Weber, jeanette   clothing~fashion, fabrics & construction, 5th ed.
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Weber, jeanette clothing~fashion, fabrics & construction, 5th ed. Document Transcript

  • 1. interactive student edition Clothing, Society & the Fashion World From Fashion History to Today’s Fashion Industry Care & Selection Maintain, Repair, Redesign & Recycle 28 pages PA G ES of Career Profiles 10 0 K O O B D N A H PL U S OV ER N O SD N A H F O
  • 2. Clothing, Society & the Fashion World Care & From Fashion History to Today’s Fashion Industry Selection Maintain, Repair, Redesign & Recycle 28 pages PA G ES of Career Profiles 10 0 K O O B D N A H PL U S OV ER N O SD N A H Fifth Edition Jeanette Weber, CFCS F O
  • 3. Brand Name Disclaimer Publisher does not necessarily recommend or endorse any particular company or brand name product that may be discussed or pictured in this text. Brand name products are used because they are readily available, likely to be known to the reader, and their use may aid in the understanding of the text. Publisher recognizes other brand name or generic products may be substituted and work as well or better than those featured in the text. Safety Notice The reader is expressly advised to consider and use all safety precautions described in this textbook or that might also be indicated by undertaking the activities described herein. In addition, common sense should be exercised to help avoid all potential hazards and, in particular, to take relevant safety precautions concerning any known or likely hazards involved in food preparation, or in use of the procedures described in Clothing Fashion, Fabrics & Construction, such as the risk of scissor cuts or iron burns. Publisher and Authors assume no responsibility for the activities of the reader or for the subject matter experts who prepared this book. Publisher and Authors make no representation or warranties of any kind, including but not limited to, the warranties of fitness for particular purpose or merchantability, nor for any implied warranties related thereto, or otherwise. Publisher and Authors will not be liable for damages of any type, including any consequential, special or exemplary damages resulting, in whole or in part, from reader’s use or reliance upon the information, instructions, warnings, or other matter contained in this textbook. Copyright © 2008 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without prior written permission of the publisher, Glencoe/McGraw-Hill. Send all inquiries to: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 3008 W. Willow Knolls Drive Peoria, IL 61614-1083 ISBN: 978-0-07-876795-1 MHID: 0-07-876795-4 Printed in the United States of America 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 071 10 09 08 07 06
  • 4. CONTRIBUTING WRITER Anne Marie Soto Fashion and Sewing Specialist AMS Associates Teaneck, New Jersey TEACHER REVIEWERS Katherine M. Chimini Central High School Bridgeport, Connecticut Denise S. Geller, CFCS SWAC Schools Fort Wayne, Indiana Michelle Elledge Niles North High School Skokie, Illinois Marsha Grothusen Oregon Trail Junior High School Olathe, Kansas Jane Eastman Halladay Johnson City High School Johnson City, New York DeAnn Hebert Des Moines Public Schools Des Moines, Iowa Deborah L. Hopper Principal Consultant Career Development and Preparation Springfield, Illinois Beth King Holland Christian High School Holland, Michigan Jacqueline Merkerson Hialeah High School Hialeah, Florida Shannon Rasmussen Logan High School Logan, Utah Susan C. Teelin Camden Central School District Camden, New York Linda Zabek Frontier Regional School South Deerfield, Massachusetts CONTRIBUTING WRITER AND REVIEWERS •3
  • 5. CONTENTS IN BRIEF CONTENTS Unit 1: Clothing and Society Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter 1: 2: 3: 4: Influences on Clothing...................................................................24 Cultures and Customs....................................................................36 Clothing and Families ....................................................................50 Clothing and Self-Expression ........................................................60 Unit 2: The Fashion World Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter 5: 6: 7: 8: Fashion History ..............................................................................78 Fashion Styles .................................................................................96 Fashion Designers ........................................................................116 The Fashion Industry...................................................................134 Unit 3: Color and Design Chapter 9: Understanding Color ...................................................................156 Chapter 10: Understanding Design .................................................................172 Unit 4: Fibers and Fabrics Chapter 11: Textile Fibers.................................................................................196 Chapter 12: Fabric Construction.....................................................................214 Chapter 13: Fabric Finishes..............................................................................234 4• CONTENTS IN BRIEF
  • 6. Unit 5: Clothing Care Chapter 14: Clothing Care Basics ....................................................................250 Chapter 15: Laundry and Dry Cleaning..........................................................266 Chapter 16: Redesign, Repair, and Recycle......................................................282 Unit 6: Clothing Selection Chapter 17: Chapter 18: Chapter 19: Chapter 20: Chapter 21: Exploring Options........................................................................302 Accessing Information .................................................................318 Evaluating Selections ...................................................................332 Consumer Responsibilities ..........................................................344 Selecting Clothes for Others........................................................358 Unit 7: The Workplace Chapter 22: Chapter 23: Chapter 24: Chapter 25: Career Preparation .......................................................................378 Success on the Job ........................................................................390 Fashion Entrepreneurs.................................................................404 Global Marketplace ......................................................................418 Sewing and Serging Handbook Part 1: Part 2: Part 3: Part 4: Part 5: Patterns, Fabrics, and Notions ..............................................................438 Machines and Equipment .....................................................................454 Getting Ready to Sew ............................................................................480 Basic Construction ................................................................................500 Special Sewing Techniques....................................................................546 CONTENTS IN BRIEF •5
