Henri Matisse Henri Matisse was a French artist who was famous for his use of color, line and pattern in his art. He was born on December 31, 1869 and died onNovember 3, 1954.Matisee was also a printmaker, and sculptor, but mostly he was a painter. Matisse is one of the best-known artists of the twentiethcentury. He used simplified lines and made the subject of the painting easy to read because he exaggerated the drawing and used brilliant but randomcolors. Looking at portraits by Matisse reminds us to focus on color, line and pattern.