Women Safety in Delhi

CASE STUDIES.
SOLUTIONS.
RECOMMENDATIONS.
Dec 2012
DRAFT Prepared by the
Team of UTTIPEC, Delhi
Dev...
CURRENT SCENARIO- CRIME ON RISE AGAINST WOMEN
DELHI- THE RAPE CAPITAL!
Delhi witnesses more rapes than the next five metro...
CURRENT SCENARIO- CRIME ON RISE AGAINST WOMEN
DELHI- THE RAPE CAPITAL!
Delhi Police reveal that a woman

is

• raped every...
SAFETY ISSUE LINGERS ON ROADS…

1. Outer Road
2. Mathura Road
3. Sri Fort
Auditorium
4. Panchsheel Marg
5. Dhaula Kuan
6. ...
The Shocking Incident… at ORR
SERIES OF RAPES… DHAULA KUAN
SERIES OF RAPES… at DWARKA
SERIES OF RAPES… NEHRU PLACE
Woman’s body found in
Nehru Place
TIMES NEWS NETWORK
New Delhi: The body of a woman,
believed...
VULNERABLE AREAS OF DELHI
CASES REPORTED
STUDIED CASE AREAS

3. DWARKA
(5 cases)

2. Dhaula Kuan
(3 cases)
4. Nehru Place
(7 cases)

1. Munirka- Mahipalpur ORR
(Ni...
CRIME AGAINST WOMEN
CATEGORIES OF SEXUAL CRIME: TO BE INCLUDED IN PENAL CODE
SEXUAL ASSAULT:
Forceful Sodomy, Physical Ass...
HOW TO MITIGATE THESE ISSUES??
"Let's stop pretending we can arrest our way to safety and security. Despite all the fine w...
Physical Aspects related to URBAN ENVIRONMENT

SEXUAL ASSAULT
CAUSES & MITIGATIONS
1
DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES
DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES

1. Flyovers e.g. RTR, Airport flyover at ORR, Dhaula Kuan
SOLUTION

Flyovers space can be used to provide night shelters to the homeless.

TRANSFORMATION : OPTION 01
TRANSFORMATION : OPTION 02
DAYTIME
TRANSFORMATION : OPTION 02
NIGHT-TIME
DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES
SOLUTION

Flyovers space can be used for recreation purpose.
SOLUTION

Flyovers space can be used for recreation purpose.
SOLUTION

Flyovers space can be used for community space.

Youngsters play games under the Maheshwari Udyan-Tulpule Chowk ...
SOLUTION

Flyovers space can be used for community space.

Indonesia

http://www.flickr.com/photos/ikhlasulamal/6093385016...
Retail arcade, Fruit and Vegetable Market, Manhattan Bridge,
New York's Chinatown
The Flyover show, musical event, Birmingham
DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES

1. Flyovers e.g. Dhaula Kuan
2. Signal free Corridors in moving vehicles e.g. NH-8, Ring Roads
...
Ram Singh, in his statement
to police, admitted they

all got drunk and
planned to abduct
women from the Ring
Road. His st...
SOLUTION

1. Flyovers e.g. RTR, Airport flyover at ORR, Dhaula Kuan
2. Signaled Corridors for moving vehicles

Signals at ...
DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES

1. Flyovers e.g. Dhaula Kuan
2. Signal free Corridors in moving vehicles e.g. NH8, Ring Roads
3...
SOLUTION

1. Flyovers e.g. RTR, Airport flyover at ORR, Dhaula Kuan
2. Signaled Corridors for moving vehicles
3. Creating ...
DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES

1. Flyovers e.g. Dhaula Kuan
2. Signal free Corridors in moving vehicles e.g. NH8, Ring Roads
3...
1.
2.
3.
4.

SOLUTION

Flyovers e.g. RTR, Airport flyover at ORR, Dhaula Kuan
Signaled Corridors for moving vehicles
Creat...
DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES

1. Flyovers e.g. Dhaula Kuan
2. Signal free Corridors in moving vehicles e.g. NH8, Ring Roads
3...
SANT
ENCLAVE

DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES
ASTHA KUNJ PARK

NEHRU PLACE
METRO STATION
KALKA
MANDIR

SINGLE USE – COMMERCIAL D...
DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES

1. Flyovers e.g. Dhaula Kuan
2. Signal free Corridors in moving vehicles e.g. NH8, Ring Roads
3...
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

SOLUTION

Flyovers e.g. RTR, Airport flyover at ORR, Dhaula Kuan
Signaled Corridors for moving vehicles
Cr...
DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES

1. Flyovers e.g. Dhaula Kuan
2. Signal free Corridors in moving vehicles e.g. NH8, Ring Roads
3...
Mixed use parking lots

SOLUTION
DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES

1. Flyovers e.g. Dhaula Kuan
2. Signal free Corridors in moving vehicles e.g. NH8, Ring Roads
3...
DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES

1. Flyovers e.g. Dhaula Kuan
2. Signal free Corridors in moving vehicles e.g. NH8, Ring Roads
3...
DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES

1. Flyovers e.g. Dhaula Kuan
2. Signal free Corridors in moving vehicles e.g. NH8, Ring Roads
3...
DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES
SOLUTION

1. Flyovers e.g. Dhaula Kuan
2. Signal free Corridors in moving vehicles e.g. NH8, Ring Roads
3. Unwatched space...
2
UNTRACKED & UN-NOTICED MOVING
VEHICLES ON SIGNAL FREE CORRIDORS!
UNTRACKED & UN-NOTICED VEHICLES

1. Charted buses & taxis on roads because of inefficient & insufficient DTC/ Govt. buses
...
SIGNAL FREE CORRIDORS

1. Charted buses & taxis on roads because of inefficient & insufficient DTC/ Govt. buses
service.
2...
SOLUTION
3
LACK OF PUBLIC TOILET INFRASTRUCTURE FOR
WOMEN ESP. IN RESETTLEMENT COLONIES
LACK OF PUBLIC TOILET INFRASTRUCTURE FOR WOMEN
1. Very few maintained and monitored public toilets in the city for women.
...
SOLUTION

1. Very few maintained and monitored public toilets in the city for women.
To add more/adequate number of public...
LACK OF PUBLIC TOILET INFRASTRUCTURE FOR WOMEN
1. Very few maintained and monitored public toilets in the city for women.
...
LACK OF PUBLIC TOILET INFRASTRUCTURE FOR WOMEN
1. Very few maintained and monitored public toilets in the city for women.
...
SOLUTION

1. Proper toilet facilities for females are must
LACK OF PUBLIC TOILET INFRASTRUCTURE FOR WOMEN
1. Very few maintained and monitored public toilets in the city for women.
...
SOLUTION

Strategic Location for these Toilets is required and they should be managed by WOMEN.
LACK OF PUBLIC TOILET INFRASTRUCTURE FOR WOMEN
1. Very few maintained and monitored public toilets in the city for women.
...
4
SOCIAL ANGER DUE TO SOCIAL &
PHYSICAL MARGINALISATION
SOCIAL ANGER DUE TO MARGINALISATION

1. Resettlement of weaker sections outside the city to unserved places like Savda-Ghe...
“People in resettlement colonies must learn to control their
bladders. Yes, there are toilet blocks, but you
cannot use th...
SOCIAL ANGER DUE TO MARGINALISATION

1. Resettlement of weaker sections outside the city to unserved places like Savda Ghe...
PUBLIC TOILETS in Delhi: An emphasis on the facilities for Women in
Slum/Resettlement Areas

charge for every usage and th...
SOCIAL ANGER DUE TO MARGINALISATION

1. Resettlement of weaker sections outside the city to unserved places like Savda Ghe...
SOLUTION

1. Resettlement of weaker sections outside the city to unserved places like Savda Ghevra,
Bhalsawa etc.
2. Lack ...
Physical Aspects related to URBAN ENVIRONMENT

SEXUAL HARRASSMENT
CAUSES & MITIGATIONS
1
OVER CROWDING
1. Busy Markets

OVER CROWDING

Nehru Place, results in brushing against women body
1. Busy Markets
2. Over-crowded Buses

OVER CROWDING
Ladies special buses

SOLUTION
OVER CROWDING

1. Busy Markets
2. Over-crowded Buses
3. Narrow footpaths & crowded footpaths on streets results in brushin...
SOLUTION

Wider footpath as per Street Design Guidelines

No brushing in
wider footpaths
1.
2.
3.
4.

