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Open access in india

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  • 1. State-wise Open Access Provisions Open Access in India Non-discriminatory Open access has been envisaged in the Electricity Act, 2003 as a framework for encouraging competition in the electricity sector and for enabling consumers to choose their power suppliers. The law mandates that it shall be the duty of the transmission utility/licensee to provide non-discriminatory open access to its transmission system to every licensee and generating company and also to consumers after open access in distribution is introduced as per provisions of Section 42. The Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) has framed regulations on inter-State open access. There have been large numbers of transactions involving the generating companies, traders and distribution companies through open access in interstate transmission. At the State level, regulations have been framed by the State Commissions, phasing out open access for consumers. Transmission charges, wheeling charges and surcharge have also been determined by most SERCs. However, implementation of open access at the distribution level has not been encouraging. The idea has failed to take off because of resistance from distribution companies and practical problems in implementing the provisions. Open access has been successfully implemented in many developed countries because of separation of network ownership and power supply. While distribution network is still owned and operated by monopolies, there are multiple suppliers of electricity using the same network in various countries. In contrast, we have a situation in India where network owner and electricity supplier happen to be the same entity. Open access transactions have been primarily used by SEBs / distribution licensees to sell surpluses or to meet the short – term power requirements in their respective regions. The industrial customers still face problems pertaining to accessing their choice of suppliers due to the restrictions (such as invoking Section 11/108 of Electricity Act 2003) imposed by several state governments/SLDCs citing shortages or non – availability of transmission infrastructure. STATE-WISE OPEN ACCESS PROVISIONS Applicable Charges and losses
  • 2. STATE Intra-State Open Access Regulations (Y/N) Nodal agency Application fee (Rs) Availability of Model PPA/ Banking and wheeling Agreement Transmission charges and losses Cross-subsidy surcharge Wheeling charges Banking provisions Andhra Pradesh Y a) For Long term open access-STU b) For Short term open access- SLDC a) Long term- Rs 10000 b) Short term- Rs 1000 N.A a) For FY 2012-13- Rs 65.50/kW/month Transmission losses (in kind)= 4.06% b) For FY 2013-14- Rs 61.03/kW/month Losses-4.02% The CSS surcharge for HT Industrial Tariff for various DISCOMs are: 1. At 11 kV- a) CPDCL-Rs 1.88 /unit b) EPDCL- Rs 2.18/unit c) NPDCL-Rs 1.71/unit d) SPDCL-Rs 1.58/unit 2. At 33 kV a) CPDCL-Rs 1.72 /unit b) EPDCL- Rs 2..00/unit c) NPDCL-Rs 1.78/unit d) SPDCL-Rs 1.69/unit 3. At 132 kV and above a) CPDCL-Rs 1.43 /unit b) EPDCL- Rs 2..26/unit c) NPDCL-Rs 1.70/unit d) SPDCL-Rs 2.28/unit (Detailed list of charges for various consumers are summarised under Page 20 of the Reference Order SOLAR : (Extract of Solar Policy):There will be no wheeling and transmission charges for wheeling of powergenerated from the Solar Power Projects , to the desired location/s for captive use/third party sale within the state through 33 KV system subject to industries maintaining their demand within its contracted demand. However, wheeling and transmission charges for wheeling of power generated from the Solar Power Projects for sale outside the state will be as per APERC regulations The Wind Power Projects are not eligible for Banking of Energy. The Energy generated by captive generating plants, if not consumed during the billing month, would be deemed to have been sold to respective DISCOM and the DISCOM may pay for such unutilized energy at the rate of 85% of the tariff as amended
  • 3. Arunachal Pradesh Draft Regulation 1. Open Access Customer connected to Distribution systema) Short term -Both within same DISCOM- Concerned DISCOM-Injection point in the intra- state transmission system within state-SLDC-In different states- RLDC of the region of consumerb) Medium term and -Both within same DISCOM- Concerned DISCOM-Injection point in the intra- state transmission system within gujarat-STU-In different states- CTUc) Long term- Both within same DISCOM- concerned DISCOM-Injection point in the intra- state transmission system within state-STU-In diff states- CTU2. Open Access Customer connected to Intra-State Trans systema) Short term -Both within state (in intra-state transmission system)- SLDC- Injection point in the distribution system within state-SLDC-In 1. Open Access Customer connected to Distribution systema) Short term -Both within same DISCOM- Rs 5000 for capacity less than 5 MW and Rs 10000 above 5 MW- Injection point in the intra- state transmission system within Arunachal-Rs 5000 for capacity less than 5 MW and Rs 10000 above 5 MW-In different states-Rs 5000 for capacity less than 5 MW and Rs 10000 above 5 MWb) Medium term -Both within same DISCOM- Rs 25000 for capacity upto 5 MW and Rs 50000 for capacity above 5 MW-Injection point in the intra-state transmission system within Arunachal-Rs 50000 and Rs 1 lac respectively-In different N.A N.A N.A N.A Banking of Power shall not be allowed without prior permission of the State Government.
