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Dept. of Homeland Security Science & Technology Directorate DHS S&T Cyber Security RDTE&T Initiatives and Open Source MIL-OSS Conference Rosslyn, VA August 4, 2010 Douglas Maughan, Ph.D. Branch Chief / Program Mgr. email@example.com 202-254-6145 / 202-360-3170
4 August 2010 2 Open Source and Government Stenbit Memo OTD Roadmap OTD Phase 2 May 2003 June 2006 Launched Oct 2009 MITRE Bus. Case PITAC HPC July 2001 July 2001 2001 - 03 Jan 2003 July 2004 Oct 2009 June 2007 MITRE Survey OMB Procurement Memo DONCIO Guidance DoD NII Guidance
4 August 2010 3 Univ. of Pennsylvania WireX Communications Critical Findings 1. Federal government should encourage the development of Open Source Software. 2. Federal government should allow Open Source development efforts to compete on a “level playing field” with proprietary solutions in government procurement 3. Government sponsored Open Source projects should choose from a small set of established Open Source licenses after analysis of each license and determination of which may be preferable. Network Associates Labs DARPA Program (2001-2003)
President’s Information Technology Advisory Committee (PITAC) Report on Open Source Software (OSS) Panel for High Performance Computing (HPC)
4 August 2010 4 Science and Technology (S&T) Mission Conduct, stimulate, and enable research, development, test, evaluation and timely transition of homeland security capabilities to federal, state and local operational end-users.
Cyber Security Program Areas Information Infrastructure Security Cyber Security Research Infrastructure Next Generation Technologies Two new program areas – Cyber Forensics and Homeland Open Security Technology (HOST) Research Horizon – What does it look like? 4 August 2010 5
Information Infrastructure Security DNSSEC – Domain Name System Security S&T has been leading global DNSSEC Deployment Initiative since 2004, including roadmaps, workshops, testbed, pilots, software development, standards, outreach, and training Working with OMB, OSTP, GSA, NIST to ensure USG is leading the global deployment efforts http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/memoranda/fy2008/m08-23.pdf Working with vendor community to ensure solutions http://dnssec-deployment.org/presentations/govsec2009.html SPRI – Secure Protocols for Routing Infrastructure S&T has been leading global SPRI Initiative since 2008, including a roadmap, workshops, testbed, software development, standards, and community outreach Working with global registries to deploy Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) between ICANN/IANA and registries (e.g., ARIN) and ISPs/customers Working with IETF standards and industry to develop solutions for our current routing security problems and future technologies Funding R&D for tools to facilitate deployment Colorado State Univ, University of Oregon, UCLA, USC-ISI, PCH, NIST July 6, 2010 6
Information Infrastructure Security - 2 LOGIIC – Linking Oil & Gas Industry to Improve Cybersecurity A collaboration of oil and natural gas companies and DHS S&T to facilitate cooperative research, development, testing, and evaluation procedures to improve cyber security in Industrial Automation and Control Systems Consortium under the Automation Federation TCIPG – Trustworthy Computing Infrastructure for the Power Grid Partnership with DOE funded at UIUC with several partner universities and industry participation Drive the design of an adaptive, resilient, and trustworthy cyber infrastructure for transmission & distribution of electric power, including new resilient “smart” power grid DECIDE (Distributed Environment for Critical Infrastructure Decision-making Exercises) Provide a dedicated exercise capability to foster an effective, practiced business continuity effort to deal with increasingly sophisticated cyber threats Enterprises will be able to initiate their own large-scale exercises, define their own scenarios, protect their proprietary data, and learn vital lessons to enhance business continuity, all from their desktops The Financial Services Sector Coordinating Council R&D Committee has organized a user-group of subject matter experts paid by their respective financial institutions to support the project over the next two years. July 6, 2010 7
National Research Infrastructure DETER - http://www.isi.edu/deter/ Researcher and vendor-neutral experimental infrastructure that is open to a wide community of users to support the development and demonstration of next-generation cyber defense technologies Over 170 users from 14 countries (and growing) PREDICT – https://www.predict.org Repository of network data for use by the U.S.- based cyber security research community Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) completed Over 118 datasets and growing; Over 100 active users (and growing) End Goal: Improve the quality of defensive cyber security technologies 8 4 August 2010
4 August 2010 9 Next Generation Technologies http://baa.st.dhs.gov R&D funding model that delivers both near-term and medium-term solutions: To develop new and enhanced technologies for the detection of, prevention of, and response to cyber attacks on the nation’s critical information infrastructure. To perform research and development (R&D) aimed at improving the security of existing deployed technologies and to ensure the security of new emerging systems; To facilitate the transfer of these technologies into the national infrastructure as a matter of urgency.