OVER CROWDING

Busy Markets
Over-crowded Buses
Narrow footpaths & crowded footpaths on streets results in bru...
2
DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES
3
INCIDENTAL UNWATCHED PLACES
INCIDENTAL UNWATCHED PLACES

1. Nooks and corners of the city just adjacent to busy areas (e.g. Ashram chowk, CP, etc)

Ne...
4
IMPROPER ILLUMINATION
IMPROPER ILLUMINATION

1. No lights, or light from light poles getting obstructed by trees, or getting dispersed
because o...
IMPROPER ILLUMINATION

1. No lights, or light from light poles getting obstructed by trees, or getting dispersed
because o...
SOLUTION

1. No lights, or light from light poles getting obstructed by trees, or getting dispersed
because of height.
5
LESS SUPPLY OF PUBLIC TOILETS
LESS SUPPLY OF PUBLIC TOILETS

1. Results in Public urination by Men – causes discomfort and is a visual & mental
harassme...
SOLUTION

Frequent and closed toilets/ urinals for men

Toilet facility at
ITO Bus Stop
6
IMPROPER BUS STOP DESIGN
IMPROPER BUS STOP DESIGN

1. Lack of movement space and blocking public movement path results in brushing and
obstructed v...
SOLUTION

Adequate space for bus stop design as specified in Street Design Guidelines
ITO Bus Stop
BUS STAND
Due to opaque back panels on bus stands,
there is no lights besides bus stands!

Absence of signage for toilets ...
Adequate Lights & Vendors at bus stops
Based on Observations

SUMMARY
CRIME AGAINST WOMEN
CATEGORIES OF SEXUAL CRIME: TO BE INCLUDED IN PENAL CODE
SEXUAL ASSAULT:
Forceful Sodomy, Physical Ass...
Different type of URBAN SETTING facilitate different TYPE OF CRIMES
SEXUAL ASSAULT
Deserted unwatched places.
a)
b)
c)
d)
...
for Women safety

ACTION POINTS
Physical Interventions required in URBAN
ENVIRONMENT

QUICK WIN/ IMMEDIATE TERM MEASURES
1
IMMEDIATE STREET LIGHTING OF MAJOR
VULNERABLE STREETS
(WHICH ARE UNWATCHED BY RESIDENTIAL/ MIXED USE
BUILDINGS)
1.

Bus stops, underside of elevated MRTS Stations and elevated walkways = 30 Lux

NO lighting at all for
Footpath & Bus s...
1.

Bus stops, underside of elevated MRTS Stations and elevated walkways = 30 Lux

Provide separate
lighting for pedestria...
2.

Commercial streets, busy public spaces and important street crossings= 20 Lux
3.

All other streets and public areas = 10 Lux

Dispersed light from shops
only, insufficient street lighting

Current sc...
3.

All other streets and public areas = 10 Lux

Proper street lighting for
Pedestrian Walkways
4.

For footpaths, white light is recommended to allow visibility of tactile pavers.

White light for
pedestrians

Tactile...
2
Introduce hawking/vending areas and street
markets in areas like Dhaula Kuan, Dwarka,
NH-8,etc. and all major arterials,...
1.

Create Multi-Utility Zone (MUZ) for street vendors.

Create Multi-Utility Zone (MUZ) for street vendors by simple
mark...
1.

Create Multi-Utility Zone (MUZ) for street vendors.

Create Multi-Utility Zone (MUZ) for street vendors by simple
mark...
1.

Create Multi-Utility Zone (MUZ) for street vendors.

Create Multi-Utility Zone (MUZ) for street vendors by simple
mark...
TRANSFORMATION : OPTION 03
STREET MARKETS UNDER FLYOVERS
2.

Work with NGOs like Manushi, SEWA, etc. to identify/select the right hawker.
PAVEMENT DWELLERS CAN BE GIVEN OPTION
OF WORK & SLEEP ON THE SAME PLACE
3.

If roads are too wide, add MUZ

• If roads are too wide (15m is viewable distance, therefore 45+ M roads are too wide!...
3.

If roads are too wide, add MUZ

• If roads are too wide (15m is viewable distance, therefore 45+ M roads are too wide!...
5. Add semi-formal hawking zones or night shelters there to compound walls
If compound walls exist along these vulnerable ...
5. Add semi-formal hawking zones or night shelters there to compound walls
If compound walls exist along these vulnerable ...
3
MAKE BUS STOPS & BUS SERVICE SAFER
AND RELIABLE
1.

Bus frequency, timings & reliability to be improved

Bus frequency, timings & reliability to be improved : Should be b...
2.

Brightly lit the area and not just dependent on the advertisement panels

Brightly lit the area (30 lux yellow light) ...
3.

Remove the barrier advertisement panel

Remove the barrier advertisement panel which causes “brushing” and may conceal...
3.

Remove the barrier advertisement panel

Remove the barrier advertisement panel which causes “brushing” and may conceal...
4.

Locate hawkers next to bus stops in planned way.

Locate hawkers next to bus stops in planned way. Work with NGOs like...
4.

Locate hawkers next to bus stops in planned way.

Locate hawkers next to bus stops in planned way. Work with NGOs like...
5.

Introduce additional bus stops, with hawkers

Introduce additional bus stops, with hawkers, on lonely vulnerable stree...
4
INTRODUCE NIGHT SHELTERS/ TEMPORARY
HOUSING FOR POOR HOMELESS PEOPLE WHO
ARE SUFFERING IN COLD WINTER – NEAR THE
UNWATCH...
PEOPLE LIVING IN BAD CONDITION CURRENTLY
UNDER FLYOVERS, WITH FAMILIES
Provide 'eyes on the street' at night!
1. They will provide 'eyes on the street' at night!! :)
2. Habitat LOCAL vendors & ...
Provide 'eyes on the street' at night!
1. They will provide 'eyes on the street' at night!! :)
2. Habitat LOCAL vendors & ...
TRANSFORMATION : OPTION 02
3.

Provide good warm temporary housing!

Provide good warm temporary housing though (not tin sheds). Involve NGOs like SE...
5
SLOW DOWN VEHICLES ON SIGNAL-FREE
ROADS AT NIGHT IF STREET EDGES ARE
ACTIVE
Current Barrigaded Check-points along Signal-free Corridors
1.

Add signals and traffic calming to signal-free roads.

Add signals and traffic calming to signal-free roads, so that b...
2.

In addition, more police booths/checkpoints where required.

3.

In areas where ground is safer and the street edge is...
6
STRICTLY ENFORCE BAN ON TINTED
GLASS VEHICLES
STRICTLY ENFORCE BAN ON TINTED
GLASS VEHICLES
Physical Interventions required in URBAN
ENVIRONMENT

MEDIUM TERM MEASURES
7
RETROFIT ALL MAJOR ROADS OF THE CITY
FOR SAFETY: CREATE ACTIVE EDGES AND
SLOW MOVING STREETS
1.

•

Initiate planning and road design schemes where unwatched streets can be
transformed in a fully designed way... to ...
1.

•

Initiate planning and road design schemes where unwatched streets can be
transformed in a fully designed way... to ...
1.

•

Initiate planning and road design schemes where unwatched streets can be
transformed in a fully designed way... to ...
1.

•

Initiate planning and road design schemes where unwatched streets can be
transformed in a fully designed way... to ...
1.

•

Initiate planning and road design schemes where unwatched streets can be
transformed in a fully designed way... to ...
1.

•

Initiate planning and road design schemes where unwatched streets can be
transformed in a fully designed way... to ...
8
SLOW DOWN VEHICLES ON ROADS
(MOST RAPES ARE HAPPENING IN VEHICLES MOVING FREELY
ON SIGNAL FREE CORRIDORS)
1. No more signal free corridors- signalize existing ones.
2. Remove gates on public streets from gated colonies from vuln...
9
GPS ON AUTOS AND TAXIS
Link all auto-rickshaws and taxis registered in Delhi to a GPS system and a central
control room.
1. Link all auto-ricksha...
Physical Interventions required in URBAN
ENVIRONMENT

LONG TERM MEASURES
10

ROADS
1.

