Liveblogging and mobile journalismPresentation Transcript
5: Live and mobile JOM0845 Online Journalism
3 themes• Events and rolling journalism• Kit and infrastructure• Verification, ethics and law
"The Continuous News Desk is busierthan ever with stories coming in all dayfrom various desks. The sports editors,when they hear about a big trade, arepushing the reporters to file quickly andsending that story to CND. All of thedesks are now doing that to someextent, and it’s being done more often,with more stories, every week.”." - Editors Weblog, 2007
“The adrenaline was running by now. SoI turned [the flash] on and took fivepictures. I realised they were importantand I saw another guy shooting video onhis phone.“So I got him into a taxi and we wentback to AP’s offices in Camden.” - Matt Dunham, AP, in The Guardian
Eventsand rolling reporting Adding value
Video: live multiplatform election coverage (PBS)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IQrH1OuhPjk
"We increased the reach of the NewsHours live-stream byhaving it hosted elsewhere including the SunlightFoundation and Huffington Post. We also hosted a map withlive AP election data on our site and combined it with ourmap-centric Patchwork Nation collaboration. We usedCoveritLive to power a live-blog of results, analysis andreports from the field. Extra, the NewsHours site forstudents and teachers, solicited opinion pieces."Many of the tools we experimented with to cover the 2008election -- Google Docs, Twitter, Facebook -- have sincematured as newsroom resources. Except for a fewmomentary hiccups, Twitter was as stable as we could havehoped on Election Day." - Dave Gustafson, PBS
"On election night, more than a dozen NewsHour staffersworked in the same [Google] document in real-time -- filingreports from the field and transcribing quotes fromNewsHour analysts and notable guests on other networks."When [Mike] typed a pound sign (#), that signaled theparagraph was ready and I immediately pasted it intoCoveritLive."In a different spreadsheet, staff kept track of which raceswere called by other news organizations and when. We alsoused the embedded chat feature in Google Docs tocommunicate while editing and adding information." - Dave Gustafson, PBS
I venture to bet that we were the only network last night withan election graphics system running in Google Chrome.Thanks to our partners at Ustream posting a giantpromotion on their home page for a full day our election live-stream garnered more than 250,000 views.We also notified our 73,000 iPhone app users of our specialcoverage plans. Our app download traffic tripled.As for Facebook, we were blown away by the breakingnews engagement we got. It has us reconsidering thatstrategy. A separate two-day effort targeting NewsHour adson Facebook pages of specific political campaigns grew ourfans about 7.3 percent in that short period.
Same choices, but faster.• Twitter stream?• Liveblogging?• Photo updates and gallery?• Streaming video?• Google map?
Where is the need?• Document?• Aggregate?• Analyse?• Enrich?• Verify?
Live tweeting tips• Use existing hashtag(s) - or make one• Engage all the senses - and media• Use direct quotes - or RT them• Write as if an intro summing up• Tweet when things change
Streaming tips• Test, prepare, recce, schedule• Auto-tweet upon streaming• Steady camera• Narrate if sound is not close
Events: lead up• Talk to the community, recruit contributors, set up lists, groups, photo pools, tags etc.• Cover the lead up on multiple platforms• Where might you get video, photo, audio?• SEO/SMO - key phrases, ideas• What will the community need?• Do what you do best, link to the rest
Tactics of repression• Some regimes throttle broadband during protests• Can also close parts of mobile phone network• E.g. Iran, 2009; Myanmar, 2007
The mobile journalist
Too busy on social mediahttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O8g3AFnT_Hk
Kit: hardware• Smartphone with good data plan• Flip or Kodak Zi8, etc. (not HD)• Digital dictaphone/Zoom• Portable mic and spoffle• Gorillapod or tripod• Bluetooth keyboard
Kit: power & connectivity• Batteries - including phone• Mifi unit (also tethering & Joikuspot)• Extra SIM cards - EyeFi?• Free memory - and extra cards• Extension lead & chargers• Power gorilla, solar charger
Systems and habits• Network: publish & distribute (RSS)• Contacts & website emails• Wifi map, 3G recce• Scheduled post with embedded viewer• Preparing users, tags, groups etc.• Geotagging• Plans B, C and Z - editing, streaming, etc.
A mobile mindset• Be always-on and catch the moment. Share first, report later.• Try new tools & apps and integrate• Establish yourself in a network• Look with a MoJos eye - recce places, rehearse, prepare.
See how its done• @documentally• @ruskin147• @alisongow• @paullewis• @adamwestbrook• @ed_walker86• @acarvin
Workshop Prepare mobile reporting for covering a live event. Identify: - Key people - Key platforms - Key themes, terms etc. - Preparation needed
Verification and law ..
"People shouldnt see this as a Twittermistake; rather it was a reportingmistake that could have occurred on anyplatform." - Andy Carvin, NPR
Level 1: Content Is it too good to be true? Bait? Style and personality Can you verify each fact elsewhere? Frequency and recency Cloning and airbrushing
Level 2: Context How long has the account existed? Who did they first follow? Who followed them first? Who has spoken to/about them online? Correlation with other identities? (Identify) Tools: PeerIndex, Klout. Speak to them.
Level 3: Technology Domain extension - .gov? Check Whois records Last updated Pages linking to: Archives and caches; history & discussion Source code
Ethics Is deleting an incorrect tweet after the fact a lack of transparency? Live tweeting: spammy? Taste & graphic nature: Neda Non-declaration (Mayhill Fowler)
Law Streaming = broadcast (apologise), archived = publication (edit) Privacy and trespass
LinksDelicious.com/paulb/cityoj06Delicious.com/paulb/mobileDan Gillmor and Stephen Quinn ebooks
LabFind eventsCreate content building up to that eventPlan to cover the event live• Who could you interview?• Where could you add value?• What can you research?