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Onnik KrikorianJournalist, Photojournalist, Consultanthttp://peace.oneworld.amhttp://peace.oneworld.am/blog/http:www.faceb...
Nagorno Karabakh                   •   1994 ceasefire                   •   Approx 25,000 dead                   •   Appro...
Working Towards Peace?If the current situation is for about 99% to blame on the regimes in Armenia and Azerbaijan (and, de...
Working Towards Peace?                         Trinity College, Dublin                             24th October 2012
Working Towards Peace?                         Trinity College, Dublin                             24th October 2012
Media Perpetuating Conflict?[...] people are often inclined to consider their existing attitudes and beliefs to be true an...
Media Perpetuating Conflict?[A] negative context [is set] in the public consciousness, which hinders dialogue and mutualun...
Attitudes in Armenia                       Trinity College, Dublin                           24th October 2012
Attitudes in Azerbaijan                          Trinity College, Dublin                              24th October 2012
Attitudes in Georgia                       Trinity College, Dublin                           24th October 2012
Social Media Crossing Borders                         Trinity College, Dublin                             24th October 2012
Trinity College, Dublin    24th October 2012
Twitter Diplomacy                    Trinity College, Dublin                        24th October 2012
Trinity College, Dublin    24th October 2012
http://peace.oneworld.amCaucasus Conflict Voices                           Trinity College, Dublin                        ...
http://peace.oneworld.amCaucasus Conflict Voices                           Trinity College, Dublin                        ...
Alternative NarrativesNowhere in the world can you find two groups of people closer to each other. That is why we oftenhav...
Alternative NarrativesWe hear far too little of what I call this “third narrative” of the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict, a...
Cyber Utopian or Skeptic?The reason why the KGB wants you to join Facebook is because it allows them to learn more about y...
Identifying Networks                       Trinity College, Dublin                           24th October 2012
Imaginary CosmopolitanismI study the ways new media shapes peoples perceptions of the world. Its my fond hope that socialn...
Imaginary Cosmopolitanism[...] we could well see a big jump in citizen to citizen diplomacy across this next year, as univ...
Internet Use       Armenia 2011 Media Public Opinion and Preference Survey,       Caucasus Resource Research Centers (CRRC...
Cyber RealismAnyone who believes that all citizen media are objective and impartial is either mad or hasnt actuallyread an...
Cyber RealismNew media tools will certainly help in getting people better acquainted with each other, but at thesame time ...
Cyber RealismTheres a strong interest in developing an online civic space where there can be level-headeddiscussion of con...
Cyber RealismI think you can’t do it just with social media tools, but as we’ve seen over the past 15 years, youdefinitely...
Cyber RealismMary Joyce of the Meta Activism project has warned that a key factor in successful online activismappear to b...
A Holistic Approach                      Trinity College, Dublin                          24th October 2012
Questions & Discussion[…] the internet is not magic; it is a tool. Anyone who wants to use it to bring nations closer toge...