Redesign all streets to be inclusive as per UTTIPEC Street Design Guidelines.
1.

Redesign all streets to be inclusive as per UTTIPEC Street Design Guidelines.

Lighting;
Proper illumination levels ar...
1.

Redesign all streets to be inclusive as per UTTIPEC Street Design Guidelines.

DISTANCE
BETWEEN
FIXTURES

GLARE FREE
L...
1.

Redesign all streets to be inclusive as per UTTIPEC Street Design Guidelines.
TREE PLANTING &
LIGHTING

 Coordination...
2.

Remove Boundary walls!

• Remove Boundary walls; re-appropriate setbacks to add active uses (round the
clock uses) to ...
2.

Remove Boundary walls!

• Remove Boundary walls; re-appropriate setbacks to add active uses (round the
clock uses) to ...
2.

Remove Boundary walls!

• Remove Boundary walls; re-appropriate setbacks to add active uses (round the
clock uses) to ...
3.

Provide and maintain more public toilets for women.
11

DISTRICTS
1.

Create more mixed use district to allow round the clock activities.
2.

Aim for the city to be vibrant !

Aim for the city to be vibrant like Karol Bagh, East Delhi and neighbourhoods and no...
3. Increase staggered shop timings for round the clock activity throughout the city.
4. Provide and maintain more public toilets for women in resettlement and lowincome colonies.
12

PLANNING
1. Final Comprehensive women’s safety guidelines/indicators for all plans and project
proposals to be developed in partner...
3. Women’s safety issues to be
incorporated in Local Area Plans
(LAPs), Transportation
infrastructure projects and
Influen...
13

PLANNING EDUCATION
Modification of curricula for urban planning and urban
design programmes to ensure women’s safety issues are part
of the t...
14

COMPLIANCE
Detailed guidelines & checklist on women’s safety provided
to all developers, public and private.
Compliance and certifica...
15

TRAINING/ CAPACITY-BUILDING
Training of all DDA/ Delhi Police/ Municipal staff involved in
planning, through lectures, city walks/ safety audits, and
...
SAFETY ISSUES SPECIFIC TO

WOMEN WITH DISABILITIES
Why?
#1 -Design cities which are universally accessible
#2 Awareness Raising to include Women With Disabilities
Must have to ensure women with disabilities have equal access to t...
#3 Dissemination of information through websites
Ensure that the relevant websites disseminating the information are acces...
#4 Problems Women With Disabilities face while
Reporting Sexual Offences
Women with disabilities encounter following major...
#4 The following steps must be taken to ensure that women with disabilities can
effectively report sexual offences:
a)

Ev...
INSTITUTIONAL REFORM AND CAPACITYBUILDING

CAUSES
INSTITUTIONAL REFORM AND CAPACITY-BUILDING

1. Policing
a. Attitude of Police- blame
women, say it’s a women’s
fault.
b. D...
INSTITUTIONAL REFORM AND CAPACITYBUILDING

ACTION POINTS
INSTITUTIONAL REFORM AND CAPACITY-BUILDING
QUICK WINS/ IMMEDIATE
1. Increase Police patrolling in vulnerable city places i...
ADVOCACY AND AWARENESS BUILDING

CAUSES
ADVOCACY AND AWARENESS BUILDING

1. Disrespect & Unequal treatment for women in our society in general.

2. Lack of civic ...
ADVOCACY AND AWARENESS BUILDING

ACTION POINTS
ADVOCACY AND AWARENESS BUILDING
1. School curriculum to be upgraded from a literacy programme to an education
Programme, w...
Educate Men!
Educate Men!
ADVOCACY AND AWARENESS BUILDING
4. Conduct training programs in Govt offices for all officials including the senior
most, ...
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Women safety - delhi-case study recommendations (c)uttipec
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Women, Safety, Delhi, Case Studies, UTTIPEC, Sexual Harassment, Sexual Assault, Urban Design, Public Spaces, Flyovers, Signal free Corridors, Rape

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Women safety - delhi-case study recommendations (c)uttipec

