Chinese Calligraphy


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Chinese Calligraphy

  1. 1. CHINESE CALLIGRAPHY Han characters
  2. 2. Chinese Calligraphy: Ancient Art Form
  3. 3. “ The Four Treasures” The tools used for Chinese Calligraphy. Paper Brushes Ink stick Ink stone
  4. 4. <ul><li>THE BRUSH </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Among the various tools of calligraphy, writing brush is peculiar to China. The brushes are varied, and white goat's hair, black rabbit's hair and yellow weasel's hair are three major types. On the basis of the function of tip, the brushes are classified into three groups: &quot;Hard&quot;, &quot;Soft&quot; and &quot;Both&quot;. Writing brush has such a long history that prehistoric painted pottery, inscriptions on oracle bones, bamboo slips and silks are all writing materials for brush </li></ul></ul>Knowing the tools: review
  5. 5. Holding the brush Firmly pinch brush shaft by thumb, index finger and middle finger, with ring finger and little finger reinforcing the hold from behind.
  6. 6. Holding the Brush <ul><li>Incorrect ways to hold the brush </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>THE INK-STICK </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The ink-stick is the unique pigment of Chinese traditional painting and calligraphy. At the initial stage natural ink or half-natural ink was generally used. It was during the Han that artificial ink appeared. The raw materials of ink-stick were pine, oil and lacquer. </li></ul></ul>Knowing the tools: review
  8. 8. <ul><li>THE PAPER </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paper is one of the most famous Chinese inventions. It is widely accepted that paper was invented by Cai Lun in the Eastern Han. However the archaeologists have discovered paper of Western Han such as &quot;Fang-ma-tan&quot; paper, &quot;Ba-quao&quot; paper, &quot;Xuan-quan&quot; paper, &quot;Ma-quan-wan&quot; paper, &quot;Ju-yan&quot; paper and &quot;Han-tan-po&quot; paper. After the Eastern Jin Dynasty, paper was extensively used instead of traditional writing materials such as bamboo slips and silks. Various methods of producing paper emerged one after another. </li></ul></ul>Knowing the tools: review
  9. 9. Knowing the tools: review <ul><li>THE INKSTONE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inkstone is the most important of &quot;four treasures of the study&quot;. Because of its solid texture inkstone can be handed down from ancient times. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In the ruins of primitive society the archaeologists discovered simple stone ink-slab that needed a pestle to grind pigments. After artificial ink-sticks appeared in Han, pestle gradually disappeared. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. The 5 Principles
  11. 11. <ul><li>Posture: It is important to sit up straight. </li></ul><ul><li>Good knowledge of the tools : It is important to know the proper techniques for using all tools. </li></ul><ul><li>Control : You must know how to control the brush. </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm : The characters should flow smoothly down the page. </li></ul><ul><li>Balance : Make sure all the lines are the right thickness and length. </li></ul>The 5 Principles: review
  12. 12. Correct Posture <ul><li>A correct posture helps to make more progress in practicing Chinese calligraphy. </li></ul><ul><li>Basic requirements of a good posture may consist of the following: </li></ul><ul><li>Keep the head straight in a natural position. Do not tilt or strain the neck. Keep head and neck in a naturally bent curve but not too forward or sideways. </li></ul>
  13. 13. 5 Golden Rules of Stroke Sequence <ul><li>Golden Rule 1: Start with the upper part of a character, then move downward. </li></ul><ul><li>Golden Rule 2: Start with the left part of a character, then move to the right. </li></ul><ul><li>Golden Rule 3: Horizontal brushstrokes precede vertical brushstrokes. </li></ul><ul><li>Golden Rule 4: Diagonal brushstrokes to the left precede diagonal brushstrokes to the right. </li></ul><ul><li>Golden Rule 5: Finish everything inside the box or wrap before closing with the last stroke. (The Box Rule) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Stroke Sequence Sun 1 2 3 4 5
  15. 15. PRACTICE!!! <ul><li>You are now going to practice some Chinese calligraphy characters. </li></ul>