Linked Open Government Data

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This slide describes what linked open government data is and how to publish the government data as LOD.

This slide describes what linked open government data is and how to publish the government data as LOD.

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  • 1. Dr. Myungjin Lee Web Science Workgroup CodeNamu.org Yonsei Universityhttp://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=government&ex=1#ai:MP900382683|mt:2|
  • 2. Open Government Data Venn Diagram Open Open Open Data Open Gov Gov Data Data Gov Government Datahttp://www.flickr.com/photos/notbrucelee/5512318395/
  • 3. http://www.wallpapermaven.com/cat/people/Abraham-Lincoln-2.html Government the administrative group of people with authority to govern a political state of the people by the people for the people
  • 4. What is “OPEN”? 1. Access 2. Redistribution 3. Reuse 4. Absence of Technological Restriction 5. Attribution 6. Integrity 7. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups 8. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor 9. Distribution of License 10. License Must Not Be Specific to a Package 11. License Must Not Restrict the Distribution of Other Workshttp://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=open&ex=1&AxInstalled=copy&Download=MP900448467&ext=JPG&c=0#ai:MP900406502|mt:2|
  • 5. http://jabjong.tistory.com/103 Data means Raw Data. Raw data have not been subjected to processing or any other manipulation.
  • 6. Open Government the governing doctrine which holds that citizens have the right to access the documents and proceedings of the government to allow for effective public oversighthttp://ideasandsociety.ucr.edu/2012/10/applications-are-open/
  • 7. Open Data the idea that certain data should be freely available to everyone to use and republish as they wish, without restrictions from copyright, patents or other mechanisms of controlhttp://www.shapecollage.com/
  • 8. Government Dataall data created, generated, produced, collected, andcommissioned by government and -related organization
  • 9. Open Government Data the availability of government information in open and accessible formats to enable reuse and interconnection between information from different sourceshttp://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=share&ex=1&AxInstalled=copy&Download=MP900448467&ext=JPG&c=0#ai:MP910220975|mt:2|
  • 10. The 8 Principles of Open Government Data1. Data Must Be Complete All public data are made available. Data are electronically stored information or recordings, including but not limited to documents, databases, transcripts, and audio/visual recordings. Public data are data that are not subject to valid privacy, security or privilege limitations, as governed by other statutes.2. Data Must Be Primary Data are published as collected at the source, with the finest possible level of granularity, not in aggregate or modified forms.3. Data Must Be Timely Data are made available as quickly as necessary to preserve the value of the data.4. Data Must Be Accessible Data are available to the widest range of users for the widest range of purposes.
  • 11. The 8 Principles of Open Government Data4. Data Must Be Machine Processible Data are reasonably structured to allow automated processing of it.5. Access Must Be Non-Discriminatory Data are available to anyone, with no requirement of registration.6. Data Formats Must Be Non-Proprietary Data are available in a format over which no entity has exclusive control.7. Data Must Be License-free Data are not subject to any copyright, patent, trademark or trade secret regulation. Reasonable privacy, security and privilege restrictions may be allowed as governed by other statutes.
  • 12. Data Catalogue of U.S. Government
  • 13. Data Catalogue of UK Government
  • 14. Comprehensive List of Data Catalogues• data.govt.nz - to publish New Zealand Gov Data under CCL. Launched in Nov 2009.• data.norge.no - Norwegian government open-data website. Launched in April 2010.• geodata.gov.gr - Greeces open government geospatial data Launched 21st of July 2010.• opengovdata.ru - OpenGovData Russia Catalog. Launched in 2010, private initiative.• Data.gov.au - Australian government open-data website. Launched in March 2011.• Data.gov.ma - Moroccan government open-data website. Launched in April 2011.• Data.gc.ca - Canadian government open-data website. Launched in March 2011.• data.belgium.be - Belgian government open-data website. Still in beta, but usable.• opendata.go.ke - Kenyan government open-data website. Launched in Jul 2011.• data.overheid.nl - Dutch government open-data website. Launched in Oct 2011.• datos.gob.cl - Chilean government open-data website. Launched in Sept 2011.• data.gov.it - Italian government open-data website. Launched in October 2011.• datos.gob.es - Spanish government open-data website. Launched in October 2011.• datos.gub.uy - Uruguayan government open-data website. Launched in November 2011.• data.gouv.fr - French government open-data website. Launched in December 2011.• dados.gov.br - Brazilian government open-data website. launched in December 2011.• www.opendata.ee - Estonian government open-data website.• dados.gov.pt - Portuguese government open-data website.• date.gov.md - Moldavian government open-data website.• data.gov.in - India Government open-data website. Launched in 2012.• data.wien.gv.at - Vienna Government open-data website. Launched in 2011.
