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The purvanchal region
The purvanchal region
The purvanchal region
The purvanchal region
The purvanchal region
The purvanchal region
The purvanchal region
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The purvanchal region

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A formal account on delineation of Purvanchal as a Region..

A formal account on delineation of Purvanchal as a Region..

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  • 1. Regional Planning 2010MURP 007 Omkar ParishwadThe PurvanchalRegion(An Administrative Region)The Administrative viability is the component that makes Purvanchal a region. Although a Dalit statein development transition, it inculcates a strong culture and faces the same problems as the regionsaround it…
  • 2. The Location • Purvanchal is a geographic region of north-central India, which comprises the eastern end of Uttar Pradesh state. It is bounded by Nepal to the north, Bihar state to the east, Bagelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh state to the south, the Awadh region of Uttar Pradesh to the west and the end of Doab (at Allahabad) in Uttar Pradesh to its southwest. • It is bounded by Nepal to the north, Bihar state to the east, Bagelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh state to the south, the Awadh region of Uttar Pradesh to the west and the end of Doab (at Allahabad) in Uttar Pradesh to its southwest. • Purvanchal comprises chiefly of three divisions: the eastern-Awadhi region in the west, the western-Bhojpuri region in the east and the northern-Baghelkhand region in the south. • Purvanchal includes the districts of Varanasi, Chandoli, Ghazipur, Jaunpur, Mirzapur, Sonbhadra, Sant Ravidas Nagar, Gorakhpur, Kushinagar, Deoria, Azamgarh, Mau, Maharajganj, Basti, Sant Kabir Nagar, Siddharth Nagar, and Ballia. • Mayawati government, at the time of reorganisation of the Uttar Pradesh state, formed the Purvanchal Economic Zone (Dec 13th, 2009) and rather arbitrarily included the following non-Purvanchal districts into the zone: Allahabad, Pratapgarh, Kaushambi, Fatehpur, Faizabad, Ambedkar Nagar, Sultanpur, Gonda, Bahraich, Shravasti and Balrampur.Purvanchal as a Formal RegionLand Use characteristics: • It lies on the Indo-Gangetic plain, and together with western Bihar is the most densely populated area in the world. • The rich quality of soil and the high earthworm density in the soil than adjoining districts of U.P. is favourable for agriculture. Most of the countryside is given to intensive agriculture. • The rain fed farming is prominent. Ganga (Jaunpur), Sone (Sonbhadra), Ghaghara, Rapti and Chhoti Gandak (Deoria), Ghagra (Mau), Ghaghara River (Basti) are the major rivers. Paddy, wheat (Chandoli) are the prominent crops. 2010MURP007 | Omkar Parishwad 1
  • 3. Demographic Characteristics:Sr. no. District Area (sq. km) Population (2001 census)1 Varanasi 1,535 km² 3,138,6712 Chandoli 2,484.70 km2 1,148,7323 Ghazipur 3,384 km2 3,049,3374 Jaunpur 4,038 km2 3,911,3055 Mirzapur 4,521 km2 2,074,7096 Sonbhadra 6,788 km2 1,463,4687 Ravidas Nagar 1,055.99 km2 1,302,0568 Gorakhpur 3,483.8 km2 3,769,4569 Kushinagar 2,873.5 km2 2,235,50510 Deoria 2,535 km2 2,730,37611 Azamgarh 4,054 km2 3,939,91512 Mau 1,713 km2 1,849,29413 Maharajganj 2,934.1 km2 2,167,04114 Basti 7,309 km2 20,68,92215 Kabir Nagar 1659.15 km2 1,152,11016 Siddharth Nagar 2,752 km2 2,038,59817 Ballia 2,981 km2 2,752,412 56,099 km2 4,07,91,907Most of the population is rural in nature. The urbanized regions are due to the cementindustries located sparsely in the area. The young generation is more in number, thus the agestructure is favourable for development.Infrastructure: • Transport services are not developed. The existing once are in need of renovation (NH28). There is a chance for tourism as the culture (Khushinagar) is strong. • Literacy levels are very low (40-55%). Sex ratio is around 960. • As the region is in transition state, they suffer from problems such as food shortage, bad health conditions, water supply, electricity and other facilities, unemployment, uneven income groups, etc.A large population, slow economic growth, agricultural mechanisation, and the closure ofsugar mills have led to increased unemployment, social and political discontent, and someunrest in the region.Majority of the people belong to Dalit Samaj. This is what overturns the political strength andinterest for this region. Many have tried to separate it from the Uttar Pradesh state.Development Authorities have been proposed for most of the major cities. 2010MURP007 | Omkar Parishwad 2