  1. 1. Women Safety in Delhi CASE STUDIES. SOLUTIONS. RECOMMENDATIONS. Dec 2012 DRAFT Prepared by the Team of UTTIPEC, Delhi Development Authority Supported by:
  2. 2. CURRENT SCENARIO- CRIME ON RISE AGAINST WOMEN DELHI- THE RAPE CAPITAL! Delhi witnesses more rapes than the next five metros put together INDIA, Updated Dec 19, 2012 at 02:21pm IST IBNLive.com Crime data as per NCRB 700 New Delhi: Delhi lives up to its notoriety for being the most unsafe place for women, according to the latest National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) statistics which gives figures for 2011. Other cities do not come remotely close. More rapes were reported from Delhi (572) than from Mumbai (221), Kolkata (46), Chennai (76), Bangalore (97) and Hyderabad (59) put together. 600 The figures for some other prominent cities were: Pune (79), Ahmedabad (60), Bhopal (100), Jaipur (92), Lucknow (38), Patna (27), Kochi (30), Thiruvananthapuram (39) and Coimbatore (9). 0 572 500 400 300 221 200 100 76 46 59 97
  3. 3. CURRENT SCENARIO- CRIME ON RISE AGAINST WOMEN DELHI- THE RAPE CAPITAL! Delhi Police reveal that a woman is • raped every 18 hours, or • molested every 14 hours in the Capital. ( 2010 data) (Prawesh Lama & Bhuvan Bagga,INDIA TODAY January 7, 2011).
  4. 4. SAFETY ISSUE LINGERS ON ROADS… 1. Outer Road 2. Mathura Road 3. Sri Fort Auditorium 4. Panchsheel Marg 5. Dhaula Kuan 6. Janakpuri 7. Mongolpuri 8. Pitampura 9. Badarpur Border 10. Rani Bagh 11. Timarpur
  5. 5. The Shocking Incident… at ORR
  6. 6. SERIES OF RAPES… DHAULA KUAN
  7. 7. SERIES OF RAPES… at DWARKA
  8. 8. SERIES OF RAPES… NEHRU PLACE Woman’s body found in Nehru Place TIMES NEWS NETWORK New Delhi: The body of a woman, believed to be in her twenties, was found barely 500m from Nehru Place Metro station on Tuesday. The woman was in a semi-nude state and bore injury marks on the neck.
  9. 9. VULNERABLE AREAS OF DELHI
  10. 10. CASES REPORTED
  11. 11. STUDIED CASE AREAS 3. DWARKA (5 cases) 2. Dhaula Kuan (3 cases) 4. Nehru Place (7 cases) 1. Munirka- Mahipalpur ORR (Nirbhaya case + easy escapes)
  12. 12. CRIME AGAINST WOMEN CATEGORIES OF SEXUAL CRIME: TO BE INCLUDED IN PENAL CODE SEXUAL ASSAULT: Forceful Sodomy, Physical Assault and injury during attempted/consummated sex without Consent.    SEXUAL HARASSMENT Disrespectful, causes Psychological trauma & Discomfort Offender’s behaviour includes: Involuntary sexual act in which a person is threatened, coerced, or forced to engage against their will, or any sexual touching of a person who has not consented. This includes rape, inappropriate touching, or the torture of the victim in a sexual manner. Penetration need not be carried out with a body part - it may be with an object. Offender’s behaviour includes:                     unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favours, Other verbal or physical harassment of a sexual nature. leering comments about women's bodies 'accidentally' brushing sexual parts of the body lewd & threatening letters graphic descriptions of pornography sexually explicit gestures unwelcome touching and hugging inappropriate invitations hostile put-downs of women obscene phone calls hooting, sucking, lip-smacking, & animal noises pressing or rubbing up against the victim soliciting sexual services stalking leaning over , invading a person's space indecent exposure of self sexual sneak attacks, (e.g., grabbing breasts or buttocks)
  13. 13. HOW TO MITIGATE THESE ISSUES?? "Let's stop pretending we can arrest our way to safety and security. Despite all the fine work that policemen and women do, we have got to find other solutions to deter crime"- Carrie P. Meek.. IMPACT RECOMMENDATIONS OF WOMEN SAFETY AUDITS DONE BY ‘JAGORI’ FOR MINISTRY OF HEALTH AND FAMILY AND WOMEN AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT, GNCTD WERE MADE UNDER THE FOLLOWING HEADS: Environment (urban) A. Physical interventions - e.g. urban planning and design, provision of basic services, transport. Enforcement B. Institutional reform and capacity-building - e.g. policing, legislation and justice Education C. Advocacy and awareness building – to change mindsets and RELATIVE IMPACT OF MEASURES attitudes - e.g. education and civic awareness
  14. 14. Physical Aspects related to URBAN ENVIRONMENT SEXUAL ASSAULT CAUSES & MITIGATIONS
  15. 15. 1 DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES
  16. 16. DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES 1. Flyovers e.g. RTR, Airport flyover at ORR, Dhaula Kuan
  17. 17. SOLUTION Flyovers space can be used to provide night shelters to the homeless. TRANSFORMATION : OPTION 01
  18. 18. TRANSFORMATION : OPTION 02 DAYTIME
  19. 19. TRANSFORMATION : OPTION 02 NIGHT-TIME
  20. 20. DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES
  21. 21. SOLUTION Flyovers space can be used for recreation purpose.
  22. 22. SOLUTION Flyovers space can be used for recreation purpose.
  23. 23. SOLUTION Flyovers space can be used for community space. Youngsters play games under the Maheshwari Udyan-Tulpule Chowk flyover at Matunga (East), MUMBAI. Residents of the area want to beautify the space to prevent encroachments.
  24. 24. SOLUTION Flyovers space can be used for community space. Indonesia http://www.flickr.com/photos/ikhlasulamal/6093385016/ Indonesia
  25. 25. Retail arcade, Fruit and Vegetable Market, Manhattan Bridge, New York's Chinatown
  26. 26. The Flyover show, musical event, Birmingham
  27. 27. DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES 1. Flyovers e.g. Dhaula Kuan 2. Signal free Corridors in moving vehicles e.g. NH-8, Ring Roads SUBROTO PARK R K PURAM DELHI CANTT. DELHI CANTT. ANUJ VIHAR R K PURAM VASANT VIHAR AIRPORT MUNIRKA MAHIPALPUR
  28. 28. Ram Singh, in his statement to police, admitted they all got drunk and planned to abduct women from the Ring Road. His statement is one of the many documents attached to the chargesheet, a police officer said. “That night, they were on the lookout for sex workers. When they could not find any, they decided to abduct women walking alone on the Ring Road. It was with this intention that they lured the paramedic student and her male friend into the bus,” the officer said.
  29. 29. SOLUTION 1. Flyovers e.g. RTR, Airport flyover at ORR, Dhaula Kuan 2. Signaled Corridors for moving vehicles Signals at regular intervals to act as natural barricading points; also provide safe passage to elderly, women, physically disabled and cyclists.
  30. 30. DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES 1. Flyovers e.g. Dhaula Kuan 2. Signal free Corridors in moving vehicles e.g. NH8, Ring Roads 3. Unwatched spaces & streets e.g. Dwarka become heavens of crime, especially in case of DDA District Centres and Institutional areas. ITO service roads
  31. 31. SOLUTION 1. Flyovers e.g. RTR, Airport flyover at ORR, Dhaula Kuan 2. Signaled Corridors for moving vehicles 3. Creating eyes on streets as per Street Design Guidelines ITO service roads
  32. 32. DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES 1. Flyovers e.g. Dhaula Kuan 2. Signal free Corridors in moving vehicles e.g. NH8, Ring Roads 3. Unwatched spaces & streets e.g. Dwarka become heavens of crime, especially in case of DDA District Centres. 4. Subways e.g. Dhaula Kuan etc. Dingy inside
  33. 33. 1. 2. 3. 4. SOLUTION Flyovers e.g. RTR, Airport flyover at ORR, Dhaula Kuan Signaled Corridors for moving vehicles Creating eyes on streets as per Street Design Guidelines Subways should have shops and lights Nehru Place subway with shops, lights and signages for visually impaired
  34. 34. DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES 1. Flyovers e.g. Dhaula Kuan 2. Signal free Corridors in moving vehicles e.g. NH8, Ring Roads 3. Unwatched spaces & streets e.g. Dwarka become heavens of crime, especially in case of DDA District Centres. 4. Subways e.g. Nehru Place etc. 5. Overhead Bridges e.g. Dhaula Kuan
  35. 35. SANT ENCLAVE DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES ASTHA KUNJ PARK NEHRU PLACE METRO STATION KALKA MANDIR SINGLE USE – COMMERCIAL DISTRICT CENTER KALKA MANDIR METRO STATION GREATER STARK DIFFERENCE IN THE URBAN KAILASH -I CHARACTER BETWEEN BUS HOURS. PEAK HOUR (daytime) AND OFF PEAK (night)TERMINAL PAMPOSH ENCLAVE KALKAJI
  36. 36. DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES 1. Flyovers e.g. Dhaula Kuan 2. Signal free Corridors in moving vehicles e.g. NH8, Ring Roads 3. Unwatched spaces & streets e.g. Dwarka become heavens of crime, especially in case of DDA District Centres. 4. Subways e.g. Nehru Place etc. 5. Overhead Bridges e.g. Chattarpur 6. Deserted parks e.g. Astha Kunj (Nehru Place), Green belts along roads, etc. • No Lighting at Entrance and in the park; only dispersed light from Carriageway light & Metro station light. land with no The left over • No guard. lights at night, is a hub of • No Signage. activity. criminal
