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DC–HSPA+ Technology
Content
Mobile Broadband Evolution
CDMA Concepts
WCDMA
What is HSDPA?
From HSDPA to HSPA+
What is DC-HSPA+ ?
Beyond DC-HSP...
Mobile Broadband Evolution
Type Narrow Road Narrow Band
Services Only Walking Voice calls only
Devices By Foot Analog Phones
Evolution (Cont..)
Type Wide Wider than prev.
Services Speed Travel Voice/ SMS
Devices Cart/ Vehicle Digital phones
Data
G...
Evolution (Cont..)
• Universal Mobile Telecommunication System
• WCDMA
UMTS
• 2 Mbps for fixed wireless
• 384 Kbps for ped...
Evolution (Cont..)
•High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA) – 14.4Mbps
•High Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA) – 5.76Mb...
Mobile Broadband Technology
Evolution
GSM/
GPRS
EDGE WCDMA HSDPA HSPA HSPA+ DC-HSPA+
Release R’96/97 R’98 3GPP
R’99
3GPP R...
CDMA Concepts
CDMA : Full BW, All
the time
But…
Not full RF power.
One Frequency in all the
Cells
Freq. Reuse Factor = 1
Entire BW us...
Spreading Operation
Channelization Codes (SF) Scrambling Codes
Data
Data Rate Chip Rate Chip Rate
Channelization codes : ...
Channelization Codes….
 Based on OVSF (Orthogonal Variable Spreading Factor)
code tree
 Differentiate users within a sec...
What If Two Sectors use the same OVSF code ?
Scrambling Codes….
Scrambling Code
OVSF Code Tree
What is “Spreading Factor” ?
Q). For a 12.2kbps Voice call what is the required SF ?
(Chip Rate : 3.84 Mcps)
Also Known as...
WCDMA (R’99)
Dedicated Channel (DCH)
5MHz carrier
(Chip Rate : 3.84Mcps)
Transmission Time Interval (TTI) : How frequently data is
t...
What is HSDPA ?
No Dedicated Channels any more
 High speed Shared Channel
 Retransmission and Scheduling
RNC NodeB
 TTI : 10ms 2ms
 Ad...
Dedicated Channel Vs Shared Channel
Shared Channel is much more efficient than a dedicated
channel to carry bursty Packet ...
High Speed Downlink Shared Channel (HS-DSCH)
 HS – PDSCH : For DL data tx.,Up to 15
codes, SF 16
 HS – SCCH : For DL con...
2ms TTI
Resource Sharing in HSDPA…..
2ms TTI 2ms TTI 2ms TTI
Codes
Time
User 3
Connect
User 2
Connect
An Example of throughput reduction with number of
users…..
HSDPA DL speed 14.4Mbps ?
From HSDPA to HSPA+ ……
High Speed Packet Access - HSPA
 HSUPA : Designed to increase the uplink throughput over the air
interface
Theoretical pe...
Q). Calculate the max. possible throughput that
can be achieved with HSPA+
HSPA+ (Rel.7)
Modulation :
16 QAM, QPSK 64 QAM
What is Dual Carrier - HSPA+ ?
(DC-HSPA+)
HSPA+ Vs DC-HSPA+….
Single Stream Dual Streams
f1
f2f1
f1, f2 : 5MHz carriers
HSPA+ vs DC-HSPA+….
HSPA+ DC -HSPA+
With HSPA+,
Users are served using only one
carrier
DC-...
Anchor Carrier : Both UL and DL
Supplementary Carrier : Only for DL
About Two carriers……
DC-HSPA+….
Doubles Speed
Throughout
the cell.
Other Advantages :
HSDPA Carrier load balancing : High Radio Resource
usage efficiency
DC-HSPA+ is backward compatible w...
DC-HSPA+ Test ResultsPeak Throughput
32Mbps
@ Rotunda Tower.
16.5MbpsHSPA+
DC -
HSPA+
From Local File Server :Torrentz :
8.2 Mbps
YouTube :
15.1Mbps
32.7 Mbps
24.5Mbps
18.6Mbps
Test Results from BagathaleRd
With HSPA+
With DC -HSPA+
Speed
Doubled!