  • 4. different states- RLDC of the region of consumerb) Medium term - Both within state- STU-Injection point in the distribution system within state-STU- In different states- CTUc) Long term- Both within Gujarat- STU- Injection point in the distribution system within state-STU-In different states- CTU states-Rs 1 lacsc) Long term-Both within same DISCOM- Rs 25000 for capacity upto 5 MW and Rs 50000 for capacity above 5 MW-Injection point in the intra-state transmission system within Arunachal-Rs 50000 and Rs 1 lac respectively-In different states-Rs 1 lacs2. Open Access Customer connected to Intra-State Trans sysema) Short term - Both within Arunachal (in intra-state transmission system)- Rs 10000 and Rs 5000 resp for upto 5 MW and above 5MW- Injection point in the distribution system within Arunachal-Rs 10000 and Rs 5000 resp for upto 5 MW and above 5MW-In different states-Rs 10000 and Rs 5000 resp for
  • 5. upto 5 MW and above 5MWb) Medium term - Both within Arunachal- Rs 100000 (for capacity >5MW) ; Rs 50000 ( for capacity < 5MW)-Injection point in the distribution system within Arunachal -Rs 100000 (for capacity > 5MW) ; Rs 50000 ( for capacity <5 MW)-In different states-Rs 1 lacsc) Long term-Both within Arunachal- Rs 2 lacs (for capacity > 5 MW) ; Rs 1 lac ( for capacity < 5MW)-Injection point in the distribution system within Arunachal-Rs 2 lacs (for capacity > 5 MW) ; Rs 1 lac ( for capacity < 5MW)-In different states-Rs 2 lacs
  • 6. Assam Y 1. For LONG TERMa) STU for transactions where the point of drawal or point of injection is located on the intra-state transmission system.b) Otherwise the Distribution licensee of the area where point of drawl is located.2. For SHORT TERMNodal agency is SLDC a) Long term= Rs 100000b) Short term= Rs 5000 Transmission losses=4.25% for FY 2012-13Long term Transmission charges for FY 2010-11=70 paisa/unitShort Term Transmission charges=Rs 8736.65/ MW/day (charges shall be applicable till next Order by the Commission) To be determined on case to case basis The following information,• Voltage wise Distribution cost – 33 kV, 11 kV, LT 3- Phase and LT 1-Phase• Voltage wise Losses at distribution voltages• Energy input and energy sales at different voltages – 33 kV, 11 kV, LT-3Phase & 1-Phaseis required to compute the wheeling charges, which the APDCL should submit at the earliest.The Commission will determine the wheeling charges after receiving the above datafrom APDCL. Developers can avail of the facility of banking of energy within fixed period spans of 6months. All terms and conditions of the banking shall be incorporated in banking agreement to be drawn with the IPPs/Users society. This shall be approved, as may be required, by the regulator.
  • 7. Bihar Y a) For Long term open access-STU b) For Short term open access- SLDC a) Long term- Rs 50000 b) Short term- Rs 5000 Long Term charges=53310/MW/month Short Term Charges: Rs 438.16/MW/day Transmission losses=4% in kind For 132 kV consumers = 60 Ps./kWh. For 33 kV consumers (other than HTSS) = 54 Ps./kWh. For 11 kV consumers (other than HTSS) = 52 Ps./kWh For HTSS consumers 33 kV = 0 Ps./kWh At 33 kV:10.81 paisa/unit, losses of 6% in kind At 11 kV:12.64 pasia/unit; losses of 8% in kind N.A
  • 8. Chhattisgarh Y a) For transactions where the point of drawal or point of injection is located on the network of STU-STU for LT and MT, SLDC for STb) For transactions where the point of drawal or point of injection is located on the network of intra-state transmission licensee and there is no involvement of STU network for conveyance of electricity- Concerned Transmission licensee for LT, MT and STc) For transactions where the point of drawal or point of injection is located at STU and intra- state transmission licensee-STU for LT and MT, SLDC for STd) For transactions where the point of drawal or point of injection is located on intra-state transmission system and distribution licensees- STU for LT and MT, SLDC for STe) Both on same DISCOM network and no invovement of transmission ntw - a) For transactions where the point of drawal or point of injection is located on the network of STU- Rs 2 lakh for LT, Rs 1 lakh for MT and Rs 2500 for ST b) For transactions where the point of drawal or point of injection is located on the network of intra-state transmission licensee and there is no involvement of STU network for conveyance of electricity- Rs 2 lakh for LT, Rs 1 lakh for MT and Rs 2500 for STc) For transactions where the point of drawal or point of injection is located at STU and intra-state transmission licensee-Rs 4 lakh for LT, Rs 2 lakh for MT, Rs 5000 for STd) For transactions where the point of drawal The charges related to transmission and wheeling shall be 6 % of the energy input into the system for the consumer using State grid for procuring power from renewable energy based power generating stations located in the State. Other than these charges, they shall not be required to pay any transmission charges or wheeling charges eitherin cash or kind. For open access consumers procuring power from renewable energy based power generating plant, the cross subsidy surcharge payable shall be 50% of the cross subsidy surcharge determined for that year.a) For EHT consumers Rs 0.654 per unit (which is 50% of the computed value of Rs 1.309 per unit).b) For HT consumers Rs 0.379 per unit (which is 50% of the computed value of Rs 0.758 per unit). The charges related to transmission and wheeling shall be 6 % of the energy input into the system for the consumer using State grid for procuring power from renewable energy based power generating stations located in the State. Other than these charges, they shall not be required to pay any transmission charges or wheeling charges either in cash or kind. No banking facility for supply of Renewable energy sources through Open Access
  • 9. Concerned DISCOM for LT, MT and STf) Both on same DISCOM network but invovement of transmission ntw - STU for LT and MT, SLDC for STg) Both within same state but different DISCOMs- STU for LT and MT, SLDC for ST. or point of injection is located on intra-state transmission system and distribution licensees- Rs 4 lakh for LT, Rs 2 lakh for MT, Rs 5000 for STe) Both on same DISCOM network and no invovement of transmission ntw - Rs 2 lakh for LT, Rs 1 lakh for MT and Rs 2500 for STf) Both on same DISCOM network but invovement of transmission ntw - Rs 4 lakh for LT, Rs 2 lakh for MT, Rs 5000 for STg) Both within same state but different DISCOMs- Rs 4 lakh for LT, Rs 2 lakh for MT, Rs 5000 for ST
  • 10. Delhi Y 1. Transmission Open Accessa) For Long term open access- STUb) For Short term open access- SLDC2. Distribution Open Access-SLDC 1. Transmission Open Accessa) Long term- Rs 1 lakhb) Short term- Rs 100002. Distribution Open Accessa) Long term-Rs 25000b) Short term-Rs 2500 N.A No cross-subsidy for renewable energy projects Wheeling charges for FY 2012-13 for various DISCOMS are:A. At LT level1) BRPL-88.88 paisa/unit2) BYPL-97.99 paisa/unit3) TPDDL- 78.72 paisa/unitB. At 11 kV1) BRPL-10.15 paisa/unit2) BYPL-12.06 paisa/unit3) TPDDL- 50.96paisa/unitC. At 33/66 kV1) BRPL-0.43 paisa/unit2) BYPL-2.36 paisa/unit3) TPDDL- 15.01 paisa/unitD. Above 66 kV levelZero wheeling charges However, no banking facility shall be provided for supply of electricity from renewable energy sources through open access.