  37. 37. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. SOLUTION Flyovers e.g. RTR, Airport flyover at ORR, Dhaula Kuan Signaled Corridors for moving vehicles Creating eyes on streets as per Street Design Guidelines Subways should have shops and lights All greens must have activities, may be hawkers.
  38. 38. DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES 1. Flyovers e.g. Dhaula Kuan 2. Signal free Corridors in moving vehicles e.g. NH8, Ring Roads 3. Unwatched spaces & streets e.g. Dwarka become heavens of crime, especially in case of DDA District Centres. 4. Subways e.g. Nehru Place etc. 5. Overhead Bridges e.g. Chattarpur 6. Deserted parks e.g. Nehru Place 7. Parking Lots e.g. Sir Fort parking lot or Nehru Place Nehru Place Metro Station Parking
  39. 39. Mixed use parking lots SOLUTION
  40. 40. DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES 1. Flyovers e.g. Dhaula Kuan 2. Signal free Corridors in moving vehicles e.g. NH8, Ring Roads 3. Unwatched spaces & streets e.g. Dwarka become heavens of crime, especially in case of DDA District Centres. 4. Subways e.g. Nehru Place etc. 5. Overhead Bridges e.g. Chattarpur 6. Deserted parks e.g. Nehru Place 7. Parking Lots e.g. Sirifort parking lot 8. Markets/ Commercial areas which have unsafe/ un-watched corners, which become heavens of crime, especially in case of DDA District Centres.
  41. 41. DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES 1. Flyovers e.g. Dhaula Kuan 2. Signal free Corridors in moving vehicles e.g. NH8, Ring Roads 3. Unwatched spaces & streets e.g. Dwarka become heavens of crime, especially in case of DDA District Centres. 4. Subways e.g. Nehru Place etc. 5. Overhead Bridges e.g. Chattarpur 6. Deserted parks e.g. Nehru Place 7. Parking Lots e.g. Sirifort parking lot 8. Markets/ Commercial areas which have unsafe/ un-watched corners, which become heavens of crime, especially in case of DDA District Centres.
  42. 42. DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES 1. Flyovers e.g. Dhaula Kuan 2. Signal free Corridors in moving vehicles e.g. NH8, Ring Roads 3. Unwatched spaces & streets e.g. Dwarka become heavens of crime, especially in case of DDA District Centres. 4. Subways e.g. Nehru Place etc. 5. Overhead Bridges e.g. Chattarpur 6. Deserted parks e.g. Nehru Place 7. Parking Lots e.g. Sirifort parking lot 8. Markets/ Commercial areas which have unsafe/ un-watched corners, which become heavens of crime, especially in case of DDA District Centres. 9. Gated colonies, which have forced people to take detours and walk along unsafe roads and streets.
  43. 43. DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES
  44. 44. SOLUTION 1. Flyovers e.g. Dhaula Kuan 2. Signal free Corridors in moving vehicles e.g. NH8, Ring Roads 3. Unwatched spaces & streets e.g. Dwarka become heavens of crime, especially in case of DDA District Centres. 4. Subways e.g. Nehru Place etc. 5. Overhead Bridges e.g. Chattarpur 6. Deserted parks e.g. Nehru Place 7. Parking Lots e.g. Sirifort parking lot 8. Markets/ Commercial areas which have unsafe/ un-watched corners, which become heavens of crime, especially in case of DDA District Centres. 9. Gated colonies, which have forced people to take detours and walk along unsafe roads and streets.
  45. 45. 2 UNTRACKED & UN-NOTICED MOVING VEHICLES ON SIGNAL FREE CORRIDORS!
  46. 46. UNTRACKED & UN-NOTICED VEHICLES 1. Charted buses & taxis on roads because of inefficient & insufficient DTC/ Govt. buses service. RTR flyover Bus stop: Illegal taxi stands are suspicious and are a threat to passengers waiting at bus tops
  47. 47. SIGNAL FREE CORRIDORS 1. Charted buses & taxis on roads because of inefficient & insufficient DTC/ Govt. buses service. 2. Speeding large vehicles (SUV’s, Vans etc.) facilitated by Signal Free Corridors. SUBROTO PARK R K PURAM DELHI CANTT. DELHI CANTT. ANUJ VIHAR R K PURAM VASANT VIHAR AIRPORT MUNIRKA MAHIPALPUR
  48. 48. SOLUTION
  49. 49. 3 LACK OF PUBLIC TOILET INFRASTRUCTURE FOR WOMEN ESP. IN RESETTLEMENT COLONIES
  50. 50. LACK OF PUBLIC TOILET INFRASTRUCTURE FOR WOMEN 1. Very few maintained and monitored public toilets in the city for women. Sarai Kale Khan bus Stop
  51. 51. SOLUTION 1. Very few maintained and monitored public toilets in the city for women. To add more/adequate number of public toilets for females as per requirements
  52. 52. LACK OF PUBLIC TOILET INFRASTRUCTURE FOR WOMEN 1. Very few maintained and monitored public toilets in the city for women. 2. Many toilets don’t have doors (which are designed as children toilet) and women have to use it because there is no other infrastructure.
  53. 53. LACK OF PUBLIC TOILET INFRASTRUCTURE FOR WOMEN 1. Very few maintained and monitored public toilets in the city for women. 2. Many toilets don’t have doors (which are designed as children toilet) and women have to use it because there is no other infrastructure. Unmanaged
  54. 54. SOLUTION 1. Proper toilet facilities for females are must
  55. 55. LACK OF PUBLIC TOILET INFRASTRUCTURE FOR WOMEN 1. Very few maintained and monitored public toilets in the city for women. 2. Many toilets don’t have doors (which are designed as children toilet) and women have to use it because there is no other infrastructure. 3. Strategic Location for these Toilets is required and they should not be managed by men. Ladies toilet at Nehru Place, managed by men
  56. 56. SOLUTION Strategic Location for these Toilets is required and they should be managed by WOMEN.
  57. 57. LACK OF PUBLIC TOILET INFRASTRUCTURE FOR WOMEN 1. Very few maintained and monitored public toilets in the city for women. 2. Many toilets don’t have doors (which are designed as children toilet) and women have to use it because there is no other infrastructure. 3. Strategic Location for these Toilets is required and they should not be managed by men. 4. Drunken people crowd, in front of these toilets there are regular instances of rape at these places. Most of them unreported.
  58. 58. 4 SOCIAL ANGER DUE TO SOCIAL & PHYSICAL MARGINALISATION
  59. 59. SOCIAL ANGER DUE TO MARGINALISATION 1. Resettlement of weaker sections outside the city to unserved places like Savda-Ghevra, Bhalsawa etc. Savda-Ghevra JJ Colony
  60. 60. “People in resettlement colonies must learn to control their bladders. Yes, there are toilet blocks, but you cannot use them at all hours. So we must train ourselves to control our needs,” “The contractors in charge lock them up at night. They open them at 5 a.m. and leave them open till 10 p.m. Sometimes they turn off water, and cleaning usually is done only once in a few weeks. I don’t recommend you see them from inside…the sight is repulsive,” -- said Kamlesh of Bawana Resettlement Colony
  61. 61. SOCIAL ANGER DUE TO MARGINALISATION 1. Resettlement of weaker sections outside the city to unserved places like Savda Ghevra, Bhalsawa etc. 2. Lack of basic facilities and sense of self-pride in life at inner city slums.
  62. 62. PUBLIC TOILETS in Delhi: An emphasis on the facilities for Women in Slum/Resettlement Areas charge for every usage and that the contractor is unable to maintain the cleanliness of the toilet, most people use the neighbouring forest area. there is a It is safe for the men to go whenever they like, but for the women, the only time of the day when they can go alone is from 6 am to 8 am; at all other times they don’t have the courage to go alone. There is an unwritten rule that one side of the forest is for the women to go and the other, the men. But, after 8 am, there are always men who loitre around on the women’s side and trying to find ways to trouble women – there are several cases of sexual harassment. CCS Working Paper No. 192 Summer Research Internship Programme 2008, Centre for Civil Society
  63. 63. SOCIAL ANGER DUE TO MARGINALISATION 1. Resettlement of weaker sections outside the city to unserved places like Savda Ghevra, Bhalsawa etc. 2. Lack of basic facilities and sense of self-pride in life at inner city slums. 3. Removal of hawkers and vendors (who are eyes on streets).
  64. 64. SOLUTION 1. Resettlement of weaker sections outside the city to unserved places like Savda Ghevra, Bhalsawa etc. 2. Lack of basic facilities and sense of self-pride in life at inner city slums. 3. Giving designated space for hawkers and vendors (who are eyes on streets).
  65. 65. Physical Aspects related to URBAN ENVIRONMENT SEXUAL HARRASSMENT CAUSES & MITIGATIONS
  66. 66. 1 OVER CROWDING
  67. 67. 1. Busy Markets OVER CROWDING Nehru Place, results in brushing against women body
  68. 68. 1. Busy Markets 2. Over-crowded Buses OVER CROWDING
  69. 69. Ladies special buses SOLUTION
  70. 70. OVER CROWDING 1. Busy Markets 2. Over-crowded Buses 3. Narrow footpaths & crowded footpaths on streets results in brushing.
  71. 71. SOLUTION Wider footpath as per Street Design Guidelines No brushing in wider footpaths
