• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Oral communication
 

Oral communication

on

  • 985 views

MBA / MMS sem 1 notes

MBA / MMS sem 1 notes

Statistics

Views

Total Views
985
Views on SlideShare
985
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
21
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Oral communication Oral communication Presentation Transcript

    • COMMUNICATION & PRESENTATION SKILLS ORAL SKILLS & SPOKEN ENGLISH
    • MAIN POINTS TO REMEMBER ABOUT ORAL PRESENTATION
      • (i) effective use of visual aids
      • (ii) adequate eye contact : size of the audience
      • (iii) clarity in pronunciation and fluency
      • (iv) maintaining a proper speed of presentation
      • (v) posture and body movements suggesting confidence
      • (vi) seeking and making proper use of visual feedback
      • (vii) noting down important points arising out of discussion
    • DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS
      • 1. Speech & Writing/Printing: a comparison
      • Speech : pitch, volume, tone, speed, pauses, body movements, facial expressions
      • Writing/Printing: punctuation, capitalization, spacing, margins, fonts
    • DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS (continued)
      • 2. Pronunciation of Words:
      • (a) vowel and consonant sounds
      • (comparison of sounds with letters a-z);
      • The letter “a” in :
      • fa t /æ/, f a ther /a:/,
      • f a te /eɪ/ , a bout /ə/
      • Or the letters “th” in “th i n” / ɵ / & “th e n” / ð /.
      • Also notice
      • (b) word-stress: ‘language, communication
    • DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS (continued)
      • 3. Use of the phonetic script and the (Pronouncing) Dictionary: International Phonetic Alphabet: free downloading is possible
      • Dictionaries on CD : listening to the pronunciation and it variety (e.g. British & American) now possible
    • DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS (continued)
      • 4. Pronunciation of Sentences:
      • intonation and rhythm
      • INTONATION: rising / (yes /)
      • falling (yes )
      • combination / (yes /)
      • RHYTHM: de dum de dum
      • x ’ x ’
    • Word-stress
      • Two-syllable words
      • Stress on first syllable
      • ‘ bargain
      • ‘ govern
      • ‘ secret
      • ‘ mischief
      • ‘ message
      • ‘ cabbage
      • ‘ surface
      • ‘ furnace
      • ‘ husband
      • ‘ butcher
      • ‘ proverb
      • ‘ thorough
      • ‘ oven
      • ‘ onion
      • ‘ compass
    • Word-stress (continued) Two-syllable words
      • Stress on second syllable
      • ad’mit
      • for’bid
      • suc’ced
      • sup’press
      • po’lice
      • pay’ee
      • dis’miss
      • ag’ree
      • se’lect
      • re’quest
      • pre’fer
      • re’fer
      • oc’cur
      • ar’rest
      • com’mence
      • per’haps
    • Word-stress (continued) Three-syllable words
      • Stress on first syllable
      • ’ advertise
      • ’ educate
      • ’ illustrate
      • ’ furniture
      • ’ government
      • ’ literature
      • ’ recognize
      • ’ signature
      • ’ tentative
      • Stress on second syllable
      • ad’venture
      • com’mercial
      • de’cision
      • ex’ternal
      • in’ternal
      • per’mission
      • re’vision
      • spec’tator
      • um’brella
    • Word-stress (continued) Three-syllable words
      • Primary Stress on third syllable
      • ,addres’see
      • ,ciga’rette
      • ,coin’cide
      • ,devo’tee
      • ,engi’neer
      • ,guaran’tee
      • ,recim’mend
    • Word-stress (continued) Four-syllable words
      • Primary Stress on first syllable
      • ’ applicable
      • ’ accurately
      • ’ comfortable
      • ’ honourable
      • Primary Stress on second syllable
      • ad’vertisement
      • ap’preciate
      • a’rithmetic
      • e’xaggerate
      • par’ticipate
      • pho’tography
    • Word-stress (continued) Four-syllable words
      • Primary Stress on third syllable
      • acci’dental
      • appli’cation
      • exhi’bition
      • inde’pendent
      • indi’vidual
      • Primary Stress on fourth syllable
      • dedica’tee
      • exami’nee
    • Word-stress (continued) words with more than four syllables
      • Primary Stress on first syllable
      • ‘ favouritism
      • ‘ cannibalism
      • ‘ secularism
      • Primary Stress on second syllable
      • ad’venturousness
      • en’thusiasm
      • con’servatism
      • Primary Stress on third syllable
      • elec’tricity
      • irre’sponsible
      • popu’larity
      • Primary Stress on fourth syllable
      • acade’mician
      • civili’zation
      • pactici’pation
    • Word-stress (continued): stress change according to part of speech
      • COMPARE:
      • Noun/Adjective Verb
      • ’ absent ab’sent
      • ’ accent ac’cent
      • ’ concert con’cert
      • ’ conflict con’flict
      • ’ export ex’port
      • ’ produce pro’duce
      • ’ subject sub’ject
    • Attributes of good oral communication
      • 1.Sounds and sound combinations
      • 2. Stress
      • 3. Rhythm
      • 4. Intonation
      • 5. Speed: pausing
      • 6. Clarity of articulation
      • 7. Voice modulation: volume & pitch variation (avoiding “monotonous speech)
    • Vowel sounds of English
      • (Pure Vowels/Monophthongs) initially medially finally
      • 1. /i:/ ea st sh ee t k e y
      • 2. /I/ i t h i t dut y
      • 3. /e / e nd s e nd
      • 4. /æ/ a nd sa nd
      • 5. /a:/ a rt he a rt c ar
      • 6. / ɒ / o x f o x
    • Vowel sounds of English (continued)
      • initially medially finally
      • 7. /ɔ:/ a ll b a ll s aw
      • 8. /U/ p u t
      • 9. /u:/ oo ze ch oo se ch ew
      • 10./  / u p c u p
      • 11./з:/ ea rn learn st ir
      • 12. /ə/ a go p o lice mak er
    • Vowel sounds of English (continued) Diphthongs
      • 13. / e ɪ/ ei ght str ai ght st ay
      • 14. /əʊ/ oa k j o ke sl ow
      • 15. / a ɪ/ i ce m i ce m y
      • 16./ a ʊ/ ou t sh ou t h ow
      • 17. /ɔɪ/ oi l b oi l b oy
      • 18. /ɪə/ ear s b ear d p eer
      • 19. / e ə/ air s p air ed h ar e
      • 20. / u ə/ c ur ed t our
    • Consonant sounds of English
      • initially medially finally
      • 1. /p/ p in s p in kee p
      • 2. /b/ b in tu b s clu b
      • 3. /t/ t ell s t ick ligh t
      • 4. /d/ d ay hea d s lai d
      • 5. /k/ k eep s k ill sti ck
      • 6. /g/ get ju gs ba g
    • Consonant sounds of English (continued)
      • initially medially finally
      • 17. /s/ s ip li s t le ss
      • 18. /z/ z ip lo s er bu zz
      • 19. /ʃ/ sh ip ru sh ed hu sh
      • 20. /ʒ/ mea s ure rou g e
    • Consonant sounds of English (continued)
      • initially medially finally
      • 21. /h/ h ot be h ave
      • 22. /r/ r ot t r y
      • 23. /w/ w att s w eat
      • 24. /j/ y atch t u ne
    • Consonant sounds of English (continued)
      • initially medially finally
      • 13 /f/ f an so f t i f
      • 14. /v/ v an lea v es thie f
      • 15. / ɵ / th in mon th s ba th
      • 16./ ð / th en clo th es ba th e