  • 11. Gujarat Y 1. Open Access Customer connected to Distribution systema) Short term -Both within same DISCOM- SLDC-Both within gujarat but different DISCOM- SLDC-Injection point in the intra- state transmission system within gujarat-SLDC-In different states- RLDC of the region of consumerb) Medium term and -Both within same DISCOM- SLDC-Both within gujarat but different DISCOM- STU-Injection point in the intra- state transmission system within gujarat-STU-In different states- CTUc) Long term- Both within same DISCOM- SLDC- Both within gujarat but different DISCOM-STU- Injection point in the intra-state transmission system within gujarat-STU2. Open Access Customer connected to Intra-State Trans systema) Short term -Both within Gujarat (in intra- state transmission 1. Open Access Customer connected to Distribution systema) Short term -Both within same DISCOM- Rs 2000-Both within gujarat but different DISCOM-Rs 5000-Injection point in the intra-state transmission system within Gujarat-Rs 5000-In different states-As per CERC Regulationb) Medium term - Both within same DISCOM- Rs 25000-Both within gujarat but different DISCOM-Rs 50000- Injection point in the intra- state transmission system within gujarat-Rs 50000-In different states-As per CERC Regulationc) Long term- Both within same DISCOM- Rs 25000-Both within gujarat Transmission chargers for FY 2012- 13=2720 MW/dayTransmission losses=3.85% No Cross Subsidy for Solar.No Cross subsidy for wind not availing REC benefit, and CSS would be applicable in case of REC benefit 1. SOLAR PROJECTS:A) Wheeling at consumption site at 66 kV and above: Normal transmission charges and losses(B) At consumption site below 66 kV: ( normal charges plus transmission and wheeling loss @ 7%.C) Wheeling at 11kV and above and below 66 kV- within same DISCOM: distribution loss of 3% in kind-different DISCOM: normal transmission charges and T&D loss of 10% of energy fed.D) Wheeling at 415 V or below:No wheeling charges2. WIND PROJECTSA) Wheeling at consumption site at 66 kV and above: Normal transmission charges and losses(B) At consumption site below 66 kV: -( normal charges plus transmission and wheeling loss @ 10%.- For small investors, with only one WEG in the state: normal charges plus transmission and wheeling loss @ 7%.c) No banking shall be allowed in case of third party sale. The energy wheeled is required to be consumed in the same time block. Any unutilized energy is to be considered as sale to the utility and for the same the distribution licensee should pay 85% of the tariff determined by the Commission.
  • 12. system)- SLDC- Injection point in the distribution system within gujarat-SLDC-In different states- RLDC of the region of consumerb) Medium term - Both within Gujarat- STU- Injection point in the distribution system within gujarat-STU-In different states- CTUc) Long term- Both within Gujarat- STU- Injection point in the distribution system within gujarat-STU-In different states- CTU but different DISCOM-Rs 50000- Injection point in the intra- state transmission system within gujarat-Rs 500002. Open Access Customer connected to Intra-State Trans sysema) Short term - Both within Gujarat (in intra-state transmission system)- Rs 5000-Injection point in the distribution system within gujarat-Rs 5000-In different states-As per CERC Regulationb) Medium term - Both within Gujarat- Rs 25000 (for capacity < 100 MW) ; Rs 50000 ( for capacity >100 MW)-Injection point in the distribution system within gujarat-Rs 25000 (for capacity < 100 MW) ; Rs 50000 ( for capacity >100 MW)-In
  • 13. different states-As per CERC Regulationc) Long term- Both within Gujarat- Rs 50000 (for capacity < 100 MW) ; Rs 100000 ( for capacity >100 MW)-Injection point in the distribution system within gujarat-Rs 50000 (for capacity < 100 MW) ; Rs 100000 ( for capacity >100 MW)-In different states-As per CERC Regulations
  • 14. Haryana Y 1. Intra-State Open Access- STU 2. Inter-State Open Access- CTU except RLDC for short term a) Short term- Rs 5000 b) Medium term- Rs 100000 c) Long term- Rs 200000 Model PPA available Transmission Tariff for short term: 21 paisa/kWh Transmission loss:2.5% 1. For HT industry: 92 paisa/unit 2. For NDS HT: 80 paisa/unit 3. Bulk Supply other than domestic: 92 paisa/unit 4. Railways: 78 paisa/unit (CSS not applicable to captive generators and seeking open access for self consumption) Wheeling Charges for FY 2012-13: 51 paisa/unit The banking facility shall be allowed for a period of one year by the Licensee/ Utilities free of cost. However, withdrawal of banked power should be allowed only during non- peak hours. If the banked energy is not utilized within a period of twelve months from the date of power banked with the concerned power utilities/ licensee, it will automatically lapse and no charges shall be paid in lieu of such power.
