Poetic Terms Stanza: a group of two or more lines in a poem ( a paragraph within a poem) Verse: a line Rhyme:The similarity of ending sounds existing between two words Rhyme Scheme: The sequence in which the rhyme occurs. The first end sound is represented as the letter "a", the second is "b", etc.
Poetic Devices - Language Figurative Language Simile Metaphor Alliteration Hyperbole Imagery Personification
Poetic Devices – Language & Style Tone Voice Repetition Symbol Theme
SimileA comparison between two objects using a specific word or comparison such as "like", "as", or "than".
MetaphorA comparison between two objects with the intent of giving clearer meaning to one of them
Alliteration Repetition of the same letter of the first word EX: sweet smell of success She left the Heaven of Heroes and came down To make a man to meet the mortal need A man to match the mountains and the sea The friendly welcome of the wayside well
Hyperbolea figure of speech that uses an exaggerated or extravagant statement to create a strong emotional response. EX: They ran like greased lightning. Hes got tons of money. Her brain is the size of a pea. He is older than the hills. I will die if she asks me to dance. She is as big as an elephant!
Imagery Imagery is the use of vivid description, usually rich in sensory words, to create pictures, or images, in the readers mind.
Personification isgiving human traits (qualities, feelings, action, or characteristics) to non-living objects (things, colors, qualities, or ideas). For example: The window winked at me
Onomatopoeiaa word whose sounds seem to duplicate the sounds they describe-- hiss, buzz, bang, murmur, meow, growl
Allusion Reference to an event, place, or character from history. EX Waters of Babylon
Oxymorona statement with two parts which seem contradictory; examples: sad joy, a wise fool, the sound of silence, or Hamlets saying, "I must be cruel only to be kind"
Tone thewriters attitude toward the material and/or readers. Tone may be playful, formal, intimate, angry, serious, iro nic, outraged, baffled, tender, serene, de pressed, etc.
Repetition therepeating of words, phrases, lines, or stanzas.
Symbolism anything that stands for something else
Theme the abstract concept explored in a literary work; frequently recurring ideas, such as enjoy- life while-you-can;