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Conflict voices 24 october 2012 osce presentation

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  1. 1. Onnik KrikorianJournalist, Photojournalist, Consultanthttp://peace.oneworld.amhttp://peace.oneworld.am/blog/http:www.facebook.com/conflictvoiceshttp://www.onnik-krikorian.comhttp://twitter.com/onewmphotohttp://www.facebook.com/onewmphotoonewmphoto@gmail.com Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  2. 2. Nagorno Karabakh • 1994 ceasefire • Approx 25,000 dead • Approx 1 million refugees and IDPs • 16 percent of Azerbaijan controlled by Armenian forces • Border skirmishes and clashes, increase in sniper incidents. Over 3,000 dead since 1994 ceasefire • New generations living without contact with the other side • Conflict a political tool in Armenia and Azerbaijan • Peace deal still elusive • Threat of new war Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  3. 3. Working Towards Peace?If the current situation is for about 99% to blame on the regimes in Armenia and Azerbaijan (and, defacto, in Nagorno Karabakh), what about the remaining 1 or 2%? That is the people themselves, andespecially “civil society”, the organised part of society that could (or ought to) function as acounterweight to their own authorities. But they don’t. Yes, there are numerous (internationallysupported) peacebuilding initiatives, expert meetings, people-to-people contacts. But that is notenough. […] most of the time not going beyond the usual suspects, not reaching out to wider society,or even worse: are directed at an international audience.21 September 2012 – a good day for the birth of a new peace movement in the South Caucasus,Guido de Graaf bierbrauwer http://mountainsofpeace.wordpress.com/2012/09/13/21-september-2012-a-good-day-for-the-birth-of-a-new-peace-movement-in-the-south-caucasus/ Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  4. 4. Working Towards Peace? Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  5. 5. Working Towards Peace? Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  6. 6. Media Perpetuating Conflict?[...] people are often inclined to consider their existing attitudes and beliefs to be true and filter thenews through this lens. Thus, they accept messages in order to maintain their original perceptions. […]bias in the local media [...] serves as a means to fuel and perpetuate hatred. This is a role the mediahas and continues to play with regards to the conflict over Nagorno Karabakh.Armenian and Azerbaijani International News Coverage – Empirical Findings and Recommendationsfor Improvement, Caucasus Resource Research Centers (CRRC)http://epfound.am/files/mb_fg_report_finalized_edited_12.27.2008.doc Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  7. 7. Media Perpetuating Conflict?[A] negative context [is set] in the public consciousness, which hinders dialogue and mutualunderstanding […] Without more accurate and unbiased information […] free of negative rhetoricand stereotypes, Armenians and Azerbaijanis will continue to see themselves as enemies withoutany common ground.Armenian and Azerbaijani International News Coverage – Empirical Findings and Recommendationsfor Improvement, Caucasus Resource Research Centers (CRRC)http://epfound.am/files/mb_fg_report_finalized_edited_12.27.2008.doc Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  8. 8. Attitudes in Armenia Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  9. 9. Attitudes in Azerbaijan Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  10. 10. Attitudes in Georgia Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  11. 11. Social Media Crossing Borders Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  12. 12. Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  13. 13. Twitter Diplomacy Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  14. 14. Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  15. 15. http://peace.oneworld.amCaucasus Conflict Voices Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  16. 16. http://peace.oneworld.amCaucasus Conflict Voices Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  17. 17. Alternative NarrativesNowhere in the world can you find two groups of people closer to each other. That is why we oftenhave these stupid disputes between Armenians and Azeris. "This house is Armenian" or "this house isAzeri." Or "this music is Armenian or Azeri." This is exactly because the two have so much in common.[...] I normally say, and people dont like this, that Armenians are just Christian Azeris and Azeris arejust Muslim Armenians. That is how much they are alike.Seymur Baycan, Re-arming the Caucasus, Al Jazeera Englishhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cz47DkYn4Kk Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  18. 18. Alternative NarrativesWe hear far too little of what I call this “third narrative” of the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict, anarrative of peace. It spins the idea that the two peoples are capable of getting along fine, have livedtogether in the past and, if politicians are able to overcome differences on the Karabakh conflict, canlive together in the future. International mediators are too timid to speak this narrative or feel that it isnot their business. The media in both countries suppresses it.Thomas de Waal, senior associate in the Russia and Eurasia Program at the Carnegie Endowment andauthor of Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan through Peace and Warhttp://peace.oneworld.am/conflict_voices_may_2011.html Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  19. 