Harmony TonalityMelody Form ElementsTexture Tempo Metre Rhythm Timbre Dynamics
Deﬁnition: Notes of different durations organised into groups and placed in time often in relation to a pulse Rhythm Keywords: Pulse, Beat, Time Signature, Metre, Bar, Barlines, Simple TIme, Compound Time, Tempo Cross Rhythm: Cross rhythm – Arhythmic arrangement which contradictsexpected metrical accents by introducing a different pattern of groupings. Anacrusis: An unaccented note or a group of notes which precede the ﬁrst strong beat in a phrase of music. music. Syncopation: The use of accents on weak beats or between beats, creatingtension between the accents of the pulse and the accents of the rhythm. Hemiola: A speciﬁc form of syncopation, often used in Baroque music, particularly at important cadences. The most usual form occurs when a piece in triple time places accents on alternate beats, giving a temporary duple feel to the music.
Deﬁnition: Scale(s) that the melody and harmony are derived from. Major Scale Whole tone scale - A scale Tonality consisting of six whole tones. All intervals are equal so there is noMinor Scale: Harmonic, Natural, feeling of a key note. melodic Blues Scale: Modes: Aeolian, Dorian, Phrygian, Chromatic Scale - A scale of Lydian, Mixolydian, Ionian, twelve notesModulation: Change of key within a composition Pentatonic: A scale of 5 notes. Atonal: Having no tonal centre Diatonic: Notes used a derived from a particular scale
Deﬁnition: Melody is a sequence of single notes; the main, most prominent line or voice in a piece of music, the line that the listener follows most closely. When accompanied, the melody is often the highest line in the piece and stands out. Melody is often the most memorable aspect of a piece. MelodyContour: Shape ofa melody, pointed, Range:Distance between the lowest smooth note and highest note. Sequence: Repetition of a Phrasing: length of a melody, phrase at a higher or lower normally related to a human pitch. The rhythm amd taking a breath. melodic pattern are the same in each phrase Melisma: Ornamentation of a syllable when singing.
Deﬁnition: Texture is the relationships between the different ‘lines’ (instruments) within a piece. Adjectives: Texture Thick Thin Homophonic: Melody with accompanying Solo Vs Tuttichords (Harmony) Monophonic: One solo line or Scoring: Division of music between voice, may have multiple instruments or how they are instruments but all will be in arranged. unison. Polyphonic: Music with independent lines playing simultaneously.
Deﬁnition: A series of chords or progression. Harmony Pedal Note: A sustained note, normally in the bass with the Chord: Two or harmony changingmore notes played above it together. Harmonic Rhythm: Speed at which the chords change. Triad: A three note Chord Cadences: Perfect, plagal, Imperfect, Interrupted
Deﬁnition: Volume changes from soft to loud in Music.Terraced Dynamics : Blocksof loud and soft sound with Dynamics Diminuendo - Get softer over time movement between. From baroque music. Decrescendo - Get softer over time Forte: Loud Crescendo - Get louder over time Piano: Soft
Deﬁnition: A sound; normally an instrument. Also means all the different sounds an instrument can makeRange: How high or low and Timbre Envelope - Entire sound consisting of attack through to instrument can play. decay Decay - Dying away os a Sound Tessitura: The area within a range of a voice or instrument where a piece mainly lies; A piece with a high tessitura means its average Attack - Beginning of a Sound pitch towards the top of its range Technique: The skill used by a player or singer performing. Idiomatic: Refers to the capabilities of an instrument; Also what sets it apart from other instruments: E.g a Trombone can glissando because of how its made.
Deﬁnition: A sound; normally an instrument. Also means all the different sounds an instrument can make Sonata Form: An expansion of binary form. A Binary: Two distinct first section (exposition) introduces two or moresections. normally each themes, the first in the tonic, the second in the section repeats AABB Form dominant or a closely related key. The next section (the development section) develops the themes in new keys, and the final section (the recapitulation) restates the themes, but ends in the original key. Sonata form emerged in the Classical period, and was often used for the first movement of solo sonatas, symphonies, chamber music and concertos.Rondo: Multiple sections with the main section returning between Ternary: Three sections where thecontrasting sections. ABACADA third is a repeat of the ﬁrst. ABA 12 Bar Blues: Chord progressions follows Strophic: Song form;Verse/chorus/Verse/ something similar to this Chorus/Bridge/Verse/Chorus/Chorus12 I8 IV I V Through Composed - Music where there are no repeats V I and ideas change and develop from beginning to end.
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