  • 7. CONTENTS Unit 1: Clothing and Society.......................22 Chapter 1: Influences on Clothing....................................24 Choosing What to Wear ........................................................................25 Other Influences ....................................................................................27 A Changing Society ...............................................................................29 Looking Ahead.......................................................................................32 Technology Trends: Beyond Basic Clothing Functions ................32 How To…Make Decisions ....................................................................33 Chapter 2: Cultures and Customs ...................................36 Clothing Reflects Cultures ....................................................................37 Clothing as Symbols ..............................................................................39 Clothing Customs..................................................................................42 How To…Select Business Casual Attire ........................................45 Technology Trends: On-Line Fashion Information.........................47 Chapter 3: Clothing and Families ....................................50 Family Clothing Needs..........................................................................51 Clothing Management ..........................................................................53 Technology Trends: Transferring Photos to Fabric .......................55 How To…Jazz Up Your Home...........................................................56 6• CONTENTS
  • 8. Chapter 4: Clothing and Self-Expression ........................60 Creating Impressions.............................................................................61 Technology Trends: Using the Internet Wisely ..............................63 What Clothing Communicates.............................................................64 Developing Your Personal Style ............................................................67 How To…Add Embellishments ..........................................................69 Fashion Promotion Careers ..................................................72 Unit 2: The Fashion World..........................76 Chapter 5: Fashion History .............................................78 The Earliest Clothing ............................................................................79 The Evolution of Fashion......................................................................82 Influences on Fashion History..............................................................85 Technology Trends: Early Inventions ...............................................87 How To…Preserve Textiles ................................................................89 Fashions of the Twentieth Century ......................................................90 Chapter 6: Fashion Styles................................................96 What Is Fashion?....................................................................................97 How To…Write Fashion Copy ............................................................98 Fashion Features ..................................................................................103 Garment Styles.....................................................................................107 Technology Trends: Latest Fashion News.......................................113 CONTENTS •7
  • 9. Chapter 7: Fashion Designers .........................................116 The Role of Fashion Designers ...........................................................117 The Design Process..............................................................................119 How To…Create a Design Sketch ...................................................120 Designer Collections ...........................................................................122 Technology Trends: Apparel Design with CAD..............................123 Chapter 8: The Fashion Industry....................................134 The Textile Industry ............................................................................135 How To…Explore Fashion Careers..................................................137 The Apparel Industry ..........................................................................138 Technology Trends: Quick Response ................................................141 Fashion Merchandising .......................................................................143 Fashion Promotion..............................................................................145 Apparel Production Careers ..............................................150 Unit 3: Color and Design ..........................154 Chapter 9: Understanding Color ....................................156 Color and Clothing .............................................................................157 The Impact of Color............................................................................157 The Language of Color........................................................................160 Technology Trends: Correcting Color Blindness...........................163 Creating a Color Scheme ....................................................................164 Selecting Colors for You ......................................................................165 How To…Choose Your Colors...........................................................167 8• CONTENTS
  • 10. Chapter 10: Understanding Design.................................172 Shape and Size .....................................................................................173 The Elements of Design ......................................................................175 How To…Create Design Illusions ....................................................178 Technology Trends: Fabrics by Computer......................................183 The Principles of Design.....................................................................184 Individuality.........................................................................................187 Design Careers ....................................................................190 Unit 4: Fibers and Fabrics ........................194 Chapter 11: Textile Fibers...............................................196 What Are Fibers?..................................................................................197 Fiber Names .........................................................................................197 Fiber Characteristics............................................................................198 Natural Fibers ......................................................................................199 Manufactured Fibers ...........................................................................203 Technology Trends: Microfibers ......................................................205 Identifying Fibers.................................................................................210 How To…Identify Fibers.....................................................................211 CONTENTS •9
  • 11. Chapter 12: Fabric Construction ....................................214 Yarns .....................................................................................................215 How To…Evaluate Fabric Characteristics....................................218 Fabric Characteristics ..........................................................................219 Woven Fabrics......................................................................................219 Technology Trends: Smart Fabrics.................................................220 Knit Fabrics..........................................................................................224 Other Fabric Constructions................................................................226 Chapter 13: Fabric Finishes...........................................234 Finishing Process .................................................................................235 Color and Design Finishes ..................................................................235 How To…Create Printed Fabric......................................................238 Texture and Performance Finishes .....................................................239 Technology Trends: High-Performance Finishes..........................241 Textile Production Careers.................................................244 10 • CONTENTS