19. Cyber Utopian or Skeptic?The reason why the KGB wants you to join Facebook is because it allows them to learn more about youfrom afar. It allows them to identify certain social graphs and social connections between activists.Many of these relationships are now self-disclosed by activists by joining various groups.Evgeny Morozov, author of The Net Delusion: The Dark Side of Internet Freedomhttp://www.rferl.org/content/interview_morozov_internet_democracy_promotion/2284105.html Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  20. 20. Identifying Networks Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  21. 21. Imaginary CosmopolitanismI study the ways new media shapes peoples perceptions of the world. Its my fond hope that socialnetworks such as Facebook will help users broaden their perspectives by listening to a different set ofpeople than they encounter in their daily life. But I fear services such as Facebook may be turning usinto imaginary cosmopolitans.[...]Is Facebook a space for cross-cultural interaction? For fomenting reactionary hatred? Or is it primarily aspace for online interaction with our local, offline friends?Ethan Zuckerman, Global Voices co-founder, Does Facebook unite us or divide us?http://edition.cnn.com/2010/OPINION/08/03/zuckerman.facebook.global/index.html Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  22. 22. Imaginary Cosmopolitanism[...] we could well see a big jump in citizen to citizen diplomacy across this next year, as universitiesand even high schools step up their efforts to integrate international awareness into their curriculum.We are seeing all sorts of interesting uses of Skype, iChat, and other online video platforms to connectstudents around the world in meaningful international experiences.[...]Will we become the best informed societies thanks to the information available, or the mostpolarized societies as we gravitate to the networks (media and social) that share our biases? [...]Sheldon Himelfarb, Associate Vice-President at the United States Institute of Peace (USIP)http://www.usip.org/publications/media-and-peacebuilding-trends-in-2010-and-looking-ahead-2011 Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  23. 23. Internet Use Armenia 2011 Media Public Opinion and Preference Survey, Caucasus Resource Research Centers (CRRC) Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  24. 24. Cyber RealismAnyone who believes that all citizen media are objective and impartial is either mad or hasnt actuallyread any citizen media. […] Whats become very difficult is using citizen media to understand whatsactually happening on the ground. As we all know, some of the reports from both camps in the SouthOssetian conflict were likely manufactured and inaccurate. This sort of situation can get even morecomplicated when there arent impartial journalists on the ground.Ethan Zuckerman, Global Voices co-founderhttp://www.eng.kavkaz-uzel.ru/articles/13149/ Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  25. 25. Cyber RealismNew media tools will certainly help in getting people better acquainted with each other, but at thesame time can also be used to reaffirm existing biases. Just search on the Internet for Armenian andAzerbaijani web sites and you can find a lot of trash and very harmful discourse from nationalistwebsites. I’m mildly optimistic, but at the same time think we should be very cautious about whatwe find on the Internet as well.Bart Woord, International Federation of Liberal Youth (IFLRY) Secretary Generalhttp://globalvoicesonline.org/2009/08/03/caucasus-an-interview-with-bart-woord/ Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  26. 26. Cyber RealismTheres a strong interest in developing an online civic space where there can be level-headeddiscussion of controversial topics across communities. [...] But like most other places the existingNGO sector seems poorly prepared to make the most of the digital opportunities [...]Dan McQuillan, Twitter activism in Tbilisihttp://www.internetartizans.co.uk/taking_twitter_activism_to_tbilisi Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  27. 27. Cyber RealismI think you can’t do it just with social media tools, but as we’ve seen over the past 15 years, youdefinitely can’t do it by meeting in Tbilisi for a weekend every summer. It becomes an “entertainment”and I’ve had experience with those conferences in Georgia where it’s just one big coffee break and awaste of money. However, I think that both approaches combined could propel things along.Micael Bogar, Projects Manager at the American Universitys Center for Social Mediahttp://globalvoicesonline.org/2009/08/01/caucasus-an-interview-with-micael-bogar/ Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  28. 28. Cyber RealismMary Joyce of the Meta Activism project has warned that a key factor in successful online activismappear to be novelty – it’s hard to articulate “best practices” because one of the best practices is to bethe first to try a particular technique. If we take the lesson from Fatullayev’s release that Twittercampaigns, focused on individual public figures who use Twitter, leveraging offline media attention area useful strategy, it seems likely that campaign organizations will adopt the technique and use it to thepoint where future implementations aren’t worth an article or a blog post.Ethan Zuckerman, Global Voices Co-founderhttp://www.ethanzuckerman.com/blog/2011/05/27/who-freed-eynulla-fatullayev-and-what-does-his-release-mean-for-twitter-activism/ Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  29. 29. A Holistic Approach Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
  30. 30. Questions & Discussion[…] the internet is not magic; it is a tool. Anyone who wants to use it to bring nations closer togetherhas to show initiative, and be ready to travel physically as well as virtually. As with the telegraph beforeit—also hailed as a tool of peace — the internet does nothing on its own.The Economist, A cyber-house dividedhttp://www.economist.com/node/16943885?story_id=16943885 Trinity College, Dublin 24th October 2012
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