  • 15. Himachal Pradesh Y For LT and MT OAa) At intra-state transmission system -STU b) At distribution system-SLDC.For Short terma) OA to intra-state transmission- SLDCb) OA in distribution system-concerned DISCOM a) Short term- 5000b) Medium term- Rs 1 lac upto 5MW and Rs 2 lac for 5 to 10 MW and Rs 6 lac above 10 MWc) Long term- Rs 2 lac upto 5MW and Rs 4 lac for 5 to 10 MW and Rs 6 lac above 10 MW Short term transmission charges=2.15 paisa/kWhLong Term/Medium Term transmission charges=Rs 11157/MW/month EHT level (>66 kV): 47 paisa/unitHT level (>11kV): 110 paisa/unitLT level (<11 kV): 231 paisa/unit( As per Hydro policy: Wheeling for captive use within the State shall be allowed by HPSEB at a fee of 2% (including system losses). For sale/captive use of power outside the State the HPSEB shall levy wheeling charges @ 10% (including system losses) of the energy received (excluding royalty) at the interconnection point for wheeling/transfer of power up to the mutually agreed inter-state point.) As per hydro policy, Banking of energy will also be allowed by the HPSEB as per prevailing rules and regulations.Further, Third party sale of power within the State shall not be allowed
  • 16. Jammu and Kashmir Y a)Long term OA- SLDC b) Short term-STU Long Term :Rs 50000 for both open access in transmission and distribution Short Term: Rs 5000 N.A ST rate for FY 2012-13: Charges – Rs.496.00/day. Transmission Losses (EHV) 5% Nil For distribution (Wheeling) – Rs.1396.00/day. Distribution Loses (HV) 5% The Wind Power Generators are eligible for one month banking for the electricity generated during the month. However, they are eligible to utilize the same during the month in proportion to the energy generated during peak and normal hours period. No banking facility for third party open access
  • 17. Jharkhand Y (i) The nodal agency for arranging the long term transmission/ distribution access shall be the State Transmission Utility or the Transmission Licensee or the Distribution Licensee whose system is used or is to be used for such long –term access.(ii) The nodal agency for the short-term access shall be the State Load Despatch Centre. Long term OA in transmission- Rs 25000Long term OA in distribution-Rs 10000Short term OA-Rs 5000 N.A Renewable energy based power generation projects in Jharkhand are exempted from open access charges as per Government of Jharkhand notified the Industrial Policyin the year 2001, slient features of which is reproduced in the Wind Regulations. However wind Regulations allows only a 50% discount on wheeling charges and other surcharge on wheeling charges applicable to conventional form of generation shall be applicable for wind generation projects in Jharkhand. Jharkhand does not have a Renewable Policy as yet to deal with this issue. But it isrecommended that facility for 100% banking of generated power is allowed on thecondition that banked power will not be returned by more than a fixed quantity at one time.Utilities should facilitate banking though proper arrangement so that power bankedduring off- peak period is not drawn during peak season.
  • 18. Karnataka Y The nodal agency for arranging the long-term open access shall be the state transmission utility if its system is used; otherwise the nodal agency shall be the respective distribution licensee, within whose area the point of drawal is situated. (2) For short term open access the nodal agency shall be the state load dispatch center. Long term-Rs 5000Short term-Rs 1000 Y Nil 66 kV and above: a) HT-2a: 43 paisa/unitb) HT-2b- 205 paisa/unitHT level- 11kV/33kV: a) HT-2a: 11 paisa/unitb) HT-2b: 173 paisa/unit Total wheeling charges through distribution/tranmission network= 5% in kind. No charges for solar 2% Banking charges for wind and small hydro. No charges for Solar
  • 19. Kerala Y A generating company or a licensee requiring open access shall apply to the respective licensee, whose transmission system/distribution system is intended to be used or immediately connected. N.A Transmission charge: 22 paisa/unitTransmission loss at EHT level:3% EHT-66 kV: 11 paisa/kWhEHT- 110kV: 0.00 paisa/kWhRailways: 24 paisa/kWhHT I Industrial: Rs 0.00/kWhHT II Non- Industrial: 49 paisa/kWhHT-IV Commercial: Rs 2.55/kWh Wheeling charge: 26 paisa/unit In case of captive generating plants with seasonal generation or infirm generation such as small hydel projects or wind, the distribution licensee may provide adequate facilities for banking of surplus power, provided such captive generating plants agree to pay banking charges.Provided that such banking shall not be allowed if such plants sell energy to other persons.Provided further that it shall not be the obligation of the distribution licensee to allow banking in cases where control over the fuel supply is possible or in cases where scheduling and dispatch is possible.(Banking charges shall be 5% of the energy banked and banking period shall be of 8 months starting from 1st of June every year. Withdrawal of banked energy shall be done on slot to slot basis within monthly
  • 20. billing cycle as follows.(a) Peak hour generation with peak hour consumption(b) Off peak hour generation with off peak hour consumption(c) Normal hour generation with normal hour consumption.
