Al andalus
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  • 1. Ahmad Abo-ObidMohammad Fares24th May 2012
  • 2. CHRONOLOGY There are five different phases in the history of Al Andalus:1. The dependent empire (711-756)2. The independent empire (756-929)3. Caliphate of Cordoba (929-1031)4. Taifas’ Kingdoms‘ (1031-1212)5. Almoravids (1088-1147)6. Almohads (1147-1232)7. Nasir kingdom of Granada (1232-1492)
  • 3. 1-THE DEPENDENT EMPIRE (711-756)1) Battle of Guadalete (711)
  • 4. 1-THE DEPENDENT EMPIRE (711-756)2) Play rock(714)3) Walis age (715-756) During this age there were 22 rulers governed Al-andalus 715 – Abd al-Aziz bin Musa was announced first Emir of Andalus
  • 5. 2-THE INDEPENDENT EMPIRE (756-929) Abd-al-Rahman I became Emir of Córdoba in 756; fleeing for six years after the Umayyad had lost the position of Caliph held in Damascus in 750 .
  • 6. 2-THE INDEPENDENT EMPIRE (756-929)Until 929 it was independent Empire
  • 7. 3-CALIPHATE OF CORDOBA (929-1031) In January 929, Abd-al-Rahman III proclaimed himself Caliph of Qurtuba in place of his original title Emir of Córdoba His ruling extended for 50 years (golden age) Medina Azahara. Until 1031 it was under one calipha.
  • 8. 3-CALIPHATE OF CORDOBA (929-1031)
  • 9. 4-TAIFAS’ KINGDOMS (1031-1088)It became from one country to 21 countries like our days
  • 10. 5-ALMORAVIDS (1088-1147)
  • 11. 6-ALMOHADS(1147-1232)
  • 12. 7-NASIR KINGDOM OF GRANADA (1232-1492)
  • 13. Cordoba GranadaSeville Toledo
  • 14. 1. Alcazaba2. Generalife3. Nasrid Palace (Alhambra)