  72. 72. 1. 2. 3. 4. OVER CROWDING Busy Markets Over-crowded Buses Narrow footpaths & crowded footpaths on streets results in brushing. Crowded Bus stops SOLUTION: Add more bus stops
  73. 73. 2 DESERTED UNWATCHED PLACES
  74. 74. 3 INCIDENTAL UNWATCHED PLACES
  75. 75. INCIDENTAL UNWATCHED PLACES 1. Nooks and corners of the city just adjacent to busy areas (e.g. Ashram chowk, CP, etc) Nehru Place at 7:30 pm Pedestrian entry to main plaza between two buildings
  76. 76. 4 IMPROPER ILLUMINATION
  77. 77. IMPROPER ILLUMINATION 1. No lights, or light from light poles getting obstructed by trees, or getting dispersed because of height. Airport-Flyover stretch
  78. 78. IMPROPER ILLUMINATION 1. No lights, or light from light poles getting obstructed by trees, or getting dispersed because of height.
  79. 79. SOLUTION 1. No lights, or light from light poles getting obstructed by trees, or getting dispersed because of height.
  80. 80. 5 LESS SUPPLY OF PUBLIC TOILETS
  81. 81. LESS SUPPLY OF PUBLIC TOILETS 1. Results in Public urination by Men – causes discomfort and is a visual & mental harassment for women on streets. Sarai Kale Khan, Ring Road
  82. 82. SOLUTION Frequent and closed toilets/ urinals for men Toilet facility at ITO Bus Stop
  83. 83. 6 IMPROPER BUS STOP DESIGN
  84. 84. IMPROPER BUS STOP DESIGN 1. Lack of movement space and blocking public movement path results in brushing and obstructed visibility to bus-stop. Munirka Bus Stop
  85. 85. SOLUTION Adequate space for bus stop design as specified in Street Design Guidelines ITO Bus Stop
  86. 86. BUS STAND Due to opaque back panels on bus stands, there is no lights besides bus stands! Absence of signage for toilets lead to men urinating along boundary wall
  87. 87. Adequate Lights & Vendors at bus stops
  88. 88. Based on Observations SUMMARY
  89. 89. CRIME AGAINST WOMEN CATEGORIES OF SEXUAL CRIME: TO BE INCLUDED IN PENAL CODE SEXUAL ASSAULT: Forceful Sodomy, Physical Assault and injury during attempted/consummated sex without Consent.    SEXUAL HARASSMENT Disrespectful, causes Psychological trauma & Discomfort Offender’s behaviour includes: Involuntary sexual act in which a person is threatened, coerced, or forced to engage against their will, or any sexual touching of a person who has not consented. This includes rape, inappropriate touching, or the torture of the victim in a sexual manner. Penetration need not be carried out with a body part - it may be with an object. Offender’s behaviour includes:                     unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favours, Other verbal or physical harassment of a sexual nature. leering comments about women's bodies 'accidentally' brushing sexual parts of the body lewd & threatening letters graphic descriptions of pornography sexually explicit gestures unwelcome touching and hugging inappropriate invitations hostile put-downs of women obscene phone calls hooting, sucking, lip-smacking, & animal noises pressing or rubbing up against the victim soliciting sexual services stalking leaning over , invading a person's space indecent exposure of self sexual sneak attacks, (e.g., grabbing breasts or buttocks)
  90. 90. Different type of URBAN SETTING facilitate different TYPE OF CRIMES SEXUAL ASSAULT Deserted unwatched places. a) b) c) d) e) f) Flyovers & Signal free Corridors in moving no eyes on street Lack of hawker zones Bad lighting Subway & Overhead Bridges Deserted parks, Transit Nodes & Parking Lots Markets/ Commercial areas which have unsafe/ un-watched corners, which become heavens of crime, especially in case of DDA District Centres. g) Gated colonies, which have forced people to take detours and walk along unsafe roads and streets. Untracked & un-noticed moving vehicles on Signal Free Corridors! a) Charted buses &cabs on roads because of inefficient & insufficient DTC/ Govt. buses service. b) Speeding large vehicles (SUV’s, Vans etc.) facilitated by Signal Free Corridors. Lack of Amenities a) Public toilet b) Guard Stations Social Anger due to Social & Physical Marginalization of poor by: a) Resettlement of weaker sections outside the city to unserved places like Savdagevra, Bhalsawa etc. b) Lack of basic facilities and sense of self-pride in life at inner city slums. c) Removal of hawkers and vendors (who are eyes on streets) SEXUAL HARRASSMENT Over crowding a) Busy Markets b) Over-crowded Buses c) Narrow footpaths & crowded footpaths on streets results in brushing. d) Crowded Bus stops Incidental unwatched places: Nooks and corners of the city just adjacent to busy areas (e.g. Ashram chowk, CP, etc) Improper Illumination: No lights, or light from light poles getting obstructed by trees, or getting dispersed because of height. Less supply of Public toilets: results in Public urination by Men – causes discomfort and is a visual & mental harassment for women on streets. Improper Bus stop design: Lack of movement space and blocking public movement path results in brushing and obstructed visibility to bus-stop.
  91. 91. for Women safety ACTION POINTS
  92. 92. Physical Interventions required in URBAN ENVIRONMENT QUICK WIN/ IMMEDIATE TERM MEASURES
  93. 93. 1 IMMEDIATE STREET LIGHTING OF MAJOR VULNERABLE STREETS (WHICH ARE UNWATCHED BY RESIDENTIAL/ MIXED USE BUILDINGS)
  94. 94. 1. Bus stops, underside of elevated MRTS Stations and elevated walkways = 30 Lux NO lighting at all for Footpath & Bus stops Getting dispersed light from main Carriageway
  95. 95. 1. Bus stops, underside of elevated MRTS Stations and elevated walkways = 30 Lux Provide separate lighting for pedestrians on footpath & Bus stop
  96. 96. 2. Commercial streets, busy public spaces and important street crossings= 20 Lux
  97. 97. 3. All other streets and public areas = 10 Lux Dispersed light from shops only, insufficient street lighting Current scenario at Karol Bagh, Delhi
  98. 98. 3. All other streets and public areas = 10 Lux Proper street lighting for Pedestrian Walkways
  99. 99. 4. For footpaths, white light is recommended to allow visibility of tactile pavers. White light for pedestrians Tactile paving for disabled
  100. 100. 2 Introduce hawking/vending areas and street markets in areas like Dhaula Kuan, Dwarka, NH-8,etc. and all major arterials, unwatched streets & bus-stops which are lonely.
  101. 101. 1. Create Multi-Utility Zone (MUZ) for street vendors. Create Multi-Utility Zone (MUZ) for street vendors by simple markings and bollards (no major construction required; see Street Design Guidelines)
  102. 102. 1. Create Multi-Utility Zone (MUZ) for street vendors. Create Multi-Utility Zone (MUZ) for street vendors by simple markings and bollards (no major construction required; see Street Design Guidelines) - similar to what Janette Sadik Khan did in New York with temporary coloured markings on roads only.
  103. 103. 1. Create Multi-Utility Zone (MUZ) for street vendors. Create Multi-Utility Zone (MUZ) for street vendors by simple markings and bollards (no major construction required; see Street Design Guidelines) - similar to what Janette Sadik Khan did in New York with temporary coloured markings on roads only.
  104. 104. TRANSFORMATION : OPTION 03 STREET MARKETS UNDER FLYOVERS
  105. 105. 2. Work with NGOs like Manushi, SEWA, etc. to identify/select the right hawker.
  106. 106. PAVEMENT DWELLERS CAN BE GIVEN OPTION OF WORK & SLEEP ON THE SAME PLACE
  107. 107. 3. If roads are too wide, add MUZ • If roads are too wide (15m is viewable distance, therefore 45+ M roads are too wide!!) - add MUZ in the centre of the road like Ramblas(Barcelona), and create vending zones there, with frequent crossings.
  108. 108. 3. If roads are too wide, add MUZ • If roads are too wide (15m is viewable distance, therefore 45+ M roads are too wide!!) - add MUZ in the centre of the road like Ramblas(Barcelona), and create vending zones there, with frequent crossings. • Fence the median vending zone to avoid jaywalking. At night, vending zone should turn into sleeping zone for the vendors/ cycle-rickshaw pullers (who should work in the same locality), with toilets and basic facilities, etc.
  109. 109. 5. Add semi-formal hawking zones or night shelters there to compound walls If compound walls exist along these vulnerable roads, add semi-formal hawking zones or night shelters there (similar to ITO). (The compound wall provides a back wall as ready-made infrastructure)
  110. 110. 5. Add semi-formal hawking zones or night shelters there to compound walls If compound walls exist along these vulnerable roads, add semi-formal hawking zones or night shelters there (similar to ITO). (The compound wall provides a back wall as ready-made infrastructure)
  111. 111. 3 MAKE BUS STOPS & BUS SERVICE SAFER AND RELIABLE
  112. 112. 1. Bus frequency, timings & reliability to be improved Bus frequency, timings & reliability to be improved : Should be based on time schedule, not on “number of rounds”.
