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MDST 3703 F10 Studio 5

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  • Ask Ellie Stanton, Kathryn Corcoran, and Jonathan Guerra
  • Transcript

    • 1. Studio 5 Exploration and Evaluation I
      Introduction to the Digital Liberal Arts
      MDST 3703 / 7703Fall 2010
    • 2. Business
      Quiz 1 due
      Meetings
      Mid-term – before or after Fall Break?
    • 3. Review
      Great synthetic posts
      The story of the Web as open narrative  YES
      Historically connected to Ayers’ topic
      Railroads, telegraph, etc. and the Internet
      Common trait of ‘distorting’ social space and time
    • 4. Overview
      Shift gears and move into hands-on criticism
      Discussion of core principles of design
      Followed by hands-on exercises focused on specific web sites
    • 5. Dan Brown, Angels & Demons, p. 19
    • 6. “In March 1989, Tim Berners-Lee submitted a proposal for an information management system to his boss, Mike Sendall. ‘Vague, but exciting’, were the words that Sendall wrote on the proposal, allowing Berners-Lee to continue.”
      (http://info.cern.ch/Proposal.html)
    • 7. Web as Open Narrativeor, the Great Node Theory of History
      SGML
      Netscape
      (Andreeson)
      Hypertext
      Microsoft(AJAX)
      NeXT
      Google
      TCP/IP
      (etc.)
    • 8. What is scholarship?
    • 9. Scholarship involves …
      Selection of materials
      Organization of materials
      Arguments based on materials that reference them in precise ways
      Synthesis of Reason + Evidence
      “Reason” connected to secondary sources – representing, critiquing, modifying, creating arguments
      Evidence = data and primary sources
    • 10. Importance of Structure
      Mediates between raw data and “cooked” argument
      Organization of materials is the foundation of scholarship, even if it is not sufficient to define it
      Scholarship rests on well-ordered collections
      These provide both access and a view of larger patterns
      Connects traditional scholarship to digital representation
      Categories help us define and relate lexia …
    • 11. Two Principles of Connection of Lexia in Hypertext
      Linking
      Nelson’s concept of link
      HTML anchor elements, e.g.
      <a href=“http://somewhere.com”>I am a link</a>
      Classification
      Library of Congress subject headings
      HTML and XML document structure
      WP Categories, menus, and tags
    • 12. HTML
      http://www.slis.indiana.edu/faculty/hrosenba/www/Workshops/CSS/Demo/csscreating3.html
    • 13. HTML
    • 14. TEI
    • 15. Aristotle
      http://www.jfsowa.com/ontology/ontoshar.htm
    • 16. http://iteadthomam.blogspot.com/2008/08/logic-i-lesson-5-five-predicables-part.html
    • 17. ". . . the tree of nature and logic by the thirteenth-century poet, philosopher, and missionary Ramon Lull. The main trunk supports a version of the tree of Porphyry, which illustrates Aristotle's categories. The ten leaves on the right represent ten types of questions, and the ten leaves on the left are keyed to a system of rotating disks for generating answers. Such diagrams and disks comprise Lull's Ars Magna (Great Art), which was the first attempt to develop mechanical aids to reasoning. It served as an inspiration to the pioneer in symbolic logic, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz.“
      -- John Sowa, explaining the cover art for Knowledge Representation
    • 18.
    • 19. http://www.timestar.org/kingsborough.htm
      http://www.historycooperative.org/journals/ht/37.3/raat.html
    • 20. Categories form the armature of thought
      Armature for a classical pose of a figure holding a lyre.
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Armature-sculpture.png
    • 21. Some Things about Categories
      They are foundational to thinking, but are often implicit
      e.g. Syllogisms
      Often organized hierarchically, but they don’t have to be
      Based on core metaphors: trees, kinship, the body, etc.
      Socially and culturally specific
      They are used to structure information in concrete ways
      Organization of libraries and books
      Organization of web sites
    • 22. Exercise 1: Extract the Categories in VOS and TDSM
      Break up into four groups
      Explore the two web sites and discuss the categories used to organize the material
      Think of how everything is organized—from content to concepts
      Create a list of categories
      Connect the categories by means of a model
      Each group will have a scribe who will take notes and maintain the list
      Put your notes in a post with the category
      09-23 Studio Exercise 1
    • 23. Exercise 2: Prototype a New Site
      Use the categories you created in Exercise 1 to create a high level, paper prototype of a new web site that would encompass both sites
      Imagine two or three basic screen shots
      This new site should make use of the categories to increase the connectedness of the content in the site
      The prototype does not have to be complete!
      The idea is think creatively about design
      Put your notes in a post with the category
      09-23 Studio Exercise 2