiveness. And decreased depression, anxiety, loneliness, envy, neuroticism and materialism (Emmons, 2007). Tools Three good things. ‘What’s been good?’ Gratitude journal. Expressing thanks eg. Gratitude letter or visit.