  • 21. Madhya Pradesh Y Long term- STUShort term- SLDC Long term-Rs 50000Short term-Rs 5000 Model PPA available for wind and biomass N.A(These charges shall bedetermined by the Commission as and when the situation arises, in light of relevantRegulations notified by the Commission and the data filed by the petitioner in this regard.) Railways-Rs 1.14 /unit(However, in case (e.g. Public Water Works, Other than Irrigation, Bulk Residential Users, Bulk Supply to Exemptees etc., CSS is zero) The Distribution Company in whose area the energy is consumed (irrespective of the point of injection) shall deduct 2% of the energy injected towards wheeling charges in terms of units.The M.P. Power Trading Company Limited shall also claim subsidy from the State Government towards wheeling charges @ 4% of the energy injected at the rate of prevailing energy charges for the user in terms of provisions made in clause 11 of the Government of M.P. Policy for encouraging generation of power in M.P. through Non- conventional Energy Sources notified on 17.10.06. This amount of subsidy shall then be passed on to the Distribution Licensees in whose area the energy is consumed on the basis of allocation indicated in the agreement. Wheeling charges are not applicable where generation and consumption of energy are at the same premises without involving the licensees system network. Banking of 100% allowed subject to following conditions:i. The figures of banked energy during the Financial Year shall be subject to verification by the officials of the concerned State Distribution Company/ State Power Trading Company. The Developer will be required to pay two percent (2%) of the banked energy towards banking charges to the concerned State Distribution Company/ State Power Trading Company.ii. The return of banked energy shall be based on Regulations issued by MPERC from time to time.iii The balance energy, if any, at the end of a Financial Year after return of banked energy shall be purchased by the concerned State Distribution Company/ State Power Trading Company in accordance with the rules/ directions of MPERC.
  • 22. Maharashtra Y Transmission Open Access-STU Distribution open access- Concerned Discom Transmission OA-Rs 10000 Long term or medium term= 213.39 Rs/kW/month Short/collective/renewable = 0.29 Rs/kWh Transmission loss =4.24% 25% of the applicable CSS for open access consumer purchasing power from renewable sources of energy. Wheeling Charges LT Network RInfra-D 0.88 Rs/kWh MSEDCL - 0.36 Rs/kWh TPC-D - 0.38 Rs/kWh HT Network RInfra-D - 0.46 Rs/kWh MSEDCL (11 kV) - 0.21 Rs/kWh MSEDCL (33 kV) - 0.04 Rs/kWh TPC-D - 0.19 Rs/kWh Banking available for self use and third party wheeling for period of 1 year
  • 23. Manipur Y For all Medium- Term and Long- Term Open Access :(a) STU for transactions for where the point of drawal or point of injection islocated on the intra-state transmission network;(b) Otherwise the Distribution Licensee of the area where the point of drawalis located. For Short- Term Open Access transactions,: SLDC. Short term-Rs 5000Long term/Medium term-Rs 1 lakhs Retail Tariff Order for FY 2012-13 mentions that the Regulatory Process is underway for determination of such charges Retail Tariff Order for FY 2012-13 mentions that the Regulatory Process is underway for determination of such charges Regulatory Process underway for determination of such charges as mentioned in the Retail Tariff Order for FY 2012-13 No Provisions specified &Mizoram
  • 24. Meghalaya Y 1. Open Access Customer connected to Distribution systema) Short term -Both within same DISCOM- Concerned DISCOM-Both within same state but different DISCOM-SLDC- Injection point in the intra-state transmission system within state-SLDC-In different states- RLDC of the region of consumerb) Medium term and Long term-Both within same DISCOM- Concerned DISCOM-Both within state but different DISCOM- STU-Injection point in the intra- state transmission system within state-STU-In different states- CTU2. Open Access Customer connected to Intra-State Trans systema) Short term -Both within state(in intra-state transmission system)- SLDC- Injection point in the distribution system within state-SLDC-In different states- RLDC of the 1. Open Access Customer connected to Distribution systema) Short term -Both within same DISCOM- Rs 5000 for capacity less than 5 MW and Rs 10000 above 5 MW- Injection point in the intra- state transmission system within state-Rs 5000 for capacity less than 5 MW and Rs 10000 above 5 MW-In different states-Rs 5000 for capacity less than 5 MW and Rs 10000 above 5 MWb) Medium term -Both within same DISCOM- Rs 25000 for capacity upto 5 MW and Rs 50000 for capacity above 5 MW-Different DISCOM-Rs 50000 upto 5MW and Rs 1 lakhs above 5MWInjection point in the intra-state transmission system within Rs 7768/MW/day which shall beequivalent to paise 32.40 per Kwh. The cross subsidy surcharge for IEHT is @ paise 41 per Kwh.The Cross subsidy surcharge for IHT consumers is @ paise 68 per Kwh. Rs 23008/MW/Day. No Provisions specified yet
  • 25. region of consumerb) Medium term and Long term-Both within state- STU- Injection point in the distribution system within state-STU-In different states- CTU state-Rs 50000 and Rs 1 lac respectively-In different states-Rs 1 lacsc) Long term-Both within same DISCOM- Rs 25000 for capacity upto 5 MW and Rs 50000 for capacity above 5 MW-Injection point in the intra-state transmission system within Arunachal-Rs 50000 and Rs 1 lac respectively-In different states-Rs 1 lacs2. Open Access Customer connected to Intra-State Trans sysema) Short term - Both within state (in intra- state transmission system)- Rs 10000 and Rs 5000 resp for upto 5 MW and above 5MW- Injection point in the distribution system within state-Rs 10000 and Rs 5000 resp for upto 5 MW and above 5MW-In