  • 12. Unit 5: Clothing Care...............................248 Chapter 14: Clothing Care Basics ..................................250 Routine Care ........................................................................................251 Understanding Care Labels.................................................................258 Technology Trends: Color Loss in Fabrics ....................................259 Storing Clothes ....................................................................................260 How To…Create Clothing Space ....................................................262 Chapter 15: Laundry and Dry Cleaning ..........................266 Laundry Products and Equipment.....................................................267 Laundering Clothes .............................................................................272 Drying Clothes.....................................................................................275 Ironing Clothes....................................................................................276 How To…Provide Sun Protection...................................................277 Dry-Cleaning Clothes .........................................................................278 Technology Trends: Dry Cleaning at Home...................................279 Chapter 16: Redesign, Repair, and Recycle....................282 Redesigning Clothes ............................................................................283 Repairing Clothes ................................................................................287 How To…Make Simple Repairs.......................................................288 Recycling Clothes.................................................................................290 Technology Trends: From Plastic Bottles to Parkas..................292 Fashion Services Careers ....................................................296 CONTENTS • 11
  • 13. Unit 6: Clothing Selection .......................300 Chapter 17: Exploring Options.......................................302 Evaluating Your Wardrobe ..................................................................303 How To…Make a Wardrobe Chart..................................................304 Identifying Your Resources .................................................................307 Ways to Expand Your Wardrobe .........................................................308 Technology Trends: On-Line Shopping ...........................................314 Chapter 18: Accessing Information ................................318 Sources of Information .......................................................................319 Technology Trends: On-Line Sewing Information........................323 How To…Place an Internet or Catalog Order ............................324 Using Information Effectively.............................................................327 Chapter 19: Evaluating Selections.................................332 Finding the Correct Size......................................................................333 Evaluating Fit .......................................................................................335 How To…Check a Garment’s Fit....................................................336 Technology Trends: A Customized Fit ...........................................337 Evaluating Quality ...............................................................................338 Evaluating Care....................................................................................339 Evaluating Price ...................................................................................340 Making a Final Decision .....................................................................341 12 • CONTENTS
  • 14. Chapter 20: Consumer Responsibilities ........................344 The Responsible Consumer ................................................................345 Technology Trends: Preventing Shoplifting and Theft ..............346 Paying for Purchases............................................................................347 Exchanges and Returns .......................................................................351 Consumer Protection ..........................................................................352 How To…Complain Effectively .......................................................354 Chapter 21: Selecting Clothes for Others......................358 Shopping for Family and Friends .......................................................359 Choosing Clothes for Children...........................................................361 Selecting Maternity Wear ....................................................................364 Technology Trends: Embroidery Designs and Copyright Laws................................................................................364 Choosing Clothes for Older Adults ....................................................366 Selecting Clothes for People with Disabilities ...................................367 How To…Customize Garments .......................................................369 Fashion Merchandising Careers ........................................372 Unit 7: The Workplace..............................376 Chapter 22: Career Preparation ....................................378 Knowing Yourself.................................................................................379 Researching Career Paths ....................................................................381 Looking for a Job.................................................................................382 Technology Trends: Job Search Via the Internet .......................383 Applying for a Job ...............................................................................384 How To…Dress for a Job Interview..............................................386 CONTENTS • 13
  • 15. Chapter 23: Success on the Job ...................................390 Ingredients for Success ........................................................................391 Technology Trends: Technology Skills in the Workplace ...........392 How To…Be a Team Member ..........................................................395 Traveling the Career Path....................................................................398 Balancing Work and Personal Life......................................................400 Chapter 24: Fashion Entrepreneurs ..............................404 Qualities of the Successful Entrepreneur ...........................................405 Opportunities for Entrepreneurs........................................................406 How To…Use E-Mail ..........................................................................407 Technology Trends: Ergonomics in the Sewing Room ...............409 Responsibilities of Entrepreneurs.......................................................411 Developing a Business Plan ................................................................415 Chapter 25: Global Marketplace ....................................418 Global Issues ........................................................................................419 Fashion Industry Trends .....................................................................424 Technology Trends: Electronic Data Interchange.......................425 How To…Pack for Travel....................................................................429 Communication and Education Careers ...........................432 14 • CONTENTS