  • 4. Purvanchal as a Functional RegionEconomic Flows: • As the transport by rail is developed, the cargo transport is done by this route majorly. Flows of commodities from wholesale dealer to retail dealer take place by railways. • Roads however are in bad condition. Thus, very less cargo flows through roads.Flows indicating political polarization: • The Central and State investment in these areas is high due to various reasons. The cultural state of the region brings a lot of revenue and non- profit based investment from the administration. • Political leaders control the region by submitting their caste agenda. As the context is poor and illiterate, the region has attracted the freeloader politicians.Flows indicating the extent of the influence of social services and other flows: • The number of secondary schools is very less and unevenly distributed. Also other amenities such as the hospitals suffer the same fate. • Public transport facilities are insufficient. Buses are in bad condition and other types are absent. Other facilities such as the telephone and fax services aren’t developed.Purvanchal area, as of now, is represented by 23 Members of Parliament to the lower houseof Indian Parliament, and 117 legislators in the 403 member Uttar Pradesh state assembly orVidhan Sabha.Hence, the region can be delineated based on the principal of homogeneity and with largepolitically influenced area. 2010MURP007 | Omkar Parishwad 3
  • 5. Proposals - A Need for Regional development: • Utilizing Resources in an optimal manner so as to realize the development potential of the region over a given time-frame with minimal negative impacts in order to achieve economic-equity. a. The government must take special measures to improve the condition of Mushahars, Rajbhars, Bansfors, Nonias, Machchuaras, Dom, Swachchakars, Pasis and Chamars. These communities are living in abysmally degrading conditions and need special measures • Securing the planning and equitable distribution of population and economic resources of a country. a. In the Eastern Uttar-Pradesh the Sand Mafias are controlling the rivers like Chhoti Gandak, Gurra, Rapti and Ghaghara. The mechanized sand mining has resulted in soil erosion by these rivers during monsoon. Thousands of hectares of land have turned infertile. In Brahmapur region Rapti has destroyed Ranapar area. In Kaptanganj and Ramkola towns in Kushinagar district are facing severe soil erosion due to sand mining. Immediate halt of mechanized sand mining and the government to allow the fish worker to do the same but also government should fix up a limit for the same. b. The Sugar factories and distilleries in Ramkola, Kaptanganj, Deoria, Rudrapur, and Sardarnagar are throwing chemical waste in the rivers like Chhoti Gandak, Rapti, Amy and Gurra resulting in heavy pollution in the rivers. The fish workers are facing hunger, as the fish catch is almost nil. Apart from this, the waste has spilled over to a vast agricultural land turning them completely barren and dangerous. The ground water in most of the eastern UP town is contaminated which is a severe threat to public health. Immediate action against these factory/mill owners and the government to compensate the farmers who have lost their land to these mills. The Pollution Control board should not allow such hazards industries to run. • The task of arranging the available land in a pattern which is most profitable and productive to the region and the country at large. a. In many villages of Eastern Uttar-Pradesh powerful local people have illegally grabbed the land given to Dalits and Most backward communities. In many villages, the Dalits are not even allowed passage to move out. Government must ensure that every person lives with dignity at his/her land that everyone has a right to access road in his/her house. • Of certain basic resources to generate economic activity in backward regions for stabilization of their economy by planning an adequate number of medium sized towns and to provide them with services, employment, and social and cultural facilities. a. In Kushingar and Gorakhpur the condition of National Employment Guarantee Scheme is a matter of grave concern. It has not been implemented accordingly. We find work being done through tractors and people without work despite 2010MURP007 | Omkar Parishwad 4