Test Results at Malabe
With HSPA+ With DC -HSPA+
Speed
Doubled!
Can all of us archive these higher
Speeds, beyond 21Mbps ??
Need to have DC-HSPA+ capable device with correct APN
• Dongle...
Why 32 Mbps max?
42 Mbps is the Theoretical max. achievable in
Physical Layer
No of Codes used : 14
Radio Conditions
Different customers - different
Requirements
What Speeds Customers Need
300kbps, 700kbps, 1.5Mbps
100kbps
400 kbps
500 kbps
100kbps
5Mbps,
Higher the better
Depend on ...
• Better user experience
• High CapacityDoubling
• One connection can cater the data
demand of a family or a SMESharing
Wh...
DC-HSPA+ Capable Devices
E 372
ZTE MF80E 587
Beyond DC-HSPA+ ….
Future of Mobile Broadband…..
• High-Definition Telepresence
• Telemedicine and Remote Surgery
• Video Instant Messaging a...
THANK YOU
Demonstration
Dc hspatechnology-120919125703-phpapp01
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What's DC_HSDPA

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  • Mobile Broadband evolved from 2G (EDGE) to 3G.3G had different versions, from 3GPP R99 to R7, and as Etisalat we launched 3G in 2011 with HSPA+ with 3GPP - R7 network.It was very easier for us to upgrade it to next release since we had to latest equipment's, due to late entry to the market.So now we have upgrade all our 3G elements to DC-HSPA+.
  • SF = Chip Rate/Symbol RateSymbol Rate : HIGH => SF : LOWSymbol Rate : LOW => SF : HIGHEg: Voice 12.2kbps SF =>128
  • White board
  • Gold codes are used for Scrambling codes512 SC for DL. For each cell there is a Scrambling code
  • Physical channel is a codeDirect sequence Spread spectrum
  • Channel coding : Turbo CodingHopping Spread spectrum
  • E-DCH : UL dedicated transport channelTTI : 10 or 2msShared resource is the RoT. Node B controls the allocation of this margin. Select best TFC for a given UE according to the interference margin
  • Everywhere the speeds will be doubled.For this we need to have DC-HSPA+ enable device.Everyone will be benefited.
  • Achieving higher speeds are not possible with day-to-day applications.Eg: 1.5Mbps is sufficient for applications like FB, YouTubeTo achieve above results we had to do parallel 10-15 FTP downloads.
  • - Simply the speeds will doubled
  • In other terms we have double the capacity
  • -.MF80 Router supporting -.Most of the applications require little amount of data. Hence to get the max. use of DC-HSPA+, it can be used in SME with a Wi-Fi router to connect several users
  • 1.High-Definition Telepresence: This could be Cisco’s product or another setup from a different vendor. The point is this: high-definition telepresence requires 24 Mbps and about a 50 millisecond latency to recreate the feeling of sitting in a room speaking with people. Maybe it’s a luxury, but the travel savings and potential business deals that could be struck using such systems are impressive. Companies such as Shangby, which is using standard video to sell jewelry from China, would benefit from faster bandwidth that would allow them to show their products in HD.2.Telemedicine and Remote Surgery: Sure, it’s the stuff of science fiction, but rural doctors have been sending medical images to doctors overseas for years. The next step is surgery done by robots or other doctors in consultation with remote physicians. Given the delicate nature of the job, this is a task that requires 10 Mbps and 1 millisecond latency for surgery.3.Video Instant Messaging and Video Presence: This one isn’t even close to reality and requires speeds of 10 Mbps on mobile networks (which won’t happen until we get LTE and fiber backhaul), but firms including NTT DoCoMo are working on the concept of having always-on video connectivity.4.High-Definition Television: Depending on compression algorithms and the network equipment, HD TV requires between 8 and 5 Mbps to deliver crisp video to consumer’s televisions.5.Real-Time Data Backup: This isn’t for those of us concerned about family photos — its aimed at Wall Street traders and businesses worried about interruptions to their operations and keeping their data secure. Such efforts require speeds of up to 2 Mbps and 10 milliseconds of latency, and they may become more necessary as enterprises begin to store and save data in the cloud.