Sample Product List Ironkey – Secure USB Standard Issue to S&T employees from S&T CIO Coverity – Open Source Hardening (SCAN) Evaluates over 150 open source software packages nightly USURF – Cyber Exercise Planning tool Currently in use in WA state exercise; partnering with NCSD Secure64 – DNSSEC Automation Several commercial customers; Government pilots underway HBGary – Memory and Malware Analysis 12-15 pilot deployments as part of Cyber Forensics program (later) Stanford – Anti-Phishing Technologies Open source; Most browsers have incorporated Stanford R&D Secure Decisions – Data Visualization Pilot with DHS/NCSD/US-CERT in progress 10 4 August 2010
4 August 2010 11 Give open source community access to entire toolset Open-source developers register their project. Coverity automatically downloads and runs tool over it. Developers get back bugs in coverity’s bug database Big success: Roughly 500 projects registered 4,700+ defects actually patched. Some really crucial bugs found; dozens of security patches (e.g., X, ethereal) Coverity: scan.coverity.com
4 August 2010 12 Initial requirements working group held 11/20/08 Attendees from USSS, CBP, ICE, FLETC, FBI, NIJ, TSWG, NIST, Miami-Dade PD, Albany NY PD Initial list of projects Mobile device forensic tools GPS forensics tools LE First responder “field analysis kit” High-speed data capture and deep packet inspection Live stream capture for gaming systems Memory analysis and malware tools Information Clearing House S&T initiated 6 projects in FY09 totaling $2M Cyber Forensics Combined
4 August 2010 13 Vulnerability Assessment of Open Source “Wireshark” Assessment: Assess a key open-source monitoring and forensics tool using the University of Wisconsin’s First Principles Vulnerability Assessment (FPVA) methodology Training: Develop materials and teach tutorials in vulnerability assessment and secure programming techniques Vulnerability characterization and automated detection: Use the results from assessments to formalize the description of vulnerabilities found and develop algorithms to detect them
4 August 2010 14 Homeland Open Security Technology (HOST) Promote the development and implementation of open source solutions within US Federal, state and municipal government agencies
How can we (collectively) afford IT? $38,500,000,000+ (BILLION!) HOST Motivation 4 August 2010 15
4 August 2010 20 HOST Program Areas Information Portal Federal Government Open Source Census GovernmentForge Open Source Software Repository Documentation Standards, Best Practices Community Outreach “New” open source IDS/IPS Work with tool developers (source, binary) on open source software quality analysis Information Assurance / Security US Government security evaluation processes (OpenSSL) S&T initiated projects in FY09/10 totaling $1.5M
4 August 2010 22 Can we afford NOT to Invest in Open Technology?
4 August 2010 23 Timeline of Past Research Reports President’s Commission on CIP (PCCIP) NRC CSTB Trust in Cyberspace I3P R&D Agenda National Strategy to Secure Cyberspace Computing Research Association – 4 Challenges NIAC Hardening the Internet PITAC - Cyber Security: A Crisis of Prioritization IRC Hard Problems List NSTC Federal Plan for CSIA R&D NRC CSTB Toward a Safer and More Secure Cyberspace 1997 1998 2000 2001 2003 2004 2005 2006 1999 2002 2007 All documents available at http://www.cyber.st.dhs.gov
4 August 2010 24 A Roadmap for Cybersecurity Research http://www.cyber.st.dhs.gov Scalable Trustrworthy Systems Enterprise Level Metrics System Evaluation Lifecycle Combatting Insider Threats Combatting Malware and Botnets Global-Scale Identity Management Survivability of Time-Critical Systems Situational Understanding and Attack Attribution Information Provenance Privacy-Aware Security Usable Security
DHS S&T Roadmap Content What is the problem being addressed? What are the potential threats? Who are the potential beneficiaries? What are their respective needs? What is the current state of practice? What is the status of current research? What are the research gaps? What challenges must be addressed? What resources are needed? How do we test & evaluate solutions? What are the measures of success? 4 August 2010 25
National Cyber Leap Year (NCLY) RFI – 1: Generic, wide-open Received over 160 responses; created 9 research areas Attribution, Cyber Economics, Disaster Recovery, Network Ecology, Policy-based Configuration, Randomization/Moving Target, Secure Data, Software Assurance, Virtualization RFI – 2: Same as RFI-1, but providing IP protection Received over 30 responses RFI – 3: Requested submissions only in 9 research areas above Received over 40 responses National Cyber Leap Year (NCLY) Summit August 17-19, 2009 Results posted on http://www.nitrd.gov 4 August 2010 26
NCLY Summit Topics Cyber economics Digital provenance Hardware enabled trust Moving target defense Nature-inspired cyber defense Expectation: Agencies will be using these topic areas in future solicitations (FY11 and beyond) 4 August 2010 27
28 Summary DHS S&T continues with an aggressive cyber security research agenda Working with the community to solve the cyber security problems of our current (and future) infrastructure Outreach to communities outside of the Federal government, i.e., building public-private partnerships is essential Working with academe and industry to improve research tools and datasets Looking at future R&D agendas with the most impact for the nation, including education Need to continue strong emphasis on technology transfer and experimental deployments 4 August 2010
4 August 2010 29 Douglas Maughan, Ph.D. Branch Chief / Program Mgr. firstname.lastname@example.org 202-254-6145 / 202-360-3170 For more information, visithttp://www.cyber.st.dhs.gov