  113. 113. 2. Brightly lit the area and not just dependent on the advertisement panels Brightly lit the area (30 lux yellow light) and not just dependent on the Advertisement panels Bus Stops at BRT Corridor are well lit
  114. 114. 3. Remove the barrier advertisement panel Remove the barrier advertisement panel which causes “brushing” and may conceal criminals and obstruct movement/ running. Movement & Vision obstructed by side panels
  115. 115. 3. Remove the barrier advertisement panel Remove the barrier advertisement panel which causes “brushing” and may conceal criminals and obstruct movement/ running. Free Movement
  116. 116. 4. Locate hawkers next to bus stops in planned way. Locate hawkers next to bus stops in planned way. Work with NGOs like Manushi, SEWA, etc. to select/ identify. Hawkers present but obstructing footpath.
  117. 117. 4. Locate hawkers next to bus stops in planned way. Locate hawkers next to bus stops in planned way. Work with NGOs like Manushi, SEWA, etc. to select/ identify. Create hawking zone Work with NGOs like Manushi, SEWA, etc. to identify/select the right hawkers
  118. 118. 5. Introduce additional bus stops, with hawkers Introduce additional bus stops, with hawkers, on lonely vulnerable streets, near street intersections.
  119. 119. 4 INTRODUCE NIGHT SHELTERS/ TEMPORARY HOUSING FOR POOR HOMELESS PEOPLE WHO ARE SUFFERING IN COLD WINTER – NEAR THE UNWATCHED AREAS LIKE DWARKA, DHAULA KUAN, NEHRU PLACE, ETC.
  120. 120. PEOPLE LIVING IN BAD CONDITION CURRENTLY UNDER FLYOVERS, WITH FAMILIES
  121. 121. Provide 'eyes on the street' at night! 1. They will provide 'eyes on the street' at night!! :) 2. Habitat LOCAL vendors & rickshaw pullers (so they are recognised and don’t perpetuate crime)
  122. 122. Provide 'eyes on the street' at night! 1. They will provide 'eyes on the street' at night!! :) 2. Habitat LOCAL vendors & rickshaw pullers (so they are recognised and don’t perpetuate crime) TRANSFORMATION : OPTION 01
  123. 123. TRANSFORMATION : OPTION 02
  124. 124. 3. Provide good warm temporary housing! Provide good warm temporary housing though (not tin sheds). Involve NGOs like SEWA, MHs, etc.
  125. 125. 5 SLOW DOWN VEHICLES ON SIGNAL-FREE ROADS AT NIGHT IF STREET EDGES ARE ACTIVE
  126. 126. Current Barrigaded Check-points along Signal-free Corridors
  127. 127. 1. Add signals and traffic calming to signal-free roads. Add signals and traffic calming to signal-free roads, so that buses/ cars/ etc are forced to slow down. This must be coupled with enhancing street edge activity by introducing hawkers/ housing on the edge. Signals at regular intervals to act as natural barricading points; also provide safe passage to elderly, women, physically disabled and cyclists.
  128. 128. 2. In addition, more police booths/checkpoints where required. 3. In areas where ground is safer and the street edge is active then CLOSE flyover at night and facilitate movement at grade. 4. STOP proposing/ building flyover/ grade separator projects!! They are nothing but rape dens and don’t relieve congestion in long term
  129. 129. 6 STRICTLY ENFORCE BAN ON TINTED GLASS VEHICLES
  130. 130. STRICTLY ENFORCE BAN ON TINTED GLASS VEHICLES
  131. 131. Physical Interventions required in URBAN ENVIRONMENT MEDIUM TERM MEASURES
  132. 132. 7 RETROFIT ALL MAJOR ROADS OF THE CITY FOR SAFETY: CREATE ACTIVE EDGES AND SLOW MOVING STREETS
  133. 133. 1. • Initiate planning and road design schemes where unwatched streets can be transformed in a fully designed way... to completely retrofit to make safe urban areas again by pavers. Retrofit boundary wall and add planned hawker zones. DEAD FRONTAGE VASANT ENCLAVE
  134. 134. 1. • Initiate planning and road design schemes where unwatched streets can be transformed in a fully designed way... to completely retrofit to make safe urban areas again by pavers. Retrofit boundary wall and add planned hawker zones.
  135. 135. 1. • Initiate planning and road design schemes where unwatched streets can be transformed in a fully designed way... to completely retrofit to make safe urban areas again by pavers. Get rid of walls, use setbacks for adding street edge uses and housing (for road safety at night),
  136. 136. 1. • Initiate planning and road design schemes where unwatched streets can be transformed in a fully designed way... to completely retrofit to make safe urban areas again by pavers. Adhere to IRC 103:2012 for Street Design.
  137. 137. 1. • Initiate planning and road design schemes where unwatched streets can be transformed in a fully designed way... to completely retrofit to make safe urban areas again by pavers. Introduce planned mixed-use housing (for low/middle income groups) along road edges of major vulnerable roads.
  138. 138. 1. • Initiate planning and road design schemes where unwatched streets can be transformed in a fully designed way... to completely retrofit to make safe urban areas again by pavers. Introduce planned mixed-use housing (for low/middle income groups) along road edges of major vulnerable roads.
  139. 139. 8 SLOW DOWN VEHICLES ON ROADS (MOST RAPES ARE HAPPENING IN VEHICLES MOVING FREELY ON SIGNAL FREE CORRIDORS)
  140. 140. 1. No more signal free corridors- signalize existing ones. 2. Remove gates on public streets from gated colonies from vulnerable areas.
  141. 141. 9 GPS ON AUTOS AND TAXIS
  142. 142. Link all auto-rickshaws and taxis registered in Delhi to a GPS system and a central control room. 1. Link all auto-rickshaws and taxis registered in Delhi to a GPS system and a central control room. This will be a win-win solution as auto-drivers will generate more business, the transport control room will be able to monitor their movements, and passengers’ safety and convenience will be improved. 2. Introduce centralized auto-rickshaw services like “Radio Tuk-tuk” (GURGAON) or “G-auto” (Gujarat) to increase safety, reliability and accountability of auto-rickshaw services.
  143. 143. Physical Interventions required in URBAN ENVIRONMENT LONG TERM MEASURES
  144. 144. 10 ROADS
  145. 145. 1. Redesign all streets to be inclusive as per UTTIPEC Street Design Guidelines.
  146. 146. 1. Redesign all streets to be inclusive as per UTTIPEC Street Design Guidelines. Lighting; Proper illumination levels are required to maintain good visibility at late hour, facilitate convenient movement and ensure a sense of safety LOCATION LUX LEVELS HEIGHT (M) COLOR Carriageway lighting Footpath Lighting Crossings Cycle track Parks & Playgrounds 25-30 25-40 80 25-30 10-50 6-15 3-5 6-15 3-5 3-5 Yellow White Yellow White Yellow Bus Stops Bus Terminal & Depots Public plaza Parking Lot Metro station Entry & Exits Areas under Elevated MRTS Station & Elevated walkways 30 25-30 25-40 20 25-40 30 3-5 6-15 3-5 6-15 3-5 6-15 White White White Yellow White Yellow
  147. 147. 1. Redesign all streets to be inclusive as per UTTIPEC Street Design Guidelines. DISTANCE BETWEEN FIXTURES GLARE FREE LIGHTING  Distance between lamps should be based on the vertical height distribution over walkway areas.  The height of vertical distribution overlap should be 6’, so that visual recognition is there, as shown in figure 1  Provide Glare free Ambient lighting for pedestrians.  Use full cut off fixtures for pedestrian zones. OVERLAP Spacing between fixtures; Figure 1 ALL EXTERIOR LIGHTING SHALL HAVE SHIELDING AS PER TABLE BELOW.
  148. 148. 1. Redesign all streets to be inclusive as per UTTIPEC Street Design Guidelines. TREE PLANTING & LIGHTING  Coordination of tree plantation and lighting plan required to avoid undesirable foliage shadows and patches of dark zones along streets. (Refer image 2&3) FIGURE 2 Diagram showing conjunction of tree plantation & lighting plan is essential to avoid dark corners. Also the height of the lamp post should be between 3M-5M for pedestrians. FIGURE 3 Improper plantation & inappropriate height of lamp post creates dark shaded
  149. 149. 2. Remove Boundary walls! • Remove Boundary walls; re-appropriate setbacks to add active uses (round the clock uses) to it. • Abolish the setback and boundary wall policy. Create “eyes on the street” – by reclaiming setbacks and removing boundary walls of compounds and building to the edge of the street ROW. In new developments, setbacks should be minimized and boundary walls prohibited. This would allow people from inside to look out on to the pavement, thus discouraging misbehavior, shady corners, peeing, etc.
  150. 150. 2. Remove Boundary walls! • Remove Boundary walls; re-appropriate setbacks to add active uses (round the clock uses) to it. • Abolish the setback and boundary wall policy.
  151. 151. 2. Remove Boundary walls! • Remove Boundary walls; re-appropriate setbacks to add active uses (round the clock uses) to it. • Abolish the setback and boundary wall policy. EYES ON THE STREET
  152. 152. 3. Provide and maintain more public toilets for women.
