The extraction and separation of
chlorophyll (α+β) carotin and
xanthophyll in fresh green leaves
Eugene Ong | eugene@usm.m...
Plant Physiol. Apr 1928; 3(2): 211–216.
Plant Physiol. Apr 1928; 3(2): 211–216.
Thin-Layer Chromatography
lutein (yellow)
chlorophyll a (yellow – green)
chlorophyll b (dark green)
β-carotene (yellow)
ph...
STATIONARY PHASE
Plate coated with silica.
LEAF EXTRACT
MOBILE PHASE
Solvents (acetone,
alcohol, hexane, etc)
xy
Retention...
STATIONARY PHASE
Plate coated with silica.
LEAF EXTRACT
MOBILE PHASE
Solvents (acetone,
alcohol, hexane, etc)
1938, Ukrain...
Anything
useful that
we make is
technology.
– K e v i n K e l l y
news.discovery.com/animals/animal-tool-use-111205.htm
worldinfo4u.com/evolution-of-computer/apple-computer-design-evolution
1980 2007
2007 2012
educationstormfront.wordpress.com, www.nytimes.com
The Horse In Motion (1878)
The First Motion Picture Ever Made
Transformers: Age of Extinction (2014)
commons.wikimedia.org...
1865 – Gregor Mendel introduced
principles of basic genetics.
unlockinglifescode.org
1977 – Frederick Sanger developed rap...
An analysis of the history of technology shows
that technological change is exponential.
– R a y K u r z w e i l
T h e
13.8 billion years
438 years per second, 1.58 million years per hour, and 37.8 million years per day.
Cosmos: A Spacetime ...
www.michellzappa.com
MOOCMASSIVE OPEN ONLINE COURSES
www.michellzappa.com
Knowledge is of two kinds.
We know a subject ourselves,
or we know where we can find
information on it.
– S a m u e l J o ...
www.scientificmalaysian.com
EVERYTHING IS COOL WHEN
YOU’RE PART OF A TEAM
EVERYONE
AWESOME
IS
www.mymodernmet.com/profiles/blogs/acrylicize-lego-peopl...
140627 SMK Penang Free Talk
140627 SMK Penang Free Talk
140627 SMK Penang Free Talk
140627 SMK Penang Free Talk
140627 SMK Penang Free Talk
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140627 SMK Penang Free Talk

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Technology is discovered or invented and spreads at its own will. So are education systems in its role in the spread of information. Where are we now and where are we going?

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140627 SMK Penang Free Talk

  1. 1. The extraction and separation of chlorophyll (α+β) carotin and xanthophyll in fresh green leaves Eugene Ong | eugene@usm.my Institute for Research in Molecular Medicine Universiti Sains Malaysia 27 June 2014 SMK Penang Free
  2. 2. Plant Physiol. Apr 1928; 3(2): 211–216.
  3. 3. Plant Physiol. Apr 1928; 3(2): 211–216.
  4. 4. Thin-Layer Chromatography lutein (yellow) chlorophyll a (yellow – green) chlorophyll b (dark green) β-carotene (yellow) pheophytin (brown – green) xanthophylls
  5. 5. STATIONARY PHASE Plate coated with silica. LEAF EXTRACT MOBILE PHASE Solvents (acetone, alcohol, hexane, etc) xy Retention value, Rf = x y Thin-Layer Chromatography
  6. 6. STATIONARY PHASE Plate coated with silica. LEAF EXTRACT MOBILE PHASE Solvents (acetone, alcohol, hexane, etc) 1938, Ukraine Acetone, 1610, France Chlorophyll, 1817, France Thin-Layer Chromatography SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
  7. 7. Anything useful that we make is technology. – K e v i n K e l l y news.discovery.com/animals/animal-tool-use-111205.htm
  8. 8. worldinfo4u.com/evolution-of-computer/apple-computer-design-evolution
  9. 9. 1980 2007 2007 2012 educationstormfront.wordpress.com, www.nytimes.com
  10. 10. The Horse In Motion (1878) The First Motion Picture Ever Made Transformers: Age of Extinction (2014) commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Waugsberg, giphy.com, sirverdoso.es/lo-mas-visto-del-ano-2013 Star Wars (1977)
  11. 11. 1865 – Gregor Mendel introduced principles of basic genetics. unlockinglifescode.org 1977 – Frederick Sanger developed rapid DNA sequencing technique. 1953 – James Watson and Francis Crick discovered the structure of DNA. 1990-2003 HUMAN GENOME SEQUENCING PROJECT $1 billion Multinational effort (US, Japan, Europe) 2014 Today: $1000
  12. 12. An analysis of the history of technology shows that technological change is exponential. – R a y K u r z w e i l T h e
  13. 13. 13.8 billion years 438 years per second, 1.58 million years per hour, and 37.8 million years per day. Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey
  14. 14. www.michellzappa.com
  15. 15. MOOCMASSIVE OPEN ONLINE COURSES www.michellzappa.com
  16. 16. Knowledge is of two kinds. We know a subject ourselves, or we know where we can find information on it. – S a m u e l J o h n s o n
  17. 17. www.scientificmalaysian.com
  18. 18. EVERYTHING IS COOL WHEN YOU’RE PART OF A TEAM EVERYONE AWESOME IS www.mymodernmet.com/profiles/blogs/acrylicize-lego-people-wall
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