Deserts of Australia
There are many Australian Deserts. These include
• Great Victoria Desert
• Great Sandy Desert
• Tanami Desert
• Simpson Desert
• Gibson Desert
• Little Sandy Desert
• Strzelecki Desert
• Sturt Stony Desert
• Tirari Desert
• Pedirka Desert
About 70% of the Australian mainland is classified as semi-
arid, arid or desert and is the driest inhabited continent on
Great Victoria Desert
The biggest desert in Australia is The Great Victoria Desert
covering an area of over 420,000 square kilometres from the
Eastern Goldfields region of Western Australia to the Gawler
Ranges in South Australia. It has many small sandhills, grassland
plains, areas with a closely packed surface of pebbles and salt
Great Sandy Desert
Australia’s second largest Desert, the Great Sandy Desert, is
located in the north of Western Australia, below the Kimberley
region on the northern coast. It covers an area of about 280,000
square kilometres. Dry season temperatures are around 38 to
42°C and wet season days reach around 25 to 30°C. Nights can
get very cold, even freezing.
The Tanami Desert is known as one of the most isolated and arid
places on earth. Australia’s third largest Desert is located north
west of Alice Springs, in the Northern Territory to the east of the
Great Sandy Desert.
The fourth largest Australian desert is the Simpson Desert
located in the Northern Territory, South Australia and
Queensland. It has large areas of dry, red sandy plain and dunes
and in fact is the world's largest sand dune desert.
The 5th largest desert in Australia, the Gibson Desert is located
in Western Australia covering an area of about 155,000 square
kilometres. The Gibson Desert was named after Alfred Gibson
who became lost and died in this desert during an expedition in
Little Sandy Desert
Australia’s sixth largest desert, located in Western Australia, is
the Little Sandy Desert with a area of 111,500 square kilometres.
It is named because it is near to and looks like the Great Sandy
Desert, but it is much smaller.
The Strzelecki Desert is situated in the Far North Region of South
Australia, South West Queensland and western New South
Wales. As the seventh largest desert in Australia it covers an
area of 80,250 square kilometres. It has many sand dune fields
and is named after the Polish explorer Paweł Edmund Strzelecki.
Sturt Stony Desert
Locatated in north-east of South Australia, the Sturt Stony Desert
was named by Charles Sturt in 1844, while he was trying to find
an inland sea.
Covering an area of15,250 square kilometres, the Tirari Desert in
South Australia contains salt lakes and many large sand dunes.
The Pedirka Desert is a small desert of about 1,250 square
kilometres, located about 100 kilometres north-west of
Oodnadatta in South Australia.