  • Transcript of "Dc hspatechnology-120919125703-phpapp01"

    1. 1. DC–HSPA+ Technology
    2. 2. Content Mobile Broadband Evolution CDMA Concepts WCDMA What is HSDPA? From HSDPA to HSPA+ What is DC-HSPA+ ? Beyond DC-HSPA+
    3. 3. Mobile Broadband Evolution
    4. 4. Type Narrow Road Narrow Band Services Only Walking Voice calls only Devices By Foot Analog Phones
    5. 5. Evolution (Cont..) Type Wide Wider than prev. Services Speed Travel Voice/ SMS Devices Cart/ Vehicle Digital phones Data GPRS/EDGE 384kbps (max)
    6. 6. Evolution (Cont..) • Universal Mobile Telecommunication System • WCDMA UMTS • 2 Mbps for fixed wireless • 384 Kbps for pedestrian • 144 Kbps for vehicular traffic Data Rates Targets
    7. 7. Evolution (Cont..) •High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA) – 14.4Mbps •High Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA) – 5.76Mbps 3.5G HSPA •Download Speed - 21 Mbps •Upload Speed – 5.76 Mbps 3.75G HSPA+ •Dual Carrier HSPA+ •Download Speed - 42 Mbps •Upload Speed – 5.76 Mbps DC-HSPA+
    8. 8. Mobile Broadband Technology Evolution GSM/ GPRS EDGE WCDMA HSDPA HSPA HSPA+ DC-HSPA+ Release R’96/97 R’98 3GPP R’99 3GPP R5 3GPP R6 3GPP R7 3GPP R8 Max Theoretical DL speed 171kbps 384kbps 2Mbps 14.4Mbps 14.4Mbps 21Mbps 42Mbps Max Theoretical UL speed 14kbps 14kbps 384kbps 384kbps 2Mbps 5.76Mbps 5.76Mbps General Packet Radio Service Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution Wideband Code Division Multiple Access High Speed Downlink Packet Access HSPA = HSDPA + HSUPA (HSUPA= High Speed Uplink Packet Access) High Speed Packet Access Plus Dual Carrier High Speed Packet Access Plus
    9. 9. CDMA Concepts
    10. 10. CDMA : Full BW, All the time But… Not full RF power. One Frequency in all the Cells Freq. Reuse Factor = 1 Entire BW used by each user at the Same time
    11. 11. Spreading Operation Channelization Codes (SF) Scrambling Codes Data Data Rate Chip Rate Chip Rate Channelization codes : Increases Signal BW ; Uses Orthogonal codes Scrambling codes : Does not Increase Signal BW ; Uses Pseudo noise codes How to Differentiate Cells and Users ?
    12. 12. Channelization Codes….  Based on OVSF (Orthogonal Variable Spreading Factor) code tree  Differentiate users within a sector
    13. 13. What If Two Sectors use the same OVSF code ? Scrambling Codes…. Scrambling Code OVSF Code Tree
    14. 14. What is “Spreading Factor” ? Q). For a 12.2kbps Voice call what is the required SF ? (Chip Rate : 3.84 Mcps) Also Known as Processing Gain
    15. 15. WCDMA (R’99)
    16. 16. Dedicated Channel (DCH) 5MHz carrier (Chip Rate : 3.84Mcps) Transmission Time Interval (TTI) : How frequently data is transmitted to user. TTI : 10ms Modulation : QPSK Retransmission and Scheduling : RNC
    17. 17. What is HSDPA ?
