Presented to: Dr. Shyju Presented by: Omkar TiwariTeacher MTA MTA First SemesterFaculty of Arts, BHU Faculty of Arts, BHU
Area: 883.7390 sq. kmCore: 490.2919 sq. km.Buffer: 190.0371 sq. km.Kishanpur: 203.4100 sq. km.Established: 1958 as a wildlifesanctuary, 1977 as a national park, 1988as a tiger reserve.
Introduction• UTTAR PRADESH• DUDHWA NATIONAL PARK• Coverage area: 490 sq. km.• Location: Indo- Nepal Border, U.P• Visiting Season: February to April• The best time to visit dudhwa is between November and may. The park remains open to the public from november to june, but by june it’s usually a little too hot for comfort.
Dudhwa-A Marshland• History: A tiger reserve since 1879, Dudhwa became a National Park in 1977 and adopted the project Tiger 1988.• Features: Although the tiger at the park are numerous, sighting are rare due to the thick forest cover of the area. Besides Tiger, Leopards, Hispid Hares and the Swamp Deer(Barasingha) and Rhinos thive amidst the vegetation.• The marshlands are especially inviting for about 400 species of resident and migratory birds including the Swamp Partridge, Great Slaty Woodpecker and Bengal Florican.
Wildlife Attractions• Apart from the swamp deer, there are at least 37 species of mammals, 16 species of reptiles and 400 species of avifauna. Dudhwa wildlife Santuary is said to have 101 tigers and four leopards. Recently, the hispid hare has also been sighted from this area.• It was here in 1984 that a major rhinoceros rehabilitation project was started since this forest had been habitat of the rhinoceros 150 years ago. Five rhinos were relocated from assom but two of females dies due to strains of transportations. These were replaced in 1985 by four more female from Nepal.
Main wildlife Found• Bara singha or Swamp deer, Chital, Hog deer, barking deer, sambar, wild boar, jackal.• From mosaic grasslands and dense sal(north indian tree) forests to swampy marshes, the terrain of Dudhwa National Park is as diverse as the wildlife population is harbors.• Boundaries: While the northern edge of the park lies along the Indo-Nepal border, the River Suheli marks the southern boundary.
Avian World• Dudhwa’s birds, in particular, are a delight for any avid bird watcher-plenty of painted storks, sarus cranes, owls, barbets, woodpeckers, minivets and many more, including some rare species like the Bengal Florican. Much of the park’s avian fauna is aquatic in nature, and is found around Dudhwa’s Lakes- Especially Banke Tal. Background Picture: Bengal Florican is a critically endangered grassland bird. The global population of Bengal Florican is not more than 1300 and they are confined to only three countries -- India, Cambodia and Nepal .
Flora Attraction• The Major vegetation types in this region are tropical semi-evergreen forest, tropical moist deciduous forest, riparian and swamp forest and dry deciduous forest. The dominant tree species are Shorea robusta, Terminalis tomentosa, adina cordifolia, terminalia belerica, Eugenia jambolana, Dalbergia sisso, and Bombax malabaricum. The various types of forests throughout the park are interrupted by wide stretches of mesophyllous grasslands locally called the phantasm.
Safari• Jeeps and mini buses • Remember to take your can be hired from the woolens along if you’re Park. Elephant rides going between through the park are December and also available, personal February-it can get vehicle allowed up to pretty chilly here, in the certain point. foothills of the terai.
Access• Air : In India lucknow at 250 kms is the most convenient airport, connected by flights from across the country. Outside india, Nepal at 35 kms is the nearest airport.• Rail: The nearest railhead is dudhwa(4 kms), Palia(10 kms) and Mailani(37 kms)• Road: The state roadways buses and private bus services link Palia to lakhimpur Kheri, Shahjahanpur, Bareilly and Delhi. Buses are frequent between palia and Dudhwa.