Poetry 101

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Poetic Terms

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Poetry 101

  1. 1. POETRY
  2. 2. Poetic Terms Stanza: a group of two or more lines in a poem ( a paragraph within a poem) Verse: a line Rhyme:The similarity of ending sounds existing between two words Rhyme Scheme: The sequence in which the rhyme occurs. The first end sound is represented as the letter "a", the second is "b", etc.
  3. 3. Poetic Devices - Language Figurative Language  Simile  Metaphor  Alliteration  Hyperbole  Imagery  Personification
  4. 4. Poetic Devices – Language & Style  Tone  Voice  Repetition  Symbol  Theme
  5. 5. SimileA comparison between two objects using a specific word or comparison such as "like", "as", or "than".
  6. 6. MetaphorA comparison between two objects with the intent of giving clearer meaning to one of them
  7. 7. Alliteration Repetition of the same letter of the first word EX:  sweet smell of success  She left the Heaven of Heroes and came down To make a man to meet the mortal need A man to match the mountains and the sea The friendly welcome of the wayside well
  8. 8. Hyperbolea figure of speech that uses an exaggerated or extravagant statement to create a strong emotional response. EX:  They ran like greased lightning. Hes got tons of money. Her brain is the size of a pea. He is older than the hills. I will die if she asks me to dance. She is as big as an elephant!
  9. 9. Imagery Imagery is the use of vivid description, usually rich in sensory words, to create pictures, or images, in the readers mind.
  10. 10. Personification isgiving human traits (qualities, feelings, action, or characteristics) to non-living objects (things, colors, qualities, or ideas). For example: The window winked at me
  11. 11. Onomatopoeiaa word whose sounds seem to duplicate the sounds they describe-- hiss, buzz, bang, murmur, meow, growl
  12. 12. Allusion Reference to an event, place, or character from history. EX  Waters of Babylon
  13. 13. Oxymorona statement with two parts which seem contradictory; examples: sad joy, a wise fool, the sound of silence, or Hamlets saying, "I must be cruel only to be kind"
  14. 14. Tone thewriters attitude toward the material and/or readers. Tone may be playful, formal, intimate, angry, serious, iro nic, outraged, baffled, tender, serene, de pressed, etc.
  15. 15. Repetition therepeating of words, phrases, lines, or stanzas.
  16. 16. Symbolism anything that stands for something else
  17. 17. Theme the abstract concept explored in a literary work; frequently recurring ideas, such as enjoy- life while-you-can;

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