  • 6. having the valid card. The scheme seems to have failed because of the connivance between the village Pradhans and block officials. Severe action against erring officials to implement the scheme and the government to form a monitoring and evaluating committee which should include civil society representatives. b. In Purvanchal, we find lot of discrepancy in the distribution of ration cards. Those who should have been eligible for the cards have not got it while others have got it. A strong action against the Sarpanches and officials who are involved in nepotism and corruption. Also that the reach of the Public Distribution System should be expanded and it must include important edible items, books, and cloths, Masalas etc. so that the poor can benefit from this. c. Hunger and starvation are prevalent in Eastern Uttar-Pradesh. A majority of families do not ration for two times. The children have uncertain future. It is shameful that children from Mushahars, Chauhan, Rajbhar etc. are eating rats and fishermen are forced to survive on snails. The government should focus on these communities with special programmes particularly developing schools in the villages with mid-day meals and other incentives for school children and their parents. • Preventing irregular and unhealthy urban expansion. a. The government must form special Land Courts to settle land disputes and implement the land reform measures strongly and effectively. The government must concentrate on giving communal entitlement. The women should be given priority in allotment of agricultural land and all new entitlement whether residential or agricultural should have joint entitlement.Conclusions:Purvanchal Region is in a Transitional developmental state. It also, like most otherdeveloping regions, pertains to some basic issues and problems. The most important of theseare: • Dual Economy: Purvanchal region is strongly differentiated with respect to the spatial exploitation of known natural resources, human potential with its social and cultural characteristics, level of income, urbanization ratio, and economic activity, particularly in agriculture, or social overhead capital investment. The developing countries are characterized by features of a dual economy i.e. simultaneous existence of some modern and very backward sectors which display different spatial pattern. • Mass poverty: Mass poverty, connected with heavy unemployment and underemployment of population, is a prevailing feature of this region. The problem must simultaneously be attacked on a regional scale. • Infrastructural development: As a precondition to accelerated growth, Purvanchal region must acquire a certain level of infrastructure in the forms of road, railway & 2010MURP007 | Omkar Parishwad 5
  • 7. storage facilities, electricity power sources and supply lines, communication networks, water supply facilities etc. This requires early stage development which can be achieved by comprehensive regional development schemes. • Political interference: Political leaders are, for the greed of a stable political career and corruption, not pushing this region towards development. It’s a grave problem and needs to be addressed immediately. “India got it independence in 1947 more than 60 years have passed but Purvanchal region of UP and Bihar got nothing change since independence. It is lacking lots of basic amenities like, a good University, good railway connectivity. This region was known for its sugar factory but now everything is in dismay. People may debate by giving the example of Jharkhand but in my views after separation and decentralization of resources and management of these states i.e. Chhattisgarh, Uttarkhand and Jharkhand improved lots. Likewise in Mumbai. The GOI has exploited the resources from all other states, which made Mumbai flourish on cost of other cities and developed maximum infrastructure. As of now, Bihar and UP is exploiting the resources of this region and neglecting this region in all spheres of development. Thus, small state means development of infrastructure and ultimately development of that region. Chhattisgarh, or Uttarakhand or Jharkhand has poor governance but after separation, the infrastructure of these states improved a lot. Thus, for development of Purvanchal region, a separate Purvanchal state is necessity. By curving out some area from UP & Bihar, it should be created with its capital either at Gorakhpur or Varanasi.” (Source: Blog of a local Purvanchalite)References: • Regional Planning- concepts, techniques, policies and case studies by R.P Mishra. • Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Purvanchal • Blogs: http://maibolunga.blogspot.com/2011/01/purvanchal-state-is-necessity.html • TOI News: http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2010-12-18/varanasi/28237244 2010MURP007 | Omkar Parishwad 6

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