  • 26. different states-Rs 10000 and Rs 5000 resp for upto 5 MW and above 5MWb) Medium term - Both within state- Rs 100000 (for capacity >5MW) ; Rs 50000 ( for capacity < 5MW)-Injection point in the distribution system within state -Rs 100000 (for capacity > 5MW) ; Rs 50000 ( for capacity <5 MW)-In different states-Rs 1 lacsc) Long term-Both within state- Rs 2 lacs (for capacity > 5 MW) ; Rs 1 lac ( for capacity < 5MW)-Injection point in the distribution system within state-Rs 2 lacs (for capacity > 5 MW) ; Rs 1 lac ( for capacity < 5MW)-In different states-Rs 2 lacs
  • 27. Nagaland Y For all Medium- Term and Long- Term Open Access :(a) STU for transactions for where the point of drawal or point of injection islocated on the intra-state transmission network;(b) Otherwise the Distribution Licensee of the area where the point of drawalis located. For Short- Term Open Access transactions,: SLDC. Long term-Rs 10000Short term-Rs 1000 Provision as in RE RegulationsA person, who has established the RE based Generating Stations or Co- generating Stations, shall have right to non-discriminatory open access to the State Transmission System for carrying electricity from his plant by using transmission lines and associated facilities subject to payment of transmission charges and adjustment of average Transmission Losses in kind as determined by the Commission. (Transmission Charges and losses yet to be determined) Not specified Not specified Banking has been defined in the RE Regulations. No specic period specified
  • 28. Orissa Y The nodal agency for arranging long- term open access shall be the STU if the transmission system is used; otherwise the nodal agency shall be the respective distribution licensee within whose area the point of drawl is situated.For short- term open access transactions, the nodal agency for receiving and processing applications shall be the State Load Despatch Centre (SLDC). Long term transmission OA-Rs 1 lakhsLong term distribution OA-Rs 50000Short term OA-Rs 5000 CESU/NESCO/WESCO/SOUTHCO- Rs 1500/MW/day or Rs 62.5 MWhLosses-3.8% For HT consumers:CESU-101 paisa/unitNESCO-55 paisa/unitWESCO-76 paisa/unitSOUTHCO- 165 paisa/unitFor EHT concumers: CESU-197 paisa/unitNESCO-157 paisa/unitWESCO-158 paisa/unitSOUTHCO- 276 paisa/unit(No cross-subsidy surcharge for purchase from Renewable sources) Wheeling charges: CESU- 78.09paisa/unitNESCO- 81.29paisa/unitWESCO- 61.3 paisa/unitSOUTHCO- 99.94 paisa/unitWheeling losses:8% No specific Provision as per RE Regulations
  • 29. Punjab Y 1. Open Access Customer connected to Distribution systema) Short term -Both within same DISCOM- Concerned DISCOM-Both within same state but different DISCOM-SLDC- Injection point in the intra-state transmission system within state-SLDC-In different states- RLDC of the region of consumerb) Medium term and Long term-Both within same DISCOM- Concerned DISCOM-Both within state but different DISCOM- STU-Injection point in the intra- state transmission system within state-STU-In different states- CTU2. Open Access Customer connected to Intra-State Trans systema) Short term -Both within state(in intra-state transmission system)- SLDC- Injection point in the distribution system within state-SLDC-In different states- RLDC of the 1. Open Access Customer connected to Distribution systema) Short term -Both within same DISCOM- Rs 2000 -Injection point in the intra-state transmission system within state-Rs 5000 -In different states-As per CERC Regulationsb) Medium term and Long term- Both within same DISCOM- Rs 50000 Injection point in the intra-state transmission system within state-Rs 1 lakhs-In different states-As per CERC Regulations2. Open Access Customer connected to Intra-State Trans sysema) Short term - Both within state (in intra- state transmission system)- Rs 5000 -Injection point in the distribution Transmission and Wheeling charges: In case of wheeling of power generated from NRSE project, transmission and wheeling charges shall be levied @ 2% of the energy injected into the State Grid, irrespective of the distance i.e. additional 2% of the total energy shall be injected at injection point(s). 10% of the average revenue realized by distribution licensee from such additional injection shall be passed on to the STU/Transmission licensee for compensating on account of transmission charges.Transmisssion losses:at 132/220 kV-2.5%at 66/33 kV-2.5%at 11 kV-2.5%Note: As per draft amendment proposed as published on November 12, 2012 the above provision of wheeling charges are applicable to RE sale within the State. For RE sale outside the State, full wheeling and transmission charges shall apply Large supply - 88 paisa/unit Domestic supply - 85 paisa/unitNon- Residential supply - 107 paisa/unit Bulk supply - 63 paisa/unitRailway traction - 107 paisa/unit Wheeling charges: In case of wheeling of power generated from NRSE project, transmission and wheeling charges shall be levied @ 2% of the energy injected into the State Grid, irrespective of the distance i.e. additional 2% of the total energy shall be injected at injection point(s). 10% of the average revenue realized by distribution licensee from such additional injection shall be passed on to the STU/Transmission licensee for compensating on account of transmission charges.Distribution losses:at 132/220 kV- Nilat 66/33 kV-2.39%at 11 kV-6.36%Note: As per draft amendment proposed as published on November 12, 2012 the above provision of wheeling charges are applicable to RE sale within the State. For RE sale outside the State, full wheeling and transmission charges shall apply No specific Provision as per RE Regulations
  • 30. region of consumerb) Medium term and Long term-Both within state- STU- Injection point in the distribution system within state-STU-In different states- CTU system within state-Rs 5000 -In different states-As per CERC Regulationsb) Medium term - Both within state- Rs 1 lakh-Injection point in the distribution system within state -Rs 1 lakh-In different states-As per CERC Regulationsc) Long term- Both within state- Rs 2 lakh-Injection point in the distribution system within state-Rs 2 lakh-In different states-As per CERC Regulations