  • 15. Open Government Data Use-cases
  • 16. Open Government Data Use-cases
  • 17. Yes, there is. Is there any Data Catalogue of Korea Government?http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=question&ex=2#ai:MP900422591|mt:2|
  • 18. Data Catalogue of Korea Government
  • 19. Data Catalogue of Seoul Metropolitan Government
  • 20. 우리 동네 좋은 병원 찾기 <안심병원> 국회는 지금 <국회 네비게이터> 서울시 예산<지켜보고 있다> <리빙 스마일> <범죄의 흔적> <Watching You 미아찾기> <Happy Catalyst> <룰루랄라>
  • 21. During the hackathon,they wasted most of timecollecting and parsingdata to develop theirapplications, becausemost of data are stillpublished using HTML.
  • 22. http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=board&ex=1#ai:MP900430536|mt:2|
  • 23. Choosing What Data to Publishhttp://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=market&ex=1#ai:MP900439292|mt:2|
  • 24. Make data available on the Web (whatever format) under an open licensehttp://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datei:Yamashita_Yohei_-_CC_on_Orange_(by).jpg
  • 25. Make it available as structured data (e.g., Excel instead of image scan of a table)http://www.jmorganmarketing.com/unstructured-collaboration-key-to-business-agility/
  • 26. Use non-proprietary formats (e.g., CSV instead of Excel)http://www.breakfreeinvestments.webs.com/
  • 27. Create an online catalog of the raw data (complete with documentation)
  • 28. http://organizerightnow.wordpress.com/2011/06/09/organizing-moving-from-to-do-list-to-done/
  • 29. Use URIs to identify things, so that people can point at your stuff GAPAN_NO X_COORD Y_COORD WITH_PNU_NM WITH_ADDR2 500101_4_0013 189120.15508 449985.10945 강서구 염창동 258-4 500101_4_0015 188943.62508 449746.56112 강서구 염창동 282-22 500102_4_0015 188120.06158 450627.84196 강서구 등촌동 632-10 Data 500103_4_0079 187041.15930 450576.43392 강서구 화곡동 1109 500103_4_0080 186752.49958 450342.72777 강서구 화곡동 1105-3 530102_4_0011 190173.24496 443924.74481 구로구 구로동 83-4 530102_4_0012 190523.36933 443428.30281 구로구 구로동 141-5http://www.eddison-media.com/redlaseriphonebarcode/
  • 30. URI <html> <head> </head> <body> .... </body> HTML URI </html> GAPAN_NO X_COORD Y_COORD WITH_PNU_NM WITH_ADDR2 500101_4_0013 189120.15508 449985.10945 강서구 염창동 258-4 web page datahttp://www.iconarchive.com/show/soft-scraps-icons-by-deleket/User-Group-icon.html
  • 31. When someone looks up a URI, provide useful RDF Information URI GAPAN_NO X_COORD Y_COORD WITH_PNU_NM WITH_ADDR2 500101_4_0013 189120.15508 449985.10945 강서구 염창동 258-4http://www.antisocialmediallc.com/2012/02/arrow-icons-right-left-up-and-down/http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=use&ex=1#ai:MP900406939|mt:2|
  • 32. Resource Description Framework a framework for representing information about resources in the World Wide Web a general method for conceptual description or modeling of information that is implemented in web resources P S O
  • 33. Gapan GAPAN_NO X_COORD Y_COORD WITH_PNU_NM WITH_ADDR2 500101_4_0013 189120.15508 449985.10945 강서구 염창동 258-4 http://data.seoul.go.kr/facility#Gapan http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#type http://data.seoul.go.kr/facility#x_coord http://data.seoul.go.kr/facility#500101_4_0013 189120.15508http://data.seoul.go.kr/facility#with_addr2 449985.10945 http://data.seoul.go.kr/facility#with_pnu_nm 258-4 강서구 염창동
  • 34. HTML RDF/XML
  • 35. Link your data to other data to provide context D D Data D D D Dhttp://helenshowto.blogspot.kr/2012/02/broken-link-checker-for-wordpress.html
  • 36. Linking of HTML Documents <a web page B href=“B”> hyperlink … </a> Server B web page A Server A
  • 37. Linking of Data dbpedia.org http://dbpedia.org/resource/Namdaemun kdata.kr http://data.kdata.kr/resource/Namdaemun owl:sameAs rdfs:seeAlso 숭례문 남대문 owl:sameAs 관광공사 문화재청
  • 38. Web of Datahttp://richard.cyganiak.de/2007/10/lod/lod-datasets_2011-09-19_colored.png
  • 39. make your data human-readable by either converting to (X)HTML, or by using real-time transformations through CSS or XSLT human-readable machine-readablehttp://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=read&ex=1#ai:MP900409038|
  • 40. Linked Open Government Data to increase usability and accessibility Semantics DataDocument
  • 41. Referenceshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Governmenthttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raw_datahttp://opendefinition.org/okd/http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_government_datahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_governmenthttp://ligadonospoliticos.com.br/?pag=dadosgovernamentaisabertoshttp://www.opengovdata.org/home/8principleshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_datahttp://opendatalinks.ca/links/apps/http://www.w3.org/TR/gov-data/http://5stardata.info/http://www.thedatahub.kr/http://www.kdata.kr/http://blog.kdata.kr:8080/
  • 42. Dr. Myungjin Lee xml@yonsei.ac.kr http://www.facebook.com/mjinlee http://www.slideshare.net/onlyjiny http://www.linkedin.com/pub/myungjin-lee/28/409/899http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/results.aspx?qu=contact&ex=1#ai:MP900442479|