• Save
Prof Heather Viles at IW Cafe Scientifique - Science and conservation in Cultural heritage
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Prof Heather Viles at IW Cafe Scientifique - Science and conservation in Cultural heritage

on

  • 609 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
609
Views on SlideShare
526
Embed Views
83

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

1 Embed 83

http://cafescientifique.onthewight.com 83

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Prof Heather Viles at IW Cafe Scientifique - Science and conservation in Cultural heritage Prof Heather Viles at IW Cafe Scientifique - Science and conservation in Cultural heritage Presentation Transcript

  • Science and conservation From ancient monuments to wilderness landscapesProf Heather Viles, University of Oxford
  • Synopsis• Conserving our heritage• Bioconservation – What can science contribute?• Geoconservation – What can science contribute?• Cultural heritage conservation – What can science contribute?• Integrating heritage conservation
  • Cultural heritage - material (monuments, buildings, sites) and intangible Mixed heritage - cultural landscapes, cultural routes Natural heritage - biological and ‘earth’Heritage conservation
  • Great Wall of China Acacus rock art, Libya Image credit: Luco GaluzziSt Catherine’s VeniceMonastery, Egypt Colossi of Memnon, Egypt
  • Aldabra Atoll, Seychelles Lulworth Cove, Dorset, England Guilin Karst, ChinaWadden Sea (Wattenmeer),Germany and the Netherlands Surtsey, Iceland
  • St Kilda, UK Drakensberg Mountains, South Africa Image credit: Sea HarrisMachu Picchu, Peru Cappadocia, Turke y
  • Evidential value For interpreting the past Historical value For connecting with the past Aesthetic value For the enjoyment of beauty Communal value For meanings and identities Economic value Questions ofWhy conserve heritage? value
  • Natural processes and changes Gradual change Extreme events Human impacts Pollution (air/water/land) Abandonment, neglect, changing use Bad management and restoration War Identifying theWhy conserve heritage? major external threats
  • 38 WHS ‘in danger’ in 2012 Abu Mena, Egypt Galapagos Islands Image credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS, NASA Bamiyan, AfghanistanBelize barrier reefImage credit: Landsat NASA Image credit: Nebedaay Image credit: UNESCO
  • Heritage science http://www.heritagescience.ac.uk/http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/nhss/server/show/nav.19891
  • Landscape as an integrating concept Human impacts Culture Biology ecology BiogeomorphologyCulturallandscapes Geomorphology geology
  • • Identification of species, sites and habitats requiring conservation• Establishment of the natural ‘baseline’ – what are we working toward conserving?• How to conserve – application of ecological theories (e.g. Norman Myers’ ‘hotspots’)• Monitoring the success of conservation schemesRole of science in Mainly ecologistsbioconservation and biogeographers
  • • Identification of species, sites and habitats requiring conservation• Establishment of the natural ‘baseline’ – what are we working toward conserving?• How to conserve – application of ecological theories (e.g. Norman Myers’ ‘hotspots’)• Monitoring the success of conservation schemesRole of science in Mainly ecologistsbioconservation and biogeographers
  • ALDABRA ATOLL, INDIAN OCEAN
  • Aldabra Atoll: a World Heritage Site andecological ‘natural laboratory’ Aldabrachelys gigantea – the Aldabran giant tortoise
  • What WAS I doing?
  • • Identification of species, sites and habitats requiring conservation• Establishment of the natural ‘baseline’ – what are we working toward conserving?• How to conserve – application of ecological theories (e.g. Norman Myers’ ‘hotspots’)• Monitoring the success of conservation schemesRole of science in Mainly ecologistsbioconservation and biogeographers
  • NAMIB DESERT, NAMIBIA
  • Lichen fields – biodiversity andsurface stabilization See: Lalley and Viles 2008 Biodiversity 100m and Conservation, 17, 1-20
  • • Identification of landforms, sites and geomorphic systems worthy of conservation• Understanding the dynamics of conserved areas (development over time, functioning today)• Aiding management in the face of threats such as climate change• Interpretation/ public understandingRole of science in Mainly geologists &geoconservation geomorphologists
  • • Identification of landforms, sites and geomorphic systems worthy of conservation• Understanding the dynamics of conserved areas (development over time, functioning today)• Aiding management in the face of threats such as climate change• Interpretation/ public understandingRole of science in Mainly geologists &geoconservation geomorphologists
  • ZHANGJIAJIE GEOPARK, CHINA
  • What’s in a name? International Workshop onZhangjiajie Geomorphology 2010
  • See also: Brierley etal., 2011 ESPL, 36, 1981-1984
  • • Identification of landforms, sites and geomorphic systems worthy of conservation• Understanding the dynamics of conserved areas (development over time, functioning today)• Aiding management in the face of threats such as climate change• Interpretation/ public understandingRole of science in Mainly geologists &geoconservation geomorphologists
  • Giant’s Causeway, N Ireland: Dynamic landscape See: Smith et al, 2010 Geoheritage
  • • Understanding site and environmental context of cultural heritage• Prospecting/ survey for archaeological sites• Understanding deterioration• Identifying ‘hotspots’ at risk from environmental threats• Applying geomorphic theory to conservationScience and cultural heritageconservation
  • • Understanding site and environmental context of cultural heritage• Prospecting/ survey for archaeological sites• Understanding deterioration• Identifying ‘hotspots’ at risk from environmental threats• Applying geomorphic theory to conservationScience and cultural heritageconservation
  • ACACUS MTS AND MESSAK SETTAFET, LIBYA
  • Libyan rock art: Geological and geomorphological settings
  • Rock art research team
  • Monitoring colour, hardness andmicroclimate at rock art sites
  • • Understanding site and environmental context of cultural heritage• Prospecting/ survey for archaeological sites• Understanding deterioration• Identifying ‘hotspots’ at risk from environmental threats• Applying geomorphic theory to conservationScience and cultural heritageconservation
  • GOLDEN GATE NATIONAL PARK, SOUTH AFRICA
  • Fading heritage? Understanding rock art deterioration
  • Golden GateHighlands, South Africa Badly deteriorating rock art
  • Viles et al., (2010) ESPL; Mol and Viles (2010) Geomorphology Monitoring micro-climate, rock hardness and internal moisture regimes
  • Integrating heritage conservation: Roles of science Angkor Wat, Cambo dia Image credit: Dave’sTravelCornerRathbarry, Ireland
  • Green ruins: Developing newconservation methods
  • Can soft capping help conserve ruinedwalls?
  • 16 15cm + slate 15cm 14 10cm + slate 10cm 12 5cm + slate 5cm 10 Hard cap 8 November 2005 Bylanddeg C 6 Abbey 4 2 0 01/11/2005 06/11/2005 11/11/2005 16/11/2005 21/11/2005 26/11/2005 01/12/2005 00:00 -2 00:00 00:00 00:00 00:00 00:00 00:00 -4
  • See also:Viles & Wood, 2007, Geol Soc Spec Pub 271, 309-322Lee et al 2009 English Heritage Research Reporthttp://www.geog.ox.ac.uk/research/arid-environments/rubble/swc/resources.html