  • 31. Rajasthan Y Long term/Short term-STU Long term- Rs50000Short term-Rs 5000 Transmission Charges:Long Term Charges: 146.61 Rs/kW/monthShort term charges: 32.07 paise/kWhTransmission Loss: 4.20% Renewable Energy transactions exempted from payment of Cross Subsidy Surcharge (as per RERC Tariff Regulations) Wheeling Charge & loss:EHV- 0.01 Rs/kWh & 0% loss33 kV - 0.11 Rs/kWH & 3.80% loss11 kV - 0.32 Rs/kWh & 0.32% loss (As per RERC Tariff Regulations)(2) Period of banking;(a) In respect of third party sale and/or captive use of non firm energy, the bankingand drawal shall be on six monthly basis i.e. April to September and October toMarch.However, during the months of December, January & February utilisation of the banked energyshall not be permitted.(b) For firm energy from biomass power plants banking and drawal be accounted forin the same month. Sikkim N.A N.A N.A N.A N.A N.A N.A N.A
  • 32. Tamil Nadu Y Long term- STUShort term- SLDC Long Term OA a) For conventional generators-Rs 5000b) for non- conventional generators- Rs 200/MW subject to maximum of Rs 5000Short term OA= Rs 1000 (Wind Tariff Order) The Commission has decided to fix 40% of thetransmission charges and 40% of the wheeling charges as applicable to the conventional power to the Wind power. Apart from these charges, the WEGsshall have to bear the actual line losses in kind as specified in the respective orders of the Commission and amended from time to time.(Biomass Tariff Order) The Commission has decided to fix 50% of thetransmission charges and 50% of the wheeling charges as applicable to the conventional power to other non-conventional sources of poewr. Apart from these charges, the generatorsshall have to bear the actual line losses in kind as specified in the respective orders of the Commission and amended from time to time. (Wind TO) Cross- subsidy surcharge for RE power shall be 50% as that applicable for the conventional power source (Wind Tariff Order) The Commission has decided to fix 40% of thetransmission charges and 40% of the wheeling charges as applicable to the conventional power to the Wind power. Apart from these charges, the WEGsshall have to bear the actual line losses in kind as specified in the respective orders of the Commission and amended from time to time.(Biomass Tariff Order) The Commission has decided to fix 50% of thetransmission charges and 50% of the wheeling charges as applicable to the conventional power to other non-conventional sources of poewr. Apart from these charges, the generatorsshall have to bear the actual line losses in kind as specified in the respective orders of the Commission and amended from time to time. (wind TO) Banking Period: April1st to March 31st of the following year.Banking charge: Rs. 0.94 Rs/kWh for FY 2012-13 = Difference of Average cost of purchase from trader for past two financial years as published by CERC (Rs 4.45 per kWh) and the maximum preferential tariff (Rs 3.51 per kWh)- applicable till 31st March 2013. From 1st April 2013, banking charges to be computed and published by TANGEDCO on the same principle.Treatment of excess unutilised banked energy: Considered as sale to Discom @ 75% of the retail tariff. For REC based projects, such excess energy left unutilised at end of banking period get lapsed
  • 33. Tripura Y The Nodal Agency for arranging long- term open access shall be the statetransmission utility if its system is used; otherwise the Nodal agency shall be therespective distribution licensee, within whose area the point of drawal issituated.b). For short term open access the Nodal Agency shall be the State Load Dispatchcentre. Long term OA- Rs 5000Short Term OA-Rs 1000 Third Party Sale from renewable energy sources shall be exempted from the crosssubsidysurcharge determined by the Commission from time to time. No generator shall be allowed the facility of banking the electricity generated by them,nor will such facility be extended to any open access customers.
  • 34. Uttarakhand Y 1. Open Access Customer connected to 66kV or belowa) Short term -Both within same DISCOM- Concerned DISCOM-Both within same state but different DISCOM-SLDC- Injection point in the intra-state transmission system within state-SLDC-In different states- RLDC of the region of consumerb) Medium term and Long term-Both within same DISCOM- Concerned DISCOM-Both within state but different DISCOM- STU-Injection point in the intra- state transmission system within state-STU-In different states- CTU2. Open Access Customer connected to 132 kV or abovea) Short term -Both within state(in intra-state transmission system)- SLDC- Injection point in the distribution system within state-SLDC-In different states- RLDC of the 1. Open Access Customer connected to 66kV or belowa) Short termBoth within same DISCOM- Rs 2000-Both within same state but different DISCOM-Rs 5000-Injection point in the intra-state transmission system within state-Rs 5000- In different states-Rs 5000b) Medium term and Long term- Both within same DISCOM- Rs 50000-Both within state but different DISCOM-Rs 1 lakh-Injection point in the intra-state transmission system within state-Rs 1 lakh-In different states-Rs 1 lakh2. Open Access Customer connected to 132 kV or abovea) Short term -Both within state(in As per Tariff Order Unless determined otherwise by the Commission in the respective year‟ s tariff order, no crosssubsidy surcharge or additional surcharge shall be payable by the consumers seeking openaccess to transmission and/or distribution system. As per Tariff Order Banking provisions stipulated in the RE Regulations for the State.(1) Applicable only in case of Captive generating plants(2) Banking allowed only during the period 17 hrs to 22 hrs; Withdrawl allowed only during the period other than the period 17 hrs to 22 hrs.(3) A Generating Station shall be allowed to withdraw power that was banked during aparticular financial year in the same year or during the following financial year.(4) Banking charges shall be 12.5% of the energy banked(5) The banked power remaining unutilized on the expiry of the following financialyear would be treated as sale and the financial settlement shall be made at thegeneric tariff for the year during which the power was banked. No banking chargesshall be deducted from such unutilized banked energy.(6) Banking charges shall be 12.5% of the energy banked
