Oral communication
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Oral communication

on

  • 1,142 views

MBA / MMS sem 1 notes

MBA / MMS sem 1 notes

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,142
Views on SlideShare
1,142
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
24
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Oral communication Oral communication Presentation Transcript

  • COMMUNICATION & PRESENTATION SKILLS ORAL SKILLS & SPOKEN ENGLISH
  • MAIN POINTS TO REMEMBER ABOUT ORAL PRESENTATION
    • (i) effective use of visual aids
    • (ii) adequate eye contact : size of the audience
    • (iii) clarity in pronunciation and fluency
    • (iv) maintaining a proper speed of presentation
    • (v) posture and body movements suggesting confidence
    • (vi) seeking and making proper use of visual feedback
    • (vii) noting down important points arising out of discussion
  • DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS
    • 1. Speech & Writing/Printing: a comparison
    • Speech : pitch, volume, tone, speed, pauses, body movements, facial expressions
    • Writing/Printing: punctuation, capitalization, spacing, margins, fonts
    View slide
  • DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS (continued)
    • 2. Pronunciation of Words:
    • (a) vowel and consonant sounds
    • (comparison of sounds with letters a-z);
    • The letter “a” in :
    • fa t /æ/, f a ther /a:/,
    • f a te /eɪ/ , a bout /ə/
    • Or the letters “th” in “th i n” / ɵ / & “th e n” / ð /.
    • Also notice
    • (b) word-stress: ‘language, communication
    View slide
  • DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS (continued)
    • 3. Use of the phonetic script and the (Pronouncing) Dictionary: International Phonetic Alphabet: free downloading is possible
    • Dictionaries on CD : listening to the pronunciation and it variety (e.g. British & American) now possible
  • DEVELOPING ORAL SKILLS (continued)
    • 4. Pronunciation of Sentences:
    • intonation and rhythm
    • INTONATION: rising / (yes /)
    • falling (yes )
    • combination / (yes /)
    • RHYTHM: de dum de dum
    • x ’ x ’
  • Word-stress
    • Two-syllable words
    • Stress on first syllable
    • ‘ bargain
    • ‘ govern
    • ‘ secret
    • ‘ mischief
    • ‘ message
    • ‘ cabbage
    • ‘ surface
    • ‘ furnace
    • ‘ husband
    • ‘ butcher
    • ‘ proverb
    • ‘ thorough
    • ‘ oven
    • ‘ onion
    • ‘ compass
  • Word-stress (continued) Two-syllable words
    • Stress on second syllable
    • ad’mit
    • for’bid
    • suc’ced
    • sup’press
    • po’lice
    • pay’ee
    • dis’miss
    • ag’ree
    • se’lect
    • re’quest
    • pre’fer
    • re’fer
    • oc’cur
    • ar’rest
    • com’mence
    • per’haps
  • Word-stress (continued) Three-syllable words
    • Stress on first syllable
    • ’ advertise
    • ’ educate
    • ’ illustrate
    • ’ furniture
    • ’ government
    • ’ literature
    • ’ recognize
    • ’ signature
    • ’ tentative
    • Stress on second syllable
    • ad’venture
    • com’mercial
    • de’cision
    • ex’ternal
    • in’ternal
    • per’mission
    • re’vision
    • spec’tator
    • um’brella
  • Word-stress (continued) Three-syllable words
    • Primary Stress on third syllable
    • ,addres’see
    • ,ciga’rette
    • ,coin’cide
    • ,devo’tee
    • ,engi’neer
    • ,guaran’tee
    • ,recim’mend
  • Word-stress (continued) Four-syllable words
    • Primary Stress on first syllable
    • ’ applicable
    • ’ accurately
    • ’ comfortable
    • ’ honourable
    • Primary Stress on second syllable
    • ad’vertisement
    • ap’preciate
    • a’rithmetic
    • e’xaggerate
    • par’ticipate
    • pho’tography
  • Word-stress (continued) Four-syllable words
    • Primary Stress on third syllable
    • acci’dental
    • appli’cation
    • exhi’bition
    • inde’pendent
    • indi’vidual
    • Primary Stress on fourth syllable
    • dedica’tee
    • exami’nee
  • Word-stress (continued) words with more than four syllables
    • Primary Stress on first syllable
    • ‘ favouritism
    • ‘ cannibalism
    • ‘ secularism
    • Primary Stress on second syllable
    • ad’venturousness
    • en’thusiasm
    • con’servatism
    • Primary Stress on third syllable
    • elec’tricity
    • irre’sponsible
    • popu’larity
    • Primary Stress on fourth syllable
    • acade’mician
    • civili’zation
    • pactici’pation
  • Word-stress (continued): stress change according to part of speech
    • COMPARE:
    • Noun/Adjective Verb
    • ’ absent ab’sent
    • ’ accent ac’cent
    • ’ concert con’cert
    • ’ conflict con’flict
    • ’ export ex’port
    • ’ produce pro’duce
    • ’ subject sub’ject
  • Attributes of good oral communication
    • 1.Sounds and sound combinations
    • 2. Stress
    • 3. Rhythm
    • 4. Intonation
    • 5. Speed: pausing
    • 6. Clarity of articulation
    • 7. Voice modulation: volume & pitch variation (avoiding “monotonous speech)
  • Vowel sounds of English
    • (Pure Vowels/Monophthongs) initially medially finally
    • 1. /i:/ ea st sh ee t k e y
    • 2. /I/ i t h i t dut y
    • 3. /e / e nd s e nd
    • 4. /æ/ a nd sa nd
    • 5. /a:/ a rt he a rt c ar
    • 6. / ɒ / o x f o x
  • Vowel sounds of English (continued)
    • initially medially finally
    • 7. /ɔ:/ a ll b a ll s aw
    • 8. /U/ p u t
    • 9. /u:/ oo ze ch oo se ch ew
    • 10./  / u p c u p
    • 11./з:/ ea rn learn st ir
    • 12. /ə/ a go p o lice mak er
  • Vowel sounds of English (continued) Diphthongs
    • 13. / e ɪ/ ei ght str ai ght st ay
    • 14. /əʊ/ oa k j o ke sl ow
    • 15. / a ɪ/ i ce m i ce m y
    • 16./ a ʊ/ ou t sh ou t h ow
    • 17. /ɔɪ/ oi l b oi l b oy
    • 18. /ɪə/ ear s b ear d p eer
    • 19. / e ə/ air s p air ed h ar e
    • 20. / u ə/ c ur ed t our
  • Consonant sounds of English
    • initially medially finally
    • 1. /p/ p in s p in kee p
    • 2. /b/ b in tu b s clu b
    • 3. /t/ t ell s t ick ligh t
    • 4. /d/ d ay hea d s lai d
    • 5. /k/ k eep s k ill sti ck
    • 6. /g/ get ju gs ba g
  • Consonant sounds of English (continued)
    • initially medially finally
    • 17. /s/ s ip li s t le ss
    • 18. /z/ z ip lo s er bu zz
    • 19. /ʃ/ sh ip ru sh ed hu sh
    • 20. /ʒ/ mea s ure rou g e
  • Consonant sounds of English (continued)
    • initially medially finally
    • 21. /h/ h ot be h ave
    • 22. /r/ r ot t r y
    • 23. /w/ w att s w eat
    • 24. /j/ y atch t u ne
  • Consonant sounds of English (continued)
    • initially medially finally
    • 13 /f/ f an so f t i f
    • 14. /v/ v an lea v es thie f
    • 15. / ɵ / th in mon th s ba th
    • 16./ ð / th en clo th es ba th e