    18. 18. No Dedicated Channels any more  High speed Shared Channel  Retransmission and Scheduling RNC NodeB  TTI : 10ms 2ms  Adaptive Modulation (QPSK and 16 QAM) and Coding
    19. 19. Dedicated Channel Vs Shared Channel Shared Channel is much more efficient than a dedicated channel to carry bursty Packet traffic
    20. 20. High Speed Downlink Shared Channel (HS-DSCH)  HS – PDSCH : For DL data tx.,Up to 15 codes, SF 16  HS – SCCH : For DL control info. Tx., Up to 4 codes, SF 128  HS – DPCCH : For UL tx. (CQI, ACK/NACK), SF 256 Transport channel used mainly for data transmission. Contains three main Physical layer channels
    21. 21. 2ms TTI Resource Sharing in HSDPA….. 2ms TTI 2ms TTI 2ms TTI Codes Time
    22. 22. User 3 Connect User 2 Connect An Example of throughput reduction with number of users…..
    23. 23. HSDPA DL speed 14.4Mbps ?
    24. 24. From HSDPA to HSPA+ ……
    25. 25. High Speed Packet Access - HSPA  HSUPA : Designed to increase the uplink throughput over the air interface Theoretical peak user bit rate : 5.76 Mbps Enhanced Dedicated Channel (E-DCH) in UL HSDPA + HSUPA
    26. 26. Q). Calculate the max. possible throughput that can be achieved with HSPA+ HSPA+ (Rel.7) Modulation : 16 QAM, QPSK 64 QAM
    27. 27. What is Dual Carrier - HSPA+ ? (DC-HSPA+)
    28. 28. HSPA+ Vs DC-HSPA+…. Single Stream Dual Streams
    29. 29. f1 f2f1 f1, f2 : 5MHz carriers HSPA+ vs DC-HSPA+…. HSPA+ DC -HSPA+ With HSPA+, Users are served using only one carrier DC-HSPA+, two carriers have been aggregated together to provide high speeds to users
    30. 30. Anchor Carrier : Both UL and DL Supplementary Carrier : Only for DL About Two carriers……
    31. 31. DC-HSPA+…. Doubles Speed Throughout the cell.
    32. 32. Other Advantages : HSDPA Carrier load balancing : High Radio Resource usage efficiency DC-HSPA+ is backward compatible with earlier Releases of 3G (R’99, Rel.5, Rel.6 and Rel.7) High Spectrum efficiency
    33. 33. DC-HSPA+ Test ResultsPeak Throughput 32Mbps @ Rotunda Tower.
    34. 34. 16.5MbpsHSPA+ DC - HSPA+ From Local File Server :Torrentz : 8.2 Mbps YouTube : 15.1Mbps 32.7 Mbps 24.5Mbps 18.6Mbps
    35. 35. Test Results from BagathaleRd With HSPA+ With DC -HSPA+ Speed Doubled!
    36. 36. Test Results at Malabe With HSPA+ With DC -HSPA+ Speed Doubled!
    37. 37. Can all of us archive these higher Speeds, beyond 21Mbps ?? Need to have DC-HSPA+ capable device with correct APN • Dongle, phone, Tab WiFi router Need to use a application which need this much of higher data rates • Eg: Will not get high speed by watching HD Youtube The server side also need to have the capability to support higher speed • Eg: Torrent download can have limitation from sever side No improvement on UL with this technology
    38. 38. Why 32 Mbps max? 42 Mbps is the Theoretical max. achievable in Physical Layer No of Codes used : 14 Radio Conditions
    39. 39. Different customers - different Requirements
    40. 40. What Speeds Customers Need 300kbps, 700kbps, 1.5Mbps 100kbps 400 kbps 500 kbps 100kbps 5Mbps, Higher the better Depend on seeds
    41. 41. • Better user experience • High CapacityDoubling • One connection can cater the data demand of a family or a SMESharing What we can do with DC-HSPA+ ?
    42. 42. DC-HSPA+ Capable Devices E 372 ZTE MF80E 587
    43. 43. Beyond DC-HSPA+ ….
    44. 44. Future of Mobile Broadband….. • High-Definition Telepresence • Telemedicine and Remote Surgery • Video Instant Messaging and Video Presence • High-Definition Television • Real-Time Data Backup
    45. 45. THANK YOU
    46. 46. Demonstration
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