  • 35. region of consumerb) Medium term and Long term-Both within state- STU- Injection point in the distribution system within state-STU-In different states- CTU intra-state transmission system)- Rs 5000-Injection point in the distribution system within state-Rs 5000- In different states-Rs 5000b) Medium term- Both within state- Rs 1 lakh-Injection point in the distribution system within state-Rs 1 lakh-In different states-Rs 1 lakhc) Long term-Both within state- Rs 2 lakh- Injection point in the distribution system within state-Rs 2 lakh-In different states-Rs 2 lakh
  • 36. Uttar Pradesh Y Long term- STUShort term- SLDC Short term-Rs 5000Long term/Medium term-Rs 50000-1 lakhs Transmission ChargesLong term:At 132 kV level : 0.176 Rs/kWhabove 132 kV level: 0.132 Rs/kWhShort Term:At 132 kV level : 0.05 Rs/kWhabove 132 kV level: 0.04 Rs/kWhTransmission Loss : 3.63% (FY 2012-13) NIL as per retail Tariff Orders Common for all DISCOMsConnected at 11 kV: Long term - Rs. 0.527 / kWhShort term - Rs 0.132 /kWhConnected above 11 kV:Long term - Rs. 0.329 / kWhShort term - Rs 0.082 /kWh a) Banking of energy upto 100%, as agreed between the plant and the distribution licensee, shall be allowed during the the period 17:00 hrs. to 22:00 Hrs. (specified as peak hours for this purpose).b. Withdrawal of power shall be allowed only during the period other than17:00 hrs. to 22:00 Hrs.c. The plants shall provide ABT compliant Special Energy Meters and the monthly settlement of energy sales shall be done based on:i. Power supplied during the peak hours as per SEM meter readingsii. Power banked as per daily schedules given for banking of power during the month. The lower of the two shall be considered as banked power and monthly settlement shall be done for the balance energy supplied by the plant at the rate specified for supply of electricity to distribution licensee.
  • 37. Provided that till implementation of intra-state ABT in the state of Uttar Pradesh, lower of the Power supplied during the peak hours as per SEM meter readings and the power banked as per the declaration given by the generating plant shall be considered as banked power.d. Upon introduction of intra-state ABT in the state of Uttar Pradesh, the banking as well as withdrawal of banked energy shall be subject to day ahead scheduling.e. The power withdrawn by the plant as ascertained by SEM readings, which could not be considered as withdrawal from banked power, shall be considered as power purchased by the plant.A Generating Plant shall be allowed to withdraw power that was banked during a particular financial year in the same year or during the following financial year.h. The banked power remaining
  • 38. unutilized on the expiry of the following financial year would be treated as sale and the financial settlement shall be made at the scheduled tariff for the year during which the power was banked. No banking charges shall be deducted from such unutilized banked energy.i. Banking charges shall be 12.5% of the energy banked
  • 39. West Bengal Y The Nodal Agency for arranging the Long Term Open Access within the State shall be the STU if its system is used. Otherwise, the Nodal Agency shall be the Transmission or the Distribution Licensee in whose system the point of drawal of electricity is located;The Nodal Agency for Short Term Open Access and open access for emergency requirement and trial run within the state shall be the SLDC. 1. Both source and drawl within WBa) Cogeneration and Renewablei) Long term-Rs 50000ii) Short Term-Rs 50002. Both source and Drawl outside WBa) Cogeneration and renewablei) Long term-Rs 50000ii) Short term-Rs 5000 (RE Regulations, 2010) Transmission charges payable for open access availed by cogeneration and renewable energy sources shall be two-third of the rate of such charges applicable for open access customers for long term and short term open access as determined in relevant tariff order Wheeling charges applicable for use of distribution system or associated facilities of a licensee by open access customers for conveyance of electricity from cogeneration and renewable energy sources shall be either one-third of the wheeling charges calculated as per tariff order under Tariff Regulations or cost of 7.5% of the energy fed to the grid irrespective of the distance of wheeling,whichever is higher
  • 40. Goa Y Long term-STU Short term-SLDC Long term-Rs 50000 Short term-Rs 5000 Yet to be specified Yet to be specified Yet to be specified Yet to be specified Union Territories Y Long term-STU Short term-SLDC Long term-Rs 50000 Short term-Rs 5000 Andaman Nicobar Y Long term-STU Short term-SLDC Long term-Rs 50000 Short term-Rs 5000 Yet to be specified Yet to be specified Yet to be specified Yet to be specified Chandigargh Y Long term-STU Short term-SLDC Long term-Rs 50000 Short term-Rs 5000 Yet to be specified Yet to be specified Yet to be specified Yet to be specified Dadra and Nagar Haveli Y Long term-STU Short term-SLDC Long term-Rs 50000 Short term-Rs 5000 Yet to be specified Yet to be specified Yet to be specified Yet to be specified Daman & Diu Y Long term- STUShort term- SLDC Long term-Rs 50000Short term-Rs 5000 Yet to be specified Yet to be specified Yet to be specified Yet to be specified Lakshadweep Y Long term-STU Short term-SLDC Long term-Rs 50000 Short term-Rs 5000 Yet to be specified Yet to be specified Yet to be specified Yet to be specified Pondicherry Y Long term-STU Short term-SLDC Long term-Rs 50000 Short term-Rs 5000 Yet to be specified Yet to be specified Yet to be specified Yet to be specified