  153. 153. 11 DISTRICTS
  154. 154. 1. Create more mixed use district to allow round the clock activities.
  155. 155. 2. Aim for the city to be vibrant ! Aim for the city to be vibrant like Karol Bagh, East Delhi and neighbourhoods and not like other gated colonies that create dead spaces outside.
  156. 156. 3. Increase staggered shop timings for round the clock activity throughout the city.
  157. 157. 4. Provide and maintain more public toilets for women in resettlement and lowincome colonies.
  158. 158. 12 PLANNING
  159. 159. 1. Final Comprehensive women’s safety guidelines/indicators for all plans and project proposals to be developed in partnership with UTTIPEC and made mandatory for all Planning Bodies. 2. Revision in resettlement policy: poor to be provided housing in the city and not outside.
  160. 160. 3. Women’s safety issues to be incorporated in Local Area Plans (LAPs), Transportation infrastructure projects and Influence area plans. (Source: Annexure 1 Jagori recommendations) 4. Adopt Transit Oriented Development (TOD) Planning Policy for Delhi which will intrinsically make city safe long term.
  161. 161. 13 PLANNING EDUCATION
  162. 162. Modification of curricula for urban planning and urban design programmes to ensure women’s safety issues are part of the training imparted to urban planners and designers.
  163. 163. 14 COMPLIANCE
  164. 164. Detailed guidelines & checklist on women’s safety provided to all developers, public and private. Compliance and certification mandatory.
  165. 165. 15 TRAINING/ CAPACITY-BUILDING
  166. 166. Training of all DDA/ Delhi Police/ Municipal staff involved in planning, through lectures, city walks/ safety audits, and FGDs.
  167. 167. SAFETY ISSUES SPECIFIC TO WOMEN WITH DISABILITIES
  168. 168. Why?
  169. 169. #1 -Design cities which are universally accessible
  170. 170. #2 Awareness Raising to include Women With Disabilities Must have to ensure women with disabilities have equal access to the awareness campaigns: sign language interpretation and captioning for the benefit of women who are deaf or hard of hearing Use more illustrations in transcripts of campaign. All mass media campaign transcripts must be prepared in such accessible formats as may be required depending on the nature of the disability, including but not limited to: a. Braille b. Large print c. Daisy d. Audio e. epub f. pdf g. MS word h. accessible multimedia
  171. 171. #3 Dissemination of information through websites Ensure that the relevant websites disseminating the information are accessible by women with disabilities. Dissemination of Accessibility norms in relation to Websites: 1. All websites must conform to the Guidelines for Indian Government Websites and the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Web Accessibility Initiative Web Content Accessibility Guidelines. 2. All material in Indic Languages uploaded on websites must be encoded in Unicode [UTF8/16] and formatted using a royalty-free Open Type Font. Ensure that information is given to women with disabilities themselves and not through family members, care takers etc. who are potential abusers and hence may not give them complete information
  172. 172. #4 Problems Women With Disabilities face while Reporting Sexual Offences Women with disabilities encounter following major hurdles in reporting of sexual offences • lack of physical access of police stations, • lack of sensitivity of police personnel to women with disabilities, • and the inability of police officers to be able to effectively communicate with women with disabilities. Unless these hurdles are removed, women with disabilities will be prevented from reporting sexual offences.
  173. 173. #4 The following steps must be taken to ensure that women with disabilities can effectively report sexual offences: a) Every police station must have at least one accessible entrance having a ramp. b) Every Police Station must have at least one empanelled counselor with a background in provision of disability related services, who is adequately trained to assist women with disabilities in relation to reporting of sexual offences. c) The complainant/victim shall be entitled to use any additional support that he/she may choose to report sexual offences. d) Toll free police helplines should be made accessible for the deaf and hard of hearing. In case of using text messaging option, victims should get a response in an accessible format informing them about when the assistance will be made available. e) As far as possible, victims, especially those who are women with disabilities should not be called to the police station and police officers and the empanelled counselor specified in point b) above should be made to visit the victim at his/her residence or place where he/she is comfortable for recording of his/her statement. f) The FIR and all statements of witnesses must be recorded in the language of the person making it. The complainant/victim/witness must be permitted to make the statement in sign language or through communicative devices if he/she so chooses and the counselor specified in point b) above should act as interpreter and the statement should be video graphed as has been suggested in the Mallimath Commission Report to avoid ambiguity. g) Professionals who come in to contact with women with disabilities – Doctors, Nurses, Special Educators etc. need to be educated on the various signs of sexual assault and abuse among women with disabilities and trained in how to elicit information regarding such assaults and abuse, and further, on how to report such offences.
  174. 174. INSTITUTIONAL REFORM AND CAPACITYBUILDING CAUSES
  175. 175. INSTITUTIONAL REFORM AND CAPACITY-BUILDING 1. Policing a. Attitude of Police- blame women, say it’s a women’s fault. b. Do not respect women c. Do not register cases and demoralise victims from doing the same. 2. Legislation a. No proper definitions of sexual crimes. A lot of cases can’t be registered as sexual assault or harassment because they are not included in the crime definition. 3. Justice a. Punishment not harsh enough b. Delayed conviction or non delivery of conviction in cases
  176. 176. INSTITUTIONAL REFORM AND CAPACITYBUILDING ACTION POINTS
  177. 177. INSTITUTIONAL REFORM AND CAPACITY-BUILDING QUICK WINS/ IMMEDIATE 1. Increase Police patrolling in vulnerable city places in the city. MEDIUM-TERM MEASURES 1. Redefining and upgrading the sexual crime code in the legislation as per the two types of sexual crime women are subjected to. 2. The list mentioned above is suggestive, legal aspects to be reconsidered by legal experts. Criminal codes of other countries like Sweden, Australia, Germany, USA, etc can be referred for re-defining and revising the law. 3. Stricter Punishment for offenders & set up fast track courts for better conviction rates. LONG TERM SOLUTION 1. Police training programme: to respect women, make them realise sexual crime if not because of women fault but male issue. Change Attitude. 2. Upgrading Police infrastructure and increase women Police staff. 3. Doubling of efforts to diversify the police force, especially through special recruitment drives in north-eastern and southern states.
  178. 178. ADVOCACY AND AWARENESS BUILDING CAUSES
  179. 179. ADVOCACY AND AWARENESS BUILDING 1. Disrespect & Unequal treatment for women in our society in general. 2. Lack of civic awareness and loops in education system. 3. Culture shock for immigrants who cannot accept to see liberal women in cities.
  180. 180. ADVOCACY AND AWARENESS BUILDING ACTION POINTS
  181. 181. ADVOCACY AND AWARENESS BUILDING 1. School curriculum to be upgraded from a literacy programme to an education Programme, were gender equality / violence against women/women’s safety issues can be incorporated. Training of teachers to reinterpret existing texts and encourage dialogue and discussion on sensitive issues. 2. Introduction of Sex education and sensitization to the current education system. 3. Change mindset - Stop telling women to be safe. Tell the men/ the sons to behave. Send the message to all mothers and fathers.... Target the men!!! Not women!!!
  182. 182. Educate Men!
  183. 183. Educate Men!
  184. 184. ADVOCACY AND AWARENESS BUILDING 4. Conduct training programs in Govt offices for all officials including the senior most, on how to treat/ show respect for women. 5. Police Training Programme: train them to respect women, make them realise sexual crime if not because of women fault but male issue. Change their Attitude. 6. Build awareness on women’s safety and sexual harassment issues in slums and informal settlements through Sanjha Prayas teams. 7. City-wide campaigns to be carried out to create civic awareness across society and sensitize them towards the issue of women safety , freedom and respect.
  185. 185. Need more like this!

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